Origin of the Iller (Photo from an aircraft)
|⁃ location||Northern Limestone Alps|
|Length||145.9 km (90.7 mi)|
|Basin size||2,147 km2 (829 sq mi)|
|⁃ average||90 m3/s (3,200 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Danube→ Black Sea|
It is formed at the confluence of the rivers Breitach, Stillach and Trettach near Oberstdorf in the Allgäu region of the Alps, close to the Austrian border. From there it runs northwards, passing the towns of Sonthofen, Immenstadt, and Kempten.
Between Lautrach near Memmingen and Ulm it forms the border between the two German States Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg for about 50 kilometres (31 mi). The river flows into the Danube in the city centre of Ulm.
The Iller has a catchment area of 2,152 square kilometres (831 sq mi). It ranks as the seventh of Bavaria's rivers by water flow, with an average throughput of 75 cubic metres per second (2,600 cu ft/s) at Senden, a short distance upstream from the Danube. The power of the river is used for the production of hydroelectricity via eight power stations with a total net capacity of 51 MW (1998).
A bicycle route follows the Iller, which is also a popular location for rafting and trekking.
Swabia is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.
Württemberg, a hilly rather than a mountainous region, forms part of the South German tableland, also referred to as the Swiss plateau. The undulating fertile terraces of Upper and Lower Swabia typify this agricultural region. Estimates of land form proportions count a quarter of the entire area as plain, less than one-third as mountainous, and nearly one-half as hill-country.
Alb-Donau-Kreis is a Landkreis (district) in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Biberach, Reutlingen, Göppingen and Heidenheim, the two Bavarian districts Günzburg and Neu-Ulm, and the city of Ulm.
The Lech is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube 255 kilometres (158 mi) in length with a drainage basin of 3,919 square kilometres (1,513 sq mi). Its source is located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, where the river rises from lake Formarinsee in the Alps at an altitude of 1,870 metres (6,120 ft). It flows in a north-north-easterly direction and crosses the German border, forming the Lechfall, a 12-metre-high (39 ft) waterfall; afterwards the river enters a narrow gorge. Leaving the Alps, it enters the plains of the Allgäu at Füssen at an elevation of 790 metres (2,580 ft) in the German state of Bavaria, where it used to be the location of the boundary with Swabia. The river runs through the city of Füssen and through the Forggensee, a man-made lake which is drained in winter. Here, it forms rapids and a waterfall.
The Salzach is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Inn and is 227 kilometres (141 mi) in length, its flow eventually joins the Danube. Its drainage basin of 6,829 km2 (2,637 sq mi) comprises large parts of the Northern Limestone and Central Eastern Alps. 83% of its drainage basin lies in Austria, the remainder in Germany (Bavaria). Its largest tributaries are Lammer, Berchtesgadener Ache, Saalach, Sur and Götzinger Achen.
Unterallgäu is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. Neighboring districts are Neu-Ulm, Günzburg, Augsburg, Ostallgäu, Oberallgäu, and the districts Ravensburg und Biberach in Baden-Württemberg. The district-free city Memmingen in the west of the district is nearly surrounded by the district. The capital of the district is Mindelheim.
Southern Germany as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. That corresponds roughly to the historical stem duchies of Bavaria and Swabia or, in a modern context, to Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg within the Federal Republic of Germany, to the exclusion of the areas of the modern states of Austria and Switzerland. The Saarland and the southern parts of Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate are sometimes included as well and correspond to the historical Franconia.
Upper Swabia is a region in Germany in the federal states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. The name refers to the area between the Swabian Jura, Lake Constance and the Lech. Its counterpart is Lower Swabia (Niederschwaben), the region around Heilbronn.
Ulm Hauptbahnhof is the main station in the city of Ulm, which lies on the Danube, on the border of the German states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria in the Danube-Iller region.
The Ludwig South-North railway (Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn), built between 1843 and 1854, was the first railway line to be constructed by Royal Bavarian State Railways. It was named after the king, Ludwig I, whose infrastructure priorities had earlier been focused less on railway development than on his Main-Danube canal project.
The Danube is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.
The history of railways in Württemberg describes the beginnings and expansion of rail transport in Württemberg from the first studies in 1834 to today.
The Alb is a river in the Northern Black Forest in Germany. It is a tributary of the Rhine, and flows through the cities of Karlsruhe, Ettlingen and Bad Herrenalb.
The Argen is a river in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It flows into Lake Constance between Kressbronn am Bodensee and Langenargen as the third largest tributary to the lake. It is 23.4 kilometres (14.5 mi) long; if one includes the Obere Argen and its source river Seelesgraben, the combined length is 73.2 kilometres (45.5 mi).
The Obere Argen is a river in southwestern Bavaria and southeastern Baden-Württemberg in Germany.
Schwarzenbach is a river of Baden-Württemberg and of Bavaria, Germany.
Untere Argen is a river of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria, Germany. Its source is near the village Börlas in southwestern Bavaria. It passes along Isny im Allgäu and Wangen im Allgäu. At its confluence with the Obere Argen near Neukirch, the Argen is formed.
The Adelegg is a forested, mountain range, up to 1,129 m above sea level (NN) and 112 km² in area, which is part of the northern foothills of the Alps, within the Westallgäu in the south German districts of Ravensburg and Oberallgäu.
The Kißlegg–Hergatz railway is an 18.589 km long standard gauge main line in the Allgäu in the German states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. It runs from Kißlegg via Wangen to Hergatz and connects the Württemberg Allgäu Railway with the Bavarian Allgäu Railway. The line is not electrified and is all single-track. It is operated by Deutsche Bahn and is shown in its timetable as part of route number 753 from Aulendorf to Hergatz, which is alternatively called the Württemberg-Allgäu-Bahn and part of route number 971 from Augsburg to Lindau. The Kißlegg–Wangen section is also integrated in the network of the Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund.
The Leutkirch–Memmingen railway is a 31.540 km long, single-track, non-electrified railway in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, which connects Leutkirch and Memmingen.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Iller .|
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