Hurghada

Last updated
Hurghada

الغردقة
Hurghada Hotels R03.jpg
Morning at Hurghada Marina.JPG
swm-by.jpg
Sahl Hasheesh1.jpg
Egypt adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hurghada
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 27°15′28″N33°48′42″E / 27.25778°N 33.81167°E / 27.25778; 33.81167 Coordinates: 27°15′28″N33°48′42″E / 27.25778°N 33.81167°E / 27.25778; 33.81167
CountryFlag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
Governorate Red Sea
Founded1905
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (auto)
  Total261,714
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
Area code(s) (+20) 65

Hurghada ( /hərˈɡædə,-ˈɡɑː-/ ; Arabic : الغردقةal-Ġurdaqa, Egyptian Arabic : الغردقةEl ĠardaʾaEgyptian Arabic pronunciation:  [el ɣæɾˈdæʔæ] ) is a city in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt. It is one of the country's main tourist centres located on the Red Sea coast.

Contents

Overview

Hurghada - panoramio (6).jpg

The city was founded in the early 20th century, and until recently it was a small fishing village. But since the 1980s, it has been continually enlarged by Egyptian and foreign investors to become the leading coastal resort on the Red Sea. Holiday resorts and hotels provide aquatic sport facilities for windsurfers, kitesurfers, yachtsmen, scuba divers and snorkelers. Hurghada is known for its watersports activities, nightlife and warm weather. Daily temperature hovers round 30 °C (86 °F) most of the year, during July and August temperatures reach over 40 °C (104 °F). Many Europeans head to Hurghada for their regular Holidays, especially during the Winter season and spend their Christmas and New Year holidays in the city. Tourism from Russia dropped drastically after the Metrojet Flight 9268 plane crash in November 2015.

Hurghada stretches for about 36 kilometres (22 mi) along the seashore, and it does not reach far into the surrounding desert. The resort is a destination for Egyptian tourists from Cairo, the Delta and Upper Egypt, as well as package holiday tourists from Europe. Today Hurghada counts 248,000 inhabitants and is divided into:

Along the El Mamsha you find many of Hurghada's new hotels, restaurants, and shops. Most of the newest and biggest hotel resorts located in the area between Mamsha to Sahl Hasheesh (Village road). After Sahl Hasheesh you find Makadi Bay with its hotels. Dahar is the oldest part of the town, where the town's traditional bazaar, the post office and the long-distance bus stations, Go Bus and Upper Egypt Bus are situated. The busiest area is its "city center" Sakala, which is spread along Sheraton Road. There are some hotels, shops and restaurants along Sheraton Road. [1]

The city is served by the Hurghada International Airport with scheduled passenger traffic connecting to Cairo and directly with several cities in Europe. A new terminal was opened in 2015 to accommodate rising traffic.

History

The village, which later evolved into what is now the city of Hurghada, was settled in 1905. It acquired its name from a plant which has grown naturally since ancient times. By then it was only a fishing village. Oil was discovered in the area in 1913, but actual production and export only began in 1921 under British oil magnates. During the reign of King Farouk a recreational center was built in the city, but after President Nasser's nationalization of Egypt's industries it was turned over to the armed forces.

During the War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt, Shadwan island east of the city in the Red Sea, was fortified and held by Egyptian troops and used as a radar post. On 22 January 1970, it was the site of Operation Rhodes, a heliborne assault by Israeli troops which occupied the island for 36 hours.

During the October War of 1973, Hurghada harbor was target for four Israeli operations  [ he ]. Israeli forces also [ when? ]occupied Shadwan Island with over 32 casualties to the Egyptian army, and only 7 to the Israeli army .[ citation needed ]

On September 27, 1994 drive-by shooters killed two Egyptians and a German tourist; another German man was wounded in the attack and died of his injuries after returning to Germany. [2] The 2016 Hurghada attack was caused by two terrorists inspired by IS. Three tourists were wounded. [3] On 14 July 2017, in the 2017 Hurghada attack a man proclaiming, that he wanted to kill only non-Egyptians, attacked and stabbed five German, one Czech and one Armenian tourists, all women, killing two German women. The Czech tourist later died on July 27 in the hospital. The attack occurred at two separate resort hotels. [4] [5] [5]

Tourism

A fake Lidl store in Hurghada Lidl Egypt.JPG
A fake Lidl store in Hurghada

Although a town in its own right, Hurgada’s current major industry is foreign and domestic tourism, owing to its dramatic landscape, year-round dry and temperate climate and long stretches of natural beaches. Its waters are clear and calm for most of the year and have become popular for various water-sports, particularly recreational scuba diving and snorkelling.

Dive sites around Abu Ramada Island, Fanadir, Giftun Kebir, and Giftun Soraya are popular. Tourists also visit shipwrecks such as the El Mina or the Rosalie Moller. The beach at Hurghada is not secluded, out to Sigala the beach is then followed by coastal holiday villages and then desert. [6] [7] [8] [9]

In a 2016 attack and again in a 2017 attack foreign tourists at Hurghada's beach resorts were targeted by terrorists attacks. [4]

Demographics

Russian residents

Hurghada has 4 schools for Russian children, which are: Galaxy (Созвездие), Our Traditions (Наши Традиции), Dina (Дина) and The World of Knowledge (Мир знаний) (the Russian School Hurghada); as well as the newsletter MK in Egypt. Much of the signage in the city, as of 2015, is in Russian. In June 2015 MK in Egypt publisher Yulia Shevel stated that there were about 20,000 Russians in Hurghada, giving it Egypt's largest Russian population, though only about 3,000 were officially documented. [10] Russian women staying in Hurghada often marry Egyptian men through an 'urfi (non-shariah) process. [11]

In 2017 the Russian Consulate was open in Hurghada. [12]

Climate

Hurghada has a subtropical-desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWh), with mild-warm winters and hot to very hot summers. Temperatures in the period December–January–February are warm, but in the evenings temperature may drop from an average 20 Celsius degrees to 10. November, March and April are comfortably warm. May and October are hot and the period from June to September is very hot. The average annual temperature of the sea is 24 °C (75 °F), ranging from 21 °C (70 °F) in February and March to 28 °C (82 °F) in August.

The highest temperature recorded occurred on June 12, 2013 and was 46 °C (115 °F), while the lowest record temperature was recorded on February 2, 1993 and was 0 °C (32 °F). [13]

Climate data for Hurghada
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)28.0
(82.4)
30.7
(87.3)
34.3
(93.7)
41.3
(106.3)
39.4
(102.9)
46.0
(114.8)
40.8
(105.4)
38.6
(101.5)
38.2
(100.8)
38.2
(100.8)
34.4
(93.9)
30.3
(86.5)
42.6
(108.7)
Average high °C (°F)21.5
(70.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
29.1
(84.4)
32.9
(91.2)
35.3
(95.5)
36.2
(97.2)
36.1
(97.0)
34.3
(93.7)
31.1
(88.0)
26.8
(80.2)
22.7
(72.9)
29.5
(85.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)15.7
(60.3)
16.8
(62.2)
19.3
(66.7)
22.8
(73.0)
26.1
(79.0)
28.9
(84.0)
29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
28.0
(82.4)
25.2
(77.4)
21.0
(69.8)
17.1
(62.8)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F)11.0
(51.8)
11.4
(52.5)
14.0
(57.2)
17.8
(64.0)
21.9
(71.4)
24.8
(76.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.2
(79.2)
24.2
(75.6)
20.9
(69.6)
16.6
(61.9)
12.5
(54.5)
19.0
(66.2)
Record low °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
0.0
(32.0)
7.5
(45.5)
9.1
(48.4)
13.4
(56.1)
18.8
(65.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
17.0
(62.6)
13.8
(56.8)
9.2
(48.6)
6.0
(42.8)
0.0
(32.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)0.4
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.01)
1.0
(0.04)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(0.02)
2.0
(0.08)
0.9
(0.04)
5.2
(0.21)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 mm)0.30.20.30.30.20.00.00.00.00.20.20.32
Average relative humidity (%)48464643424145464853515146.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 265.7277.6274.3285.6317.4348.0352.3322.4301.6275.2263.9246.73,530.7
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization (1971-2000) [14]
Source #2: NOAA (mean temperature, record high and lows, humidity and sun 1961–1990) [15]

Climate Charts [16] shows different averages and cooler day temperatures in summer.

Hurghada mean sea temperature [17]
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
22 °C (72 °F)21 °C (70 °F)21 °C (70 °F)22 °C (72 °F)24 °C (75 °F)26 °C (79 °F)27 °C (81 °F)28 °C (82 °F)27 °C (81 °F)26 °C (79 °F)25 °C (77 °F)23 °C (73 °F)

Resorts near Hurghada

Sahl Hasheesh

El Qoseir

Russian dumplings (Pelmeni) in central Hurghada. Hurgada russian pelmeni.jpg
Russian dumplings (Pelmeni) in central Hurghada.

El Qoseir is one of the Egyptian gateways, and one of the oldest cities on the western coast of the Red Sea. In the past it was known by various names, such as Thagho in the pharonic period, Leucos Limen (white port in Greek) in the Hellenistic and Ptolemaic period, and Portus Albus in the Roman period. In the Islamic period it was given the name El Qoseir, which means "a small palace or fortress".

Located between Hurghada and Marsa Alam, El Quseir used to be an important port. Many people traveled from there to the land of Punt to buy ivory, leather and incense. During the Ottoman and the Islamic periods, Egyptians and Muslims from North Africa traveled from El Quseir as pilgrims to Mecca. It was also the only port importing coffee from Yemen. During the French occupation of Egypt, El Qoseir was the arrival point for Arabs and Muslims from Hegaz coming to fight beside the Mamalic against the French army. The most important sites in El Qoseir are the fort and the water reservoir. The water reservoir was El Qoseir's only source of drinking water 100 years ago.

El Qoseir El Adima is another important site as well. It was the old Roman port where hundreds of amphora and old pottery artifacts were found. Even the police station is located at a historical site. There are now many bazaars here, as well as cafes, coffee shops and restaurants offering sea food. There are several 300-year-old buildings here: the Ottoman fort and the old mosques El Farran, El Qenawi and El Senousi.

Makadi Bay

A Tourist Resort located 30 km south of Hurghada dedicated only to hotels, shops and clubs. There are no settlements with locals. The place features good sandy beach.

Anemone and clownfish at Sharm El Naga beach Clownfish at Sharm El Naga beach.jpg
Anemone and clownfish at Sharm El Naga beach

Sharm El Naga

A village, around 40 km (25 mi) south of Hurghada. Its beach contains a beautiful reef cliff.

Soma Bay

Soma Bay. Landungspier Soma Bay.JPG
Soma Bay.

Soma Bay A tourist resort situated 45 km (28 mi) south of Hurghada, with various hotels including Palm Royale Soma Bay, La Residence des Cascades, Robinson Club, Sheraton (Kempinski – opening August 2008) & Caribbean World Resort Soma Bay ( opened December 7).

El Gouna

Walkway in Hurghada by night. Alig walk way hurghada egypt 629.jpg
Walkway in Hurghada by night.

A privately owned luxury hotel town, about 25 km north of Hurghada. Quiet and clean, the town consists of several islands separated by channels and connected by bridges. Besides 14 hotels and 3 marinas, there are also 2200 private villas and apartments, while many more are under construction. It is promoted by some as Egypt's Venice. It is built on 10 km of beachfront and has unique and diverse architecture.

El Gouna provides diving and watersports centers, horse stables, go-karting, shopping arcades, bazaars, a wide selection of restaurants and bars, night clubs, an internet cafe, four bank branches, many automated teller machines (ATMs), two pharmacies, the El Gouna international school, El Gouna national school, a nursery, a private hospital, three marinas, a library, an airport, one of several casinos on the Red Sea coast, a private radio station, a post office, a museum, real estate offices and an 18-hole golf course designed by Gene Bates with a unique aqua driving range.

El Mahmya

A tourist beachfront camp on the protected Giftun island, 45 minutes by boat from Hurghada. [18]

Education

International schools include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Taba, Egypt City in South Sinai, Egypt

Taba is an Egyptian town near the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Taba is the location of Egypt's busiest border crossing with neighbouring Eilat, Israel. Taba is a frequent vacation spot for Egyptians and tourists, especially those from Israel on their way to other destinations in Egypt or as a weekend getaway. It is the northernmost resort of Egypt's Red Sea Riviera.

Yalta City on the Crimean peninsula

Yalta is a resort city on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea. It serves as the administrative center of Yalta Municipality, one of the regions within Crimea. Population: 76,746 .

Sharm El Sheikh City in South Sinai, Egypt

Sharm El Sheikh is an Egyptian city on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in South Sinai Governorate, on the coastal strip along the Red Sea. Its population is approximately 73,000 as of 2015. Sharm El Sheikh is the administrative hub of Egypt's South Sinai Governorate, which includes the smaller coastal towns of Dahab and Nuweiba as well as the mountainous interior, St. Catherine and Mount Sinai. The city and holiday resort is a significant centre for tourism in Egypt, while also attracting many international conferences and diplomatic meetings.

Dahab Place in South Sinai, Egypt

Dahab is a small town on the southeast coast of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, approximately 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Sharm el-Sheikh. Formerly a Bedouin fishing village, Dahab is now considered to be one of Sinai's most treasured diving destinations. Following the Six-Day War, Sinai was occupied by Israel and Dahab became known as Di-Zahav, after a place mentioned in the Bible as one of the stations for the Israelites during the Exodus from Egypt. The Sinai Peninsula was restored to Egyptian rule under the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1982. The arrival of international hotel chains and the establishment of other ancillary facilities has since made the town a popular destination with tourists. Dahab is served by Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport. Masbat is a popular diving destination, and there are many (50+) dive centers located within Dahab. Most of Dahab's diving spots are shore dives.

Safaga City in Red Sea, Egypt

Port Safaga, also known as Safaga, is a town in Egypt, on the coast of the Red Sea, located 53 km (33 mi) south of Hurghada. This small port is also a tourist area that consists of several bungalows and rest houses, including the Safaga Hotel, with a capacity of 48 rooms.

Marsa Alam Place in Red Sea Governorate, Egypt

Marsa Alam is a town in south-eastern Egypt, located on the western shore of the Red Sea. It is currently seeing fast increasing popularity as a tourist destination and development following the opening of Marsa Alam International Airport in 2003.

Ras Sedr Place in South Sinai, Egypt

Ras Sedr is an Egyptian town located on the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea coast. It is a part of the South Sinai Governorate, and consists of three areas: Wadi Sidr, Abu Sidr and Soerp. The region has been known since ancient biblical times.

Shadwan Island Island in the Red Sea

Shadwan is a barren rocky island 30 miles southwest of the Egyptian city of Sharm el-Sheikh on the Sinai Peninsula and 20 miles northeast of el Gouna. It is the largest of a group of islands in the mouth of the Gulf of Suez in the northern Red Sea and measures 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) in length, and between 3–5 kilometres (1.9–3.1 mi) wide. It was formerly also called Shaker Island and features a lighthouse. The island is famous as a touristic site for underwater diving and fishing.

Red Sea Riviera Egypts eastern coastline along the Red Sea

The Red Sea Riviera, Egypt's eastern coastline along the Red Sea, consists of resort cities on the western shore of the Gulf of Aqaba and along the eastern coast of mainland Egypt, south of the Gulf of Suez. The combination of a favorable climate, warm sea, thousands of kilometers of shoreline and abundant natural and archaeological points of interest makes this stretch of Egypt’s coastline a popular national and international tourist destination. There are numerous National Parks along the Red Sea Riviera, both underwater and on land. Desert and marine life are protected by a number of laws, and visitors may be subject to heavy fines for not abiding.

El Gouna town in Egypt

El Gouna is an Egyptian tourist resort, owned by Samih Sawiris and developed by Orascom Hotels and Development, dating from 1989. It is located on the Red Sea in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt, 20 kilometres north of Hurghada. It is part of the Red Sea Riviera, and a host city of the El Gouna Film Festival.

El Qoseir City in Red Sea, Egypt

El Qoseir is a city in eastern Egypt, located on the Red Sea coast. Populated for approximately 5,000 years, its ancient name was Leucus Limen. El Qoseir is located 138 kilometers south of Hurghada, 139 km north of Marsa Alam and 73 km north of the Marsa Alam International Airport. In 1986, its population was approximately 20,000. Today, the population of El Qoseir is around 50,000.

Targets of terrorism in Egypt have included government officials, police, tourists and the Christian minority. Many attacks have been linked to Islamic extremism, and terrorism increased in the 1990s when the Islamist movement al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya targeted high-level political leaders and killed hundreds - including civilians - in its pursuit of implementing traditional Sharia law in Egypt.

Tourism in Egypt

Tourism is one of the leading sources of income, crucial to Egypt's economy. At its peak in 2010 the sector employed about 12% of Egypt's workforce serving approximately 14.7 million visitors Egypt, and providing revenues of nearly $12.5 billion. as well as contributing more than 11% of GDP and 14.4% of foreign currency revenues.

Sahl Hasheesh Human settlement in Egypt

Sahl Hasheesh is a bay located on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, across from Sharm El Sheik, approximately 18 km south of Hurghada International Airport.

Baltim Place in Kafr El Sheikh, Egypt

Baltim is a resort in the Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, in the north coast of Egypt.

The Jebel al Zayt oil spill occurred north of the Red Sea on June 16, 2010. It is considered to be the largest offshore spill in Egyptian history. The spill polluted around 100 miles (160 km) of coastline including tourist beach resorts. Oil company officials in the port city of Suez said the spill was caused by a leak from an offshore oil platform in Jebel al-Zayt north of Hurghada owned by the Egyptian government's state-owned oil company, Geisum Oil.

2010 Sharm El Sheikh shark attacks a series of attacks by sharks on swimmers off the Red Sea resort of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

The 2010 Sharm El Sheikh shark attacks were a series of attacks by sharks on swimmers off the Red Sea resort of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. On 1 December 2010, three Russians and one Ukrainian were seriously injured within minutes of each other, and on 5 December 2010 a German woman was killed, when they were attacked while wading or snorkeling near the shoreline. The attacks were described as "unprecedented" by shark experts.

El Gouna Airport airport in Egypt

El Gouna Airport is an airport serving the Red Sea resort town of El Gouna, Egypt.

2016 Hurghada attack

On 8 January 2016, two suspected militants, armed with a melee weapon and a signal flare, allegedly arrived by sea and stormed the Bella Vista Hotel in the Red Sea city of Hurghada, Egypt, stabbing two foreign tourists from Austria and one from Sweden. One of the attackers, 21-year-old student Mohammed Hassan Mohammed Mahfouz, was killed by police as he tried to take a woman hostage. The other attacker was injured. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility.

2017 Hurghada attack

On 14 July 2017 Abdel-Rahman Shaaban, a former university student from the Nile Delta region, swam from a public beach to each of two resort hotel beaches at Hurghada on the Red Sea and stabbed five German, one Armenian and one Czech tourists, all women, killing two German women. The Czech tourist died on July 27. The perpetrator shouted that the Egyptian hotel personnel who gave pursuit after the stabbings at the second beach should "Stay back, I am not after Egyptians". Nevertheless, hotel personnel pursued and captured the attacker.

References

  1. https://www.lifebeyondex.com
  2. German, Egyptians killed by militants
  3. "Egypt hotel attack: Three tourists wounded by assailants in Hurghada resort". The Independent. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 6 Feb 2017.
  4. 1 2 Sanchez, Raf (16 July 2017). "Two tourists killed and four wounded in Egypt beach resort stabbing". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  5. 1 2 Two tourists stabbed to death in beach attack at Egyptian resort, The Guardian, 14 July 2017
  6. Dive sites Hurghada
  7. The Rough Guide to Egypt Daniel Jacobs, Dan Richardson, Shafik Meghji - 2010 - Page 576 1848365012 "From Ed-Dahar, two main roads run 2–4km south to Sigala, which contains the modern port of Hurghada and a mass of restaurants and hotels, squeezed in wherever the terrain allows. Beyond Sigala is nothing but desert and an endless array of coastal holiday villages..."
  8. Lonely Planet Middle East - Anthony Ham - 2009 Page 185 1742203590 "Activities There's little to do in Hurghada itself other than sit on a beach and dream of more secluded places. The public beach in Sigala is less than appealing, though many resorts offer preferable sun-and-sand options"
  9. Scuba diving in Hurghada
  10. Abdallah, Buruddeen M. "Hurghada: ‘Russian’ capital of Egypt" (Archive). Daily Trust . June 6, 2015. Retrieved on November 18, 2015.
  11. Walby, Joanne (2010). "Extended Holiday in Hurghada: Russian Migrant Women and 'Urfi Marriage" (PDF). 1. Surfacing.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. "Russia to open consulate in Hurghada to boost tourism". The Cairo Post . 2015-02-14. Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2017-01-26.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  13. "Hurghada, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  14. "Weather Information for Hurghada". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  15. "Hurguada (Hurghada) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  16. 1 2 "Hurguada, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  17. "Hurghada Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  18. "Giftun island Hurghada, Egypt" . Retrieved 13 August 2015.