Ichinomiya, Aichi

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Ichinomiya

一宮市
Ichinomiya Montage.jpg
Twin Arch 138 Ichinomiya Tanabata Festival
Bisyu Woven fabric factoryMyōkō-ji temple
Masumida Shrine
Owari Ichinomiya
Flag of Ichinomiya, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Ichinomiya, Aichi.svg
Coat of arms
Ichinomiya in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Ichinomiya in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Ichinomiya
 
Coordinates: 35°18′14″N136°48′11″E / 35.30389°N 136.80306°E / 35.30389; 136.80306 Coordinates: 35°18′14″N136°48′11″E / 35.30389°N 136.80306°E / 35.30389; 136.80306
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
First official recorded60 AD
City SettledSeptember 1, 1921
Government
  Mayor Masayasu Nakano (from February 2015)
Area
  Total113.82 km2 (43.95 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total379,654
  Density3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeRound-Leaf Holly
- Flower Chinese bellflower
Phone number0586-28-8100
Address2-5-6 Honmachi, Ichinomiya-shi, Aichi-ken 491-8501
Website Official website

Ichinomiya (一宮市, Ichinomiya-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The city is sometimes called Owarichinomiya to avoid confusion with other municipalities of the same name, including Ichinomiya (now part of the city of Toyokawa), Ichinomiya in Chiba Prefecture. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 379,654 in 161,434 households, [1] and a population density of 3,336 persons per km². The total area of the city was 113.82 square kilometres (43.95 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Ichinomiya is situated in western Aichi Prefecture, bordered by Gifu Prefecture to the west. The Kiso River and the Gojō River both flow through the city.

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Ichinomiya is 15.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1833 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 28.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.2 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Ichinomiya has increased steadily over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 162,599    
1950 187,706+15.4%
1960 258,126+37.5%
1970 296,141+14.7%
1980 335,465+13.3%
1990 346,972+3.4%
2000 362,726+4.5%
2010 375,621+3.6%

Neighboring municipalities

Aichi Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture

City scape

History

Origins

"Ichinomiya" literally means "the first shrine" of a province. In case of Owari Province, this was Masumida Shrine, which dates to the Nara period and was located close to the provincial capital in what is now the city of Inazawa.

Ichinomiya developed as a monzen-machi from the Heian period and was part of the holdings of Owari Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa Shogunate.

Meiji period

In the early Meiji period, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the town of Ichinomiya was created within Nakashima District

Ichinomiya was raised to city status on September 1, 1921.

Modern Ichinomiya

The city annexed the neighboring villages of Haguri and Nishinari in 1940, and with an additional eight surrounding municipalities (the villages of Chiaki, Tanyo, and Kitakata, and the towns of Asai, Yamato, Akiwara, Oku and a portion of Imaise) in 1955.

On April 1, 2002, Ichinomiya was designated as a special city, with increased local autonomy.

On April 1, 2005, the city was further expanded by absorbing the city of Bisai, and the town of Kisogawa (from Haguri District) which made it the fourth largest in Aichi Prefecture, after Nagoya, Toyota, and Toyohashi.

On April 1, 2021, Ichinomiya was designated as a core city, with increased local autonomy.

Government

Ichinomiya City hall Ichinomiya City Hall 2019-06 ac (1).jpg
Ichinomiya City hall

Mayor-council

Ichinomiya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members.

Prefectural Assembly

The city contributes five members to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly.

House of Representatives

In terms of national politics, the city is divided between Aichi District 9 and Aichi District 10 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Public

Police

Firefighting

Health care

Post office

Library

International relations

Sister cities

Economy

Downtown of Ichinomiya Wei Zhang Yi Gong Yi  - panoramio (4).jpg
Downtown of Ichinomiya
Ichinomiya CBD DownTown of IchinomiyaCity2.jpg
Ichinomiya CBD

Primary sector of the economy

Traditionally noted for textiles, Ichinomiya is now a regional commercial center with a mixed economy of manufacturing and agriculture.

Agriculture
Animal husbandry

Secondary sector of the economy

The Eisaku Noro Company, which produces colorful handcrafting and machine yarns for clothing, is also based here.

Tertiary sector of the economy

Kanesue has its headquarters in Ichinomiya. It moved to its current headquarters in July 1976. [5]

Shopping center

Education

Shubun University Shubun University ac.jpg
Shubun University

University

College

Primary and secondary education

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (central).svg Central Japan Railway Company
Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu

Roads

Highway

Japan National Route

Riverways

Water taxi

Local attractions

Masumida Shrine Masumida-jinja torii ac (1).jpg
Masumida Shrine
Myoko-ji Myoukouji9.jpg
Myōkō-ji
Nekojima Site Nekojima Site.JPG
Nekojima Site
Castle
Buddhist temple
Shinto shrines
Archaeological sites
Park

Notable people from Ichinomiya

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References

  1. Ichinomiya City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Ichinomiya climate data
  3. Ichinomiya population statistics
  4. 1 2 3 "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  5. "recruit.kanesue.co.jp Company profile" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2007-12-07.

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