Hyla eximia, the mountain treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Mexico.Its natural habitats are mesquite grasslands, scrub forests, and pine-oak forests. It is a widely distributed species that faces no major threats.
A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura. The oldest fossil "proto-frog" appeared in the early Triassic of Madagascar, but molecular clock dating suggests their origins may extend further back to the Permian, 265 million years ago. Frogs are widely distributed, ranging from the tropics to subarctic regions, but the greatest concentration of species diversity is in tropical rainforests. There are over 7,000 recorded species, accounting for over 85% of extant amphibian species. They are also one of the five most diverse vertebrate orders. Warty frog species tend to be called toads, but the distinction between frogs and toads is informal, not from taxonomy or evolutionary history.
The Hylidae are a wide-ranging family of frogs commonly referred to as "tree frogs and their allies". However, the hylids include a diversity of frog species, many of which do not live in trees, but are terrestrial or semiaquatic.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. An alternative term for a species that is endemic is precinctive, which applies to species that are restricted to a defined geographical area.
Hyla eximia is listed as the state amphibian of Arizona.As currently circumscribed, Hyla eximia does not occur in Arizona. Hyla wrightorum , which has previously been regarded as a synonym of Hyla eximia does occur in Arizona.
Morelia is a genus of large snakes in the family Pythonidae found in Indonesia, New Guinea, and throughout Australia. Currently, up to eight species are recognized.
The Mexican narrow-mouthed toad is a species of sheep frog native to the Pacific and Caribbean lowlands from southern Texas to Costa Rica. Sheep frogs make a distinctive call that resembles a sheep's bleat during and after rainfall in warm months.
The Pine Barrens tree frog is a species of New World tree frog. It is becoming rare due to habitat loss.
The canyon tree frog is a species of tree frog native to the rocky plateau areas of southern United States, primarily in New Mexico and Arizona, but it also ranges to Utah, Texas, and Colorado, and as far south as the Mexican states of Michoacán, México, Guanajuato, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.
These species of tree frogs in the family Hylidae are commonly referred to as the Arizona tree frog:
The Ogilvie Mountains collared lemming is a species of rodents in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Canada. Its natural habitat is tundra.
The Arizona toad is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the southwestern United States, where its natural habitats are temperate lowland forests, rivers and streams, swamps, freshwater marshes, freshwater springs, ponds, open excavations, irrigated land, and seasonally flooded agricultural land.
Hyloxalus ruizi is a species of frogs in the family Dendrobatidae. It is endemic to Colombia and only known from the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes, in the Cundinamarca Department. Its natural habitats are cloud forests. It occurs on the forest floor and along streams. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The common Chinese tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in southeastern and eastern China and in Taiwan. There is also one record from Vietnam but it is uncertain whether it really represents this species or Hyla annectans.
Wright's mountain tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Mexico and the United States. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate grassland, rivers, and freshwater marshes. Hyla wrightorum has been regarded as a synonym of Hyla eximia, which is listed as the state amphibian of Arizona. As presently circumscribed, Hyla eximia is endemic to Mexico and does not occur in Arizona.
The palm forest tree frog, Leptopelis palmatus, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae endemic to the Príncipe island, in São Tomé and Príncipe. Red tree frog Leptopelis rufus from the African mainland was for a long time included in this species, but is now considered a distinct species.
The Kiamichi slimy salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae endemic to the United States, has a natural habitat of temperate forests, and is found over a small range. This nocturnal species is mainly threatened by habitat loss and was first described by Highton in 1989. It is rated as a data deficient species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
Pseudotriton is a genus of salamanders in the family Plethodontidae. They are endemic to eastern and southern United States, from New York south to Florida and west to southern Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, and eastern Louisiana. They are commonly known as red salamanders or mud salamanders.
Aubria subsigillata, commonly known as the brown ball frog or the West African brown frog, is a species of frog belonging to the family Pyxicephalidae. It has a discontinuous distribution from southern Guinea through Liberia and Ivory Coast, and from Nigeria to southern Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea to Gabon. However, the species delimitation differs between sources, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has adopted a narrower view where this species only occurs in Cameroon and southward.
Hyla heinzsteinitzi is a species of frogs of the family Hylidae. The species has been the subject of some controversy regarding its validity.
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