Il trovatore discography

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This is a partial discography of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il trovatore (The Troubadour ) and Le trouvère (the revised version in French translation). At least 83 recordings exist of the opera as a whole, made between 1912 and 2011, although not all of them are absolutely complete. Of these, 45 are live audio recordings, 22 are studio audio recordings, and 16 are videos or movies. Il trovatore was first performed at the Teatro Apollo, Rome on 19 January 1853. Le trouvère was first presented on 12 January 1857.

Giuseppe Verdi 19th-century Italian opera composer

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history.

Opera artform combining sung text and musical score in a theatrical setting

Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theater. Such a "work" is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

<i>Il trovatore</i> opera by Giuseppe Verdi

Il trovatore is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez. It was Gutiérrez's most successful play, one which Verdi scholar Julian Budden describes as "a high flown, sprawling melodrama flamboyantly defiant of the Aristotelian unities, packed with all manner of fantastic and bizarre incident."

Contents

Audio

YearCast
(Manrico,
Leonora,
Azucena,
Di Luna,
Ferrando)
Conductor,
Opera house and orchestra
Label [1]
1930 Aureliano Pertile,
Maria Carena,
Irene Minghini-Cattaneo,
Apollo Granforte,
Bruno Carmassi
Carlo Sabajno,
La Scala Orchestra and Chorus, Milan
CD: Aura Music
Cat: LRC 11104-2
1930 Francesco Merli,
Bianca Scacciati,
Giuseppina Zinetti,
Enrico Molinari,
Corrado Zambelli
Lorenzo Molajoli,
La Scala Chorus and Orchestra, Milan
CD: Naxos "Historical"
Cat: 8.110162-63
1951 Giacomo Lauri-Volpi,
Maria Callas,
Cloe Elmo,
Paolo Silveri,
Italo Tajo
Tullio Serafin,
Teatro di San Carlo Orchestra and Chorus, Naples
(Recording of a performance in Naples, 27 January)
CD: Mondo Musica
Cat: MMO 91117
1952 Jussi Björling,
Zinka Milanov,
Fedora Barbieri,
Leonard Warren,
Nicola Moscona
Renato Cellini,
RCA Victor Orchestra and the Robert Shaw Chorale
CD: RCA Victor
Cat: 6643
1953 Gino Penno,
Maria Callas,
Ebe Stignani,
Carlo Tagliabue,
Giuseppe Modesti
Antonino Votto,
La Scala Chorus and Orchestra, Milan
CD: Urania
Cat: B000CS24UO
1956 Mario Del Monaco,
Renata Tebaldi,
Giulietta Simionato,
Ugo Savarese,
Giorgio Tozzi
Alberto Erede,
Grand Théâtre de Genève Orchestra and Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Chorus
CD: DECCA
Cat: 470 589-2
1956 Giuseppe Di Stefano,
Maria Callas,
Fedora Barbieri,
Rolando Panerai,
Nicola Zaccaria
Herbert von Karajan,
La Scala Orchestra and Chorus, Milan
CD: EMI Classics
Cat: 56333 & 77365
1959 Richard Tucker,
Leontyne Price,
Rosalind Elias,
Leonard Warren,
Giorgio Tozzi
Arturo Basile,
Rome Opera Orchestra and Chorus
CD: RCA Victor
Cat: 60560-2-RG
1962 Franco Corelli,
Leontyne Price,
Giulietta Simionato,
Ettore Bastianini,
Nicola Zaccaria
Herbert von Karajan,
Vienna Philharmonic and the Vienna State Opera Chorus
(Live recording of a performance at the Salzburg Festival on 31 July)
CD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 447659
1963 Carlo Bergonzi,
Antonietta Stella,
Fiorenza Cossotto,
Ettore Bastianini,
Ivo Vinco
Tullio Serafin,
La Scala Orchestra and Chorus, Milan
CD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 768402
1964 Franco Corelli,
Gabriella Tucci,
Giulietta Simionato,
Robert Merrill,
Ferruccio Mazzoli
Thomas Schippers,
Rome Opera Orchestra and Chorus
CD: EMI Classics
Cat: 763640 2
1964 Carlo Bergonzi,
Gabriella Tucci,
Giulietta Simionato,
Piero Cappuccilli,
Ivo Vinco
Gianandrea Gavazzeni,
La Scala Orchestra and Chorus, Milan
(Live recording of a performance given in Moscow in September)
CD: Opera d'Oro
Cat: 7045
1964 Bruno Prevedi,
Gwyneth Jones,
Giulietta Simionato,
Peter Glossop,
Joseph Rouleau
Carlo Maria Giulini,
Royal Opera House, Covent Garden Orchestra and Chorus
(Live recording of a performance given in London on November 26)
CD: Royal Opera House
Cat: ROHS011
1969 Plácido Domingo,
Leontyne Price,
Fiorenza Cossotto,
Sherrill Milnes,
Bonaldo Giaiotti
Zubin Mehta,
New Philharmonia Orchestra, London
CD: RCA Red Seal
Cat: 74321-39504-2
1976 Luciano Pavarotti,
Joan Sutherland,
Marilyn Horne,
Ingvar Wixell,
Nicolai Ghiaurov
Richard Bonynge,
National Philharmonic Orchestra and the London Opera Chorus
CD: Decca
Cat: 417137
1977 Franco Bonisolli,
Leontyne Price,
Elena Obraztsova,
Piero Cappuccilli,
Ruggero Raimondi
Herbert von Karajan,
Berliner Philharmoniker and Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin
CD: EMI Classics
Cat: o.69311
1978 Plácido Domingo,
Raina Kabaivanska,
Fiorenza Cossotto,
Piero Cappuccilli,
José van Dam
Herbert von Karajan,
Vienna State Opera Orchestra and Chorus
(Live recording of a performance on 1 May)
CD: RCA Red Seal
Cat: 74321 61951-2
1980 José Carreras,
Katia Ricciarelli,
Stefania Toczyska,
Yuri Mazurok,
Robert Lloyd
Sir Colin Davis,
Royal Opera House, Covent Garden Orchestra and Chorus
CD: Philips Classics
Cat: 446151
1984 Plácido Domingo,
Rosalind Plowright,
Brigitte Fassbaender,
Giorgio Zancanaro,
Yevgeny Nesterenko
Carlo Maria Giulini,
Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra and Chorus
CD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 423858
1990 Luciano Pavarotti,
Antonella Banaudi,
Shirley Verrett,
Leo Nucci,
Francesco Ellero d'Artegna
Zubin Mehta,
Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Orchestra and Chorus
(Live recording of a performance of 7 June)
CD: Decca
Cat: 430694
1991 Plácido Domingo,
Aprile Millo,
Dolora Zajick,
Vladimir Chernov,
James Morris
James Levine
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus
CD: Sony
Cat: 48070
1999 Boiko Zvetanov,
Anda-Louise Bogza,
Graciela Alperyn,
Igor Morozov,
Vladimir Kubovcik
Ivan Anguelov
Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava, National Opera Chorus
(Live recording of a performance of March)
CD: Arte Nova
Cat:
2000 Salvatore Licitra,
Barbara Frittoli,
Violeta Urmana,
Leo Nucci,
Giorgio Giuseppini
Riccardo Muti,
La Scala Orchestra and Chorus, Milan
(Live recording of performance(s) of 7 to 22 December)
CD: Sony
Cat: 89553
2001 Roberto Alagna,
Angela Gheorghiu,
Larissa Diadkova,
Thomas Hampson,
Ildebrando D'Arcangelo
Antonio Pappano,
London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices
CD: EMI Classics
Cat: 57360
2001 Andrea Bocelli,
Verónica Villarroel,
Elena Zaremba,
Carlo Guelfi,
Carlo Colombara
Steven Mercurio,
Orchestra and Chorus of the Teatro Massimo Bellini, Cantania.
CD: Decca,
Cat: 475 366-2
2011 Herbert Lippert,
Simone Kermes,
Yvonne Naef,
Miljenko Turk,
Josef Wagner
Michael Hofstetter,
Orchestra of Ludwigsburger Schlossfestspiele
CD: Oehms Classics
Cat:OC951 [2]

Video

YearCast
(Manrico,
Leonora,
Azucena,
Di Luna,
Ferrando)
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label [1]
1957 Mario Del Monaco,
Leyla Gencer,
Fedora Barbieri,
Ettore Bastianini,
Plinio Clabassi
Fernando Previtali,
RAI Milano Orchestra and Chorus
DVD: Hardy Classics
1978 Plácido Domingo,
Raina Kabaivanska,
Fiorenza Cossotto,
Piero Cappuccilli,
José van Dam
Herbert von Karajan,
Vienna Philharmonic and Vienna State Opera
DVD: TDK
Cat: DV-CLOPIT
1983 Luciano Pavarotti,
Éva Marton,
Dolora Zajick,
Sherrill Milnes,
Jeffrey Wells
James Levine,
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 0730029
1988Kenneth Collins,
Joan Sutherland,
Lauris Elms,
Jonathan Summers,
Donald Shanks
Richard Bonynge,
Elizabethan Sydney Orchestra and Australian Opera Chorus
DVD: Image Entertainment
Cat: ID931ORADVD
2002 José Cura,
Verónica Villarroel,
Yvonne Naef,
Dmitri Hvorostovsky,
Tomas Tomasson
Carlo Rizzi,
Royal Opera House Chorus and Orchestra
(Stage director:Elijah Moshinsky)
DVD:Opus Arte
Cat:OAMO6010D [3]
2010Marcelo Álvarez,
Teresa Romano,
Mzia Nioradze,
Claudio Sgura,
Deyan Vatchkov
Yuri Temirkanov,
Teatro Regio di Parma orchestra and chorus
DVD:C Major
Cat:723408 [4]
2011 Marcelo Álvarez,
Sondra Radvanovsky,
Dolora Zajick,
Dmitri Hvorostovsky,
Stefan Kocán
Marco Armiliato,
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 800165549-09

Audio: Le trouvère (1857 French version)

YearCast
(Manrique,
Léonore,
Azucena,
Le Compte de Luna,
Fernand)
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label [1]
1912Charles Fontaine,
Jane Morlet,
Catherine Lapeyrette,
Jean Noté,
Robert Marvini
François Ruhlmann
unknown?
CD: Aura Classics
Cat: AURC 1902
1962Tony Poncet,
Michèle Le Bris,
Elise Kahn,
Louis Quilico,
Bernard Gontcharenko
Jean Fournet
Orchestre des Concerts Lamoureux
Black Disc: Philips,
Cat: 837 469 (one LP)
1998 Warren Mok,
Iano Tamar,
Sylvie Brunet,
Nikola Mijailović,
Jae-Jun Lee
Marco Guidarini,
Orchestra Internazionale d'Italia and Bratislava Chamber Chorus
(Recording made at performances at the Festival della Valle d'Itria, August)
CD: Dynamic
Cat: CDS 225/1-2

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Recordings on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk
  2. "Trovatore Oehms". Naxos.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  3. "Trovatore Covent Garden". Naxos.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  4. "Trovatore Parma". Naxos.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014.

Sources