Ilava

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Ilava
Town
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Coat of arms
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Ilava
Location of Ilava in the Trenčín Region
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Ilava
Ilava (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°59′37″N18°14′04″E / 48.99361°N 18.23444°E / 48.99361; 18.23444 Coordinates: 48°59′37″N18°14′04″E / 48.99361°N 18.23444°E / 48.99361; 18.23444
Country Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
Region Trenčín
District Ilava
First mentioned1332
Government
  MayorViktor Wiedermann
Area
  Total24.302 km2 (9.383 sq mi)
Elevation
255 m (837 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31 [1] )
  Total5,440
  Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code
019 01
Area code(s) +421-42
Car plate IL
Website www.ilava.sk

Ilava (German : Illau, Hungarian : Illava) is a town in the Trenčín Region, northwestern Slovakia.

Contents

Name

The name is of uncertain origin. The historic medieval names were Lewe, Lewa (the same historic name as Levice), Lewa de cidca fluviom Vag, later Ilava. [2] The form Illava is known from the 19th century and was used after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. [2]

Geography

It is located in the Ilava Basin near the Váh river at the foothills of Strážovské vrchy mountains, near the cities of Považská Bystrica and Trenčín. In addition to the main settlement, it also has "boroughs" of Iliavka and Klobušice (both since 1969, latter with a Classic castle).

History

The first written reference to the town dates from 1332/1337, the town charter stems from 1339.[ citation needed ] The settlement developed below a Gothic castle (bearing the same name) from the 13th century, turned into a Renaissance fortification in the 16th century, into a monastery in 1693 and finally, in 1856, into a prison. A concentration camp was in the prison in 1938.[ citation needed ]

In 1431 was the battle of Ilava between the Hussites and Hungarians.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, the town had 5,441 inhabitants. 98.1% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 0.9% Czechs and 0.1% Roma and Hungarians. [3] The religious makeup was 87.2% Roman Catholics, 7.9% people with no religious affiliation, and 1.2% Lutherans. [3]

Notable people

Twin towns — sister cities

Ilava is twinned with: [4]

See also

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References

  1. "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. 1 2 "O menste" [About the town]. Mesto Ilava - informačný server. Mestský úrad Ilava. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  4. "Úvodná strana". ilava.sk (in Slovak). Ilava. Retrieved 2019-09-08.

Genealogical resources

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bratislava, Bytca, Slovakia"

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Ilava at Wikimedia Commons