Iller

Last updated
Iller
Illertal-2008-12-29b.jpg
Origin of the Iller (Photo from an aircraft)
Location
Country Germany
States Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - location Northern Limestone Alps
Mouth  
 - location
Danube
 - coordinates
48°22′53″N9°58′23″E / 48.38139°N 9.97306°E / 48.38139; 9.97306 Coordinates: 48°22′53″N9°58′23″E / 48.38139°N 9.97306°E / 48.38139; 9.97306
Length145.9 km (90.7 mi) [1]
Basin size2,147 km2 (829 sq mi) [1]
Discharge 
 - average90 m3/s (3,200 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression DanubeBlack Sea
İller means provinces in Turkish, see Provinces of Turkey

The Loudspeaker.svg Iller   (ancient name Ilargus) is a river of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube, 146 kilometres (91 mi) long.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.

Baden-Württemberg State in Germany

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state, with an area of 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi) and 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly sovereign, federated state which was formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen and Ulm.

Contents

It is formed at the confluence of the rivers Breitach, Stillach and Trettach near Oberstdorf in the Allgäu region of the Alps, close to the Austrian border. From there it runs northwards, passing the towns of Sonthofen, Immenstadt, and Kempten.

Breitach river in Austria (Vorarlberg) and Germany (Bavaria)

The Breitach is a 24 km long mountain river, the southwestern (left) source of the Iller in the Allgäu Alps, in the states of Vorarlberg (Austria) and Bavaria (Germany).

Stillach river in Germany

Stillach is a river of Bavaria, Germany. At its confluence with the Breitach and the Trettach in Oberstdorf, the Iller is formed.

Trettach river in Germany

Trettach is a river of Bavaria, Germany. At its confluence with the Breitach and the Stillach in Oberstdorf, the Iller is formed.

The Iller near Steinheim [de
] (district of Memmingen) Bij Steinheim, de Iller foto2 2014-07-28 13.39.jpg
The Iller near Steinheim  [ de ] (district of Memmingen)

Between Lautrach near Memmingen and Ulm it forms the border between the two German States Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg for about 50 kilometres (31 mi). The river flows into the Danube in the city centre of Ulm.

Lautrach Place in Bavaria, Germany

Lautrach is a municipality in the district of Unterallgäu in Bavaria, Germany.

Memmingen Place in Bavaria, Germany

Memmingen is a town in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is the economic, educational and administrative centre of the Danube-Iller region. To the west the town is flanked by the Iller, the river that marks the Baden-Württemberg border. To the north, east and south the town is surrounded by the district of Unterallgäu.

Ulm Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at almost 120,000 (2015), forms an urban district of its own and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Founded around 850, Ulm is rich in history and traditions as a former free imperial city. Today, it is an economic centre due to its varied industries, and it is the seat of the University of Ulm. Internationally, Ulm is primarily known for having the church with the tallest steeple in the world, the Gothic minster, and as the birthplace of Albert Einstein.

The Iller has a catchment area of 2,152 square kilometres (831 sq mi). It ranks as the seventh of Bavaria's rivers by water flow, with an average throughput of 75 cubic metres per second (2,600 cu ft/s) at Senden, a short distance upstream from the Danube. The power of the river is used for the production of hydroelectricity via eight power stations with a total net capacity of 51 MW (1998).

Senden Place in Bavaria, Germany

The town of Senden is the second-largest town of the district of Neu-Ulm in Bavaria and is located at the border to Baden-Württemberg. The town belongs to the Donau-Iller-Nahverkehrsverbund. Senden's neighbours are Neu-Ulm in the north, Weißenhorn in the east, Vöhringen in the south and Illerkirchberg in the west.

Hydroelectricity electricity generated by hydropower

Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower. In 2015, hydropower generated 16.6% of the world's total electricity and 70% of all renewable electricity, and was expected to increase about 3.1% each year for the next 25 years.

A bicycle route follows the Iller, which is also a popular location for rafting and trekking.

See also

Sources

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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Unterallgäu District in Bavaria, Germany

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Ulm Hauptbahnhof railway station in Ulm, Germany

Ulm Hauptbahnhof is the main station in the city of Ulm, which lies on the Danube, on the border of the German states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria in the Danube-Iller region.

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Obere Argen river in Germany

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Untere Argen river in Germany

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Kißlegg–Hergatz railway railway line

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Leutkirch–Memmingen railway railway line

The Leutkirch–Memmingen railway is a 31.540 km long, single-track, non-electrified railway in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, which connects Leutkirch and Memmingen.

References

  1. 1 2 Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (xls, 10.3 MB)