Ian Macpherson, 1st Baron Strathcarron

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The Lord Strathcarron

Ian Macpherson.jpg
Macpherson in 1920
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
10 January 1919 2 April 1920
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Edward Shortt
Succeeded by Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt
Minister of Pensions
In office
2 April 1920 19 October 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt
Succeeded by George Tryon
Personal details
Born14 May 1880 (1880-05-14)
Died14 August 1937 (1937-08-15) (aged 57)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)Jill Rhodes (died 1956)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh

(James) Ian Stewart Macpherson, 1st Baron Strathcarron, PC , PC (Ire) , KC , JP (14 May 1880 – 14 August 1937), known as Sir Ian Macpherson, Baronet, between 1933 and 1936, was a British lawyer and Liberal politician.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Contents

Background and education

Macpherson was the son of James Macpherson, JP, of Inverness, and Anne, daughter of James Stewart. Lord Drumalbyn, George Macpherson and Sir Tommy Macpherson were his nephews. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh and was called to the Bar, Middle Temple, in 1906. [1]

Inverness City in the Scottish Highlands, Scotland, UK

Inverness is a city in the Scottish Highlands. It is the administrative centre for The Highland Council and is regarded as the capital of the Highlands. Inverness lies near two important battle sites: the 11th-century battle of Blàr nam Fèinne against Norway which took place on the Aird and the 18th century Battle of Culloden which took place on Culloden Moor. It is the northernmost city in the United Kingdom and lies within the Great Glen at its north-eastern extremity where the River Ness enters the Moray Firth. At the latest, a settlement was established by the 6th century with the first royal charter being granted by Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim in the 12th century. The Gaelic king Mac Bethad Mac Findláich (MacBeth) whose 11th-century killing of King Duncan was immortalised in Shakespeare's largely fictionalized play Macbeth, held a castle within the city where he ruled as Mormaer of Moray and Ross.

Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson, 1st Baron Drumalbyn, KBE, PC was a Scottish Tory and National Liberal politician.

Colonel Sir Ronald Thomas Stewart Macpherson & Two Bars, was a highly decorated Scottish British Army officer during and after the Second World War. He fought with the No. 11 Commando unit and French Resistance forces, becoming infamous among Axis forces as the "Kilted Killer". Having caused so much damage to military infrastructure, a bounty of 300,000 francs was placed upon his head. He was awarded the Military Cross and the Croix de Guerre three times, and the Légion d'honneur.

Political career

Macpherson sat as Member of Parliament for Ross and Cromarty from 1911 to 1935. [1] [2] In 1916 he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for War, a post he held until 1918, and then served as Deputy Secretary of State for War and Vice-President of the Army Council between 1918 and 1919, as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1919 and 1920 and as Minister of Pensions between 1920 and 1922. [1] He was admitted to the British Privy Council in 1918 [3] and to the Irish Privy Council in 1919 [1] [4] and made a King's Counsel in 1919. [1] He created a Baronet, of Banchor in the County of Inverness, in 1933 [5] and raised to the peerage as Baron Strathcarron, of Banchor in the County of Inverness, in 1936. [6]

Ross and Cromarty was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1832 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

The position of Under-Secretary of State for War was a British government position, first applied to Evan Nepean. In 1801 the offices for War and the Colonies were merged and the post became that of Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854 and remained until 1947, when it was combined with that of Financial Secretary to the War Office. In 1964 the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry were merged to form the Ministry of Defence, and the post was abolished.

Secretary of State for War British cabinet-level position

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position which existed from 1794 to 1801 and from 1854 to 1964. The Secretary of State for War headed the War Office and was assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, a Parliamentary Private Secretary who was also a Member of Parliament, and a Military Secretary, who was a general.

Family

Lord Strathcarron married Jill, daughter of Sir George Rhodes, 1st Baronet, in 1915. They had one son and two daughters. He died in London in August 1937, aged 57, and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. [7] He was succeeded in his titles by his son, David. Lady Strathcarron remarried in 1938, to Hedley Ernest Le Bas, son of Hedley Le Bas, and died in August 1956. [1] [8]

Golders Green Crematorium crematorium in London

Golders Green Crematorium and Mausoleum was the first crematorium to be opened in London, and one of the oldest crematoria in Britain. The land for the crematorium was purchased in 1900, costing £6,000, and the crematorium was opened in 1902 by Sir Henry Thompson.

David William Anthony Blyth Macpherson, 2nd Baron Strathcarron was best known as the "motorcycling peer". He inherited the Barony on his father's death in 1937, but lost his automatic right to a seat in the House of Lords with the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999.

Hedley Le Bas British publisher and publicist, 1868-1926

Sir Hedley Francis Le Bas (1868–1926) was a British publisher and advertising executive. He is best known for the World War I recruiting campaign using the slogan "Your Country Needs You".

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 thepeerage.com James Ian Macpherson, 1st Baron Strathcarron
  2. leighrayment.com House of Commons, Rochester – Ryedale
  3. The London Gazette, 3 June 1918
  4. leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors – Ireland
  5. The London Gazette, 28 April 1933
  6. The London Gazette, 14 January 1936
  7. The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII – Peerage Creations 1901–1938. St Catherine's Press. 1949. p. 563.
  8. Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1954). Dod's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland, Including All the Titled Classes. p. 306.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Galloway Weir
Member of Parliament for Ross and Cromarty
1911–1935
Succeeded by
Malcolm MacDonald
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Derby
Under-Secretary of State for War
1916–1919
Succeeded by
The Viscount Peel
Preceded by
Edward Shortt
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1919–1920
Succeeded by
Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt
Preceded by
Laming Worthington-Evans
Minister of Pensions
1920–1922
Succeeded by
George Tryon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New title Baron Strathcarron
1936–1937
Succeeded by
David Macpherson