Hunter Corbett

Last updated
Hunter Corbett
Hunter Corbett.jpg
Hunter Corbett
Born(1835-12-08)December 8, 1835
Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States
DiedJanuary 7, 1920(1920-01-07) (aged 84)
Chefoo (Zhifu芝罘区, now Yantai), China
Occupation Missionary
Years active56 Years
Known forEducational Mission in China
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Culbertson
Mary Campbell Nixon
Harriet Robina Sutherland
ChildrenFanny Culbertson (Corbett) Hays
Jane Lea (Corbett) Goheen
Grace (Corbett) Wells
Parent(s)Ross Mitchell Corbett
Fannie Culbertson Orr

Hunter Corbett D.D. (Chinese : ; pinyin : Guō Xiǎn ; December 8, 1835 – January 7, 1920) was a pioneer [1] American missionary to Chefoo (Zhifu芝罘区, now Yantai), Shandong China, he served with the American Presbyterian Mission. [2] [3] He was a fervent advocate of the missionary enterprise.

Contents

He founded the Yi Wen School at Tengchow (also known as Boy's Academy / Hunter Corbett Academy Tengchow) [1] afterward converted into an institution of higher education as Cheeloo University in 1928. It was the first university in China. [4]

Early life

Hunter Corbett was born to Ross Mitchell Corbett and Fannie Culbertson (Orr) Corbett on December 8, 1835 in Clarion County, Pennsylvania, USA. He graduated from Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania (now Washington & Jefferson College) in 1860. [5] and from Princeton Theological Seminary. With his first wife, Elizabeth "Lizzie" Culbertson, he sailed for China in 1863.

China Mission

After a six-month voyage around the Cape of Good Hope and shipwreck off the China coast, they finally arrived at Chefoo (Yantai) in the middle of winter, 1863. After several years in Dengzhou (P'eng-lai, or Tengchow), they established a permanent residence at Chefoo and began evangelistic work. Along with colleagues Calvin Wilson Mateer and John Nevius, Corbett developed the methodology that would plant the gospel in the soil of northern China and make Shandong the strongest Presbyterian mission in China. Wide itineration throughout the countryside, rather than concentrated efforts in the cities, was the main feature of the Shandong plan. Corbett was described as an "Indefatigable Itinerator," and he traveled over the whole province by horse, mule cart, and foot. Added to his travel difficulties were incidents in which he was reviled and stoned. In 1886 Washington and Jefferson College awarded him an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree. [6]

Corbett believed in using unconventional methods. He rented a theater and converted the back rooms into a museum stocked with objects of interest from around the world. After a service, the museum doors would be opened. In 1900, about 72,000 people listened to his preaching and visited the museum. A crowning achievement was the organization and development of Shandong Presbytery. By the year of Corbett's death, there were 343 organized churches and chapels throughout the province, with more than 15,000 communicant members. In 1906 he was elected Moderator of the General Assembly, [7] the central governing body of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America or reformed church. [8]

Hunter Corbett ministered in China for 56 years. He died in Chefoo (now Yantai), China on 7 January 1920.

Legacy

His 3rd wife and widow, Harriet Robina (Sutherland) Corbett, died in 1936. [9]

In 1907 his daughter, Grace Corbett married Ralph C. Wells (1877–1955). [10] In 1908 his daughter, Jane Lea Corbett married John Lawrence Goheen.

Books

Author: Hunter Corbett

Others

Related Research Articles

Yantai Prefecture-level city in Shandong, Peoples Republic of China

Yantai, formerly known as Zhifu or Chefoo, is a coastal prefecture-level city on the Shandong Peninsula in northeastern Shandong province of People's Republic of China. Lying on the southern coast of the Bohai Strait, Yantai borders Qingdao on the southwest and Weihai on the east, with sea access to both the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea. It is the largest fishing seaport in Shandong. Its population was 6,968,202 during the 2010 census, of whom 2,227,733 lived in the built-up area made up of the 4 urban districts of Zhifu, Muping, Fushan and Laishan.

Shandong University university in China

Shandong University is a public comprehensive university in Shandong, China. It is one of the largest universities in China by student population and is supported directly by the national government.

Alfred James Broomhall, also A. J. Broomhall, was a British Protestant Christian medical missionary to China, and author and historian of the China Inland Mission.

Divie Bethune McCartee Missionary in China

Divie Bethune McCartee (1820–1900) was an American Protestant Christian medical missionary, educator and U.S. diplomat in China and Japan, first appointed by the American Presbyterian Mission in 1843.

Presbyterian Mission Agency is the ministry and mission agency of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Founded as the Western Foreign Missionary Society by the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America in 1837, it was involved in sending workers to countries such as China during the late Qing Dynasty and to India in nineteenth century. Also known as the Foreign Missions Board in China, its name was changed by the Old School body during the Old School–New School Controversy to the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions.

Timothy Richard British missionary

Timothy Richard was a Welsh Baptist missionary to China, who influenced the modernisation of China and the rise of the Chinese Republic.

Cheeloo University

Cheeloo University was a university in China, established by Hunter Corbett American Presbyterian, and other English Baptist, Anglican, and Canadian Presbyterian mission agencies in early 1900 in China.

Calvin Wilson Mateer missionary and educator in Shandong, China

Calvin Wilson Mateer was a missionary to China with the American Presbyterian Mission. He was of Scottish-Irish descent and a native of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Western Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh. After serving with the Presbyterian church of Delaware, Ohio, for two years, he arrived in Dengzhou with his wife Julia Brown Mateer in early January 1864 and continued to work as a missionary in China for 45 years.

John Livingstone Nevius American missionary

John Livingston Nevius was, for forty years, a pioneering American Protestant missionary in China, appointed by the American Presbyterian Mission; his missionary ideas were also very important in the spread of the church in Korea. He wrote several books on the themes of Chinese religions, customs and social life, and missionary work.

Norman Howard Cliff (1925–2007) was a British Protestant author who wrote about Christianity and the history of Protestant missions in China.

Medical missions in China by Protestant and Catholic physicians and surgeons of the 19th and early 20th centuries laid many foundations for modern medicine in China. Western medical missionaries established the first modern clinics and hospitals, provided the first training for nurses, and opened the first medical schools in China. Work was also done in opposition to the abuse of opium. Medical treatment and care came to many Chinese who were addicted, and eventually public and official opinion was influenced in favor of bringing an end to the destructive trade. By 1901, China was the most popular destination for medical missionaries. The 150 foreign physicians operated 128 hospitals and 245 dispensaries, treating 1.7 million patients. In 1894, male medical missionaries comprised 14 percent of all missionaries; women doctors were four percent. Modern medical education in China started in the early 20th century at hospitals run by international missionaries.

Watson McMillan Hayes American missionary

Watson McMillan Hayes was an American Presbyterian missionary and educator in China.

Charles Clinton Beatty American minister

Charles Clinton Beatty was a Presbyterian minister, seminary founder, and academic philanthropist.

Stephen Arnold Metcalf was a British Protestant missionary to Japan, the son of George Edgar Metcalf and Elizabeth Mary (Donnelly) Metcalf, China Inland Mission missionaries to the Eastern Lisu/Lipo minority of Yunnan Province. He was born in Kunming, China.

John Lawrence Goheen American agriculturist, social worker, missionaries, administer, writer, college football coach

John Lawrence Goheen was an American missionary, educator and administrator, agriculturist, social worker, and writer who spent most of his career working in India. He made a major contribution to literacy through the Bombay Literacy Campaign of 1939. He established Adult Education Associations in various parts in India with a slogan "Every home a literate home". He promoted religious organizations for literacy conferences.

Paul D. Bergen missionary

Paul David Bergen was an American Presbyterian missionary to China in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Laizhou Church is the Christian church in the county of Laizhou in Shandong Province, China.

Julia Brown Mateer American teacher, school matron, and Presbyterian missionary in China

Julia Brown Mateer was an American teacher, school matron, and Presbyterian missionary in China, working there with her husband Calvin Wilson Mateer for thirty-four years.

References

  1. 1 2 Byrnes, Paul A. "Hunter Corbett & Harold F. Smith Papers, 1862–1948" (PDF). Paul A. Byrnes, Spring 1977; Revised with additions by Ruth Tonkiss Cameron, January 2006. The Burke Library Union Theological Seminary 3041 Broadway New York, NY 10027: Columbia University. p. 17. Retrieved 6 October 2010.CS1 maint: location (link)
  2. XIAOXIN WU (2007). CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA: A SCHOLARS GUIDE TO RESOURCES IN THE LIBRARIES. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN   978-1-56324-337-0 . Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  3. Anderson, Gerald H (1999). Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan. pp. Page # 152 of 845. ISBN   0-8028-4680-7.
  4. "Wing newspaper ( online magazine)" . Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  5. Eaton, Samuel John Mills; Woods, Henry (1902). Biographical and Historical Catalogue of Washington and Jefferson College. Philadelphia: G.H. Buchanan and Company. p. 240. OCLC   2379959 . Retrieved 2010-04-04.
  6. Eaton, Samuel John Mills; Woods, Henry (1902). Biographical and Historical Catalogue of Washington and Jefferson College. Philadelphia: G.H. Buchanan and Company. p. 570. OCLC   2379959 . Retrieved 2010-04-04.
  7. Craighead, James R. E.; Princeton University (1921). Hunter Corbett: fifty-six years missionary in China. Revell Press. p. 224.
  8. Brown, G. Thompson. "Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity" . Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  9. "Presbyterian Worker in China Was Widow of Ex. Moderator of Church in United States". New York Times . January 30, 1936. Retrieved 2010-10-04. Mrs. Helen Sutherland Corbett, Presbyterian missionary in China and widow of the Rev. Dr. Hunter Corbett, a pioneer Presbyterian missionary in that country ...
  10. "Dr. Ralph C. Wells, Missionary, Was 78". New York Times . July 6, 1955. Retrieved 2010-10-04. In 1907 he married Grace Corbett, a fellow missionary, daughter of Rev. Dr. Hunter Corbett, a leader in the field. Airs. Wells died in 1952.
Religious titles
Preceded by
The Rev. James D. Moffat
Moderator of the 118th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America
19061907
Succeeded by
The Rev. William H. Roberts