IIHF World Women's Championships

Last updated
IIHF World Women's Championships
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2019 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships
Sport Ice hockey
Founded 1990
No. of teams8 in the Top Division
12 in Division I
16 Division II
Most recent
champion(s)
  United States
Relegation to Division I
Official website IIHF.com

The IIHF Ice Hockey Women's World Championship is the premier international tournament in women's ice hockey. It is governed by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). Canada is the most successful nation with ten world titles followed by the United States with eight.

Contents

The official world competition was first held in 1990, with four more championships held in the 90's. [1] Beginning in 1989, and in years that there was no world tournament held, there were European Championships and in 1995 and 1996 a Pacific Rim Championship. As part of an effort to improve competition, the IIHF decided to hold Women's Championships in Olympic years, starting in 2014, but not at the top level. [2]

Structure and Qualification

The women's tournament began as an eight team tournament featuring Canada, the USA, the top five from the 1989 European championships, and one Asian qualifier. The same formula was used for 1992, 1994 and 1997, but changed following the Nagano Olympics. The best five from the Olympic tournament were qualified for 1999, followed by the best three from qualification rounds during the Olympic year. The championship became a yearly tournament beginning in 1999 with promotion and relegation with lower ranked nations. Remaining nations play in groups of (now) six nations, with as many as five tiers.

Championship Format

Initially the tournament was an eight team tournament divided into two groups. The top two from each group played off for the gold, and beginning in 1999 the bottom two played off to determine placement and relegation. On four occasions the tournament was played with nine nations, using three groups of three. In this format first place from each group continued on to play for gold, second place from each group played for placement and an opportunity to still play for bronze, and the third place teams played off to determine relegation. Beginning in 2011 the eight team tournament changed its playoff structure to include a quarterfinal round as well. Currently the top four placed nations from the previous championship begin in Group A, where the top two teams go directly to the semi-finals, the bottom two go to the quarter-finals to face the top two finishers from Group B. The bottom two from Group B then play each other in a best of three to determine relegation.

Lower Divisions

By 2003 the lower tiers were formalized into tiered groups of six, called Division I, Division II, and Division III with promotion for the top team in each and relegation for the bottom team. By 2009 it had grown up to Division V, but in 2012 the titles were changed to match the men's tournaments; Division I became IA, Division II became IB, Division III became IIA, Division IV became IIB, and Division V became IIB Qualification. Promotion and relegation remained the same after the title changes.

Rules and eligibility

The rules of play are essentially the same as the men's with one key difference: body checking. Checking was allowed in the first championship but has been assessed as a minor penalty since. To be eligible players must be under the jurisdiction of the governing body they are representing and must be a citizen of that country. Additionally the player must be eighteen years old, or sixteen with a medical waiver, in the season the tournament takes place. [3]

Tournaments

YearHost cityFinalThird place match
ChampionScoreSecond placeThird placeScoreFourth place
1990   Canada, Ottawa
Canada
5–2
United States

Finland
6–3
Sweden
1992   Finland, Tampere
Canada
8–0
United States

Finland
5–4
Sweden
1994   USA, Lake Placid
Canada
6–3
United States

Finland
8–1
China
1997   Canada, Kitchener
Canada
4–3
(OT)

United States

Finland
3–0
China
1999   Finland, Espoo/Vantaa
Canada
3–1
United States

Finland
8–2
Sweden
2000   Canada, Mississauga
Canada
3–2
(OT)

United States

Finland
7–1
Sweden
2001   USA, Minneapolis
Canada
3–2
United States

Russia
2–1
Finland
2003   China, Beijing Competition at top level was cancelled due to SARS outbreak in China
2004   Canada, Halifax/Dartmouth
Canada
2–0
United States

Finland
3–2
Sweden
2005   Sweden, Linköping/Norrköping
United States
1–0
(SO)

Canada

Sweden
5–2
Finland
2007   Canada, Winnipeg/Selkirk
Canada
5–1
United States

Sweden
1–0
Finland
2008   China, Harbin
United States
4–3
Canada

Finland
4–1
Switzerland
2009   Finland, Hämeenlinna
United States
4–1
Canada

Finland
4–1
Sweden
2011    Switzerland, Zürich/Winterthur
United States
3–2
(OT)

Canada

Finland
3–2
(OT)

Russia
2012   USA, Burlington
Canada
5–4
(OT)

United States

Switzerland
6–2
Finland
2013   Canada, Ottawa
United States
3–2
Canada

Russia
2–0
Finland
2014 Competition not held at top level during 2014 Olympics
2015   Sweden, Malmö
United States
7–5
Canada

Finland
4–1
Russia
2016   Canada, Kamloops
United States
1–0
(OT)

Canada

Russia
1–0
(SO)

Finland
2017   USA, Plymouth
United States
3–2
(OT)

Canada

Finland
8–0
Germany
2018 Competition not held at top level during 2018 Olympics
2019   Finland, Espoo
2020  Canada, Halifax/Truro [4]

Participation and medals

NationTournamentsFirstLastGoldSilverBronzeTotalBest finish (first/last)
  Canada 18 1990 2017 1080181st (1990/2012)
  United States 18 1990 2017 8100181st (2005/2017)
  Finland 18 1990 2017 0012123rd (1990/2017)
  Russia 15 1997 2017 00333rd (2001/2016)
  Sweden 18 1990 2017 00223rd (2005/2007)
   Switzerland 15 1990 2017 00113rd (2012)
  China 11 1992 2009 00004th (1994/1997)
  Germany 13 1990 2017 00004th (2017)
  Norway 4 1990 1997 00006th (1990/1994)
  Kazakhstan 4 2001 2011 00006th (2009)
  Czech Republic 4 2013 2017 00006th (2016)
  Japan 6 1990 2016 00007th (2008/2015)
  Slovakia 2 2011 2012 00007th (2011)
  Denmark 1 1992 1992 00007th (1992)

Awards

At most IIHF events, the tournament directorate awards the Best Forward, Best Defenceman, Best Goalkeeper and Most Valuable Player of each tournament. at the women's event, these awards have been handed out in some combination since the first tournament, with the exception of 1997, and the cancelled tournament in 2003.

See also

External links/sources

  1. "IIHF World Women's Championships". International Ice Hockey Federation . Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  2. Merk, Martin (2010-12-17). "New era of women's hockey". International Ice Hockey Federation. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  3. IIHF Statutes and Bylaws, sections 406, 616, and 900
  4. "Halifax, Truro to host 2020 Women's Worlds - TSN.ca". TSN. 2018-10-30. Retrieved 2018-10-30.