ISO 4

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ISO 4 (Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications) is an international standard which defines a uniform system for the abbreviation of serial publication titles, i.e., titles of publications such as scientific journals that are published in regular installments. [1]

International standards are technical standards developed by international organizations, such as Codex Alimentarius in food, the World Health Organization Guidelines in health, or ITU Recommendations in ICT and being publicly funded, are freely available for consideration and use worldwide.

Contents

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has appointed the ISSN International Centre as the registration authority for ISO 4. It maintains the List of Title Word Abbreviations (LTWA), which contains standard abbreviations for words commonly found in serial titles. As of August 2017, the standard's most recent update came in 1997, [2] when its third edition was released. [3]

International Organization for Standardization An international standard-setting body composed of representatives from national organizations for standards

The International Organization for Standardization is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

Registration authorities exist for many standards organizations, such as ANNA, the Object Management Group, W3C, IEEE and others. In general, registration authorities all perform a similar function, in promoting the use of a particular standard through facilitating its use. This may be by applying the standard, where appropriate, or by verifying that a particular application satisfies the standard's tenants. Maintenance agencies, in contrast, may change an element in a standard based on set rules – such as the creation or change of a currency code when a currency is created or revalued. The Object Management Group has an additional concept of certified provider, which is deemed an entity permitted to perform some functions on behalf of the registration authority, under specific processes and procedures documented within the standard for such a role.

A major use of ISO 4 is to abbreviate the names of scientific journals using the LTWA. For instance, under ISO 4 standards, the Journal of Biological Chemistry is cited as J. Biol. Chem., and the Journal of Polymer Science Part A should be cited as J. Polym. Sci. A (capitalization is not specified by the standard). The standard notes that "Full stops shall only be used to indicate an abbreviation. Full stops may be omitted from abbreviated words in applications that require limited use of punctuation" (section 4.6).

The Journal of Biological Chemistry is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1905. Since 1925, it is published by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It covers research in areas of biochemistry and molecular biology. The editor-in-chief is Lila Gierasch. All its articles are available free after one year of publication. In press articles are available free on its website immediately after acceptance.

It was initially published in 1972 (ISO 4:1972), [4] with a second edition published in 1984 (ISO 4:1984), [5] and the third edition in 1997 (ISO 4:1997). [3]

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References

  1. "Online services: Access to the LTWA". International Standard Serial Number International Centre. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  2. Amitabha, Chatterjee (2016). Elements of Information Organization and Dissemination. Chandos. p. 493. ISBN   9780081020265. OCLC   962412353.
  3. 1 2 "ISO 4:1997 Information and documentation — Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications" . International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  4. "ISO 4:1972 Documentation — International code for the abbreviation of titles of periodicals". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  5. "ISO 4:1984 Documentation — Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 24 March 2019.