Humphreys Peak

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Humphreys Peak
Hopi: Aaloosaktukwi Navajo: Doko'o'osliid
San Francisco Peaks, winter.jpg
Humphreys Peak in winter 2004
Highest point
Elevation 12,633 ft (3,851 m)  NAVD 88 [1]
Prominence 6,039 ft (1,841 m) [2]
Coordinates 35°20′47″N111°40′41″W / 35.346341917°N 111.677945539°W / 35.346341917; -111.677945539 Coordinates: 35°20′47″N111°40′41″W / 35.346341917°N 111.677945539°W / 35.346341917; -111.677945539 [1]
USA Arizona location map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Humphreys Peak
Location Coconino County, Arizona, U.S.
Parent range San Francisco Peaks
Topo map USGS Humphreys Peak
Mountain type igneous, volcanic
Volcanic field San Francisco volcanic field
Easiest route Humphreys Trail, class 1 [4]

Humphreys Peak (Hopi : Aaloosaktukwi, Navajo : Dookʼoʼoosłííd) is the highest natural point in the U.S. state of Arizona, [5] with an elevation of 12,633 feet (3,851 m) [1] and is located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness in the Coconino National Forest, about 11 miles (17.7 km) north of Flagstaff, Arizona. Humphreys Peak is the highest of a group of dormant volcanic peaks known as the San Francisco Peaks.

Hopi is a Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona, United States, but some Hopi are now monolingual English-speakers.

Navajo language Athabaskan language of Na-Dené stock spoken in the southwestern United States

Navajo or Navaho is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America. Navajo is spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States, especially on the Navajo Nation. It is one of the most widely spoken Native American languages and is the most widely spoken north of the Mexico–United States border, with almost 170,000 Americans speaking Navajo at home as of 2011. The language has struggled to keep a healthy speaker base, although this problem has been alleviated to some extent by extensive education programs on the Navajo Nation.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.


The summit can be most easily reached by hiking the 4.8 miles (7.7 km) long Humphreys Summit Trail that begins at the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort in the Coconino National Forest. [4]

Arizona Snowbowl an alpine ski resort located on the San Francisco Peaks

Arizona Snowbowl is an alpine ski resort in the southwest United States, located on the San Francisco Peaks of northern Arizona, seven miles (11 km) north of Flagstaff. The Snowbowl ski area covers approximately one percent of the San Francisco Peaks, and its slopes face west and northwest.

Ski resort Resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports

A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports. In Europe, most ski resorts are towns or villages in or adjacent to a ski area – a mountainous area with pistes and a ski lift system. In North America, it is more common for ski areas to exist well away from towns, so ski resorts usually are destination resorts, often purpose-built and self-contained, where skiing is the main activity.

Coconino National Forest protected area in Arizona, USA

The Coconino National Forest is a 1.856-million acre United States National Forest located in northern Arizona in the vicinity of Flagstaff. Originally established in 1898 as the "San Francisco Mountains National Forest Reserve", the area was designated a U.S. National Forest in 1908 when the San Francisco Mountains National Forest Reserve was merged with lands from other surrounding forest reserves to create the Coconino National Forest. Today, the Coconino National Forest contains diverse landscapes, including deserts, ponderosa pine forests, flatlands, mesas, alpine tundra, and ancient volcanic peaks. The forest surrounds the towns of Sedona and Flagstaff and borders four other national forests; the Kaibab National Forest to the west and northwest, the Prescott National Forest to the southwest, the Tonto National Forest to the south, and the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest to the southeast. The forest contains all or parts of ten designated wilderness areas, including the Kachina Peaks Wilderness, which includes the summit of the San Francisco Peaks. The headquarters are in Flagstaff. There are local ranger district offices in Flagstaff, Happy Jack, and Sedona.

Humphreys Peak was named in about 1870 for General Andrew A. Humphreys, a U.S. Army officer who was a Union general during the American Civil War, and who later became Chief of Engineers of the United States Army Corps of Engineers. However, a General Land Office map from 1903 showed the name San Francisco Peak applied to this feature (apparently borrowed from San Francisco Mountain on which the peak stands). Thus the United States Board on Geographic Names approved the variant name in 1911. In 1933, the application of the names was rectified. [6]

Andrew A. Humphreys Union Army General

Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, and a Union General in the American Civil War. He served in senior positions in the Army of the Potomac, including division command, chief of staff, and corps command, and was Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

United States Army Corps of Engineers federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command

The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies. Although generally associated with dams, canals and flood protection in the United States, USACE is involved in a wide range of public works throughout the world. The Corps of Engineers provides outdoor recreation opportunities to the public, and provides 24% of U.S. hydropower capacity.

See also

San Francisco Peaks Arizona

The San Francisco Peaks are a volcanic mountain range in north central Arizona, just north of Flagstaff and a remnant of the former San Francisco Mountain. The highest summit in the range, Humphreys Peak, is the highest point in the state of Arizona at 12,633 feet (3,851 m) in elevation. The San Francisco Peaks are the remains of an eroded stratovolcano. An aquifer within the caldera supplies much of Flagstaff's water while the mountain itself is in the Coconino National Forest, a popular recreation site. The Arizona Snowbowl ski area is on the western slopes of Humphreys Peak, and has been the subject of major controversy involving several tribes and environmental groups.

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Agassiz Peak mountain

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Old Caves Crater

Old Caves Crater is a cinder cone located in Coconino National Forest, near Flagstaff, Arizona. Its name comes from the numerous small caves on the slopes of the cinder cone. The elevation of the cinder cone is 7183 ft and the prominence is 423 ft. A forest of new growth ponderosa pines cover the lower slopes of Old Caves Crater, while a pinyon-juniper forest covers the upper slopes. A trail leads to the top of Old Caves Crater, giving great views of the San Francisco Peaks and the surrounding area. In the 14th century, Native Americans built a settlement on top of Old Caves Crater. The remains of the settlement can be found on top of Old Caves Crater.


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  2. "Humphreys Peak, Arizona". Retrieved November 13, 2008.
  3. "United States State High Points (plus DC)". Retrieved 2016-08-17.
  4. 1 2 "Humphreys Trail #51". Coconino National Forest, U.S. Forest Service . Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  5. "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  6. "Humphreys Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved November 13, 2008.