Ii, Finland

Last updated

Ii

Ijo
Municipality
Iin kunta
Ijo kommun
Roadsign of Ii municipality Finland.jpg
Roadsign marking the entrance to Ii. The name is printed uppercase here.
Kuivaniemi.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Ii.sijainti.suomi.2010.svg
Location of Ii in Finland
Coordinates: 65°19′N025°22′E / 65.317°N 25.367°E / 65.317; 25.367 Coordinates: 65°19′N025°22′E / 65.317°N 25.367°E / 65.317; 25.367
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Northern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Oulu Arc sub-region
Charter 1445
Government
  Municipal managerAri Alatossava
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi)
  Land1,552.54 km2 (599.44 sq mi)
  Water1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi)
Area rank 42nd largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31) [2]
  Total9,881
  Rank 100th largest in Finland
  Density6.36/km2 (16.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
[3]
   Finnish 99.5% (official)
   Swedish 0.1%
  Others0.4%
Population by age
[4]
  0 to 1422.5%
  15 to 6456.2%
  65 or older21.3%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [5] 21.5%
Website www.ii.fi

Ii (Finnish pronunciation:  [iː] ; Swedish : Ijo) is a municipality of Finland. It is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Iijoki, and it is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of 9,881 (31 March 2021) [2] and covers an area of 2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi) of which 1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi) is water. [1] The population density is 6.36/km2 (16.5/sq mi).

Contents

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Ii merged with Kuivaniemi on 1 January 2007. The formed municipality is called Ii but it adopted the coat of arms of Kuivaniemi. Ii is notable for having the shortest place name in Finland, and also one of the shortest ones in the world. The etymology is not definitively established; options are either Germanic origin or Sami origin. In the latter, it would mean "a place to stay overnight in"; cf. Northern Sami idja "night". [6]

Beginning in 2008, Ii is home to the ART Ii Biennale of Northern Environmental and Sculpture Art, an international art fair.

The city has ambition to become the first zero waste town in the world, and its mayor claims that it does not use fossil fuels for energy. [7]

People

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References

  1. 1 2 "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. Hyyryläinen, Toivo: Kahden kirjaimen pitäjä, Iin perinnekirja. Saarijärven Offset, 2006.
  7. "New generation of climate heroes". BBC News. Retrieved 22 June 2019.

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