Ida Siekmann

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Ida Siekmann
Window idasiekmann.jpg
Ida Siekmann, at the Window of Remembrance, Berlin Wall Memorial, Bernauer Straße (2011)
Born(1902-08-23)23 August 1902
Died22 August 1961(1961-08-22) (aged 58)
Cause of death Fall injuries
Body discovered Bernauer Strasse 48
52°32′25″N13°24′10″E / 52.5402°N 13.4029°E / 52.5402; 13.4029 (Site of Ida Siekmann fatality)
Resting placeUrnenfriedhof Seestraße Berlin-Wedding
52°33′08″N13°21′16″E / 52.5521°N 13.3544°E / 52.5521; 13.3544 (Location of Ida Siekmann's grave)
Monuments"Window Of Remembrance", Berlin
Known forFirst casualty at the Berlin Wall

Ida Siekmann (23 August 1902 – 22 August 1961) was a German nurse who became the first known person to die at the Berlin Wall, only nine days after the beginning of its construction.

Contents

Biography

Makarios III, President of Cyprus, at the Siekmann memorial (1962) Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013004-0001, Berlin, Staatsbesuch Prasident von Zypern.jpg
Makarios III, President of Cyprus, at the Siekmann memorial (1962)
Ida Siekmann's grave, at the Urnenfriedhof Seestrasse [de], Berlin-Wedding (2011) Idagrave.jpg
Ida Siekmann's grave, at the Urnenfriedhof Seestraße  [ de ], Berlin-Wedding (2011)
Bernauer Strasse 48 (and 47c to the far right) in June 1965. Annotations (on the Wikimedia Commons version of this page) show Ida Siekmann's front door and the window that she jumped from, three floors above the ground floor. Berlin Bernauer Strasse 48 Mahnmal Ida Siekmann 078927.jpg
Bernauer Straße 48 (and 47c to the far right) in June 1965. Annotations (on the Wikimedia Commons version of this page) show Ida Siekmann's front door and the window that she jumped from, three floors above the ground floor.

Ida Siekmann was born on 23 August 1902, in Gorken near Marienwerder, West Prussia in the German Empire (now Górki, Kwidzyn County, Poland). She had moved to Berlin where she worked as a nurse, and by August 1961 was already a widow, although it is not known when she was widowed. [1] Siekmann lived at Bernauer Straße 48 in the district of Mitte, and had a sister, Martha L., who lived only a few blocks away on Lortzingstraße. [2] [3] [4]

After World War II, Berlin was divided into four Allied sectors, and while the street and the sidewalk of the Bernauer Straße lay in the French sector of West Berlin, the frontage of the buildings on the southern side lay in the Soviet sector of East Berlin. Siekmann regularly crossed the border between the French and Soviet sectors just by leaving her house. [3] Siekmann's sister at Lortzingstraße was located in the French sector of West Berlin. [4]

Death

On 13 August 1961, East Germany began the construction of the Berlin Wall, and immediately after the border between East and West Berlin was closed numerous families and individuals from 50 Bernauer Straße addresses fled to the West. [5] On 18 August 1961, East German leader Walter Ulbricht ordered the border troops to brick up the entrances and windows on the ground floor of the buildings on the southern side of the street. Members of the Combat Groups of the Working Class and Volkspolizei controlled every person who tried to enter the houses, and the residents were subject to rigid controls, even in the hallways. Many residents of such tenements still fled to West Berlin, as residents of the upper floors were often rescued by jumping sheets held open by the West Berlin fire department. [3]

Bernauer Strasse in November 1955, including Bernauer Strasse 48, with annotations (on the Wikimedia Commons version of this page) showing Ida Siekmann's front door and the fourth-floor window that she jumped from Bundesarchiv Bild 183-33809-0001, Berlin, Bernauer Strasse, Grenze.jpg
Bernauer Straße in November 1955, including Bernauer Straße 48, with annotations (on the Wikimedia Commons version of this page) showing Ida Siekmann's front door and the fourth-floor window that she jumped from

On 21 August, the entrance and windows of Bernauer Straße 48 were being barred by the East German authorities. The following morning, the day before her 59th birthday, Siekmann threw a quilt and some possessions down onto the street in West Berlin before she jumped out of the window of her fourth-floor (by North American standards, third floor by German standards) apartment. Siekmann jumped before the firefighters were able to properly open the jumping sheet, and was severely injured when she fell on the pavement. [6] [7] [8] Siekmann died while on her way to the Lazarus Hospital shortly after the fall, thus becoming the first known casualty at the Berlin Wall. [5] [6]

Burial

Siekmann was buried at the Seestraße cemetery on 29 August; in September a memorial was erected at Bernauer Straße 48. The memorial was often visited by foreign politicians, including Robert F. Kennedy and Archbishop Makarios, to honour the victims of the Berlin Wall. [3]

The houses on the southern side of Bernauer Straße were torn down in 1963 and replaced by a concrete wall. [9] [10]

See also

Literature

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References

  1. Bild Zeitung article, "Dem Opfer der Unfreiheit", 29 August 1961 (in German).
  2. Peter Galante and Jack Miller, "The Berlin Wall" (pp 79–80), 1 January 1965, Arthur Baker Ltd., ASIN B0000CMM6U.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Biography at Chronik der Mauer.de (in German).
  4. 1 2 Hamburger Abendblatt article "In der Tasche der Toten fand man die Adresse der Schwester", 23 August 1961 (in German).
  5. 1 2 Die Erste und der Letzte Die Welt, 13 August 2010 (in German).
  6. 1 2 Sprung in den Tod Deutschlandradio Kultur (in German).
  7. Die Berliner Mauer Focus, 19 October 2009 (in German).
  8. Forscher korrigieren in neuer Studie Zahl der Mauertoten Berliner Morgenpost 8 August 2008 (in German).
  9. Berlin Wall Memorial, Clue #390
  10. Berlin Wall Memorial, Clue #397