Hungarian Working People's Party

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Hungarian Working People's Party

Magyar Dolgozók Pártja
First leader Mátyás Rákosi
Last leader János Kádár
Founded12 June 1948
Dissolved31 October 1956
Merger of Hungarian Communist Party and Social Democratic Party of Hungary
Succeeded by Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSZSP)
NewspaperSzabad Nép
Ideology Communism
National affiliation Patriotic People's Front
International affiliation Cominform
Party flag
Flag of the Hungarian Working People's Party.svg

The Hungarian Working People's Party (Hungarian : Magyar Dolgozók Pártja, abbr. MDP) was the ruling party of Hungary from 1948 to 1956.


It was formed by a merger of the Hungarian Communist Party (MKP) and the Social Democratic Party of Hungary (MSZDP). [1] Ostensibly a union of equals, the merger had actually occurred as a result of massive pressure brought to bear on the Social Democrats by both the Hungarian Communists, as well as the Soviet Union. The few independent-minded Social Democrats who had not been sidelined by Communist salami tactics were pushed out in short order after the merger, leaving the party as essentially the MKP under a new name. Its leader was Mátyás Rákosi until 1956, then Ernő Gerő in the same year for three months, and eventually János Kádár until the party's dissolution. Other minor legal Hungarian political parties were allowed to continue as independent coalition parties until late 1949 but were completely subservient to the MDP.

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the party was reorganized into the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSZMP) by a circle of communists around Kádár and Imre Nagy. The new government of Nagy declared to assess the uprising not as counter-revolutionary but as a "great, national and democratic event" and to dissolve State Security Police (ÁVH). Hungary's declaration to become neutral and to exit the Warsaw Pact caused the second Soviet intervention on 4 November 1956. After 8 November 1956, the MSZMP, under Kádár's leadership, fully supported the Soviet Union.

Unification congress poster Mkp-sdunificationcongress.jpg
Unification congress poster

Chief functionaries of the Hungarian Working People's Party


Term of OfficePosition(s)
1 Kommunista politikusok a tribunon fortepan 79084 (profile-4).jpg Mátyás Rákosi
12 June 194818 July 1956General Secretary
First Secretary (from 28 June 1953)
2 Gero Erno 1955 (cropped).jpg Ernő Gerő
18 July 195625 October 1956
3 Janos Kadar ( János Kádár
25 October 195631 October 1956


Term of OfficeNotes
1 Szakasits Arpad 1949.jpg Árpád Szakasits
12 June 194824 April 1950Also President (1948–1949) and Chairman of the Presidential Council (1949–1950)

Electoral history

National Assembly elections

ElectionParty leaderVotes%Seats+/–PositionGovernment
1949 Mátyás Rákosi as part of Patriotic People's Front
285 / 402
Increase2.svg 285Increase2.svg 1stSole legal party
206 / 298
Decrease2.svg 79Steady2.svg 1stSole legal party

See also

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  1. Neubauer, John, and Borbála Zsuzsanna Török. The Exile and Return of Writers from East-Central Europe: A Compendium . New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009. p. 140