Hyla eximia

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Hyla eximia
Hyla eximia.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Hyla
Species:
H. eximia
Binomial name
Hyla eximia
Baird, 1854

Hyla eximia, the mountain treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Mexico. [2] Its natural habitats are mesquite grasslands, scrub forests, and pine-oak forests. It is a widely distributed species that faces no major threats. [1]

Frog Member of an order of vertebrates belonging to the amphibians, and comprising largely carnivorous, short-bodied, and tailless animals

A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura. The oldest fossil "proto-frog" appeared in the early Triassic of Madagascar, but molecular clock dating suggests their origins may extend further back to the Permian, 265 million years ago. Frogs are widely distributed, ranging from the tropics to subarctic regions, but the greatest concentration of species diversity is in tropical rainforests. There are over 7,000 recorded species, accounting for over 85% of extant amphibian species. They are also one of the five most diverse vertebrate orders. Warty frog species tend to be called toads, but the distinction between frogs and toads is informal, not from taxonomy or evolutionary history.

Hylidae family of amphibians

The Hylidae are a wide-ranging family of frogs commonly referred to as "tree frogs and their allies". However, the hylids include a diversity of frog species, many of which do not live in trees, but are terrestrial or semiaquatic.

Endemism ecological state of being unique to a defined geographic location or habitat

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. An alternative term for a species that is endemic is precinctive, which applies to species that are restricted to a defined geographical area.

Hyla eximia is listed as the state amphibian of Arizona. [3] As currently circumscribed, Hyla eximia does not occur in Arizona. Hyla wrightorum , which has previously been regarded as a synonym of Hyla eximia does occur in Arizona. [4]

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References

  1. 1 2 Hammerson, G. & Canseco-Márquez, L. (2010). "Hyla eximia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  2. Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Hyla eximia Baird, 1854". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  3. "41-859". Arizona Revised Statutes. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  4. Hammerson, Geoffrey (2004). "Hyla wrightorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 29 September 2015.