The ITU World Triathlon Series is the International Triathlon Union's annual series of triathlon events used to crown an annual world champion. There are multiple rounds of competitions culminating in a Grand Final race. Athletes compete head-to-head for points in these races that will determine the overall ITU world champion. The elite championship races are held over two distances the standard and the sprint distance.
The International Triathlon Union (ITU) is the international governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and other nonstandard variations. The ITU host the top level international race series the ITU World Triathlon Series and the ITU Triathlon World Cup. More recently, the ITU created a long distance race circuit with official world championships. Long Distance Triathlon races are closer in length to Ironman Triathlon races owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation.
A triathlon is a multisport race with three continuous and sequential endurance races. The word is of Greek origin, from τρεῖς or treis (three) and ἆθλος or athlos (competition).
As of 2018 a mixed relay series is to be run in tandem, where national teams compete in mixed team relays for prize money and Olympic qualifying points.One of these races will be the ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships.
The ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships, is an annual team triathlon competition organized by the International Triathlon Union (ITU). The competition is completed in teams of four, two men and two women, with each member doing a super-sprint distance triathlon.
With the establishment of the International Triathlon Union (ITU) in 1989 it was quickly established that the governing body should host a yearly world championship to establish the men's and women's world champion. With the creation and hosting of the first ITU Triathlon World Championship in 1989 the ITU had established itself and the sports premier event but the sport overall lacked cohesion with races of varying lengths and prize pools, which increased the difficulty for triathletes to train and plan for seasons ahead. So in 1991 the ITU created the ITU Triathlon World Cup a year long series of races all hosted by the ITU with regular distances and prize money. With a world championship and a regular season established the ITU's attention moved onto other issues including earning the sport a place at the Olympics.
Then in 2008 the day after the 2008 men’s Olympic triathlon race the ITU announced starting next year it would be replacing the single race world championship with a six-race World Championship points super series culminating in a Grand Final, it was to be called the World Championship Series (WCS).The ITU believed it would help grow the sport and increase the reach to the level of major sports whilst gaining a bigger TV audience. Most athletes and professional coaches were happy at the announcement believing it would help the sport become more popular and increase professionalism and pay for the top level athletes. However, there were major monetary concerns one week after the announcement as the ITUs main sponsor BG had pulled out of its nine year sponsorship deal after only two years.
The Triathlon competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics, in Beijing, were held on Monday, August 18 (women) and Tuesday, August 19 (men), on the Triathlon Venue at the Ming Tomb Reservoir in Shisanling.
BG Group plc was a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Reading, United Kingdom. On 8 April 2015, Royal Dutch Shell announced that it had reached an agreement to acquire BG Group for $70 billion, subject to regulatory and shareholder agreement. The sale was completed on 15 February 2016. Prior to the takeover, BG Group was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
By its start in 2009 the series had gained a title sponsor in Dextro Energyin a $2 million deal allowing for each World Championship event to feature a $150,000 prize purse and for the Grand final to have $250,000, this also meant that $700,000 was available at the end of the series. This influx of cash meant that athletes would be to earn almost triple what they had previously helping to draw more into the sport. In 2011 the sprint distance world championship was incorporated into the series giving the same points and prize money as any other event, from this point on sprint distance events would make up a part of the series. In 2012 Dextro Energy ended their title sponsorship in tandem with the series rebranding itself as the World Triathlon Series. Then in 2013 the prize pool saw an increase to $2.25 million certifying the world triathlon series as the richest series in triathlon. In 2018 with the growing popularity of the ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships and the disciplines' addition to the Olympic program it was decided that at three of the events on the 2018 calendar a mixed relay event would be held alongside the men's and women's competition; these three events would grant points towards Olympic qualification and constitute the new ITU mixed relay series.
The ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships, were a triathlon championship held over half of the Standard distance, that is 750 m swim, 20 km bicycle and 5 km run. The inaugural championships were held in 2010, and organised by the International Triathlon Union. In 2011 the championship was held as an event as part of the 2011 ITU World Championship Series. However for every year after 2011 multiple sprint events where held as part of the ITU World Triathlon Series and no delineation was made between them and so no title has been awarded at the elite level. Currently only a sprint world championship for age group competitors and is held on the same day as the grand elite final of the World Triathlon Series.
Currently there are three different distance disciplines:
In all instances the swim will be a mass start in open-water and the cycling will be draft-legal. There is an allowed leniency of 10% on each segment of courses route for the standard and sprint distances, with more discretion being allowed for the mixed relay. The standard distance was also known as the Olympic distance as it was the only distance competed for in the Olympics, however the ITU has tried to enforce the use of the name standard distance saving the name Olympic on for official Olympic events.
Open water swimming is a swimming discipline which takes place in outdoor bodies of water such as open oceans, lakes, and rivers.
Drafting or slipstreaming is an aerodynamic technique where two vehicles or other moving objects are caused to align in a close group, reducing the overall effect of drag due to exploiting the lead object's slipstream. Especially when high speeds are involved, as in motor racing and cycling, drafting can significantly reduce the paceline's average energy expenditure required to maintain a certain speed and can also slightly reduce the energy expenditure of the lead vehicle or object.
|Totals (13 nations)||22||22||22||66|
The world triathlon series has visited 27 cities in 19 countries since its founding in 2009.
Where GF = Grand Final , Mr = Mixed Relay event
The final race of each season is known as the grand final and has extra points, prize money and prestige associated with it, when a city bids to host the grand final it also bids to host many ITU events such as the amateur Age-group world championships and the Paratriathlon world championship. The age-group world championships have featured in two popular autobiographical books. One by BBC newsreader Louise Minchin called Dare to Tri: My story from BBC Breakfast Sofa to Team GB triathlete,and one by author and journalist Helen Croydon called This Girl Ran: Tales of a Party Girl turned Triathlete. Coincidentally both wrote separate stories of taking to triathlon in later life and both culminated at age-group world championships in Chicago in 2015.
|2009||9–13 September||Gold Coast, Australia|
|2010||8–12 September||Budapest, Hungary|
|2011||10–11 September||Beijing, China|
|2012||20–21 October||Auckland, New Zealand|
|2013||14–15 September||London, Great Britain|
|2014||1 September||Edmonton, Canada|
|2015||17 September||Chicago, United States|
|2016||11-18 September||Cozumel, Mexico|
|2017||14-17 September||Rotterdam, Netherlands|
|2018||12–16 September||Gold Coast, Australia|
|2019||August 30 - 1 September||Lausanne, Switzerland|
|Replaced by||ITU World Triathlon Series|
The world champion was formerly crowned in the ITU Triathlon World Championship, a single championship race that was held annually from 1989, the same year as the formation of the International Triathlon Union (ITU), to 2008.
|1989||6 August||Avignon, France|
|1990||15 September||Orlando, United States|
|1991||13 October||Queensland, Australia|
|1992||12 September||Muskoka, Canada|
|1993||22 August||Manchester, United Kingdom|
|1994||27 November||Wellington, New Zealand|
|1995||12 November||Cancún, Mexico|
|1996||24 August||Cleveland, United States|
|1997||16 November||Perth, Australia|
|1998||30 August||Lausanne, Switzerland|
|1999||12 September||Montreal, Canada|
|2000||30 April||Perth, Australia|
|2001||22 July||Edmonton, Canada|
|2002||9–10 November||Cancún, Mexico|
|2003||6–7 December||Queenstown, New Zealand|
|2004||9 May||Madeira, Portugal|
|2005||10–11 September||Gamagōri, Japan|
|2006||2–3 September||Lausanne, Switzerland|
|2007||30 August–2 September||Hamburg, Germany|
|2008||5–8 June||Vancouver, Canada|
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Chris McCormack, also known as Macca, is an Australian triathlete. McCormack is a two-time winner of the Ironman World Championship, winning the titles in 2007 and 2010. He is also the winner of the 1997 International Triathlon Union (ITU) World Cup Series, the 1997 Triathlon World Championships, and the 2012 Long Distance World Championships.
Alistair Edward Brownlee, MBE is a British triathlete. He is the only athlete to hold two Olympic titles in the triathlon event, winning gold medals in the 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games and the only Man to have won Olympic Gold whilst going into the event as favourite for the title. He is also a two-time Triathlon World Champion, a two-time World Team Champion, a four-time European Champion, and the 2014 Commonwealth champion.
Andrea Hewitt is a professional triathlete who placed third at the 2009 ITU Triathlon World Championships and competed at the 2008, 2012, and 2016 Summer Olympics.
The 2009 ITU World Championship Series was a series of seven triathlon events leading to a Grand Final held in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia on September 2009. The series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon – the International Triathlon Union (ITU) – and was sponsored by Dextro Energy. The 2009 World Championship Series (WCS) was the first year of a change in format replacing the single World Championship race of prior years. Additionally, points accumulated in 2009 ITU Triathlon World Cup events would contribute to an athletes overall point total in the Championship Series.
The 2009 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes to be held during the 2009 season. For 2009, five races were announced as part of the World Cup series. Each race was held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run. Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall ITU Triathlon World Championships point totals; which was a change in format to the World Cup series of prior years. The number of world cup races in 2009 were reduced as the ITU shifted focus to the Championship Series.
Laura Marie Bennett is an American professional triathlete. She placed fourth in the women's triathlon at the 2008 Summer Olympics. In 2012, she finished 17th at the London Olympic Games. She earned a silver medal at the World Triathlon Championships in 2003 and bronze medals in 2004, 2005, and 2007. She has also raced as a professional at the Half-Ironman distance, placing 5th at the 2009 Ironman 70.3 World Championship.
Paula Findlay is a Canadian triathlete.
The Dextro Energy Triathlon – ITU World Championship Series 2011 was a series of six World Championship Triathlon events leading to a Grand Final held in Beijing, China in September 2011. The Series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU), and was sponsored by Dextro Energy.
The 2011 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes to be held during the 2011 season. For 2011, nine races were announced as part of the World Cup series. The ninth and final race in Auckland, New Zealand was added as a test race for the 2012 ITU World Triathlon Series Grand Final. Each race was held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run. Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall 2011 ITU Triathlon World Championships point totals.
The 2010 ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships was a triathlon race organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) held in Lausanne, Switzerland on August 21. The event hosted both elite-level and amateur triathletes. This marked the inaugural year for the ITU World Triathlon Series sprint distance championship race. The sprint race replaced the ITU Triathlon World Cup event held in Lausanne in previous years. The race was held over a distance of 750 m swim, 20 km cycle, 5 km run. A prize purse of $50,000 was awarded for the sprint event.
The 2011 ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships was a triathlon race organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) held in Lausanne, Switzerland on August 20. Along with the ITU Team Triathlon World Championships, being held the following day in Lausanne, points earned at the Sprint Distance Championship are incorporated into the 2011 World Championships Series rankings.
Sarah True is an American athlete who competes in triathlon. She represented the United States in triathlon in 2012, finishing in fourth place, and at the 2016 Summer Olympics. True is the winner of the 2007 ITU Aquathlon World Championships and finished in second place in the 2014 ITU World Triathlon Series.
The 2012 ITU World Triathlon Series was a series of eight World Championship Triathlon events that led up to a Grand Final held in Auckland, New Zealand in October 2012. The Series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU).
Claire Michel is a Belgian professional triathlete. She is the 2013 Aquathlon vice-World Champion. She has been named Belgian Triathlon's Female Athlete of the Year twice, in 2014 and 2015, she's part of the National Team and represented Belgium at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio. She is also Belgian Champion on Sprint distance for 2016.
Henri Schoeman is a South African triathlete. He represented his country at the 2016 ITU Grand Final in Cozumel where he won the Gold medal, the 2016 Summer Olympics where he won a bronze medal, and the 2014 Commonwealth Games, where he won a silver medal in the mixed relay. He is the brother of the South African swimmer, Riaan Schoeman. His bronze at Rio in 2016 is the first Olympic medal South Africa has won in the sport.
The 2018 ITU World Triathlon Series was the 10th season of the World triathlon series, the top level international series for triathlon, since its establishment in 2009. The season consisted of nine pairs of triathlon races for both a men's and woman's competition, as well as three mixed relays, beginning on 2nd March in Abu Dhabi, and concluding on 16 September with the grand final at the Gold Coast.
The 2019 ITU World Triathlon Series is the 11th season of the World Triathlon Series, the top level international series for triathlon, since its establishment in 2009. The season consisted of eight pairs of triathlon races for both a men's and woman's competition, beginning on 8 March in Abu Dhabi, and concluding on 1 September with the grand final at Lausanne, Switzerland. The season also contained five mixed relays as part of the Mixed Relay Series which offers national teams qualifying points for the mixed team relay event at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.