Ilaria Alpi

Last updated
Ilaria Alpi
Ilaria alpi.jpg
Ilaria Alpi
BornMay 24, 1961
DiedMarch 20, 1994 (1994-03-21) (aged 32)
Occupation Journalist

Ilaria Alpi (May 24, 1961 in Rome – March 20, 1994 in Mogadishu) was an Italian journalist [1] killed in Mogadishu, Somalia together with her camera operator Miran Hrovatin. In 2009 Francesco Fonti, a former 'Ndrangheta member, claimed that Ilaria Alpi and her cameraman were murdered because they had seen toxic waste shipped by the 'Ndrangheta arrive in Bosaso, Somalia. [2]

Contents

At the time of her murder, she was following a case of weapon and illegal toxic waste traffic in which she believed also the Italian Army and other institutions were involved. Alpi was born in Rome and worked for Italian public television broadcaster RAI.

In the 2002 movie Ilaria Alpi - Il più crudele dei giorni , directed by Ferdinando Vincentini Ornagni, she is portrayed by Giovanna Mezzogiorno.

Biography

After graduating at the high school gymnasium "Titus Lucrezio Caro" of Rome, she graduated in literature after completing language courses and Islamic culture in the Department of Oriental Studies of the Sapienza University of Rome.

Thanks to the excellent knowledge of languages (Arabic, French, English) won the first journalist writing from Cairo on behalf of Paese Sera and L'Unità. Later she won a scholarship to be taken to Rai.

She is buried in the Cemetery Flaminio in Rome.

Death

On March 20, 1994, she and Miran Hrovatin were killed in an ambush on their jeep in Mogadishu by a seven-man commando unit after returning from Bosaso, while they were in Mogadishu reporting for Rai 3.

In 2000, Somali citizen Hashi Omar Hassan was convicted and sentenced to 26 years in prison for the double murder. [3] In October 2016, a court in Perugia, Italy, reversed the conviction and Hassan was awarded more than three million euros for the wrongful conviction and nearly 17 years he had spent in prison. [4]

On 20 March 2014, 20 years after their deaths, the Italian government reportedly authorized the declassification of secret files into their deaths. [5]

In memory of Ilaria Alpi

Since 1995, awards each year in Riccione the Ilaria Alpi Award to the best Italian television investigations devoted to the issues of peace and solidarity.

The 2003 film Ilaria Alpi - Il più crudele dei giorni of Ferdinando Vicentini Orgnani recounts this tragic story.

In 1997, the Gang have dedicated the song Chi ha ucciso Ilaria Alpi? (Who killed Ilaria Alpi?), while in 2010 the Pooh wrote the song Reporter, poignant ballad on the album Dove comincia il sole dedicated to Ilaria and her illustrious colleague, Oriana Fallaci.

In 2007 he made his debut at the Prize Ilaria Alpi's monologue civil theater "The Holiday" which reconstructs the case of Ilaria and Miran. Written and performed by Marina Senesi, actress and voice of Radio 2 Caterpillar in collaboration with Sabrina Giannini, journalist of Report. In 2011, at the invitation of Don Luigi Ciotti work was represented on the stage of the "XVI Day of the memory and the commitment against the mafie" and the National Day of Libera. Associations, names and numbers against mafias.

In May 2009, Daniel Biacchessi writes the story of Ilaria Alpi in his book Passion reporter.

The ONG Emergency has titled the surgical center of Battambang, Cambodia. They were then named several streets, parks, schools, libraries and other public places. [6]

For Ilaria Alpi was named the high school of Rutigliano, in the Metropolitan City of Bari.

29 marzo 2017: the animation movie Somalia94 - The Ilaria Alpi affair by Marco Giolo, follows the last weeks of the reporter and her cameraman Miran Hrovatin.

See also

Plaques and awards

Related Research Articles

Lilli Gruber

Dietlinde "Lilli" Gruber is an Italian journalist and former politician.

Radio Farda Persian radio network

Radio Farda is the Iranian branch of the U.S. government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) external broadcast service for providing "factual, objective and professional journalism" to its audiences. It broadcasts 24 hours a day in the Persian language from its headquarters in the district Hagibor of Prague, Czech Republic.

Barbara Cupisti

Barbara Cupisti is an Italian award-winning documentary director with a long career as film actress.

Giovanna Mezzogiorno Italian actress

Giovanna Mezzogiorno is an Italian theatre and film actress.

Martin John Lars Adler was a Swedish cameraman and journalist for Aftonbladet. He was a veteran, award-winning reporter known for his war reports and foreign coverage.

Franco Cuomo was an Italian journalist and writer.

Mass media in Somalia

Mass media in Somalia includes various radio, television, print and internet outlets. The federal government operates two official radio and TV networks, which exist alongside a number of private and foreign stations. Print media in the country is progressively giving way to news radio stations and online portals, as internet connectivity and access increases. In February 2013, the Ministry of Information, Posts and Telecommunication also launched a broad-based consultative process for the reformation of media legislation.

The 'Ndrangheta, a criminal organization from Calabria, Italy, has been involved in radioactive waste dumping since the 1980s. Ships with toxic and radioactive waste were sunk off the Italian coast. In addition, vessels were allegedly sent to Somalia and other developing countries with toxic waste, including radioactive waste cargoes, which were either sunk with the ship or buried on land. The introduction of more rigorous environmental legislation in the 1980s made illegal waste dumping a lucrative business for organized crime groups in Italy. The phenomenon of widespread environmental crime perpetrated by criminal syndicates like the Camorra and 'Ndrangheta has given rise to the term "ecomafia".

Paul Moreira is a French journalist and documentary filmmaker. He is based in Paris, France. He has directed several investigative documentaries in conflict zones, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Burma, Palestine, Democratic Republic of Congo and Somalia.

Miran Hrovatin was an Italian photographer and camera operator killed in Mogadishu, Somalia together with the Italian journalist Ilaria Alpi under mysterious circumstances.

Francesco Fonti was an Italian criminal and a member of the 'Ndrangheta, a Mafia-type organisation in Calabria, who became a turncoat (pentito) collaborating with the authorities. He revealed radioactive waste dumping by the 'Ndrangheta.

Gwenlaouen Le Gouil, also known as Gwen Le Gouil,, is a French freelance camera operator for Arte in France. He is known for his award-winning video about the killing of humanitarian workers in Sri Lanka and for being kidnapped in Somalia while filming a documentary on human trafficking.

Maria Cuffaro

Maria Cuffaro is a Sicilian journalist and host of TG3. She discovered a passion for journalism collaborating with [[il Manifesto], L'Espresso, Events and Chanel 4. She has been listed in the Register of Professional Journalists since 29 October 1992.

Marcello Palmisano was an Italian journalist and reporter.

<i>The Cruelest Day</i>

The Cruelest Day is a 2003 Italian drama film directed by Ferdinando Vicentini Orgnani. It is a dramatization of the last days of life of RAI journalist Ilaria Alpi and of her cameraman Miran Hrovatin before they were killed in Mogadishu, Somalia, on March 20, 1994. For her performance Giovanna Mezzogiorno won the Nastro d'Argento for best actress.

Andrea Rocchelli was an Italian freelance photojournalist. He founded the independent photographers collective Cesura.

Hindia Haji Mohamed

Hindia Haji Mohamed,, a Somali broadcast radio and TV journalist and producer for Radio Mogadishu and Somali National Television in Mogadishu, Somalia, was one of the many journalists killed during the Somali Civil War. She and her husband Liban Ali Nur were both among the assassinated journalists making them among the few married couples worldwide killed.

Sabrina Pignedoli Italian politician

Sabrina Pignedoli is an Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament since 2019.

Maryan Seylac Somali Journalist

Maryan Seylac is a Somali journalist, women's rights activist as well as founder and Executive Director of the Somali Women Media Association (SOMWA).

References

  1. "Somalia94 - The Ilaria Alpi affair: a true story". www.somalia94.com. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  2. Establishment hit by fresh accusations in toxic waste scandal, by Phillip Willan, The Herald, September 20, 2009
  3. "Secret files into killing of Italian journalist set to be declassified - video dailymotion". Dailymotion. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  4. "Somali wrongly convicted in Alpi case gets 3 mn euros". ANSA News – ansa.it. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  5. "Secret files into killing of Italian journalist set to be declassified - video dailymotion". Dailymotion. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  6. www.ilariaalpi.it: The places of memory to...Ilaria Alpi