This article needs additional citations for verification . (November 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Hyeonjong of Goryeo|
|Revised Romanization||Wang Sun|
|Monarchs of Korea Goryeo|
Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031, r. 1009–1031) was the 8th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was a grandson of King Taejo. He was appointed by the military leader Gang Jo, whom the previous King Mokjong had called upon to destroy a plot by Kim Chi-yang.
Goryeo was a Korean kingdom founded in 918, during a time of national division called the Later Three Kingdoms period, that unified and ruled the Korean Peninsula until 1392. Goryeo achieved what has been called a "true national unification" by Korean historians as it not only unified the Later Three Kingdoms but also incorporated much of the ruling class of the northern kingdom of Balhae, who had origins in Goguryeo of the earlier Three Kingdoms of Korea. The name "Korea" is derived from the name of Goryeo, also spelled Koryŏ, which was first used in the early 5th century by Goguryeo.
Korea is a region in East Asia consisting of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Korea is bordered by Russia to the northeast, China to the northwest, and neighbours Japan to the east via the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan.
Taejo of Goryeo, also known as Taejo Wang Geon , was the founder of the Goryeo dynasty, which ruled Korea from the 10th to the 14th century. Taejo ruled from 918 to 943, achieving unification of the Later Three Kingdoms in 936.
In 1010, The Khitan attacked again during an internal Goryeo power struggle. Hyeonjong was forced to flee the capital temporarily, Hyeonjong directed the court to move far south to the port city of Naju. But Goryeo repulsed the khitan attack. Finally, Khitan forces withdrew.
Naju is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.
In 1019, when Goryeo continued to refuse to submit or return the northern territories, the Khitan attacked once more. Goryeo generals, including Gang Gam-chan, were able to inflict heavy losses on the Khitan army in the Battle of Kwiju. The Khitan withdrew without achieving their demands. The Khitan never again invaded Goryeo. Both the Liao Dynasty and Goryeo enjoyed a time of peace, and their cultures were at their height.
Gang Gam-chan was a medieval Korean government official and military commander during the early days of Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392). Even though he was a career scholar and government official, he is best known for his military victories during the Third Goryeo-Khitan War.
Meantime, Hyeonjong ordered the compilation of the Tripitaka Koreana , which was 6,000 volumes. It is the act of carving the woodblocks that was considered to be a way of bringing about a change in fortune by invoking the Buddha's help.
The Tripiṭaka Koreana or Palman Daejanggyeong is a Korean collection of the Tripiṭaka, carved onto 81,258 wooden printing blocks in the 13th century. It is the world's most comprehensive and oldest intact version of Buddhist canon in Hanja script, with no known errors or errata in the 52,330,152 characters which are organized in over 1496 titles and 6568 volumes. Each wood block measures 24 centimeters in height and 70 centimeters in length. The thickness of the blocks ranges from 2.6 to 4 centimeters and each weighs about three to four kilograms. The woodblocks are almost as tall as Mount Baekdu at 2.74 km when stacked, measure 60 km long when lined up, and weigh 280 tons in total. The woodblocks are in pristine condition without warping or deformation despite being created more than 750 years ago. The Tripiṭaka Koreana is stored in Haeinsa, a Buddhist temple in South Gyeongsang Province, in South Korea.
Seongjong of Goryeo was the sixth ruler of the medieval Korean kingdom of Goryeo.
Gojong of Goryeo, sometimes spelled Ko-tjong, was the twenty-third ruler of Goryeo in present-day Korea from 1213–1259. Gojong's reign was marked by prolonged conflict with the Mongol Empire, which sought to conquer Goryeo, ending only to settle peace in 1259. During his reign actual power rested with the Choe family of military dictators.
Munjong was the 11th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1046 to 1083.
King Chungnyeol of Goryeo was the 25th ruler of the medieval Korean kingdom of Goryeo from 1274 to 1308. He was the son of Wonjong, his predecessor on the throne. Chungnyeol was king during the Mongol Invasions of Japan, aiding in the offensives.
Wonjong of Goryeo was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea from 1260 to 1274.
King Chungseon of Goryeo was the 28th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Iǰirbuqa. Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungryeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Queen Jangmok, a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.
Gangjong was the 22nd ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the eldest son of King Myeongjong. His mother was Queen Gwangjeong, a Kim, and his wife was Queen Wondeok, a Yu and the daughter of Sin An-hu.
Sukjong of Goryeo was the 15th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the younger brother of Sunjong. He married Myeongui, the daughter of Yu Hong.
Jeongjong II of Goryeo was the 10th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the second son of Hyeonjong, and the younger brother of Deokjong. At the age of four in 1022, he was made Naesaryeong, a position of high rank, and designated the Prince of Pyongyang.
Seonjong of Goryeo was the 13th king of Goryeo. He was the second son of Empress Inye and born in September, 1049. He was sealed as marquis of Gukwon (國原侯) in March, 1056. Harmony of Confucism and Buddhism made his political statue very stable. Also he propelled broad-range trade among Song, Jurchens, Liao dynasty of Khitans, and Japan.
Sunjong of Goryeo was briefly the 12th ruler of Goryeo. He was the eldest son of Munjong and the older brother of Seonjong. He had been confirmed as heir to the throne in 1054. However, he died within a year of his ascension in 1083.
Deokjong of Goryeo was the 9th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. The son of Hyeonjong, he was confirmed as Crown Prince in 1022. During his reign, the national histories begun under his father were completed, and the construction of the long Cheolli Jangseong wall began.
Mokjong of Goryeo was the seventh ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea.
Gyeongjong of Goryeo was the fifth ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the eldest son of Gwangjong, and was confirmed as Crown Prince in the year of his birth.
Gyeongsun of Silla was the 56th and final ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
Queen Heonae, also known as Queen Dowager Cheonchu, was the third Queen consort of King Gyeongjong of Goryeo. She served as regent of Goryeo from 997 to 1009 during the minority of her son, King Mokjong of Goryeo. Her life story was the basis for the drama Empress Cheonchu.
Queen Heonjeong was a Korean Goryeo dynasty queen. She was the fourth wife of the fifth king Gyeongjong of Goryeo, and younger sister of Queen Heonae. She was the mother of the eighth king Hyeonjong of Goryeo, who was her illegitimate son.
Queen Gongye was the wife and queen consort of King Injong of Goryeo the 17th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty. She was mother of three sons who became kings of Goryeo, Uijong, Myeongjong and Sinjong. She was of the Jangheung Im clan.
Princess Nakrang (낙랑공주) also known as Grand Princess Anjeong Sukui (안정숙의공주) was the second wife of Gyeongsun of Silla and daughter of Taejo of Goryeo.
Hyeonjong of GoryeoBorn: 1 August 992 Died: 17 June 1031
| King of Goryeo |
|This Korean biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|