Hyeonjong of Goryeo

Last updated
Hyeonjong of Goryeo
Hangul
현종
Hanja
顯宗
Revised Romanization Hyeonjong
McCune–Reischauer Hyǒnjong
Birth name
Hangul
왕순
Hanja
王詢
Revised Romanization Wang Sun
McCune–Reischauer Wang Sun
Courtesy name
Hangul
안세
Hanja
安世
Revised Romanization Anse
McCune–Reischauer Anse

Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031, r. 1009–1031) was the 8th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was a grandson of King Taejo. He was appointed by the military leader Gang Jo, whom the previous King Mokjong had called upon to destroy a plot by Kim Chi-yang.

Goryeo Korean dynasty

Goryeo was a Korean kingdom founded in 918, during a time of national division called the Later Three Kingdoms period, that unified and ruled the Korean Peninsula until 1392. Goryeo achieved what has been called a "true national unification" by Korean historians as it not only unified the Later Three Kingdoms but also incorporated much of the ruling class of the northern kingdom of Balhae, who had origins in Goguryeo of the earlier Three Kingdoms of Korea. The name "Korea" is derived from the name of Goryeo, also spelled Koryŏ, which was first used in the early 5th century by Goguryeo.

Korea region in East Asia

Korea is a region in East Asia consisting of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Korea is bordered by Russia to the northeast, China to the northwest, and neighbours Japan to the east via the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan.

Taejo of Goryeo Founder of the Goryeo Dynasty

Taejo of Goryeo, also known as Taejo Wang Geon , was the founder of the Goryeo dynasty, which ruled Korea from the 10th to the 14th century. Taejo ruled from 918 to 943, achieving unification of the Later Three Kingdoms in 936.

Contents

In 1010, The Khitan attacked again during an internal Goryeo power struggle. Hyeonjong was forced to flee the capital temporarily, Hyeonjong directed the court to move far south to the port city of Naju. But Goryeo repulsed the khitan attack. Finally, Khitan forces withdrew.

Naju Municipal city in Honam, South Korea

Naju is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

In 1019, when Goryeo continued to refuse to submit or return the northern territories, the Khitan attacked once more. Goryeo generals, including Gang Gam-chan, were able to inflict heavy losses on the Khitan army in the Battle of Kwiju. The Khitan withdrew without achieving their demands. The Khitan never again invaded Goryeo. Both the Liao Dynasty and Goryeo enjoyed a time of peace, and their cultures were at their height.

Gang Gam-chan General during Third Goryeo-Khitan War

Gang Gam-chan was a medieval Korean government official and military commander during the early days of Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392). Even though he was a career scholar and government official, he is best known for his military victories during the Third Goryeo-Khitan War.

Meantime, Hyeonjong ordered the compilation of the Tripitaka Koreana , which was 6,000 volumes. It is the act of carving the woodblocks that was considered to be a way of bringing about a change in fortune by invoking the Buddha's help.

<i>Tripitaka Koreana</i> Korean collection of Buddhist scriptures

The Tripiṭaka Koreana or Palman Daejanggyeong is a Korean collection of the Tripiṭaka, carved onto 81,258 wooden printing blocks in the 13th century. It is the world's most comprehensive and oldest intact version of Buddhist canon in Hanja script, with no known errors or errata in the 52,330,152 characters which are organized in over 1496 titles and 6568 volumes. Each wood block measures 24 centimeters in height and 70 centimeters in length. The thickness of the blocks ranges from 2.6 to 4 centimeters and each weighs about three to four kilograms. The woodblocks are almost as tall as Mount Baekdu at 2.74 km when stacked, measure 60 km long when lined up, and weigh 280 tons in total. The woodblocks are in pristine condition without warping or deformation despite being created more than 750 years ago. The Tripiṭaka Koreana is stored in Haeinsa, a Buddhist temple in South Gyeongsang Province, in South Korea.

Family

  1. Queen Wonjeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1018) (원정왕후 왕씨)
  2. Queen Wonhwa of the Gyeongju Choi clan (원화왕후 최씨)
    1. Princess Hyojeong (? – 13 July 1030) (효정공주)
    2. Princess Cheonsu (천수전주)
  3. Queen Wonseong of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 22 July 1028) (원성왕후 김씨)
    1. King Deokjong of Goryeo (9 June 1016 – 31 October 1034) (고려 덕종)
    2. King Jeongjong of Goryeo (31 August 1018 – 24 June 1046) (고려 정종)
    3. Queen Inpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (인평왕후 김씨)
    4. Princess Gyeongsun (경숙공주)
  4. Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 30 June 1022) (원혜태후 김씨)
    1. King Munjong of Goryeo (29 December 1019 – 2 September 1083) (고려 문종)
    2. Prince Jeonggan (August 1022 – November 1069) (정간왕)
    3. Queen Hyosa of the Ansan Kim clan (효사왕후 김씨)
  5. Queen Wonyong of the Jeongju Yu clan (원용왕후 유씨)
  6. Queen Wonmok of the Icheon Seo clan (? – 12 May 1057) (원목왕후 서씨)
  7. Queen Wonpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (? – October 1028) (원평왕후 김씨)
    1. Princess Hyogyeong (효경공주 )
  8. Royal Consort Wonsun Suk-Bi of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – December 1055) (원순숙비 김씨)
    1. Queen Gyeongseong of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – 23 July 1086) (경성왕후 김씨)
  9. Royal Consort Wonjil Gwi-Bi of the Cheongju Lee clan (원질귀비 이씨)
  10. Royal Consort Gwi-Bi of the Yu clan (귀비 유씨)
  11. Court Lady Han of the Yangju Han clan (궁인 한씨)
    1. Wang Chung, Prince Geomgyo (왕충 검교태사)
  12. Court Lady Lee (궁인 이씨)
  13. Court Lady Park of the Jeonju Park clan (궁인 박씨)
    1. Unnamed daughter

See also

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References

    Hyeonjong of Goryeo
    Born: 1 August 992 Died: 17 June 1031
    Regnal titles
    Preceded by
    Mokjong
    King of Goryeo
    1009–1031
    Succeeded by
    Deokjong