Hurstville, New South Wales

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Hurstville
Sydney,  New South Wales
Hurstville building 2.JPG
Hurstville Library
Hurstville, New South Wales
Population29,822 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density7,100/km2 (18,390/sq mi)
Established1887
Postcode(s) 2220
Elevation75 m (246 ft)
Area4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi)
Location16 km (10 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Georges River Council
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)
Suburbs around Hurstville:
Beverly Hills Kingsgrove Bexley
Penshurst Hurstville Carlton
Hurstville Grove South Hurstville Allawah
Location map of Hurstville based on NASA satellite images HurstvilleNSWmap.jpg
Location map of Hurstville based on NASA satellite images
Memorial Square, Forest Road, Hurstville Hurstville Memorial Square.JPG
Memorial Square, Forest Road, Hurstville

Hurstville is a suburb in Southern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is 16 kilometres south of the Sydney CBD and is part of the St George area. Hurstville is the administrative centre of the local government area of the Georges River Council.

Contents

The suburb is predominantly Asian Australian in character, with 63% of the population of Asian origin, among the highest in the country. [2] Sometimes described as "Sydney's Real Chinatown", an estimated 37% of residents are immigrants from mainland China. [3]

History

The name Hurstville is derived from the English 'hurst', meaning 'a wooded eminence', and 'ville', meaning 'town'. [4]

Aboriginal culture

Although it is unknown when they first settled in the Hurstville area, the first inhabitants were Indigenous Australians. At the time of the arrival of the First Fleet, the Indigenous Australians residing in the area were of the Eora tribe, whose numbers spanned along the Georges River, from Botany Bay to present-day Liverpool.

European settlement

The first sustained contact between members of the First Fleet and the Eora tribe, occurred on 20 January 1788 within the boundaries of the present City of Hurstville at Lugarno and Oatley, at Lime Kiln Bay on the Georges River, as recorded by Lieutenant Philip Gidley King in his diary. [5] While Governor Philip explored the south side of the Georges River around Como, King with a party of one other officer and three marines in a six-oared rowboat aimed for the highest point they could see on the north side, probably at Lugarno, and landed at a place they named Lance Point. Although first contact with the Indigenous Australians led to a small altercation where a spear was thrown and a shot fired, later in the day when the party rowed up Lime Kiln Bay towards present day Mortdale they were greeted in a friendly manner by both men and women, and what could only be described as Australia's first picnic took place as food and drink were shared between the two peoples. After a long summer afternoon of mutual contact and conviviality the British sailors rowed back to their ship moored at Botany Bay (see Haworth R.J. 2012, Journal of Australian Colonial History, vol. 14 pp. 1–28, for a reconstruction of King's boat journey and likely route).

The land of the Hurstville region was granted by the government of the new colony of New South Wales to two men: Captain John Townson and his brother Robert Townson in 1808. Captain John Townson was granted 1950 acres (7.9 km²) of land which is now occupied by the suburb of Hurstville and part of Bexley. Robert Townson was granted the land which is now occupied by Penshurst, Mortdale and parts of Peakhurst. In the same year, in the area now known as Riverwood land grants were made to Jane Trotter, Mary Shepley, Charles Doudall, and James Ryan. Later in 1816 another land grant in the same area was given to Mary Redman.

In 1809, Captain John Townson was granted an additional 250 acres (1 km²) in the area now occupied by Kingsgrove and Beverly Hills. The Townson brothers were not happy with the land that they were given because it was not suitable for the farming of sheep for wool and it is likely that the brothers never occupied their land. In 1812, a wealthy merchant named Simeon Lord bought the land of Captain John Townson and named it Lord's Forest. When Lord died, the land became the property of John Rose Holden and James Holt of the Bank of NSW.

Sproule family

Gladwyn is an historic, Italianate house at 96 Queens Road. It was built in 1893 by John Sproule, a local builder and alderman of Hurstville Council, who had acquired the land two years previously. It changed hands many times and was known as Gladwyn by 1906. Hurstville Council eventually acquired the house in 1986. It has been restored and adapted for commercial use, as well as serving as the base for the Hurstville Archival Research and Local Studies Centre. It is heritage-listed at state and local level. [6] [7]

In 1895, Ann Sproule bought land on the opposite side of Queens Road from the Winn brothers of Newcastle, New South Wales. John Sproule then built Yarra-Mundi in 1897, and lived there until 1904. The house then changed hands a number of times over the years. In 1981 it was acquired by the Danebank Church of England School for Girls. The school later sold the house in 2003 and it was subsequently adapted for commercial use. It is heritage-listed. [8]

Development

Forest Road on the 9 November 1951. Photograph taken by Sam Hood for LJ Hooker, State Library of New South Wales, 31762 SLNSW 31762 Food Fair 274 Forest Road Hurstville taken for LJ Hooker Ltd.jpg
Forest Road on the 9 November 1951. Photograph taken by Sam Hood for LJ Hooker, State Library of New South Wales, 31762

A dam with a roadway on top was constructed on the Cooks River at Tempe in 1839. In 1843, the road that was to become known as Forest Road was extended from the dam to a hand-winched punt in Lugarno. On the other side of the river, the road continued all the way to Wollongong; however, it was only suitable for travellers on horseback. The new road opened up the Hurstville region and created a settlement at Bottle Forest, now known as Heathcote.

In 1850, the Lord Forest estate was purchased by Michael Gannon (1800–61), who subdivided it into small farms along what is now Croydon Road and three larger farms that were purchased by Dent, Peake, and Ibbotson. [9] The area became known as Gannon's Forest. The land originally granted to Robert Townson was purchased by John Connell in 1830 and, following his death in 1849, the estate was inherited by his grandsons, Elias Pearson Laycock and John Connell Laycock.

The Gannon's Forest post office opened in 1881. The local school was named "Hurstville" by School Inspector MacIntyre when it was established in 1876. When the railway station opened on 15 October 1884, it took the name Hurstville, from the school. Hurstville municipality was incorporated in 1887 and, in 1988, Hurstville was declared a city. The Centenary Bakery on Forest Road is a historic building that has been preserved and once housed a museum. The St George Regional Museum is now located in another historic building in MacMahon Street.

The Hurstville train crash on 3 August 1920 resulted in five people killed and fifty injured. It involved the collision of two steam trains, one arriving from Central Railway Station, which plunged into the back of the other, which was stationary at Hurstville railway station, bound for Sutherland. [10]

Hurstville's residential developments are a mixture of low-density housing, medium-density flats, and high-density apartment buildings.

Economy

The Global Chambers office building Hurstville building 3.JPG
The Global Chambers office building

Hurstville is the central business district of the St George area. It is a large, multiethnic suburb with a multitude of commercial buildings and high-rise residential buildings dominating the skyline.

The commercial area is centered on the main street, Forest Road, on the northern side of Hurstville railway station. Forest Road is the main shopping street which features branches of many retail shops as well as numerous banks (Commonwealth, ANZ, National Australia Bank, Westpac, St George, HSBC, Bank of China) and other financial institutions. The commercial developments also extend to surrounding streets concentrated from Queens Road to The Avenue and on the southern side of Hurstville Railway station, around Ormonde Parade. The commercial developments extend further along Forest Road, west towards Penshurst and east towards Bexley.

Retail and shopping

Westfield Hurstville Westfield Hurstville, Hurstville, New South Wales (2010-07-21) 03.jpg
Westfield Hurstville

Hurstville has two major shopping centres, Westfield Hurstville and Hurstville Central. There are also a few smaller shopping centres such as Hurstville Times Plaza, East Quarter, Metro Centre, Hurstville City Centre and Union Arcade.

Restaurants and cafes

Hurstville has a wide variety of restaurants and cafes and is known as a major dining destination in the St George area of Sydney. There are a large number of Chinese (including Cantonese), Japanese and Korean restaurants and eateries.

Other

The administrative offices of the Georges River Council are located in the Hurstville Civic Centre in MacMahon Street. This street also features a number of historic buildings such as the Friendly Pharmacy, old Fire Station, Ritz Hotel and Hurstville Museum & Gallery (formerly known as the St George Regional Museum), which houses the cake decorating collection formerly held at the Australian Cakes and Sugar Art Museum. Hurstville City Library is located nearby on Queens Road.

Culture

The St Clair Recording Studio operated for about a year from December 1965 to December 1966 and recorded the Bee Gees among other musicians. [11] AC/DC played at the Hurstville Civic Centre (Marana Hall/Rivoli Hall) on eight occasions between 1974-1977.

A karaoke place opened in 2011 near the Meridian Hotel, the first ever one in Hurstville.

The Hurstville Museum & Gallery focuses on local history, art, and culture. According to the Museum's website, it "is home to high quality exhibitions, a diverse range of public programs and a collection of approximately 5,000 objects and artworks from the local area." [12]

Transport

Hurstville railway station Western entrance to Hurstville railway station, July 2017 (1).jpg
Hurstville railway station

Hurstville railway station is a major station on the T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line of the Sydney Trains network and the South Coast Line on the NSW TrainLink network. All Suburban and Intercity trains stop at Hurstville. Hurstville is 20 minutes from Sydney Central railway station on the express service. Hurstville is a major bus interchange with bus services departing from Forest Road and Ormonde Parade.

Hurstville is also serviced by St George Community Transport, a HACC funded transport service for the Frail Aged, people with disability and their carers. [13]

Churches

St George's Hurstville Anglican Church, St Michael's Roman Catholic Church, Hurstville Presbyterian Church, Hurstville Church of Christ, Hurstville Uniting Church, Hurstville Seventh-day Adventist Church, Hurstville Assemblies of God, Salvation Army, Church of the Living God.

Schools

Landmarks

Parks

Population

Apartments on MacMahon Street Buildings, MacMahon Street, Hurstville, New South Wales (2010-07-18) 01.jpg
Apartments on MacMahon Street

Demographics

The first European settlers in the area were mostly of British and Irish ancestry. From the late 1960s, Hurstville, like many surrounding areas, became home to migrants from all around the world. The first wave of migrants included Greeks and Italians who began moving south from Sydney's inner-city suburbs. They were followed by more European migrants, including many from the former Yugoslavia.

From the 1990s, the Chinese community within Hurstville has grown considerably. Much of this was related to significant migration from Hong Kong during the 1990s and migration from Mainland China during the 2000s. Many local businesses are operated by people of Chinese background, the interests of which are advanced by the St. George Asian Business Association. Hurstville is a hub for Asian groceries, food and services. [14]

According to the 2016 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population, there were 29,822 residents in Hurstville. 27.8% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 36.9%, Nepal 7.1%, Hong Kong 4.0%, Indonesia 1.8% and India 1.5%. 18.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 32.3%, Cantonese 17.9%, Nepali 7.2%, Arabic 2.8% and Greek 2.5%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 42.7%, Catholic 11.8%, Hinduism 8.2% and Buddhism 8.1%. The most common ancestries in Hurstville were Chinese 49.4%, English 6.6%, Nepalese 6.6%, Australian 5.1% and Greek 2.9% and 1.3% Filipinos. [1]

Notable residents

Sister cities

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hurstville (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 September 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Forrest, James. "Suburbs 'swamped' by Asians and Muslims? The data show a different story". The Conversation. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  3. "Hurstville: Sydney's Real Chinatown, Civic Sinoburbia". Civic Sinoburbia. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  4. City of Hurstville - History of Hurstville Archived 29 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. King, Phillip Gidley (1980). The Journal of Philip Gidley King: Lieutenant, R. N., 1787 1790. pp. 27–29. ISBN   0908219016. soon after discovered a number of ye natives who halloo’d & made signs for us to return to our boats
  6. State Heritage Register
  7. Hurstville Council
  8. State Heritage Register
  9. Lawrence, Joan (1996). St George Pictorial Memories: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville. Kingsclear Books Pty Ltd. ISBN   9780908272457.
  10. Pollon, F. (1990.) The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, p. 130.
  11. Hurstville City Council - The St Clair Recording Studio Archived 17 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "Georges River Council - ART AND CULTURE". www.georgesriver.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  13. http://www.stgct.org.au
  14. "Hurstville Suburb Profile". Sydney Suburb Reviews. June 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  15. Wikipedia
  16. 1 2 3 4 Australian Dictionary of Biography
  17. Sweeting, A.J. Allen, Arthur Samuel (Tubby) (1894–1959). Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  18. "Sister cities− shiroishi". Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2014. Shiroishi home page

Coordinates: 33°58′05″S151°06′15″E / 33.96811°S 151.10408°E / -33.96811; 151.10408