Ibero-America (Spanish : Iberoamérica, Portuguese : Ibero-América) or Iberian America is a region in the Americas comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages, usually former territories of Portugal or Spain. Portugal and Spain are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa, but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries.
The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal and Spain. Ibero-America includes all Spanish-speaking countries in North, Central, and South America, plus the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil. Ibero-America is differentiated from Latin America by the exclusion of the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. In addition, the countries of Belize, Guyana and Suriname, whose official languages are English, English and Dutch, respectively, are not considered to be either Ibero-American or Latin American.
Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations organized a yearly Ibero-American Summit meeting of the heads of state and governments of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra,this has since changed to biannually from 2014.
Spanish, or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 483 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas. It is a global language, the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese, and the world's fourth-most spoken language, after Mandarin Chinese, English and Hindi.
The term Hispanic refers to persons, cultures, or countries related to the Spanish language, Spanish culture, Spanish people, or to Spain in general.
Andorra la Vella is the capital of the Principality of Andorra. It is located high in the east Pyrenees, between France and Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds the capital.
The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or simply Iberian languages, is an areal grouping of Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France which are today more commonly separated into West Iberian and Occitano-Romance language groups.
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries, also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth, is an international organization and political association of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language. The CPLP operates as a privileged, multilateral forum for the mutual cooperation of the governments, economies, non-governmental organizations, and peoples of the Lusofonia. The CPLP consists of 9 member states and 19 associate observers, located in Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa.
Organización de Telecomunicaciones de Iberoamérica (OTI), formerly known as Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana (Spanish), Organização de Televisão Ibero-Americana (Portuguese) (OTI) or "Organization of Iberoamerican Television" (OIT), is an organization of television networks in Latin America (Ibero-America), Spain, and Portugal. Its mission is to foster relations between television networks in the region. Among other activities, it shares news, cultural, educational and sports programming among its members.
The Latin Union was an international organization of nations that used Romance languages that existed as a functional institution from 1983 to 2012. Its aim was to protect, project, and promote the common cultural heritage of Latin peoples and unifying identities of the Latin, and Latin-influenced, world. It was created in 1954 in Madrid, Spain, and its membership rose from 12 to 36 states, including countries in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific region.
Iberian refers to Iberia. Most commonly Iberian refers to:
Lusitanic is a term used to refer to persons who share the linguistic and cultural traditions of the Portuguese-speaking nations, territories, and populations, including Portugal, Brazil, Macau, Timor-Leste, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea Bissau and others, as well as the Portuguese diaspora generally.
The Organization of Ibero-American States, formally the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture, is an international organization made up of 23 members states of Iberophone nations in Europe and the Americas, as well as one member in Africa. The OEI's membership is composed of all of the sovereign states of Ibero-America and the Iberian Peninsula, as well as Equatorial Guinea. All members are Portuguese and Spanish speaking nations, in addition to Andorra, which is predominantly Catalan speaking, though the organization does not include all the Iberophone nations of the world.
The Ibero-American Summit, formally the Ibero-American Conference of Heads of State and Governments, is a yearly meeting of the heads of government and state of the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations of Europe and the Americas, as members of the Organization of Ibero-American States. The permanent secretariat in preparation of the summits is the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB).
OTI Festival was an annual singing competition, held between 1972 and 2000 among active member countries of the Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana (OTI). It was preceded in 1969 and 1970 by the Festival Mundial de la Canción Latina, held in Mexico.
The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit, and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas. It consists of 32 sovereign countries in the Americas. Due to the focus of the organization on Latin American and Caribbean countries, other countries and territories in the Americas, Brazil, Canada and the United States, as well as the overseas territories in the Americas of France, the Netherlands, Denmark (Greenland) and the United Kingdom are not included.
The Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities, UCCI, is an international, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members. Founded in October 1982, the union is headquartered in Madrid.
The Organization of Ibero-American States has the below 23 member states:
The Asociación Iberoamericana de Atletismo is the governing body for the sport of athletics of European, Latinamerican, and African countries with iberian origin and/or Spanish or Portuguese language. Current president is Oscar Fernández Cáceres from Perú.
The Three Linguistic Spaces is a structure for cooperation between the French speaking space, the Spanish speaking space and the Portuguese speaking space. It is led by the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) and the International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF).
Iberophone or Pan-Iberian space is a neologism used to designate the Iberian languages-speaking countries, mainly Spanish and Portuguese. In this sense, it encompasses the Hispanophone (Spanish-speaking) and Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) communities across the world, including 590 million people in Ibero-America, 60 million people in Europe's Iberian Peninsula, 60 million people in Lusophone Africa, as well as a vast linguistic diaspora across the world.
The Asociación de Estados Iberoamericanos para el Desarrollo de las Bibliotecas Nacionales de Iberoamérica (ABINIA) is an association of Ibero-American national libraries. It began in Mexico on 14 December 1989 as the Asociación de Bibliotecas Nacionales de Iberoamérica. In 1999 the group adopted its current name. As of 2019 it operates from headquarters in Caracas, Venezuela. Official languages of the group are Spanish and Portuguese.
Andorra–Chile relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Principality of Andorra and the Republic of Chile. Both nations are members of the Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.
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