ICC T20 World Cup

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ICC T20 World Cup
ICC World Twenty20 Trophy.jpg
The ICC T20 World Cup Trophy
Administrator International Cricket Council (ICC)
Format Twenty20 International
First Edition 2007
Latest Edition 2016
Next Edition 2020
Tournament formatPreliminary round
Super 10/12
Play-offs
Number of teams16
Current championWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies (2nd title)
Most successfulWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies (2 titles)
Most runs Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Mahela Jayawardene (1016) [1]
Most wickets Flag of Pakistan.svg Shahid Afridi (39) [2]

The ICC T20 World Cup (earlier known as ICC World Twenty20) [3] is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament currently consists of 16 teams, comprising the top eight teams from the rankings at the given deadline and four other teams chosen through the T20 World Cup Qualifier. All matches are played as Twenty20 Internationals.

Twenty20 International form of cricket

A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket, played between two of the international members of the International Cricket Council (ICC), in which each team faces twenty overs. The matches have top-class status and are the highest T20 standard. The game is played under the rules of Twenty20 cricket. Starting from the format's inception in 2005, T20I status only applied to Full Members and some Associate Member teams. However, in April 2018, the ICC announced that it would grant T20I status to all its 105 members from 1 January 2019.

Cricket Team sport played with bats and balls

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

International Cricket Council governing body for the sport of cricket

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from Australia, England and South Africa. It was renamed as the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989.

Contents

The event has generally been held every two years. However, the next edition of the tournament is scheduled to take place in 2020 in Australia, four years after the conclusion of the 2016 edition. In May 2016, the ICC put forward the idea of having a tournament in 2018, with South Africa being the possible host. [4] But at the conclusion of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, the ICC announced that the next edition of the World T20 would take place in 2020 in Australia, as originally scheduled. [5]

2016 ICC World Twenty20 Cricket World Cup

The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 was the sixth edition of the ICC World Twenty20, the world championship of Twenty20 International cricket. It was held in India from 8 March to 3 April 2016, and was the first edition to be hosted by that country.

2017 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2017 ICC Champions Trophy was the eighth ICC Champions Trophy, a cricket tournament for the eight top-ranked One Day International (ODI) teams in the world. It was held in England and Wales from 1 June to 18 June 2017. Pakistan won the competition for the first time with a 180-run victory over India in the final at The Oval. The margin of victory was the largest by any team in the final of an ICC ODI tournament in terms of runs.

Six tournaments have so far been played, and only the West Indies, who currently hold the title, has won the tournament on multiple occasions. The inaugural event, the 2007 World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa, and won by India, who defeated Pakistan in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The 2009 tournament took place in England, and was won by the previous runner-up, Pakistan, who defeated Sri Lanka in the final at Lord's. The third tournament was held in 2010, hosted by the countries making up the West Indies cricket team. England defeated Australia in the final in Barbados, which was played at Kensington Oval, winning its first and the only international tournament to date. The fourth tournament, the 2012 World Twenty20, was held in Asia for the first time, with all matches played in Sri Lanka. The West Indies won the tournament by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, winning its first international tournament since the 2004 Champions Trophy. [6] The fifth tournament, the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, was hosted by Bangladesh, and was won by Sri Lanka defeating India, who became the first team to play in three finals. West Indies are the current World T20I holders, beating England in the 2016 final, winning their second title.

2007 ICC World Twenty20 first Twenty20 cricket World Championship

The 2007 ICC World Twenty20 was the inaugural Twenty20 International cricket world championship, contested in South Africa from 11 to 24 September 2007. Twelve teams took part in the thirteen-day tournament—the ten Test-playing nations and the finalists of the 2007 WCL Division One tournament: Kenya and Scotland. India won the tournament, beating Pakistan in the final.

India national cricket team Cricket team of India

The India national cricket team, also known as Team India and Men in Blue, is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

Pakistan national cricket team National sports team

The Pakistan Men's National Cricket Team, popularly referred to as the Shaheens, Green Shirts and Men in Green, is administered by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB). The team is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council, and participates in Test, ODI and Twenty20 International cricket matches.

History

Background

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. Cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game's popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast-paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format. [7]

The Benson & Hedges Cup was a one-day cricket competition for first-class counties in England and Wales that was held from 1972 to 2002, one of cricket's longest sponsorship deals.

England and Wales Cricket Board

The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is the governing body of cricket in England and Wales. It was created on 1 January 1997 combining the roles of the Test and County Cricket Board, the National Cricket Association and the Cricket Council. Like many sports-governing bodies in the United Kingdom it is a company limited by guarantee, a legal status which enables it to concentrate on maximising its funding of the sport rather than making a return for investors. The ECB's head offices are at Lord's in London. Although the organisation is the England and Wales Cricket Board, it is referred to as the ECB not the EWCB as a result of a decision taken in the run-up to the launch of ECB in January 1997 by those from within the game given the task of overseeing the transition from the previous bodies from which ECB was formed.

Domestic tournaments
Bangladesh V South Africa at the 2007 tournament 2007t20.jpg
Bangladesh V South Africa at the 2007 tournament

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup. [8] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title. [9] The first Twenty20 match held at Lord's, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex and Surrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the largest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground other than a one-day final since 1953. [10]

The Twenty20 Cup, known since 2014 as the t20 Blast, is a professional Twenty20 cricket competition for English and Welsh first-class counties. The competition was established by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 as the first professional Twenty20 league in the world. It is the top-level Twenty20 competition in England and Wales.

Surrey County Cricket Club English cricket club

Surrey County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Surrey and also South London. The club's limited overs team is called "Surrey". The club was founded in 1845 but teams representing the county have played top-class cricket since the early 18th century and the club has always held first-class status. Surrey have competed in the County Championship since the official start of the competition in 1890 and have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England.

Warwickshire County Cricket Club english Cricket Club

Warwickshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Warwickshire. Its 50 overs team is called the Warwickshire Bears and its T20 team the Birmingham Bears. Founded in 1882, the club held minor status until it was elevated to first-class in 1894 pending its entry into the County Championship in 1895. Since then, Warwickshire have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England. Warwickshire's kit colours are black and gold and the shirt sponsor is Gullivers Sports Travel. The club's home is Edgbaston Cricket Ground in south Birmingham, which regularly hosts Test and One Day International matches.

Soon after with the adoption of Twenty20 matches by other cricket boards, the popularity of the format grew with unexpected crowd attendance, new domestic tournaments such as Pakistan's Faysal Bank T20 Cup and Stanford 20/20 tournament, and the financial incentive in the format.

Stanford 20/20

The Stanford 20/20 was a cricket tournament in the Caribbean island of Antigua. It was held first in July and August 2006 in the West Indies at the Stanford Cricket Ground, St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda, and then the same place in 2008. It is a variety of the popular Twenty20 format first introduced in English cricket in 2003.

The West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. The event was financially backed by convicted fraudster Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money, the fruit of his massive Ponzi scheme. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money. [11] [12] A spin-off tournament, the Stanford Super Series, was held in October 2008 between Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, the respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, and a Stanford Superstars team formed from West Indies domestic players; Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money. [13] [14] On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming a US$20,000,000 in each match. [15] [16]

Twenty20 Internationals

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair styles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

Inaugural tournaments

Lasith Malinga bowling to Shahid Afridi in the 2009 Final at Lord's. T20 final 2009.jpg
Lasith Malinga bowling to Shahid Afridi in the 2009 Final at Lord's.

It was first decided that every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place, except in the event of a Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money. [17] The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country.

Expansion to 16 teams

The 2012 edition was to be expanded into a 16 team format however this was reverted to 12. [18] The 2014 tournament, held in Bangladesh was the first to feature 16 teams including all ten full members and six associate members who qualified through the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. However the top eight full member teams in the ICC T20I Championship rankings on 8 October 2012 were given a place in the Super 10 stage. The remaining eight teams competed in the group stage, from which two teams advance to the Super 10 stage. [19] [20] Three new teams (Nepal, Hong Kong and UAE) made their debut in this tournament.

Format

Qualification

All ICC full members qualify automatically for the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament, known as the T20 World Cup Qualifier. Qualification for the inaugural 2007 World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for ICC associate and affiliate members. The two finalists of the 2007 WCL Division One tournament, Kenya and Scotland, qualified for the World Twenty20 later in the year. A separate qualification tournament was implemented for the 2009 World Twenty20, and has been retained since then. The number of teams qualifying through the World Twenty20 Qualifier has varied, however, ranging from two (in 2010 and 2012) to six (in 2014 and 2016).

Final tournament

In each group stage (both the preliminary round and the Super 10 round), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria: [21]

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, higher number of wins
  3. If still equal, higher net run rate
  4. If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
  5. If still equal, result of head to head meeting.

In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over would decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, the match is won by the team that has scored the most sixes in their innings. This is applicable in all stages of the tournament, having been implemented during the 2009 tournament. During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches. [22]

Hosts

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, England, West Indies and Sri Lanka hosted the tournament in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. Bangladesh hosted the tournament in 2014. [23] India hosted the last edition of the tournament in 2016. [24]

In December 2015, Tim Anderson, the ICC's head of global development, suggested that a future tournament be hosted by the United States. He believed that hosting the event could help spur growth of the game in the country, where it is relatively obscure and faces competition by other sports such as baseball. [25]

Results

YearHost(s)Final venueFinal
WinnerRunner-upMargin
2007
Details
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Johannesburg Flag of India.svg  India
157/5 (20 overs)
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
152 all out (19.4 overs)
5 runs
Scorecard
2009
Details
Flag of England.svg  England London Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
8 wickets
Scorecard
2010
Details
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Bridgetown Flag of England.svg  England
148/3 (17 overs)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
147/6 (20 overs)
7 wickets
Scorecard
2012
Details
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Colombo WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
36 runs
Scorecard
2014
Details
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Dhaka Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
134/4 (17.5 overs)
Flag of India.svg  India
130/4 (20 overs)
6 wickets
Scorecard
2016
Details
Flag of India.svg  India Kolkata WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
161/6 (19.4 overs)
Flag of England.svg  England
155/9 (20 overs)
4 wickets
Scorecard
2020
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne
2021
Details
Flag of India.svg  India

Performance of teams

TeamAppearancesBest resultStatistics [26]
TotalFirstLatestPlayedWonLostTieNRWin%
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 6 2007 2016 Champions (2012, 2016)3117121(1)158.33
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 6 2007 2016 Champions (2014)3522121(1)064.28
Flag of India.svg  India 6 2007 2016 Champions (2007)3320111(1)164.06
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 6 2007 2016 Champions (2009)3419141(0)057.35
Flag of England.svg  England 6 2007 2016 Champions (2010)3215160148.38
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 6 2007 2016 Runner-up (2010)2916130055.17
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 6 2007 2016 Semi-final (2009, 2014)3018120060.00
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 6 2007 2016 Semi-final (2007, 2016)3015132(0)053.33
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 6 2007 2016 Super 8s (2007)255190120.83
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 3 2009 2016 Super 10s (2014)12560145.45
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 4 2010 2016 Super 10s (2016)14590035.71
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland 5 2009 2016 Super 8s (2009)15390325.00
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 5 2007 2016 First round (2007, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016)12570041.66
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 3 2007 2016 First round (2007, 2009, 2016)7150116.66
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 2 2014 2016 First round (2014, 2016)6150016.66
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 1 2014 2014 First round (2014)3210066.66
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 1 2016 2016 First round (2016)3110150.00
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 1 2007 2007 First round (2007)202000.00
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 1 2014 2014 First round (2014)303000.00

Note:

Team results by tournament

The ICC does not adjudicate rankings but only rounds a team achieves e.g. Semis, round one etc. The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.

Legend

The team ranking in each tournament is according to ICC. For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team Flag of South Africa.svg
2007
(12)
Flag of England.svg
2009
(12)
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg
2010
(12)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
2012
(12)
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
2014
(16)
Flag of India.svg
2016
(16)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
2020
(16)
Flag of India.svg
2021
(16)
Total
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan ××R1R1R1R2Q5
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia SFR1RUSFR2R2Q6
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh R2R1R1R1R2R2Q7
Flag of England.svg  England R2R2CR2R2RUQ7
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong ×××R1R12
Flag of India.svg  India CR2R2R2RUSFQQ7
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland R2R1R1R1R15
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya R11
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal ×××R11
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands R1R2R13
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand SFR2R2R2R2SFQ7
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman ×××R11
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan RUCSFSFR2R2Q7
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland R1R1R13
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa R2SFR2R2SFR2Q7
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka R2RUSFRUCR2Q7
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates ××R11
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies R1SFR2CSFCQ7
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe R1••R1R1R1R15

Debut of teams

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.

YearDebutantsTotal
2007 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia, Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh, Flag of England.svg  England, Flag of India.svg  India, Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya, Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand,
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan, Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland, Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa, Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka, WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies, Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe
12
2009 Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland, Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2
2010 Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 1
2012 none0
2014 Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong, Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal, Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 3
2016 Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 1
2020 TBDTBD
2021 TBDTBD
Total19

Statistics and records

See also

Related Research Articles

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History of the ICC T20 World Cup

The ICC T20 World Cup was first held in 2007. It was first decided that every two years an ICC T20 World Cup tournament is to take place, except in the event of an ICC Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money. The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the World Twenty20 tournament took place in an Asian country. Pakistan was the only team to reach the last four in the first four editions of the tournament. 2014 saw the expansion to 16 teams featuring three teams making their debuts. Sri Lanka yet again made it to the Finals this time winning after their two other appearances in previous finals. The ICC T20 World Cup has had five champions from five tournaments.

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The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Final was played between Sri Lanka and West Indies at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo on 7 October 2012. This was the 4th ICC World Twenty20. West Indies won the match by 36 runs, its first World Twenty20 victory. This was West Indies's first major trophy since the 2004 ICC Champions Trophy. West Indies became the 4th team to win this title after India, Pakistan and England. This was the first time where a host team (SL) qualified for the final. In the stadium, the match was watched by 35,000 spectators.

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