Ikaroa-Rāwhiti

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Ikaroa-Rawhiti electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Ikaroa-Rawhiti electorate, 2014.svg
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election
Hastings Hastings CBD.JPG
Hastings

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate. It was formed for the 1999 election and held by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party until his death in 2013. A by-election to replace him was held on 29 June 2013 and was won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri, who remains the incumbent after the 2014 election.

Contents

Population centres

Gisborne Gisborne nz 1.jpg
Gisborne

As the electorate's name suggests (ika "fish", roa "long", rāwhiti "east"), Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a long electorate covering the eastern North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui).

The electorate includes the following population centres (from north to south):

In the 2013/14 redistribution, a minor boundary adjustment was undertaken. A small area, including the village of Tuia, was transferred to the Waiariki electorate. [1]

Tribal areas

The electorate includes the following tribal areas:

History

The electorate was formed for the 1999 election, which was won by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party. [2] Horomia's death on 29 April 2013 triggered a by-election, [3] which was held on 29 June and won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri. [4] The Māori Party had nominated tribal leader Na Rongowhakaata Raihania. [5] [6] and the Mana Party had selected television presenter Te Hamua Nikora as its candidate. [7] [8] The Green Party had selected environmentalist and human rights advocate Marama Davidson. [9] [10] [11] Further candidates had been Michael Appleby for the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party [9] [12] [13] plus two independent candidates. [9] Based on preliminary results, Whaitiri more than tripled her 2014 election night majority over Mana's Nikora. Also based on preliminary results, Marama Fox of the Māori Party was elected to Parliament as a list MP. [14]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     Māori   

ElectionWinner
1999 election Parekura Horomia
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2013 by-election Meka Whaitiri
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested Ikaroa-Rāwhiti. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2014 election Marama Fox

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Ikaroa-Rawhiti [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Meka Whaitiri 12,27415,23364.7
Māori Marama Fox 8,0643,05813.0
Green Elizabeth Kerekere 1,9241,143
NZ First  1,685
National  1,131
Opportunities  468
Legalise Cannabis  214
Mana  198
ACT  30
Ban 1080  28
People's Party  26
Conservative  15
Outdoors  9
Internet  5
Democrats  1
United Future  1
Informal votes603285
Total Valid votes22,86523,530
Labour holdMajority4,210

2014 election

2014 general election: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Meka Whaitiri 9,75345.18+4.28 [lower-alpha 1] 10,48947.38-2.20
Mana Te Hāmua Nikora5,08023.53-2.59
Māori Marama Fox 3,84817.83-2.032,69912.19-1.79
Green Henare Kani2,1149.79-1.362,27510.28+0.92
Independent Cathryn Eden2151.00+1.00
Expatriate Party Vicky Rose700.32+0.32
NZ First  2,49011.25-2.95
Internet Mana  2,1529.72+0.12
National  1,1895.37-0.60
Legalise Cannabis  3131.41-0.05
Conservative  1300.59+0.19
Ban 1080  250.11+0.11
ACT  240.11+0.11
Independent Coalition  110.05+0.05
United Future  60.03-0.05
Focus  40.02+0.02
Democrats  20.010.00
Civilian  20.01+0.01
Informal votes506325
Total Valid votes21,58622,136
Labour holdMajority4,67321.64-16.97

2013 by-election

The following table shows the final results of the by-election: [4]

2013 Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Meka Whaitiri 4,59040.90-19.81
Mana Te Hamua Nikora2,93126.12+11.84
Māori Na Raihania2,22919.86-3.24
Green Marama Davidson 1,25111.15+11.15
Legalise Cannabis Michael Appleby 1761.57+1.57
Independent Maurice Wairau300.27-1.64
Independent Adam Holland150.13+0.13
Total Valid votes11,222
Informal votes460.41-4.93
Turnout 11,26833.13-22.46
Registered electors 34,008
Labour holdMajority1,65914.78-22.83

2011 election

2011 general election: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Parekura Horomia 10,55860.71+9.229,05449.58-7.62
Māori Na Raihania4,01723.10-19.862,73614.98-11.91
Mana Tawhai McClutchie2,48414.28+14.281,7549.60+9.60
Independent Maurice Wairau3321.91+1.91
Green  1,7109.36+6.21
NZ First  1,5168.30+2.93
National  1,0915.97+1.12
Legalise Cannabis  2671.46+0.47
Conservative  730.40+0.40
ACT  360.20-0.04
United Future  140.08-0.01
Libertarianz  70.04+0.02
Alliance  20.01-0.004
Democrats  20.01-0.004
Informal votes928470
Total Valid votes17,39118,262
Labour holdMajority6,54137.61+29.08

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 32,951 [18]

2008 election

2008 general election: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Parekura Horomia 9,92751.49-2.2611,32857.20-1.08
Māori Derek Fox 8,28242.96+0.165,32626.89-1.17
Green Bevan Tipene1,0705.55+5.556253.16+0.63
NZ First  1,0645.37+0.64
National  9624.86+2.13
Legalise Cannabis  1960.99+0.18
Family Party  770.39+0.39
Bill and Ben  680.34+0.34
ACT  470.24+0.06
Progressive  350.18-0.12
Kiwi  250.13+0.13
United Future  170.09-0.29
Workers Party  160.08+0.08
Pacific  70.04+0.04
Libertarianz  40.02+0.01
Alliance  30.02-0.01
Democrats  30.02+0.01
RONZ  20.01-0.01
RAM  00.00±0.00
Informal votes439284
Total Valid votes19,27919,805
Labour holdMajority1,6458.53-2.29

2005 election

2005 general election: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Parekura Horomia 9,50253.75-24.3110,63958.28
Māori Atareta Poananga7,57042.80+42.805,12228.06
Destiny Tauha Te Kani6143.473601.97
NZ First  8464.63
National  4992.73
Green  4432.43
Legalise Cannabis  1470.81
United Future  700.38
Progressive  540.30
ACT  330.18
Family Rights  140.08
Christian Heritage  70.04
99 MP  50.03
Alliance  50.03
One NZ  30.02
RONZ  30.02
Democrats  20.01
Libertarianz  20.01
Direct Democracy  10.01
Informal votes472240
Total Valid votes17,68618,255
Labour holdMajority1,93210.92-61.33

1999 election

1999 general election: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti [21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Parekura Horomia 7,44240.9910,76359.03
Independent Derek Fox 6,74737.16
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,0845.972,18511.98
Alliance Des Ratima9575.271,2236.71
Mauri Pacific Rana Waitai 5903.253692.02
National Dale Stephens3762.078124.45
Future NZ Tiwha Patricia Blake2351.291700.93
Christian Heritage Peter Richard Amor2071.142311.27
Freedom Movement Jennifer Waitai-Rapana1750.96600.33
ACT Vicky Robin1390.77990.54
Mana Wahine Beverly Rewa Nicholson860.47
Natural Law Tim Irwin660.36280.15
Aroha Ngia TatouTe Aroha Mei510.28
Mana Māori  7504.11
Green  7273.99
Legalise Cannabis  7163.93
Animals First  280.15
One NZ  230.13
People's Choice  140.08
McGillicuddy Serious  130.07
United NZ  90.05
Libertarianz  80.04
NMP  30.02
Republican  10.01
South Island  10.01

Notes

  1. Change in vote percentage for candidates is relative to the 2013 by-election

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References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  2. "Hon Parekura Horomia". New Zealand Parliament. 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  3. Small, Vernon; Chapman, Kate (29 April 2013). "MP Parekura Horomia dead". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Results of the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  5. "Maori Party selects by-election candidate". 3 News NZ. 18 May 2013.
  6. "Na Rongowhakaata Raihania announced as candidate". Scoop. 18 May 2013.
  7. "Te Hamua Nikora is the MANA Party Candidate for the Ikaroa Rawhiti By-Election". Mana Movement. 22 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  8. "Mana announces Ikaroa-Rawhiti candidate". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 "Ikaroa-Rāwhiti By-election Candidates Announced". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  10. Bennett, Adam (26 May 2013). "Greens select child abuse campaigner for Ikaroa-Rawhiti". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  11. "Marama Davidson selected as Green Party candidate for Ikaroa-Rāwhiti" (Press release). Green Party. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  12. "Vote Michael Appleby in the Ikaroa Rawhiti By-election". Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  13. "Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party launch By-Election campaign" (Press release). Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party. Scoop . Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  14. Laing, Doug (20 September 2014). "Meka Whaitiri wins Ikaroa-Rawhiti". Hawke's Bay Today . Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  15. "Official Count Results -- Ikaroa-Rawhiti". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  16. 2014 Official Count Results -- Ikaroa-Rāwhiti
  17. 2011 election results
  18. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  19. 2008/electorate-65.html 2008 election results
  20. 2005 election results [ permanent dead link ]
  21. "Candidate vote details – Ikaroa-Rāwhiti". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 April 2017.

Coordinates: 39°25′00″S176°49′00″E / 39.4167°S 176.8167°E / -39.4167; 176.8167