Imereti

Last updated
Imereti
იმერეთი
Imereti in Georgia (disputed hatched).svg
Overlapping borders of de jure Imereti region and de facto South Ossetia [nt 1]
Country Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia
Capital Kutaisi
Government
  Governor Zviad Shalamberidze [1] (Georgian Dream)
Area
[2]
  Total6,680 km2 (2,580 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [3]
  Total481,473
  Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code GE-IM
Districts11 districts, 1 city
HDI (2017)0.810 [4]
very high · 3rd
Website imereti.ge

Imereti (Georgian: იმერეთი) is a region of Georgia situated in the central-western part of the republic along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni River. Imereti is the most populous region in Georgia. It consists of 11 municipalities and the city of Kutaisi, which is the capital of the region.

Contents

Subdivisions

The Imereti region has one self governing city (Kutaisi) and 11 municipalities with 163 administrative communities (temi), totalling to 549 populated settlements:

MapMunicipality
IM-ka.svg
City of Kutaisi
Baghdati Municipality
Vani Municipality
Zestafoni Municipality
Terjola Municipality
Samtredia Municipality
Sachkhere Municipality
Tqibuli Municipality
Chiatura Municipality
Tsqaltubo Municipality
Kharagauli Municipality
Khoni Municipality

Economy

Aside from the capital Kutaisi, significant towns and regional centres include Samtredia, Chiatura (manganese production centre), Tkibuli (coal mining centre), Zestafoni (known for metals production), Vani, Khoni, and Sachkhere. Traditionally, Imereti is an agricultural region, known for its mulberries and grapes.

Demographics

The 800,000 Imeretians speak a Georgian dialect; they are one of the local culture-groups of the ethnically subdivided Georgian people.

Demographic

Population development of the region Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti [5]
19591970197919892002*2002**20142021
ImeretiIncrease2.svg 651,959Increase2.svg 718,558Increase2.svg 739,189Increase2.svg 772,251Decrease2.svg 699,410Decrease2.svg 632,126Decrease2.svg 533,906Decrease2.svg 481,473
City of Kutaisi Increase2.svg 128,203Increase2.svg 162,787Increase2.svg 194,297Increase2.svg 234,870Decrease2.svg 185,965-Decrease2.svg 147,635Decrease2.svg 134,378
Baghdati Municipality Increase2.svg 29,560Increase2.svg 30,973Decrease2.svg 30,056Decrease2.svg 29,053Increase2.svg 29,235-Decrease2.svg 21,582Decrease2.svg 18,363
Chiatura Municipality Increase2.svg 64,562Increase2.svg 72,059Decrease2.svg 69,582Decrease2.svg 68,501Decrease2.svg 56,341-Decrease2.svg 39,884Decrease2.svg 38,231
Kharagauli Municipality Increase2.svg 36,486Decrease2.svg 35,591Decrease2.svg 31,948Decrease2.svg 28,702Decrease2.svg 27,885-Decrease2.svg 19,473Decrease2.svg 18,571
Khoni Municipality Increase2.svg 32,548Increase2.svg 32,718Increase2.svg 37,968Decrease2.svg 34,979Decrease2.svg 31,749-Decrease2.svg 23,570Decrease2.svg 21,123
Sachkhere Municipality***Increase2.svg 38,202Increase2.svg 45,552Decrease2.svg 44,859Increase2.svg 44,968Increase2.svg 46,590-Decrease2.svg 37,775Decrease2.svg 34,848
Samtredia Municipality Increase2.svg 62,556Increase2.svg 67,141Decrease2.svg 65,400Decrease2.svg 64,504Decrease2.svg 60,456-Decrease2.svg 48,562Decrease2.svg 43,448
Terjola Municipality Increase2.svg 43,847Increase2.svg 46,438Decrease2.svg 44,709Decrease2.svg 44,019Increase2.svg 45,496-Decrease2.svg 35,563Decrease2.svg 31,427
Tqibuli Municipality Increase2.svg 44,411Decrease2.svg 42,733Decrease2.svg 39,451Decrease2.svg 36,686Increase2.svg 31,132-Decrease2.svg 20,839Decrease2.svg 17,898
Tsqaltubo Municipality Increase2.svg 62,389Increase2.svg 67,086Increase2.svg 69,738Increase2.svg 75,061Increase2.svg 73,889-Decrease2.svg 56,883Decrease2.svg 46,803
Vani Municipality Increase2.svg 40,999Increase2.svg 41,505Decrease2.svg 38,346Decrease2.svg 35,369Decrease2.svg 34,464-Decrease2.svg 24,512Decrease2.svg 21,241
Zestafoni Municipality Increase2.svg 68,196Increase2.svg 73,975Decrease2.svg 72,835Increase2.svg 75,539Increase2.svg 76,208-Decrease2.svg 57,628Decrease2.svg 55,142
* Research after 2014 census showed the 2002 census was inflated by 8-9 percent. [6]
**Corrected data based on retro-projection 1994-2014 in collaboration with UN [7]
*** Part of Sachkhere is outside Georgian government authority and has not been counted since 2002.

History

In late antiquity and early Middle Ages the ancient western Georgian kingdom of Egrisi existed on the territory of Imereti. Its king declared Christianity as an official religion of Egrisi in 523 AD. In 975-1466 Imereti was part of the united Georgian Kingdom. Since its disintegration in the 15th century, Imereti was an independent kingdom.

In the 17th-18th centuries, the kingdom of Imereti experienced frequent invasions by the Turks and paid patronage to the Ottoman Empire until 1810, when it was invaded and annexed by the Russian Empire. The last King of Imereti was Solomon II (1789-1810).

From 1918 to 1921, Imereti was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. Within the USSR, the region was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR from 1922–1936, and part of the Georgian SSR from 1936–1991. Since Georgian independence in 1991, Imereti has been a region of Georgia with Kutaisi as the regional capital.

See also

Notes

  1. South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

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Zestaponi Town in Imereti, Georgia

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References

  1. "New Governor of Imereti Appointed".
  2. Nominal area 6,680 km², de facto controlled by Georgia 6,415 km².
  3. "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat). Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  4. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. "Divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  6. "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  7. "Retro-projection of main demographic indicators for the period 1994-2014". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2018-05-18. pp. 3, Table 1. Retrieved 2022-02-04.

Coordinates: 42°10′N42°59′E / 42.167°N 42.983°E / 42.167; 42.983