HummingBirdSoft(ハミングバードソフト) was a Japanese video game developer. The company was established in 1982 as a real estate agent, but in 1983 began to develop video games. The company heavily participated in the Disk Original Group, a collective publishing house for Famicom Disk System games headed by Square. Many of HummingBirdSoft's games are either traditional role-playing video games or adventure games, although they also developed a couple of pinball video games. While none of their games were published in North America, some have been unofficially translated by fans.
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games. A game developer can range from one person who undertakes all tasks to a large business with employee responsibilities split between individual disciplines, such as programming, design, art, testing, etc. Most game development companies have video game publisher financial and usually marketing support. Self-funded developers are known as independent or indie developers and usually make indie games.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, buildings or housing in general. Also: the business of real estate; the profession of buying, selling, or renting land, buildings, or housing." It is a legal term used in jurisdictions whose legal system is derived from English common law, such as India, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, United States, Canada, Pakistan, Australia, and New Zealand.
A role-playing video game is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character immersed in some well-defined world. Many role-playing video games have origins in tabletop role-playing games and use much of the same terminology, settings and game mechanics. Other major similarities with pen-and-paper games include developed story-telling and narrative elements, player character development, complexity, as well as replayability and immersion. The electronic medium removes the necessity for a gamemaster and increases combat resolution speed. RPGs have evolved from simple text-based console-window games into visually rich 3D experiences.
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Square Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1986 by Masafumi Miyamoto. It merged with Enix in 2003 to form Square Enix. The company also used SquareSoft as a brand name to refer to their games, and the term is occasionally used to refer to the company itself. In addition, "Square Soft, Inc" was the name of the company's American arm before the merger, after which it was renamed to "Square Enix, Inc".
Taito Corporation is a Japanese video game developer and publisher of arcade hardware and mobile phones, and an operator of video arcades. It is also a former publisher of home video games. Taito is wholly owned by Square Enix Holdings. Despite being a subsidiary to Square Enix Holdings, the parent company has kept the branding of Taito distinct from Square Enix.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983. It was conceived and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then vice-president at Microsoft Japan and director at ASCII Corporation. Nishi conceived the project as an attempt to create unified standards among various home computing system manufacturers of the period.
The Family Computer Disk System is a peripheral for Nintendo's Family Computer home video game console, released only in Japan on February 21, 1986. It uses proprietary floppy disks called "Disk Cards" for data storage. Through its entire production span, 1986–2003, 4.44 million units were sold. Its name is sometimes shortened as Famicom Disk System or simply Disk System , and abbreviated as FCDS, FDS or FCD.
Hudson Soft Co., Ltd was a Japanese video game company that released numerous games for video game consoles, home computers and mobile phones, mainly from the 1980s to the 2000s. It was headquartered in the Midtown Tower in Tokyo Midtown, Akasaka, Minato, Tokyo, Japan, with an additional office in the Hudson Building in Sapporo.
Jaleco Ltd. was a corporate name used by two previously-linked video game developers that are currently defunct. The original Jaleco was founded in 1974, originally titled Japan Leisure Co., which was acquired in 2000 by Hong Kong company PCCW as their Japanese division, retitled to PCCW Japan before being renamed back to Jaleco in 2002. It would later become independent from PCCW in 2006 and became Jaleco Holding, splitting its video game operations into a new subsidiary company, Jaleco Ltd. In 2009, Jaleco Holding sold Jaleco Ltd. to Japanese video game developer Game Yarou, and renamed itself to Encom Holdings, dealing in real estate, security systems and other non-video game related products.
Intelligent Systems Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer closely affiliated with Nintendo and best known for developing the Fire Emblem, Wars, and Paper Mario series. Originally, the company was headquartered at the Nintendo Kyoto Research Center in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto, but later moved to a building near Nintendo's main headquarters in October 2013.
Monolith Soft Inc. is a Japanese video game development company. It was originally owned by Namco and currently owned by Nintendo. The company was founded in 1999 by Tetsuya Takahashi with the support and cooperation of Masaya Nakamura, the founder of Namco. Their first project was the Xenosaga series, a spiritual successor to the Square-developed Xenogears. Multiple Square staff would join Takahashi at Monolith Soft including Hirohide Sugiura and Yasuyuki Honne.
1986 has seen many sequels and prequels in video games and several new titles such as Metroid, Out Run and Bubble Bobble.
Family BASIC or Famicom BASIC is the consumer product for programming Nintendo's Family Computer video game console of Japan. Family BASIC was launched on June 21, 1984 to consumers in Japan by Nintendo, in cooperation with Hudson Soft and Sharp Corporation. A second version titled Family BASIC V3 was released on February 21, 1985, with greater memory and new features.
NES Open Tournament Golf, known in Japan as Mario Open Golf, is a 1991 sports game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo Entertainment System. NES Open Tournament Golf is the second Nintendo published golf-based video game released for the NES, the first game being Golf. In addition to the Famicom version of Golf, there were two other Nintendo published golf-based video games released in Japan. These games were released in disk format on the Family Computer Disk System in 1987. These two games were Family Computer Golf: Japan Course and Family Computer Golf: U.S. Course.
XTALSOFT (クリスタルソフト) was a Japanese software house established in 1982 to develop games for Japanese computers. Most of XTALSOFT's games are traditional role-playing games, with gameplay similar to that of Eye of the Beholder.
Ghost Hunter is a video game developed by HummingBirdSoft and published by Matsushita for the 3DO.
Volleyball is a volleyball video game developed by Nintendo and Pax Softnica and released for the Family Computer Disk System and Nintendo Entertainment System. Originally released in 1986, it was re-released for the Wii Virtual Console in Europe on August 10, 2007 and in North America on August 21, 2007. It is part of the NES Sports Series.
Nanatsu Kaze no Shima Monogatari is a 1997 video game for the Sega Saturn. It is a 2D sidescrolling adventure game.
Hacker International was a Japanese video game company that developed and published games from 1990 to 2001 for the Nintendo Famicom, NEC PC Engine, Sony PlayStation consoles, and Microsoft Windows PCs. The company was known for its play-for-porn approach to gaming, with such games as AV Pachi-Slot and Soap Panic featuring female nudity as a reward for skilful playing. These games were usually distributed through mail order and sold approximately 30,000 to 50,000 copies each. Many of their games were developed by Taiwanese companies and were released in non-pornographic form elsewhere in the world; however three were released in the United States for the Nintendo Entertainment System with pornography intact by another Taiwanese company, Panesian.
FamilySoft Co.,Ltd. (株式会社ファミリーソフ) is a Japanese company founded in 1987 and headquartered in Nerima, Tokyo. Since its establishment, FamilySoft are carrying on business in the field of game development and publishing. They develop and publish mainly adventure, fighting, gyaruge, and war games. Some of the Mobile Suit Gundam and Macross titles were produced by the company. FamilySoft also produced games based on other anime like Area 88, Crusher Joe, Aura Battler Dunbine, Armored Trooper Votoms or Science Ninja Team Gatchaman. In 1992, FamilySoft also established an adult game manufacturer, APPLE PIE Co., Ltd.
Career Soft was a Japanese video game development studio founded in June 1996 by Team Career, a team within the Masaya Games, which was formed to develop Langrisser and Langrisser II. Career Soft continued to work with Masaya Games for the development of Langrisser III, Langrisser IV and Langrisser V.
Kadokawa Shoten (角川書店), formerly Kadokawa Shoten Co., Ltd. , is a Japanese publisher and brand company of Kadokawa Corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. It became an internal division of Kadokawa Corporation on October 1, 2013. Kadokawa has published both manga such as Sora no Otoshimono and magazines, such as Newtype magazine. Since its founding, Kadokawa has expanded into the multimedia sector, namely in video games and movies.