Humphrey Henchman

Last updated


Humphrey Henchman
Bishop of London
Humphrey Henchman by Sir Peter Lely.jpg
Church Church of England
Diocese Diocese of London
Elected1663
Term ended1675 (death)
Predecessor Gilbert Sheldon
Successor Henry Compton
Other post(s) Bishop of Salisbury
1660–1663
Orders
Consecration1660
Personal details
Born1592
Died1675
Aldersgate Street, London
Buried All Saints Church, Fulham
Nationality English
Denomination Anglican
ParentsThomas Henchman
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge

Humphrey Henchman (1592 – 1675) was a Church of England clergyman and bishop of London from 1663 to 1675.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Burton Latimer (or possibly nearby Barton Seagrove), Northamptonshire, the son of Thomas Henchman, a skinner, and educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he achieved BA in 1613 and MA in 1616. He became a fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, in 1617.

In 1630, he married Ellen Lowe, niece of John Davenant, who was Bishop of Salisbury from 1621 to 1641; along with these connections, his wife brought considerable property from her first marriage, which meant he lived in some comfort. They had three sons and two daughters who survived to adulthood; his grandson, another Humphrey, was a prominent lawyer who defended Henry Sacheverell in 1710 and helped draft the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht. [1]

Career

Appointed canon of Salisbury Cathedral in 1623, his life was radically changed when the First English Civil War began in 1642 and he joined the Royalist forces. He was ejected from his position at Salisbury and his estates confiscated. [1] He helped the future Charles II to escape the country after the Battle of Worcester of 1651, and participated in Penruddock's Rising in 1655. [2] On the Restoration of 1660, he was made Bishop of Salisbury [3] — he was elected to the See on 4 October 1660, confirmed 23 October, and consecrated a bishop on 28 October. [4] — and in 1663 translated to be Bishop of London, where he saw both the Great Plague and the Great Fire of London.

He was also made Privy Councillor and Almoner to the King. In March, 1665 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. [5]

Related Research Articles

William Juxon Churchman, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Canterbury

William Juxon was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1646 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.

Gilbert Sheldon

Gilbert Sheldon was a British religious leader who served as the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1663 until his death.

Thomas Burgess (bishop of Salisbury) English author, philosopher, Bishop of Saint Davids and Bishop of Salisbury

Thomas Burgess was an English author, philosopher, Bishop of St Davids and Bishop of Salisbury, who was greatly influential in the development of the Church in Wales. He founded St David's College, Lampeter, was a founding member of the Odiham Agricultural Society, helped establish the Royal Veterinary College in London, and was the first president of the Royal Society of Literature.

Richard Allestree

Richard Allestree or Allestry was an English Royalist churchman and provost of Eton College from 1665.

Richard Sterne (bishop)

Richard Sterne was a Church of England priest, Archbishop of York from 1664 to 1683.

Robert Sanderson (theologian) English Anglican theologian and casuist

Robert Sanderson was an English theologian and casuist.

Seth Ward (bishop of Salisbury)

Seth Ward was an English mathematician, astronomer, and bishop.

George Morley

George Morley was an English Anglican bishop, Bishop of Worcester and then of Winchester.

Peter Mews Theologian and bishop

Peter Mews was an English Royalist theologian and bishop. He was a captain captured at Naseby and he later had discussions in Scotland for the Royalist cause. Later made a Bishop he would report on non-conformist families.

Hugh Lloyd was a Welsh cleric who was the Anglican bishop of Llandaff from 1660 until his death in 1667.

George Pretyman Tomline

Sir George Pretyman Tomline, 5th Baronet was an English clergyman, theologian, Bishop of Lincoln and then Bishop of Winchester, and confidant of William Pitt the Younger. He was an opponent of Catholic emancipation.

Baptist Levinz, sometimes Baptiste or Baptist Levinge, was an Anglican churchman. He is known as a bishop and also for the part he played in the dramatic election at Magdalen College, Oxford.

Zachary Pearce

Zachary Pearce, sometimes known as Zachariah, was an English Bishop of Bangor and Bishop of Rochester. He was a controversialist and a notable early critical writer defending John Milton, attacking Richard Bentley's 1732 edition of Paradise Lost the following year.

Brian Duppa

Brian Duppa was an English bishop, chaplain to the royal family, Royalist and adviser to Charles I of England.

Benjamin Lany British bishop

Benjamin Lany was an English academic and bishop.

Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet

Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet was an English scholar and royalist politician. He was also a Member of Parliament and an early member of the Royal Society.

Humphrey Gower

Humphrey Gower (1638–1711) was an English clergyman and academic, Master of Jesus College, Cambridge, and then St. John's College, Cambridge, and Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity.

Michael Honywood

Michael Honywood D.D. was an English churchman, Dean of Lincoln from 1660. Honywood was a bibliophile and he founded and funded the Lincoln Cathedral Library.

Henry James (Regius Professor)

Henry James was an English clergyman and academic at the University of Cambridge, who served as President of Queens' College, Cambridge 1675–1717 and Regius Professor of Divinity 1699–1717.

References

  1. 1 2 Spurr 2004.
  2. Lay 2020, p. 96.
  3. Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  4. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, vol. 6, 1986, pp. 1–5
  5. "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 18 November 2010.

Sources

Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Salisbury
1660–1663
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of London
1663–1675
Succeeded by