Ibaraki Prefecture

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Ibaraki Prefecture

茨城県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 茨城県
   Rōmaji Ibaraki-ken
Flag of Ibaraki Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Ibaraki Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 08 Ibaraki prefecture.svg
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Island Honshu
Capital Mito
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 44
Government
   Governor Kazuhiko Ōigawa
Area
  Total6,097.19 km2 (2,354.14 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total2,871,199
  Rank 11th
  Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-08
Website www.pref.ibaraki.jp
Symbols
BirdEurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
Flower Rose (Rosa)
Tree Ume tree (Prunus mume)

Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県, Ibaraki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. [1] Ibaraki Prefecture has a population of 2,871,199 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 6,097.19 km² (2,354.14 sq mi). Ibaraki Prefecture borders Fukushima Prefecture to the north, Tochigi Prefecture to the northwest, Saitama Prefecture to the southwest, and Chiba Prefecture to the south.

Contents

Mito is the capital and largest city of Ibaraki Prefecture, with other major cities including Hitachi, Hitachinaka, and Tsukuba. [2] Ibaraki Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast to the northeast of Tokyo, and is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, the most populous metropolitan area in the world. Ibaraki Prefecture features Lake Kasumigaura, the second-largest lake in Japan, and Mount Tsukuba, one of the most famous mountains in Japan. Ibaraki Prefecture is home to Kairaku-en, one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan, and is an important center for the martial art of Aikido .

History

Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki.

Geography

Map of Ibaraki Prefecture
City Town Map of Ibaraki Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Ibaraki Prefecture
     City     Town
Mito View from Art Tower Mito south.jpg
Mito
Tsukuba tsukubaZhong Yang Gong Yuan toZhu Bo Shan .jpg
Tsukuba

Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.

As of 1 April 2012, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park and nine Prefectural Natural Parks. [3]

Cities

Thirty-two (32) cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Ibaraki's industries include energy production, particularly nuclear energy, as well as chemical and precision machining industries. Hitachi is a world wide company as well as a city name where the company was founded.

Ibaraki is an agricultural prefecture, producing food crops that are used throughout the country. As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage. [4]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,025,497    
19031,200,475+1.22%
19131,328,329+1.02%
19201,350,400+0.24%
19251,409,092+0.85%
19301,487,097+1.08%
19351,548,991+0.82%
19401,620,000+0.90%
19451,944,344+3.72%
19502,039,418+0.96%
19552,064,037+0.24%
19602,047,024−0.17%
19652,056,154+0.09%
19702,143,551+0.84%
19752,342,198+1.79%
19802,558,007+1.78%
19852,725,005+1.27%
19902,845,382+0.87%
19952,955,530+0.76%
20002,985,676+0.20%
20052,975,167−0.07%
20102,969,770−0.04%
20152,917,857−0.35%
source: [5]

Ibaraki's population is decreasing more rapidly than any other prefecture. [6]

Culture

Tsuchiura Tsuchiura downtown Tsuchiura-city.jpg
Tsuchiura
Kashima Kashima Port.jpg
Kashima
Paddy field at Mt. Tsukuba foot Mt.Tsukuba 22.jpg
Paddy field at Mt. Tsukuba foot
Lotus field and Joban Line Joban Line in Tsuchiura City 01.jpg
Lotus field and Joban Line
Sweet potato field Sweet potato field in Namegata, Ibaraki 06.jpg
Sweet potato field

Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa (recently merged into Chikusei), and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region.

Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain. [7]

There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki.

Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and pottery.[ citation needed ]

The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japan's three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties.

Education

University

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki.

Prefectural Kashima Soccer Stadium Kashima Stadium 1.JPG
Prefectural Kashima Soccer Stadium

Football (soccer)

Volleyball

Rugby

Baseball

Wrestling

Basketball

Tourism

Transportation and access

Aerial view of Ibaraki Airport 003 Ibaraki Airport, Japan - Bai Li Fei Xing Chang -Bai Li Ji Di .JPG
Aerial view of Ibaraki Airport

Railways

Cable cars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Ports

Airports


Pronunciation

The prefecture is often alternatively pronounced "Ibaragi" by those who speak the regional dialect known as Ibaraki-ben. However, the standard pronunciation is "Ibaraki". According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki", [8] this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect.

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia , p. 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia , p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia , p. 642, at Google Books.
  3. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  4. Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times , 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  5. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  6. "Gov't data show exodus to Tokyo from other parts of Japan continues". Japan Today. 1 February 2019. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019.
  7. Aikikai Foundation Ibaraki Branch Dojo " Founder and Iwama", Retrieved August 25, 2017
  8. いばらぎじゃなくていばらき [Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki]

Related Research Articles

Ishioka, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Ishioka is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 75,906, and a population density of 352 persons per km². Its total area is 215.53 square kilometres (83.22 sq mi).

Ushiku, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Ushiku is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 84,285 and a population density of 1,430 persons per km². Its total area is 58.92 square kilometres (22.75 sq mi).

Hitachinaka, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Hitachinaka is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 155,187, and a population density of 1,552 persons per km². Its total area is 99.96 square kilometres (38.59 sq mi). It is a "hiragana city", the place name is written with the hiragana syllabary, and not the traditional kanji.

Kashima, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Kashima is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of April 2018, the city had an estimated population of 67,560, and a population density of 631 persons per km². Its total area is 106.02 square kilometres (40.93 sq mi). Kashima is the home of the J. League's Kashima Antlers. Its home field, Kashima Soccer Stadium, was used as a site during the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The city is also the site of the Kashima Shrine, a Shinto shrine which is considered the birthplace of many influential styles of Japanese swordsmanship (Kenjutsu). It is one of the oldest shrines in eastern Japan.

Hitachi Province Former province of Japan

Hitachi Province was an old province of Japan in the area of Ibaraki Prefecture. It was sometimes called Jōshū (常州). Hitachi Province bordered on Iwashiro, Iwaki, Shimōsa, and Shimotsuke Provinces.

Itako, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Itako is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 29,047, and a population density of 407 persons per km2. Its total area is 71.40 square kilometres (27.57 sq mi). It is known for its annual iris festival. Much of the city is within the borders of the Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park.

Ibaraki, Ibaraki Town in Kantō, Japan

Ibaraki is a town located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the town had an estimated population of 32,924, and a population density of 271 persons per km2. Its total area is 121.58 km2.

Naka, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Naka is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 53,534, and a population density of 547 persons per km². Its total area is 97.82 square kilometres (37.77 sq mi).

Sakuragawa, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Sakuragawa is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 42,484, and a population density of 236 persons per km². Its total area is 180.06 km².

Kasumigaura, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Kasumigaura is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 41,715, and a population density of 266 persons per km². Its total area is 156.60 square kilometres (60.46 sq mi). The city takes its name from the nearby lake, Lake Kasumigaura. The city has the distinction of having the longest name in Japan, together with Ichikikushikino, Kagoshima Prefecture and Tsukubamirai. Much of the city is within the borders of the Suigō-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park.

Japan National Route 6 Japanese road from Tokyo to Sendai.

National Route 6 is a Japanese highway from Tokyo to Sendai that goes through the cities Mito, Iwaki and Sōma. It traces the old Mito Kaidō route from Tokyo to Mito, and, for much of its 353.6-kilometer (219.7 mi) route, it runs parallel to the Jōban railway line and the Jōban Expressway.

Katori, Chiba City in Kantō, Japan

Katori is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

Tsukubamirai, Ibaraki City in Kantō, Japan

Tsukubamirai is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 48,807, and a population density of 617 persons per km². Its total area is 79.16 square kilometres (30.56 sq mi).

Mito, Ibaraki Special city in Kantō, Japan

Mito is the capital city of Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of September 2015, the city has an estimated population of 270,953, and a population density of 1,250 persons per km2. Its total area is 217.32 km2.

Tsuchiura City in Kantō, Japan

Tsuchiura is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 141,181, and a population density of 1510 persons per km². Its total area is 122.89 km². About 3,000 residents are non-Japanese, a large proportion of which are Filipinos, Chinese, and Brazilians.

Mito Station (Ibaraki) Railway station in Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan

Mito Station is a railway station in Mito, Ibaraki, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company and Kashima Rinkai Tetsudo.

The Hitachinaka Road is a 4-laned expressway-standard road in Hitachinaka, Ibaraki, Japan. The section from the origin to Hitachinaka Kaihin Kōen Interchange is a toll road operated by Ibaraki Prefecture Road Public Corporation, and the remaining section from Hitachinaka Kaihin Kōen Interchange to the terminus is a free road managed by Ibaraki Prefecture.

Suigō-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park

Suigō-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park is a quasi-national park in the Kantō region of Honshū in Japan. It is rated a protected landscape according to the IUCN.

References

Coordinates: 36°14′N140°17′E / 36.233°N 140.283°E / 36.233; 140.283