IAAF World Championships in Athletics

Last updated
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
IAAF logo.svg
IAAF logo
Statusactive
Genre Athletics World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencybiennial
Countryvarying
Inaugurated 1983  ( 1983 )
Most recent 2017
Next event 2019
Organised by IAAF
Website www.iaaf.org

The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). The World Championships was started in 1976 in response to the International Olympic Committee dropping the men's 50 km walk from the Olympic athletics programme for the 1976 Montreal Olympics, despite its constant presence at the games since 1932. The IAAF chose to host its own world championship event instead, a month and a half after the Olympics. [1] [2] It was the first World Championships that the IAAF had hosted separate from the Olympic Games (traditionally the main championship for the sport). A second limited event was held in 1980, and a major expansion in 1983 is considered the official start of the event. It was then held every four years until 1991, when it switched to a two year cycle.

International Association of Athletics Federations international governing body for the sport of athletics

The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the International Amateur Athletic Federation by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organization's first congress in Stockholm, Sweden. Since October 1993, it has been headquartered in Monaco.

International Olympic Committee ruling body of the Olympic movement

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

Athletics at the Summer Olympics

Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. The athletics program traces its earliest roots to events used in the ancient Greek Olympics. The modern program includes track and field events, road running events, and racewalking events. Cross country running was also on the program in earlier editions but it was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics.

Contents

History

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Summer Olympic Games international multi-sport event

The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years. The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) organises the Games and oversees the host city's preparations. In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third place; this tradition began in 1904. The Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics.

Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States

Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics had been held).

Stuttgart Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron." It lies an hour from the Swabian Jura and the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 609,219, making it the sixth largest city in Germany. 2.7 million people live in the city's administrative region and another 5.3 million people in its metropolitan area, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany. The city and metropolitan area are consistently ranked among the top 20 European metropolitan areas by GDP; Mercer listed Stuttgart as 21st on its 2015 list of cities by quality of living, innovation agency 2thinknow ranked the city 24th globally out of 442 cities and the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked the city as a Beta-status world city in their 2014 survey.

West Germany Federal Republic of Germany in the years 1949–1990

West Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, and referred to by historians as the Bonn Republic, was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1949 to 1990, when the western portion of Germany was part of the Western bloc during the Cold War. It was created during the Allied occupation of Germany in 1949 after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Its capital was the city of Bonn.

Helsinki Capital city in Uusimaa, Finland

Helsinki is the capital and most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 650,058. The city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.

Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk which was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics. [3] [4]

1976 World Championships in Athletics 1976 edition of the World Championships in Athletics

The 1976 World Championships in Athletics was the first global, international athletics competition organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Hosted on 18 September 1976 in Malmö, Sweden, it featured just one event: a men's 50 kilometres race walk contest. The course passed through the streets of the city and the start and finish points were within Malmö Stadion.

At the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, 37 events were contested in athletics. There were a total number of 1005 participating athletes from 80 countries.

The 1980 World Championships in Athletics was the second global, international athletics competition organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Hosted from 14 to 16 August 1980 at the De Baandert in Sittard, Netherlands, it featured two events: the women's 400 metres hurdles and the women's 3000 metres run. West Germany's Birgit Friedmann took the first women's world title in the 3000 m, while her East German counterpart Bärbel Broschat became the first women's 400 m hurdles world champion.

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated. [5] By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

1983 World Championships in Athletics 1983 edition of the World Championships in Athletics

The inaugural 1983 World Championships in Athletics were run under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations and were held at the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland between 7 and 14 August 1983.

The 9th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held from 23 August to 31 August 2003 in the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France.

There has also been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005, the only differences were men's competition in the 50 km walk, and equivalent events in women's 100 m hurdles and heptathlon to men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon.

2005 World Championships in Athletics 2005 edition of the World Championships in Athletics

The 10th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), were held in the Olympic Stadium, Helsinki, Finland, the site of the first IAAF World Championships in 1983. One theme of the 2005 championships was paralympic events, some of which were included as exhibition events. Much of the event was played in extremely heavy rainfall.

Heptathlon

A heptathlon is a track and field combined events contest made up of seven events. The name derives from the Greek hepta (seven) and ἄθλος. A competitor in a heptathlon is referred to as a heptathlete.

Decathlon athletic track and field competition

The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word "decathlon" was formed, in analogy to the word "pentathlon", from Greek δέκα and ἄθλος. Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved. The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.

Championships

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueCapacityEventsNationsAthletesTop of the
medal table
- 1976 Malmö Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 18 Sep Malmö Stadion 30,00012042Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
- 1980 Sittard Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 14 Aug – 16 Aug De Baandert 22,00022142Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1st 1983 Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 7 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 50,000411531,333Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
2nd 1987 Rome Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 28 Aug – 6 Sep Stadio Olimpico 60,000431561,419Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
3rd 1991 Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 23 Aug – 1 Sep Olympic Stadium 48,000431621,491Flag of the United States.svg  United States
4th 1993 Stuttgart Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 13 Aug – 22 Aug Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion 70,000441871,630Flag of the United States.svg  United States
5th 1995 Gothenburg Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 5 Aug – 13 Aug Ullevi 42,000441901,755Flag of the United States.svg  United States
6th 1997 Athens Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 1 Aug – 10 Aug Olympiako Stadio 75,000441971,785Flag of the United States.svg  United States
7th 1999 Seville Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 20 Aug – 29 Aug Estadio Olímpico 70,000462001,750Flag of the United States.svg  United States
8th 2001 Edmonton Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 3 Aug – 12 Aug Commonwealth Stadium 60,000461891,677Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
9th 2003 Saint-Denis Flag of France.svg  France 23 Aug – 31 Aug Stade de France 78,000461981,679Flag of the United States.svg  United States
10th 2005 Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 6 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 45,000471911,688Flag of the United States.svg  United States
11th 2007 Osaka Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 24 Aug – 2 Sep Nagai Stadium 45,000471971,800Flag of the United States.svg  United States
12th 2009 Berlin Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 15 Aug – 23 Aug Olympiastadion 74,000472001,895Flag of the United States.svg  United States
13th 2011 Daegu Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 27 Aug – 4 Sep Daegu Stadium 65,000471991,742Flag of the United States.svg  United States
14th 2013 Moscow Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 10 Aug – 18 Aug Luzhniki Stadium 78,000472031,784Flag of the United States.svg  United States
15th 2015 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 22 Aug – 30 Aug Beijing National Stadium 80,000472051,771Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
16th 2017 London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 4 Aug – 13 Aug London Stadium 60,000482052,036Flag of the United States.svg  United States
17th 2019 Doha Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 27 Sep – 6 Oct Khalifa International Stadium 48,00049
18th 2021 Eugene Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6 Aug – 15 Aug Hayward Field 30,00049
19th 2023 Budapest Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 12 Aug – 20 Aug National Athletics Centre 40,000

All-time medal table

Proportional symbol map of the world showing medal totals by country since 1983 for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics BLASER Wikipedia final 2.svg
Proportional symbol map of the world showing medal totals by country since 1983 for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics

Updated after 2017 Championships

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)15610591352
2Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)554837140
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)435248143
4Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)363544115
5Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)324439115
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain & N.I.  (GBR)28333899
7Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia  (ETH)27252577
8Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)23272878
9Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)21231357
10Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)21191656
11Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)18132253
12Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)16221856
13Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)155525
14Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)13172252
15Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)127827
16Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)11161643
17Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)11141035
18Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)11111537
19Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)10131235
20Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco  (MAR)1012729
21Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)85518
22Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)84416
23Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)7181338
24Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)78823
25Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)78722
26Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)6131231
27Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)66921
28Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain  (BHR)62210
29Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)6107
30Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria  (ALG)6039
31Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROM)581124
32Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)561021
33Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)53816
34Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)471526
35Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)44311
36Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)4318
37Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)4206
38Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)4116
39Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)4037
40Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)36312
41Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)35917
42Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TTO)35715
43Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)34714
44Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar  (QAT)3227
45Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)3216
46Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique  (MOZ)3115
47Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)3104
48Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)3014
49Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)2428
50Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda  (UGA)2226
51Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)2114
52Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan  (TJK)2103
53Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)16613
ANA flag (2017).svg  Authorised Neutral Athletes  (ANA) [1] 1506
54Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia  (NAM)1405
55Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)1304
56Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia  (ZAM)1203
57Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)1146
58Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)1135
59Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia  (TUN)1113
60Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana  (BOT)1102
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea  (ERI)1102
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama  (PAN)1102
63Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis  (SKN)1045
64Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)1034
65Flag of Syria.svg  Syria  (SYR)1023
66Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada  (GRN)1012
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal  (SEN)1012
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia  (SOM)1012
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)1012
70Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados  (BAR)1001
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)1001
72Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)07613
73Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria  (NGR)0448
74Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast  (CIV)0404
75Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)0358
76Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi  (BDI)0213
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti  (DJI)0213
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)0213
79Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon  (CMR)0202
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)0202
81Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)0112
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus  (CYP)0112
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana  (GHA)0112
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)0112
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka  (SRI)0112
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname  (SUR)0112
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania  (TAN)0112
88Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BER)0101
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)0101
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan  (SUD)0101
91Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0033
92Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa  (ASA)0011
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina  (BIH)0011
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands  (CAY)0011
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica  (DMA)0011
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti  (HAI)0011
Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)0011
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)0011
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia  (KSA)0011
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)0011
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)0011
Totals (101 nations)7307387302198
Notes

^[1] ANA flag (2017).svg  ANA was the name, under which Russian athletes competed in the 2017 Championships. Their medals were not included in the official medal table. [6]

All-time placing table

In the IAAF placing table the total score is obtained from assigning eight points to the first place and so on to one point for the eight placed finalists. Points are shared in situations where a tie occurs. However, the IAAF site shows all points rounded to the nearest integer.

Updated after 2015 Championships (30 June 2017) [7]

RankCountryGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svg45678MedalsPoints
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14594+1=80+2=62+5=72+3=62+2=62+1=58+4=3223320
2Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 595660+2=69+2=60+1=59+1=49+5=40+1=1772156.5
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 4851+5=50+3=50+2=45+3=45+1=38+1=411571795.5
4Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 50463337332138161291392
5Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 314435+1=25242124201111123.5
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 25313632+2=43+1=2426+1=18921120.5
7Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 2325+2=2821+1=17121117+1=78793
8Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 252225181513161372738
9Flag of France.svg  France 101719+1=2125+1=2623+1=29+1=47679.6
10Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 2122+1=12277+2=15201756672.5
11Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1317+1=15192516+1=171546614
12Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1511+1=14+3=21+1=1618+1=21+1=18+2=44595.3
13Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1114+1=151217+2=2228+3=25+1=41568
14Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 71614+1151822111638508.5
15Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 118+2=13191714+1=19+1=734487.6

Multiple medalists

Multiple winners

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Men

All events

RankAthleteCountryEventsFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 20072017112114
2 LaShawn Merritt Flag of the United States.svg  United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 20052015 8 *3- 11 *
3 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay / Long jump 1983199381110
4 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 200 m / 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 199119998--8
5 Mo Farah Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 5000 m / 10,000 m 2011201762-8
6 Sergey Bubka Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Pole vault 198319976--6
7 Jeremy Wariner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 2005200951-6
8 Kenenisa Bekele Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 200320095-16
Lars Riedel Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Discus throw 199120015-16
10 Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 199720015--5

* including one medal in the relay event in which he participated in the heats only

Individual events

RankAthleteCountryEventsFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 100 m / 200 m 200720177119
2 Mo Farah Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 5000 m / 10,000 m 2011201762-8
3 Sergey Bubka Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Pole vault 198319976--6
Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 200 m / 400 m 199119996--6
5 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100 m / 200 m / Long jump 198319935117
6 Kenenisa Bekele Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 200320095-16
Lars Riedel Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Discus throw 199120015-16
8 Ezekiel Kemboi Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 3000 m steeplechase 2003201543-7
9 Haile Gebrselassie Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 199320034217
10 Hicham El Guerrouj Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 1500 m / 5000 m 1995200342-6

Women

All events

RankAthleteCountryEventsFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 200 m / 400 m / 4 × 100 m relay / 4 × 400 m relay 20052017113216
2 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay 200720157 2 *- 9 *
3 Gail Devers Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100 m / 100 m hurdles / 4 × 100 m relay 1991200153-8
4 Sanya Richards-Ross Flag of the United States.svg  United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 2003201552-7
5 Tirunesh Dibaba Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003201751-6
Natasha Hastings Flag of the United States.svg  United States 4 × 400 m relay 20072017 5 ****1- 6 ****
7 Jearl Miles Clark Flag of the United States.svg  United States 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay 199320034329
8 Valerie Adams (Vili) Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Shot put 2005201341-5
Vivian Cheruiyot Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 5000 m / 10,000 m 2007201541-5
10 Jackie Joyner-Kersee Flag of the United States.svg  United States Heptathlon / Long jump 198719934--4
Brittney Reese Flag of the United States.svg  United States Long jump 200920174--4
Anita Włodarczyk Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Hammer throw 200920174--4

* including one medal in the relay event in which she participated in the heats only
**** including four medals in the relay events in which she participated in the heats only

Individual events

RankAthleteCountryEventsFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Tirunesh Dibaba Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 5000 m / 10,000 m 2003201751-6
2 Gail Devers Flag of the United States.svg  United States 100 m / 100 m hurdles 1991200142-6
3 Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 200 m / 400 m 200520174127
4 Valerie Adams (Vili) Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Shot put 2005201341-5
Vivian Cheruiyot Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 5000 m / 10,000 m 2007201541-5
6 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 100 m / 200 m 200920154--4
Jackie Joyner-Kersee Flag of the United States.svg  United States Heptathlon / Long jump 198719934--4
Brittney Reese Flag of the United States.svg  United States Long jump 200920174--4
Anita Włodarczyk Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Hammer throw 200920174--4
10 Maria Mutola Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 800 m 199320033115

Athletes with most appearances

There are 53 athletes that have competed in at least eight editions. [7]

App.NameCountryYears contestedEvents
12 Jesús Ángel García Bragado Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15 50 km walk
11 Susana Feitor Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 10 km walk / 20 km walk
10 Franka Dietzsch Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw
Nicoleta Grasu Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Virgilijus Alekna Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Kim Collins Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
João Vieira Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
9 Laverne Eve Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 87, 91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Javelin throw
Tim Berrett Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Jackie Edwards Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Long Jump / Triple Jump
Maria Mutola Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 800 m
Elisângela Adriano Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 91, 93, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Shot put / Discus throw
Venelina Veneva Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 91, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 09, 11, 15 High Jump
Danny McFarlane Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 400 m / 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Hatem Ghoula Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 13 20 km walk
Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09, 11, 13 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nicola Vizzoni Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Chris Brown Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15 400 m / 4x400 m
Zhang Wenxiu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Hammer throw
8 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica / Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 83, 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 03, 07 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Jan Železný Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia / Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03 Javelin throw
Yelena Nikolayeva Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union / Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 87, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 10 km walk / 20 km walk
Fiona May Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain / Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 Long Jump
Beverly McDonald Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Lars Riedel Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 Discus throw
Dragutin Topić Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  SFR Yugoslavia / IWP * / Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003).svg  FR Yugoslavia /
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro / Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 05, 07, 09 High Jump
Iryna Yatchenko Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union / Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09 Discus throw
Eunice Barber Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone / Flag of France.svg  France 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 Heptathlon / Long Jump / 100 m hurdles
Kevin Sullivan Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 1500 m
Manuel Martínez Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 93, 95, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Shot put
Steffi Nerius Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 93, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Javelin throw
Amy Acuff Flag of the United States.svg  United States 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 High Jump
Chandra Sturrup Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Aleksander Tammert Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw
María Vasco Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 10 km walk / 20 km walk
Koji Murofushi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Szymon Ziółkowski Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 95, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Hammer throw
Marlon Devonish Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nadine Kleinert Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Shot put
Sergey Makarov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Javelin throw
Ēriks Rags Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Javelin throw
Roman Šebrle Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Decathlon
Omar Zepeda Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 97, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Mario Pestano Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Discus throw
Félix Sánchez Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Bouabdellah Tahri Flag of France.svg  France 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 1500 m / 3000 m steeplechase
Inês Henriques Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Zoltán Kővágó Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15, 17 Discus throw
Ruth Beitia Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 High Jump
Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 200 m / 400 m / 4x100 m / 4x400 m
Gerd Kanter Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Discus throw
Ezekiel Kemboi Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 3000 m steeplechase
Bat-Ochiryn Ser-Od Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17 Marathon

* At the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Germany, Dragutin Topić completed as Individual World Championship Participant (IWP) as Athletic Federation of Yugoslavia was suspended by IAAF due to United Nations sanctions stemming from the Yugoslav wars.

World records

A total of 29 world records have been set or equalled at the competition, 17 by men and 12 by women.

The first world record to be set at the World Championships was by Jarmila Kratochvílová of Czechoslovakia, who ran 47.99 seconds to win the women's 400 m final.

A peak of five world records came at the 1993 World Championships in Athletics. The most recent world record was in the women's 50 kilometres race walk, which Portugal's Inês Henriques finished in 4:05:56 in 2017. World records have become less common as the history of the event has expanded, with no world records set in the 1997, 2001, 2007 and 2013 editions.

American athletes have been the most successful with ten world records set by that nation in total, followed by Jamaica and Great Britain on four each. Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt has broken the most world records at the competition, at four, one more than American Carl Lewis. Jonathan Edwards holds the distinction of breaking the world record twice in one championships – improving upon his own newly-set world record in the 1995 men's triple jump final. The men's 4 × 100 metres relay has yielded the most world records, with five set between 1983 and 2011.

Ben Johnson's time of 9.83 seconds at the 1987 World Championships men's 100 m final was initially considered a world record, but this was later rescinded after Johnson admitted to steroid use between 1981 and 1988.

Also, a doping disqualification has led to a performance being retrospectively recognised as a world record: the 2009 Jamaican men's 4 × 100 metres relay team time of 37.31 seconds was taken as the world record after the team's time of 37.10 at the 2008 Beijing Olympics was rescinded due to the disqualification of Nesta Carter (not present in the World Championships team).

SexEventRecordAthleteNationDateYear
Men 4 × 100 metres relay 37.86 Emmit King
Willie Gault
Calvin Smith
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)10 August1983
Women 400 metres 47.99 Jarmila Kratochvílová Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)10 August1983
Women High jump 2.09 m Stefka Kostadinova Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)30 August1987
Men 100 metres 9.86 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)25 August1991
Men Long jump 8.95 m Mike Powell Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)30 August1991
Men 4 × 100 metres relay 37.50 Andre Cason
Leroy Burrell
Dennis Mitchell
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1 September1991
Men 110 metres hurdles 12.91 Colin Jackson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain & N.I.  (GBR)20 August1993
Men 4 × 100 metres relay 37.40 Jon Drummond
Andre Cason
Dennis Mitchell
Leroy Burrell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)21 August1993
Men 4 × 400 metres relay 2:54.29 Andrew Valmon
Quincy Watts
Butch Reynolds
Michael Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)22 August1993
Women 400 metres hurdles 52.74 Sally Gunnell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain & N.I.  (GBR)19 August1993
Women Triple jump 15.09 m Anna Biryukova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)21 August1993
Men Triple jump 18.16 m Jonathan Edwards Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain & N.I.  (GBR)7 August1995
Men Triple jump 18.29 m Jonathan Edwards Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain & N.I.  (GBR)7 August1995
Women 400 metres hurdles 52.61 Kim Batten Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)11 August1995
Women Triple jump 15.50 m Inessa Kravets Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)10 August1995
Men 400 metres 43.18 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)26 August1999
Women Pole vault 4.60 m Stacy Dragila Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)21 August1999
Men 20 kilometres race walk 1:17:21 Jefferson Pérez Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)23 August2003
Men 50 kilometres race walk 3:36:03 Robert Korzeniowski Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)27 August2003
Women Pole vault 5.01 m Yelena Isinbaeva Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)12 August2005
Women Javelin throw 71.70 m Osleidys Menéndez Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)14 August2005
Women 20 kilometres walk 1:25:41 Olimpiada Ivanova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)7 August2005
Men 100 metres 9.58 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)16 August2009
Men 200 metres 19.19 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)20 August2009
Men 4 × 100 metres relay 37.31 Steve Mullings
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)22 August2009
Women Hammer throw 77.96 m Anita Włodarczyk Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)22 August2009
Men 4 × 100 metres relay 37.04 Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)4 September2011
Men Decathlon 9045 pts Ashton Eaton Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)29 August2015
Women 50 kilometres race walk 4:05:56 Inês Henriques Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)13 August2017

TV

SBS Two (Australia)
CBC (Canada)
Eurovision (Europe except United Kingdom)
KBS (South Korea)
CCTV (China)
TBS (Japan)
BBC (United Kingdom)
NBCUniversal (United States)
Sportv (Brazil)
TyC Sports (Latin America except Brazil)

See also

Notes and references

  1. Matthews, Peter (2012). Historical Dictionary of Track and Field (pg. 217). Scarecrow Press (eBook). Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  2. IAAF Statistics Book Moscow 2013 (pg. 179). IAAF/AFTS (2013). Edited by Mark Butler. Retrieved on 2013-09-09.
  3. IAAF World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  4. Archive of Past Events. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  5. "First World Outdoor Championships in Helsinki a landmark for track & field." Usatf.org. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
  6. "IAAF: IAAF World Championships London 2017 Medal Table - iaaf.org". iaaf.org.
  7. 1 2 3 4 "IAAF Statistics Book – IAAF World Championships London 2017" (PDF). iaaf.org. p. 51. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  8. "IAAF: Usain BOLT - Profile". iaaf.org.

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