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Ibero-America (Spanish : Iberoamérica, Portuguese : Ibero-América) or Iberian America is a region in the Americas comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages, usually former territories of Portugal or Spain. Portugal and Spain are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa, [1] [2] but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries.


The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal and Spain. Ibero-America includes all Spanish-speaking countries in North, Central, and South America, plus the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil. Ibero-America is differentiated from Latin America by the exclusion of the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. In addition, the countries of Belize, Guyana and Suriname, whose official languages are English, English and Dutch, respectively, are not considered to be either Ibero-American or Latin American.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations organized a yearly Ibero-American Summit meeting of the heads of state and governments of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra, [3] [4] this has since changed to biannually from 2014.

Countries and population in Europe and the Americas

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 42,669,500
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia 10,556,102
Flag of Chile.svg Chile 17,772,871
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia 47,425,437
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 4,586,353
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba 11,167,325
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 9,445,281
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador 15,223,680
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador 6,134,000
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 15,806,675
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras 8,249,574
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 118,395,054
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua 6,071,045
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 4,058,374
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay 6,800,284
Flag of Peru.svg Peru 30,814,175
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico (U.S. Commonwealth) 3,667,084
Flag of Spain.svg Spain 46,704,314
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay 3,324,460
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela 28,946,101
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 201,032,714
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal 10,487,289
Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra 77,281

See also

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  1. Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. Países Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine , Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. Ibero-American Summit Archived 2007-12-06 at the Wayback Machine , Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  4. pp. 312313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN   0-8133-2915-9.