Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
|6th Head of state of Ghana*|
13 January 1972 –5 July 1978
|Deputy||None –(1972 –Oct 1975)|
Lt. Gen. F.W.K. Akuffo (1975–1978)
|Preceded by||Edward Akufo-Addo|
|Succeeded by||Lt. Gen. F.W.K. Akuffo|
|Born||23 September 1931|
|Died||16 June 1979 47) (aged|
|Years of service||1951–1978|
|Unit||Royal West African Frontier Force|
|*Head of State of a military government|
Ignatius Kutu Acheampong ( // ə-CHAM-PONG;23 September 1931 –16 June 1979) was a military head of state of Ghana who ruled from 13 January 1972 to 5 July 1978,when he was deposed in a palace coup. He was later executed by firing squad.
Acheampong was born to Catholic parents of Ashanti origin. He attended the Roman Catholic schools at Trabuom and the St Peter's school (also Catholic) at Kumasi,both in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. He attended the then Central College of Commerce at Agona Swedru in the Central Region of Ghana. [ citation needed ]He was commissioned in the Ghana Army in 1959,and served as a member of the UN peacekeepers during the Congo Crisis.
Acheampong led a bloodless coup d'état to overthrow the democratically elected government of the Progress Party and its leader Dr Kofi Busia on 13 January 1972.He became head of state and chairman of the National Redemption Council (NRC),which was later transformed into the Supreme Military Council on 9 October 1975,with Colonel Acheampong (promoted to General) as its chairman.
Notable historical changes and events introduced or implemented in Ghana during the period under Acheampong include:the change from the imperial to the metric system of measurement,change from driving on the left to right-hand traffic in "Operation Keep Right","Operation Feed Yourself" (a programme aimed at developing self-reliance in agriculture),"National Reconstruction" (aimed at promoting employment and skill for workers),face-lift projects in cities,and the reconstruction/upgrading of stadia to meet international standards.[ citation needed ]
There were,however,widespread accusations of both the encouragement and endorsement of corruption in the country under his rule.
A few months after Acheampong came to power,on 27 April 1972,former president Kwame Nkrumah died in exile. Power in Ghana had changed hands several times since Nkrumah was overthrown,and Acheampong allowed Nkrumah's body to be returned and buried on 9 July 1972 at the village of his birth,Nkroful,Ghana.
Acheampong was court martialed and executed along with General Edward Kwaku Utuka by firing squad on 16 June 1979,ten days prior to the execution of two other former heads of state,Akwasi Afrifa and Fred Akuffo,and senior military officers Joy Amedume,George Boakye,Roger Joseph Felli and Robert Kotei,following the 4 June military uprising that brought Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings and the AFRC to power who were young officers.The AFRC brought Ghana back to civilian rule in September 1979.
Acheampong was married to Faustina Acheampong. His grandson is an American football player Charlie Peprah. His other Grandson is 6'9 Fulham FC striker Yakini Acheampong.
Lieutenant General Akwasi Amankwaa Afrifa was a Ghanaian soldier,farmer,traditional ruler and politician. He was the head of state of Ghana and leader of the military government in 1969 and then chairman of the Presidential Commission between 1969 and 1970. He continued as a farmer and political activist. He was elected a member of Parliament in 1979,but he was executed before he could take his seat. He was executed together with two other former heads of state,General Kutu Acheampong and General Fred Akuffo,and five other generals,in June 1979. He was also popularly referred to by his title Okatakyie Akwasi Amankwaa Afrifa and was in addition the abakomahene of Krobo in the Asante-Mampong Traditional Area of the Ashanti Region of Ghana.
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Major General Nathan Apea Aferi was a soldier and politician in Ghana. He was a former Chief of the Defence Staff of Ghana. He also served briefly as Foreign Minister of Ghana.
Faustina Acheampong was the First Lady of the Republic of Ghana from 1972 to 1978. She was the spouse of General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong,Chairman of the National Redemption Council and Supreme Military Council and Head of state of Ghana from 1972 to 1978.
The Supreme Military Council (SMC) was the ruling government of Ghana from 9 October 1975 to 4 June 1979. Its chairman was Colonel I.K. Acheampong. He was also the Head of state of Ghana due to his chairmanship.
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Samuel Azu Crabbe was a Ghanaian barrister,solicitor and jurist. He was the fifth Chief Justice of Ghana since it became an independent nation.
Colonel Roger Joseph Atogetipoli Felli was a soldier and politician who was once the foreign minister of Ghana.
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Major General Robert Ebenezer Abossey Kotei was a soldier,politician and track and field athlete. He was once the Chief of Defence Staff of the Ghana Armed Forces and also a member of the Supreme Military Council which ruled Ghana between 1975 and 1979. He was executed in 1979,following a military coup. He also held the Ghanaian high jump record for many years.
A referendum on the system of government was held in Ghana on 30 March 1978.
Leaders of the established 1966 military coup,including army officers Colonel E.K. Kotoka,Major A. A. Afrifa,Lieutenant General (retired) J. A. Ankrah,and Police Inspector General J.W.K. Harlley,justified their takeover by charging that the CPP administration was abusive and corrupt. They were equally disturbed by Kwame Nkrumah's aggressive involvement in African politics and by his belief that Ghanaian troops could be sent anywhere in Africa to fight so-called liberation wars,even though they never did so. Above all,they pointed to the absence of democratic practices in the nation—a situation they claimed had affected the morale of the armed forces. According to General Kotoka,the military coup of 1966 was a nationalist one because it liberated the nation from Nkrumah's dictatorship—a declaration that was supported by Alex Quaison Sackey,Nkrumah's former minister of foreign affairs.
The mass media in Ghana,includes television,radio,internet publishing and newspapers.
Ghana gained independence from the British on 6 March 1957. It is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The country became a republic on July 1,1960.
1970s in Ghana details events of note that happened in Ghana in the years 1970 to 1979.
Joshua Kwabena Siaw,popularly known as J. K. Siaw,was a Ghanaian industrialist and philanthropist,who in 1969 established Tata Brewery Ltd. –now known as Guinness Ghana Breweries,also as Achimota Brewery Company (ABC). He is notable for opening the largest wholly African-owned brewery company in West Africa in 1973. In 1979 all his assets were confiscated by the AFRC regime of Ghana under false allegations of tax evasion. He died in London,in exile,in October 1986.
Gustav Koranteng-Addow (1918-1988) was the Attorney General of Ghana from 9 October 1975 to January 1979 under the Supreme Military Council.
The National Reconciliation Commission was established in January 2002 by the Parliament of Ghana. The goal of the commission was to establish an "accurate,complete and historical record of violations and abuses of human rights inflicted on persons by public institutions and holders of public office during periods of unconstitutional government." The Commission was formed after a new democratic party won the elections in 2000. The Commission covered human rights violations in Ghana from 1957 to 1993. It looked into government abuses and military coups staged by former president Jerry Rawlings. The members of the Commission worked until the end of 2004.
Lieutenant Colonel Kwame Barney Agbo is a Ghanaian soldier and politician. He was a member of the National Redemption Council (NRC) which overthrew the government of Kofi Abrefa Busia on 13 January 1972.