Hussein Onn

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Hussein Onn

حسين عون
Tun Hussein Onn portrait.jpg
3rd Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
15 January 1976 16 July 1981
Monarch Yahya Petra
Ahmad Shah
Deputy Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Abdul Razak
Succeeded by Mahathir Mohamad
3rd Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
13 August 1973 15 January 1976
Monarch Abdul Halim
Yahya Petra
Prime Minister Abdul Razak
Preceded by Ismail Abdul Rahman
Succeeded by Mahathir Mohamad
1st President of International Islamic University of Malaysia
In office
1983–1987
Chancellor Ahmad Shah
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim
Personal details
Born
Hussein bin Onn

(1922-02-12)12 February 1922
Johor Bahru, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died29 May 1990(1990-05-29) (aged 68)
South San Francisco, United States
Resting place Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Citizenship Malaysian
Political party Independent (1987–1990)
Other political
affiliations
United Malays National Organisation (Before 1951; 1968–1988)
Independence of Malaya Party (1951–1963)
National Party (1963–1968)
Spouse(s) Suhailah Noah [1]
Children6 (including Hishammuddin Hussein)
Education Indian Military Academy
Lincoln's Inn
English College Johore Bahru
ProfessionLawyer
Military service
AllegianceBritish Raj Red Ensign.svg British Raj
Branch/service British Indian Army
Years of service1940–1945
Rank Captain

Tun Hussein bin Dato' Onn, SMN, DK , (12 February 1922 - 29 May 1990) was the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, serving in this role from 1976 to 1981 in the Sri Gading constituency. Born in Johor Bahru, Johor, to Dato' Onn Jaafar and Datin Halimah Hussein, he is of 3/4 Malay and 1/4 Circassian ancestry. He was granted the soubriquet "Bapa Perpaduan" (Father of Unity).

Order of the Defender of the Realm Malaysian federal award presented for meritorious service to the country

The Most Esteemed Order of the Defender of the Realm is a Malaysian federal award presented for meritorious service to the country. The Order Motto are 'Dipeliharakan Allah-Pangkuan Negara'.

The Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Johor, is a chivalrous order awarded by the Sultan of Johor.

Prime Minister of Malaysia head of government of Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs, the prime minister, usually the leader of the party winning the most seats in a general election. The prime minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government. As of 10 May 2019, Mahathir Mohamad is the seventh and incumbent prime minister.

Contents

Family

He was the son of Dato' Onn Jaafar, the founder of UMNO and a Malayan freedom fighter. [1] His grandfather Dato Jaafar Haji Muhammad was the first Menteri Besar of Johore while his grandmother, Hanim Rogayah was from Scarcia, Turkey. He was the brother-in-law of Tun Abdul Razak, his predecessor as Prime Minister, who also married another Tan Sri Haji Mohamed Noah Omar's daughter, Tun Rahah Noah.

Onn Jaafar Malaysian politician

Dato' Sir Onn bin Dato' Jaafar was a Malay politician and a Menteri Besar of Johore in Malaysia, then Malaya. He was the founder of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and was also responsible for the social economic welfare of the Malays by setting up the Rural Industrial Development Authority (RIDA). His son was Tun Hussein Onn, the third Prime Minister of Malaysia and his grandson is Hishammuddin Hussein.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Tan Sri Haji Mohamed Noah bin Omar was a Malaysian politician. He was one of the leading figures during the founding of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and became the first Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat.

Tun Hussein married Tun Suhailah Noah in 1948. [2] Suhaila Noah was the daughter of Tan Sri Haji Mohamad Noah Omar, former Minister of Home Affairs and first Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat. [2] Hussein Onn and Suhaila Noah had six children, including their fourth child, Hishammuddin Hussein, the Minister of Defence from 2013 to 2018. [2] Their eldest daughter, Datin Roquaiya Hanim, died on 17 September 2005, at the age of 56 from breast cancer in Kuala Lumpur. [2]

Tun Suhailah binti Mohamed Noah was the widow of the 3rd Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Hussein Onn and the Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia from 15 January 1976, until 16 July 1981. She was the mother of Hishammuddin Hussein, who was Minister of Defence from 2013 to 2018.

Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia. He is responsible for convening sessions of the Dewan Rakyat, organising debates, and examining the admissibility of petitions, bills and amendments.

Hishammuddin Hussein Malaysian politician

Dato' Seri Hishammuddin bin Hussein is a Malaysian politician in the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). He was also the Minister of Defence of Malaysia from 16 May 2013 to 10 May 2018. He previously served as Minister of Youth and Sports (1999–2004), Minister of Education (2004–2009), and Minister of Home Affairs (2009–2013). As Acting Minister of Transport (2013–2014) he came to international prominence in March 2014, as the minister responsible for investigating the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

Early life

Tun Hussein received his early education in Telok Kurau Primary School, Singapore and at the English College Johore Bahru. After leaving school, he joined the Johor Military Forces as a cadet in 1940 and was sent a year later to the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun, India. Upon completion of his training, he was absorbed into the Indian Army served in the Middle East when the Second World War broke. [1] After the war, his vast experience prompted the British to employ him as an instructor at the Malayan Police Recruiting and Training Centre in Rawalpindi. [1]

English College Johore Bahru

The English College Johore Bahru, also known as Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar, abbreviated as English College, EC, MSAB, The College, and sometimes dubbed "The Pride Of Johore", is an old premier school in Malaysia. It is an all-boys school in Johor Bahru, Johor. The school is under the royal patronage of the Sultanate of Johor, and it has been awarded the status of Cluster School of Excellence by the Ministry of Education (Malaysia). English College Johore Bahru (EC) is one of the ten oldest English institutions in Malaysia and the oldest school in Johore.

Royal Johor Military Force

The Royal Johor Military Force is an independent military force of the state of Johor in Malaysia and private royal army of Sultan.

Indian Military Academy officer training Academy of the Indian Army

The Indian Millitary Academy, Dehradun is the officer training Academy of the Indian Army. IMA was established in 1932.

Tun Hussein came back to Malaysia in 1945 and was appointed Commandant of the Johor Bahru Police Depot. The following year he joined the Malaya Civil Service as an assistant administrative officer in Segamat, Johor. He was later posted to the state of Selangor, becoming Klang and Kuala Selangor's district officer.

Civil service in Malaysia

The civil service in Malaysia is pivotal around Article 132 of the Constitution of Malaysia which stipulates that the public services shall consist of the Federal and State General Public Service, the Joint Public Services, the Education Service, the Judiciary and the Legal Service and the Armed Forces.

Johor State of Malaysia

Johor, formerly known as Johore, is a state of Malaysia in the south of the Malay Peninsula. Johor has land borders with the Malaysian states of Pahang to the north and Malacca and Negeri Sembilan to the northwest. Johor shares maritime borders with Singapore to the south and Indonesia to both the west and east. Johor Bahru is the capital city and the economic centre of the state, Kota Iskandar is the seat of the state government, and Muar serves as the royal town of the state. The old state capital is Johor Lama. As of 2017, the state's population is 3,700,000. Johor has highly diverse tropical rainforests and an equatorial climate. The state's mountain ranges form part of the Titiwangsa Range, which is part of the larger Tenasserim Range connected to Thailand and Myanmar, with Mount Ophir being the highest point in Johor.

Selangor State of Malaysia

Selangor, also known by its Arabic honorific Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity", is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west. Selangor surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya, both of which were previously part of it.

Entering politics

Tun Hussein, who came from a family with deep nationalistic spirit and political roots, [1] resigned from the civil service to go into politics. In 1949, he became the first youth chief of UMNO (United Malays National Organisation), a party his father helped establish. In 1950, he was elected the UMNO secretary general. Tun Hussein however left UMNO in 1951 to join his father in forming the Independence of Malaya Party (IMP). [1]

United Malays National Organisation Malaysian political party

The United Malays National Organisation is Malaysia's biggest and main national opposition political party. It is a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition which, with its predecessor the Alliance, had been the government of Malaysia and dominated the country's politics from independence until 2018. Until then, all of Malaysia's Prime Ministers had been members of UMNO, until Mahathir Mohamad became the first prime minister from Pakatan Harapan, and the first prime minister to have tenures with two different parties.

Independence of Malaya Party

The Independence of Malaya Party was a political party in British-ruled Malaya that stood for political independence. Founded by Onn Ja'afar after he left UMNO in 1951, it opposed the UMNO policy of Malay supremacy.

With IMP losing momentum, Tun Hussein went to London to study law and was called to the Bar and admitted as a member of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, qualifying as a Barrister-at-Law. He came back as a certified lawyer and practised in Kuala Lumpur. [1]

Rise to power

Hussein Onn returned to politics in 1968 after being persuaded by the then Deputy Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak to rejoin UMNO. [1] He stood and won the general elections in 1969 and was appointed as the education minister. Tun Hussein's meteoric rise continued on 13 August 1973 when he succeeded the late Ismail Abdul Rahman as the Deputy Prime Minister. [1] On 15 January 1976 he was appointed as Prime Minister of Malaysia after the death of Tun Razak. [3]

Hussein was renowned for stressing the issue of unity through policies aimed at rectifying economic imbalances between the various communities found in Malaysia. [1] For instance, 20 April 1981 saw the National Unit Trust Scheme being launched. He also gave serious consideration to the concept of Rukun Tetangga (a neighbourhood watch scheme) and the fight against the drug menace.

He underwent a coronary bypass in early 1981. On 17 July the same year, he retired from active politics and relinquished his prime minister post due to health concerns. [1] He was succeeded by Mahathir Mohamad, his deputy.

Post-retirement

After his retirement as Prime Minister, he continued to contribute to welfare organisations. He was instrumental in the setting up of the Tun Hussein Onn Eye Hospital. He was also an advisor to Petronas, the country's oil company, and Chairman of Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS).

During the 1987 UMNO leadership crisis, Hussein fell out with Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, supporting Team B along with Tunku Abdul Rahman. Hussein along with the Tunku, henceforth, became a strident critic of the Mahathir administration and died without having rejoined UMNO.

Hussein Onn died on 29 May 1990 in Seton Medical Center at San Francisco, California, at the age of 68. [1] He had two sons and four daughters. He is buried in Makam Pahlawan (Heroes Mausoleum) near Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.

Awards and recognitions

Honour of Malaysia

Places named after him

Several places were named after him, including:

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "Tun Hussein Onn" . Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Tun Suhailah, widow of 3rd PM Tun Hussein Onn, dies at 82". The Malaysian Insider . 4 October 2014. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  3. Tan, Chee Khoon & Vasil, Raj (ed., 1984). Without Fear or Favour, p. 38. Eastern Universities Press. ISBN   967-908-051-X.
  4. "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1981" (PDF).
  5. "DK 1977". awards.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ismail Abdul Rahman
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
1973–1976
Succeeded by
Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by
Abdul Razak
Prime Minister of Malaysia
1976–1981
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Suharto
Chairperson of ASEAN
1977
Succeeded by
Corazon Aquino

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