Igloolik

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Igloolik
ᐃᒡᓗᓕᒃ
Iglulik
Igloolik Town.jpg
Igloolik
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Igloolik
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Igloolik
Coordinates: 69°23′N081°48′W / 69.383°N 81.800°W / 69.383; -81.800 [1] Coordinates: 69°23′N081°48′W / 69.383°N 81.800°W / 69.383; -81.800 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk
Electoral district Aggu
Amittuq
Government
  MayorMerlyn Recinos
   MLA Aggu Joanna Quassa
  MLA Amittuq Joelie Kaernerk
Area
 (2021) [5]
  Total104.86 km2 (40.49 sq mi)
Elevation
[6]
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2021) [5]
  Total2,049
  Density19.5/km2 (51/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code 867

Igloolik (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᒡᓗᓕᒃ, Iglulik, Inuktitut pronunciation:  [iɣ.lu.ˈlik] ) is an Inuit hamlet in Foxe Basin, Qikiqtaaluk Region in Nunavut, northern Canada. Because its location on Igloolik Island is close to Melville Peninsula, it is often mistakenly thought to be on the peninsula. The name "Igloolik" means "there is a house here". It derives from iglu, meaning house or building, and refers to the sod houses that were originally in the area, not to snow igloos. [7] In Inuktitut [8] the residents are called Iglulingmiut (the suffix miut means "people of").

Contents

History

Traditional amautiit made from seal (left) and caribou (right) are occasionally worn by infants and mothers, although fabric versions are more common today Iglulik Clothing 1999-07-18.jpg
Traditional amautiit made from seal (left) and caribou (right) are occasionally worn by infants and mothers, although fabric versions are more common today

Information about the area’s earliest inhabitants comes mainly from numerous archaeological sites on the island; some dating back more than 4,000 years. First contact with Europeans came when British Navy ships HMS Fury and HMS Hecla, under the command of Captain William Edward Parry, wintered in Igloolik in 1822.

The island was visited in 1867 and 1868 by the American explorer Charles Francis Hall in his search for survivors of the lost Franklin Expedition. In 1913, Alfred Tremblay, a French-Canadian prospector with Captain Joseph Bernier’s expedition to Pond Inlet, extended his mineral exploration overland to Igloolik, and in 1921 a member of Knud Rasmussen's Fifth Thule Expedition visited the island.

The first permanent presence by southerners in Igloolik came with the establishment of a Roman Catholic Mission in the 1930s. By the end of the decade, the Hudson's Bay Company had also set up a post on the island.

Non-indigenous establishments, such as Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) stations, day schools, and clinics, were here before they came to be in surrounding communities. The Igloolik Research Centre focuses on documenting Inuit traditional knowledge and technology, as well as climatology and seismic data research. [9]

Culture

Anthropologically, Iglulik Inuit are usually considered to be the Iglulingmiut, the Aivilingmiut, [10] and the Tununirmiut, the Inuit from northern Baffin Island, on Southampton Island, and in the Melville Peninsula. [11]

An ancient legend from the Igloolik area was adapted by Zacharias Kunuk into the award-winning Canadian film Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner in 2001. In 2004, Isuma produced the film The Journals of Knud Rasmussen which was released in September 2006 after premiering at the Toronto International Film Festival.

Igloolik is also the home-base of the only Inuit circus, Artcirq. This collective is active in video-making, music production and live circus show performances. Early in 2008, when temperatures in Igloolik were at −50 °C (−58 °F), eight members of Artcirq went to Essakane north of Timbuktu, Mali, where temperatures were 40 °C (104 °F), to perform at the Festival au Désert. [12] [13] In February 2010, six members of Artcirq represented Nunavut in performances at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia. [14]

In late 2007, the Igloolik HTO (Hunter and Trappers Organization) banned all forms of tourism (sport hunting, filming, photography, watching) related to the northern Foxe Basin walrus population for a period of two years. [15] This ban was in response to an observed decrease in walrus. The Igloolik Inuit continued to harvest walrus while the tourism ban was in place.

In 2017, documentary film maker Alan Zweig released There Is a House Here , a documentary film about his visits to the community. [16]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Igloolik
YearPop.±%
1971566    
1976675+19.3%
1981746+10.5%
1986857+14.9%
1991 936+9.2%
1996 1,174+25.4%
2001 1,286+9.5%
2006 1,538+19.6%
2011 1,454−5.5%
2016 1,744+19.9%
2021 2,049+17.5%
Source: Statistics Canada
[5] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25]

In the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, Igloolik had a population of 2,049 living in 394 of its 468 total private dwellings, a change of

Environmental concerns

Sunset in Igloolik Igloolik Sunset.jpg
Sunset in Igloolik

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation interviewed people from the region in April 2008, about their concerns over plans to ship iron ore from the nearby Steensby Inlet on Baffin Island from the Baffinland Iron Mine. [26] Jaypetee Palluq, an Igloolik resident who had been asked to serve on a Baffinland advisory committee, was concerned that the mine's operation would interfere with the traditional hunts for sea mammals, like walrus. He called on Baffinland to "find an alternate shipping route to the mine, regardless of the cost."

Paul Quassa, former mayor of Igloolik, also expressed concern, over the effect of freighters on the ice used by the walrus. He said the region was known for its highly prized aged, fermented walrus meat, a valuable export from the region.

On November 2, 2016, CBC News reported that residents were describing a hum or buzz, coming from deep within the Fury and Hecla Strait—near Steensby Inlet where Baffinland has one of its ports. [27]

Paul Quassa, Igloolik's representative to the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, said the hum had been disturbing the sea mammals community members rely on for food. [27] The hum is very loud, so loud the complement of vessels transiting the straits can hear it transmitted through the hulls, without any electronic aids. The Royal Canadian Air Force sent a Lockheed CP-140 Aurora to the area but were unable to detect the noise or the source. [28]

Climate

Igloolik has a polar climate (ET) with nine months averaging below 0 °C (32 °F). Winters are long and cold, with October being the snowiest month. Summers range from chilly to sometimes mild, with cold nights.

Climate data for Igloolik (Igloolik Airport)
Climate ID: 2402543; coordinates 69°22′N81°49′W / 69.367°N 81.817°W / 69.367; -81.817 (Igloolik Airport) ; elevation: 52.7 m (173 ft); 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex −4.2−0.6−3.90.35.618.724.324.511.23.4−0.5−1.524.5
Record high °C (°F)−1.0
(30.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.5
(34.7)
7.0
(44.6)
16.5
(61.7)
24.5
(76.1)
21.5
(70.7)
11.5
(52.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
24.5
(76.1)
Average high °C (°F)−28.4
(−19.1)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.8
(38.8)
11.2
(52.2)
8.2
(46.8)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−15.7
(3.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−10.1
(13.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−31.6
(−24.9)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
1.2
(34.2)
7.4
(45.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−8.1
(17.4)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−13.3
(8.1)
Average low °C (°F)−34.8
(−30.6)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.6
(38.5)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−16.5
(2.3)
Record low °C (°F)−47.0
(−52.6)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−13.5
(7.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−47.0
(−52.6)
Record low wind chill −60.9−65.9−58.3−48.6−35.5−21.3−4.3−10.8−17.9−49.8−49.9−56.4−65.9
Average precipitation mm (inches)6.2
(0.24)
7.8
(0.31)
12.8
(0.50)
16.7
(0.66)
14.7
(0.58)
13.2
(0.52)
28.2
(1.11)
35.1
(1.38)
27.3
(1.07)
34.5
(1.36)
14.4
(0.57)
11.6
(0.46)
222.4
(8.76)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
0.2
(0.01)
8.9
(0.35)
28.2
(1.11)
32.7
(1.29)
15.9
(0.63)
1.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
86.9
(3.42)
Average snowfall cm (inches)6.2
(2.4)
7.9
(3.1)
13.4
(5.3)
17.1
(6.7)
14.8
(5.8)
4.5
(1.8)
0.0
(0.0)
2.4
(0.9)
11.1
(4.4)
32.8
(12.9)
14.5
(5.7)
11.5
(4.5)
136.2
(53.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)4.43.86.57.06.96.39.310.19.512.47.65.889.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.10.14.49.39.75.20.40.00.029.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)4.53.86.56.96.82.10.00.54.711.27.55.660.0
Average relative humidity (%)73.380.573.279.881.478.677.8
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 [29]

Broadband communications

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Transportation

The community is served by the Igloolik Airport.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Igloolik". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Igloolik". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. "Election Results Aggu". 2021. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  4. "Election Results Amittuq". 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  6. Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  7. Igloolik, Nunavut
  8. Igloolik at the Qikiqtani Inuit Association Archived 2010-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Igloolik, NU". Alias:Arctic Logistics Information and Support. Archived from the original on 2007-08-06. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
  10. "Clothing, footwear and territory of the Caribou Inuit". aaanativearts.com. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  11. "Iglulik Inuit". everyculture.com. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
  12. "Hottest ticket in Malian capital involves the Inuit". January 9, 2008. Archived from the original on January 10, 2008.
  13. Artcirq
  14. "People Making a Difference". csmonitor.com. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
  15. "Ban on walrus tourism divides Igloolik". CBC.com. Canadian Broadcast Corporation. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 29 Nov 2022.
  16. "Trailer for Alan Zweig’s TIFF-bound ‘There is a House Here’". POV, August 15, 2017.
  17. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  18. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  19. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  20. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  21. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  22. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  23. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  24. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  25. "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  26. "Baffin Island residents resist proposed iron mine plans". CBC News. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  27. 1 2 Jimmy Thomson (2016-11-02). "Mysterious 'ping' sound from sea floor baffles Igloolik". CBC News . Retrieved 2016-11-03. Sometimes called a beep, a ping, or a hum, the sound is blamed for scaring away animals.
  28. No unusual sounds near Nunavut’s Fury and Hecla Strait, RCAF reports
  29. "Igloolik A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Climate ID: 2402543. Retrieved November 17, 2013.

Further reading