|• Mayor||Hirotami Murakoshi (since April 2018)|
|• Total||57.45 km2 (22.18 sq mi)|
(August 31, 2021)
|• Density||8,600/km2 (22,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Pinus thunbergii|
|- Bird||Cettia diphone|
|Address||1-1-1 Yawata, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken 272-8501|
Ichikawa (市川市, Ichikawa-shi) is a city in western Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2021 [update] , the city had an estimated population of 491,716 in 251,142 households and a population density of 8559 persons per km². The total area of the city is 57.45 square kilometres (22.18 sq mi). The city has a concentration of the wide-area traffic network that connects the center of Tokyo with many areas of Chiba Prefecture. Major rail routes and roads pass through the city.
Ichikawa is located in the northwestern part of Chiba prefecture, about 20 kilometers from the prefectural capital at Chiba and within 10 to 20 kilometers from the center of Tokyo. The western border of the city is separated from Edogawa Ward of Tokyo by the Edogawa River. The southern part of the city is an alluvial plain about two meters above sea level, and the northern part is part of the gentle Shimosa Plateau rising about 20 meters above sea level. The highest point is 30.1 meters in Satomi Park. Parts of the city are on reclaimed land at sea level.
Ichikawa has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ichikawa is 15.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1404 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.9 °C.
Per Japanese census data,the population of Ichikawa has increased ten-fold over the past century.
The area around present-day Ichikawa has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Archaeologists have found stone tools dating to some 30,000 years ago. Numerous shell middens from the Jōmon period, and hundreds of burial tumuli from the Kofun period have been found in numerous locations around Ichikawa. During the Nara period, Ichikawa was the provincial capital of Shimōsa Province and is mentioned in the Man'yōshū . During the Heian period, this area was the center of the rebellion by Taira Masakado. During the Sengoku period, it was the site of a major battles (Battle of Kōnodai) between the Satomi clan and the Later Hōjō clan.
In more recent history, the area was also the site of some minor battles during the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration and was promoted as a possible site for the new Diet of Japan by Katsu Kaishu, who envisioned a structure to be built on the Edogawa River similar to the Houses of Parliament in London along the Thames. Ichikawa Town was organized in 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. On November 3, 1934 Ichikawa merged with the neighboring towns of Yawata, Nakayama and village of Kokubun to form the city of Ichikawa. The city expanded by annexing the village of Okashiwa on November 3, 1949, the town of Gyotoku on March 31, 1955 and town of Minami-Gyotoku on October 1, 1956.
Ichikawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 42 members. Ichikawa contributes six members to the Chiba Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Chiba 5th district and the Chiba 6th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
Ichikawa during the Meiji period was considered a desirable location for politicians, industrialists and many cultural figures, and had the highest assessed land prices in Chiba Prefecture. Many modern writers and poets have either lived in Ichikawa, or had written works set in Ichikawa, including Soseki Natsume, Shiki Masaoka, Akiko Yosano, Yukio Mishima, Nagai Kafu, Hisashi Inoue and Koda Rohan. The area around Ichikawa Station and Motoyawata Station later developed into a commercial area with many high-rise condominiums, commercial facilities, and companies. The area around Motoyawata Station is also an administrative center where many city facilities such as the city hall are located.
The Gyotoku district in the south is an area which once had salt pans in the Edo Period, but was transformed in modern times into new town developments with good access to Tokyo via the Tokyo Metro Tozai Line. The bay area along the Keiyo Line and Japan National Route 357 (Metropolitan Expressway Bayshore Line / Higashi Kanto Expressway) is an industrial area as part of the Tokyo-Chiba industrial zone, and is a distribution base where factories and warehouses of various companies are lined up.
JR East – Sōbu Line (Rapid)
JR East – Chūō-Sōbu Line
JR East – Musashino Line
JR East – Keiyō Line
Keisei Electric Railway - Keisei Main Line
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation - Shinjuku Line
Tokyo Metro - Tōzai Line
Hokusō Railway - Hokusō Line
Ichikawa is twinned with:
Chiba Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Chiba Prefecture has a population of 6,278,060 and has a geographic area of 5,157 km2 (1,991 sq mi). Chiba Prefecture borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north, Saitama Prefecture to the northwest, and Tokyo to the west.
Funabashi is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2020, the city had an estimated population of 644,668 in 309,238 households and a population density of 7500 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 85.62 square kilometres (33.06 sq mi). It is the Greater Tokyo Area's 7th most populated city, and second largest in Chiba Prefecture.
Narashino is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 175,292 in 81,985 households and a population density of 8400 persons per km². The total area of the city is 20.97 square kilometres (8.10 sq mi)
Matsudo is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 498,575 in 242,981 households and a population density of 8100 persons per km². The total area of the city is 61.38 square kilometres (23.70 sq mi).
Narita is a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 131,852 in 63,098 households and a population density of 620 persons per km². The total area of the city is 213.84 square kilometres (82.56 sq mi). It is the site of Narita International Airport, one of the two main international airports serving the Greater Tokyo Area.
Kamagaya is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2020, the city had an estimated population of 109,941 in 50,485 households and a population density of 5200 persons per km². The total area of the city is 21.08 km2 (8.14 sq mi).
Urayasu is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 170,533 in 81,136 households and a population density of 9,900 inhabitants per square kilometre (26,000/sq mi). The total area of the city is 17.30 square kilometres (6.68 sq mi). Urayasu is best known as the home of the Tokyo Disney Resort, which opened in April 1983, and the headquarters of The Oriental Land Company.
Inzai is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 105,463 in 42,388 households and a population density of 850 persons per km². The total area of the city is 123.80 square kilometres (47.80 sq mi).
Katsushika is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. The ward calls itself Katsushika City in English.
Edogawa is one of 23 special wards located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. It takes its name from the Edo River that runs from north to south along the eastern edge of the ward. In English, it uses the name Edogawa City.
Sakura is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 173,740 in 78,483 households and a population density of 1700 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 103.59 square kilometres (40.00 sq mi).
Shimōsa Province was a province of Japan in the area modern Chiba Prefecture, and Ibaraki Prefecture. It lies to the north of the Bōsō Peninsula (房総半島), whose name takes its first kanji from the name of Awa Province and its second from Kazusa and Shimōsa Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Sōshū (総州) or Hokusō (北総).
The Keisei Electric Railway Company, Ltd. is a major private railway in Chiba Prefecture and Tokyo, Japan. The name Keisei is the combination of the kanji 京 from Tokyo and 成 from Narita, which the railway's main line connects. The combination uses different readings than the ones used in the city names. The railway's main line runs from Tokyo to Narita and the eastern suburb cities of Funabashi, Narashino, Yachiyo, and Sakura. Keisei runs an airport limited express train called the Skyliner from Ueno and Nippori to Narita International Airport.
The Sōbu Main Line(Japanese: 総武本線, Japanese pronunciation: [Sōbu-honsen]) is a Japanese railway line operated by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan. It connects Tokyo with the east coast of Chiba Prefecture, passing through the cities of Funabashi, Chiba, and Chōshi. Its name derives from the old provinces of the area which it serves: Musashi, Shimōsa and Kazusa. Its official line color is navy.
Chūō Ward is one of the six wards of the city of Chiba in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, and is the seat of the city government, and the location of the prefectural government offices for Chiba Prefecture. It is also the commercial center of Chiba. As of April 2012, the ward had an estimated population of 200,157 and a population density of 4,470 persons per km². The total area was 44.81 km², making it the most populous of the six wards of Chiba city.
Chiba is the capital city of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It sits about 40 kilometres (25 mi) East of the centre of Tokyo on Tokyo Bay. The city became a government-designated city in 1992. In June 2019, its population was 979,768, with a population density of 3,605 people per km2. The city has an area of 271.77 square kilometres (104.93 sq mi).
The Hokusō Line is a commuter rail line operated by the third-sector Hokusō Railway in Japan. It runs between Keisei-Takasago Station in Katsushika, Tokyo and Inba-Nihon-Idai Station in Inzai, Chiba. It is part of the primary Keisei route between central Tokyo and Narita International Airport through the Narita Sky Access Line. It uses the ATS Type 1 system.
Minami-gyōtoku Station is an above-ground railway station on the Tokyo Metro Tozai Line in the city of Ichikawa, Chiba, Japan, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro. Its station number is T-19.
Moto-Yawata Station is a junction passenger railway station in the city of Ichikawa, Chiba, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company and Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation. It is the only station on the Toei Subway that is located in Chiba Prefecture.
Higashi-Matsudo Station is a junction passenger railway station in the city of Matsudo, Chiba, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company and the private Keisei Electric Railway and third sector Hokusō Railway.
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