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On 12 March 2020, all schools, colleges and childcare facilities in the Republic of Ireland were shut down in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The shutdown resulted in the cancellation of the 2020 Leaving Certificate and 2020–2021 Junior Certificate examinations, as well as all 2020–2021 Irish language summer courses in the Gaeltacht.
Initially, some schools around the country were closed and pupils were instructed to self-isolate.
On 12 March, Taoiseach Leo Varadkar—speaking from Washington, D.C. where he was meeting U.S. President Donald Trump—announced the closure of all schools, colleges and childcare facilities across Ireland until at least 29 March.On 1 May, Taoiseach Leo Varadkar announced that all schools would remain closed until September 2020.
On 21 March, State broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) announced that it would begin showing "school" live on the television programme Home School Hub .The broadcasts began on Monday 30 March, aimed at children attending 1st–6th class of primary school (i.e. roughly 6–12 years of age).
On 24 March, Minister for Education Joe McHugh confirmed that schools would not be reopening on 30 March as had been the official deadline until then.
On 2 April, the Department of Education deferred the introduction of its "School Inclusion Model" for the allocation of Special Needs Assistants (SNAs) in schools that had been scheduled for September 2020, citing cancellations of meetings due to COVID-19 and the absence of therapists called to assist the Health Service Executive (HSE) in its battle against the pandemic.Also on 2 April, RTÉ announced it would—on weekend mornings—televise those plays of William Shakespeare on the Junior and Leaving Certificate syllabi to cater for English students at secondary school who had been prevented from attending a live theatre performance ahead of their exam.
Headfort School in Kells, County Meath, the country's only private boarding school for children receiving primary education, was forced to shut due to debts worsened by the pandemic.
With the virus affecting pupils transitioning from secondary education, a school in County Monaghan held a drive-in ceremony to bid farewell to its departing pupils.
On 17 December, Minister for Education Norma Foley announced that schools would not close early for Christmas—nor would they reopen later than planned after Christmas—as there was no evidence or recommendation from public health authorities to do so.
On 24 July, Taoiseach Micheál Martin and Minister for Education Norma Foley announced that all schools would fully reopen in August 2020.A comprehensive plan was brought to Cabinet on Monday 27 July detailing a package of measures and resources, which was subsequently published online.
On 7 August, updated guidelines was published by the Department of Education, which stated that all teachers in both primary and secondary schools and students in secondary school would be required to wear face coverings when a physical distance of two metres could not be maintained.
On 20 August, the Department of Education confirmed that buses for second-level students would run at 50% capacity.
On 24 August, the Health Service Executive, Department of Health and the Department of Education released advice to parents about when students should be kept home from school and when they could attend ahead of the return of schools.The advice lists four scenarios where a child should not be sent to school. They are when a child has a temperature of 38 degrees or more, any other common symptoms of COVID-19 such as a new cough, loss or changed sense of taste or smell, or shortness of breath, been in close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 or been living with someone who is unwell and may have COVID-19.
Speaking on RTÉ's Prime Time on 25 August, Minister for Education Norma Foley stated that students who refuse to wear a face covering, other than for medical reasons, would be sent home from secondary schools.
On 26 July 2021, Minister for Education Norma Foley stated that she was confident that a full reopening of schools from late August and early September would go ahead as planned.
On 25 August, a row over the return to school of teachers in early stages of pregnancy intensified after the three teacher unions condemned the Minister for Education and the Department of Education for the "failure to provide alternative time-bound working arrangements for teachers who have been ineligible to receive vaccines."
On 27 July 2020, Taoiseach Micheál Martin, Minister for Education Norma Foley and Minister of State for Special Education and Inclusion Josepha Madigan announced a €376 million support package and roadmap on how to reopen all schools in Ireland at the end of August which includes additional teachers and special needs assistants, personal protective equipment and stepped-up cleaning regimes.
The package of €376 million includes:
On the first day of reopening schools in Ireland – 1 September, a primary school class in Dublin was sent home after one pupil tested positive for COVID-19.On 2 September, a second primary school class in Dublin was sent home after a number of pupils tested positive for COVID-19. Also on 2 September, a primary school in County Clare closed for one week after a number of staff members were identified as close contacts of a case of COVID-19. On 3 September, one primary school and one secondary school in County Kerry sent a number of students home after students tested positive for COVID-19.
From 7–20 September, 6 cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in two counties—Corkand Westmeath —while several schools around the country closed from October 2020 due to multiple cases of COVID-19, in accordance with the Department of Education and the Health Service Executive (HSE).
On 13 September, a primary school in Rathcormac, County Cork became the third school in County Cork to confirm a case of COVID-19.
On 8 October, a secondary school in Longford announced its closure due to a confirmed case of COVID-19.
On 9 October, University College Cork confirmed several cases of COVID-19 amongst students in a UCC-run student accommodation.
On 25 November, all staff and students at a Gaelscoil primary school in Glanmire, County Cork began restricting their movements until 8 December, after 17 cases of COVID-19 was confirmed there, resulting in the closure of the school.
On 11 December, two primary schools in counties Laois and Mayo closed early for the Christmas holidays due to an increase in COVID-19 cases among students.
On 16 December, all pupils at a primary school in Killorglin, County Kerry began to restrict their movements after 17 people tested positive for COVID-19.
On the first day of reopening schools on 1 March 2021, following another period of remote learning, a school in north Dublin confirmed a case of COVID-19 as parents received an urgent letter from the school.A secondary school in Cork confirmed a case of COVID-19 while a south Dublin school announced its closure due to a confirmed case of COVID-19 just one day after schools reopened.
On 22 March, a primary school in Carrick-on-Suir, County Tipperary closed after two positive cases of COVID-19 were confirmed.On the next day on 23 March, six classes were sent home from a primary school in County Longford after five cases of COVID-19 were confirmed, and a class was sent home following an outbreak of COVID-19 at a primary school in Dublin. On 26 March, a number of students were asked to stay at home after multiple cases of COVID-19 were confirmed at a secondary school in Limerick.
On 2 April, a COVID-19 outbreak of 15 cases was confirmed in a special school in Clontarf, Dublin.
On 23 April, a COVID-19 outbreak resulted in all Leaving Certificate students being sent home from a secondary school in Letterkenny, County Donegal.
On 27 April, a primary school in County Offaly closed following confirmation of 23 cases of COVID-19.
On 19 June, a primary school in County Offaly confirmed a suspected case of the Delta variant with the children told to self isolate at home.
After schools reopened for the new 2021/2022 academic year, the HSE's lead for testing and tracing Niamh O'Beirne revealed that around 800 schools reported a positive COVID-19 case since they reopened, with 500 in primary schools and 300 in secondary schools.By 8 September, the number of children restricting their movements as a result of being designated a close contact of a COVID-19 case increased to 16,000, after more than 100 schools contacted the HSE over cases among pupils.
On 18 October, a primary school in County Wexford closed until after the mid-term break in November after 34 cases of COVID-19 were detected at the school.One day later on 19 October, a primary school in County Wicklow closed over concerns at a high incidence of COVID-19 at the school.
On 9 October, the Department of Education announced that no decision had been made in relation to extending school closures over the mid-term break by one week, following a report from the Irish Independent which stated that the mid-term break for schools was expected to be extended.
On 11 October, speaking on RTÉ's This Week , Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced that there would not be an extension to the upcoming school mid-term break at the end of October.
All schools remained closed after the Christmas break, following the government's announcement to move the entire country to full Level 5 lockdown restrictions from 30 December until 31 January 2021 at the earliest.
On 6 January 2021, the Government of Ireland agreed to postpone the reopening of all schools until February 2021 with Leaving Certificate students allowed to attend school for three days a week.One day after the announcement, the Government was forced to abandon plans for Leaving Certificate students to attend school on three days a week, and instead students would return to homeschooling along with other students until February, after the Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland (ASTI) directed its members not to return to in-school teaching.
On 19 January, the Government was forced to abandon plans to reopen special schools on Thursday 21 January for thousands of children with special educational needs following safety concerns among staff unions.
On 22 January, speaking on RTÉ's Morning Ireland, Chief Clinical Officer of the Health Service Executive (HSE) Colm Henry stated that COVID-19 transmission levels remain too high for schools to reopen in February.
On 26 January, talks between the Department of Education and unions continued with hopes that schools would be able to reopen on a phased basis between February and March.
On 1 February, the Department of Education agreed to reopen special schools with 50% capacity on Thursday 11 February and special classes in mainstream schools on Monday 22 February.On Thursday 11 February, up to 4,000 children with additional educational needs returned to in-person education as special schools nationwide reopened their doors, under plans agreed between the Department of Education and teacher and SNA trade unions.
On 10 February, Minister for Education Norma Foley and Minister of State for Special Education and Inclusion Josepha Madigan announced details of a return to in-school teaching and learning for students attending special classes in secondary schools from Monday 22 February, after a deal was agreed between teacher and SNA trade unions and the Department of Education.On 22 February, special classes in mainstream primary and secondary schools reopened as the phased reopening of schools continued.
Under the Government of Ireland's new revised Living with COVID-19 plan called "The Path Ahead" published on 23 February, junior and senior infants, 1st and 2nd classes, along with Leaving Certificate students returned to in-school teaching and learning from 1 March, while the rest of primary school classes and 5th Year students returned from 15 March, and 1st to 4th years returned from 12 April, after the Easter holidays.
|8 March||Resumption of the ECCE programme and return to school of ECCE-age children|
|29 March||Early learning and care, and school-age childcare services to reopen|
|12 April||1st to 4th years to return to school|
On 1 March, over 320,000 junior primary school pupils and Leaving Certificate students nationwide returned to school for the first time since Christmas.On 8 March, around 100,000 children returned to pre-school under the Early Childhood Care and Education Scheme. On 15 March, over 350,000 remaining primary school pupils and fifth year students nationwide returned to school for the first time since Christmas. On 12 April, over 300,000 1st to 4th year students nationwide returned to school for the first time since Christmas as the phased easing of Level 5 restrictions commenced.
On 19 March, Minister for Education Joe McHugh announced the cancellation of Leaving and Junior Certificate oral and practical exams, with all students given top marks.On 10 April, McHugh announced the postponement of Leaving Certificate written exams until late July/August, and that Junior Cycle examinations due to take place in June would be replaced by school-based exams and assessments held early in the new school year. On 23 April, McHugh confirmed in the Dáil that Leaving Certificate examinations would begin on 29 July. On 29 April, McHugh announced that all third-year Junior Cycle students would receive a certificate of completion and a report on achievement and that the decision to hold school-based exams and assessments early in the new school year was abandoned.
On 8 May, McHugh announced the cancellation of the Leaving Certificate examinations.A guide to calculated grades that included four layers was published online by the Department of Education on 8 May. The calculated grades system was initially rejected by the Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland, but was later agreed after further clarification was made by McHugh.
On 16 July, Minister for Education Norma Foley announced that Leaving Certificate results would be published on 7 September, three weeks later than usual.After the announcement, the Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland described the way that the time of the Leaving Certificate results being released as 'disappointing'. On 26 August, Foley announced that the postponed Leaving Certificate written examinations would begin on Monday 16 November for those who couldn't get calculated grades. On 1 September, Foley announced that under 17% of Leaving Certificate grades calculated by schools would be reduced and 4% would be increased. On 7 September, over 61,000 students received their Leaving Certificate exam results with grades significantly higher than any other year on record. On 2 February 2021, over 2,000 students who sat the postponed written Leaving Certificate exams in November 2020 received their results, with over 40% of the grades higher than the calculated grades students had received.
On 30 September, Taoiseach Micheál Martin announced that two coding errors were identified in the Leaving Certificate calculated grades system.Speaking at a press briefing at the Department of Education, Minister for Education Norma Foley apologised and announced that around 7,200 students were affected, receiving a higher grade than they should have while some students received a lower grade. On 3 October, following a review of the calculated grades system, the Department of Education confirmed that 6,100 students were affected by the errors and would receive improved grades. On the same day, Minister for Education Norma Foley announced that a third error was identified.
On 5 February 2021, Minister for Education Norma Foley announced a new phase of planning for the Leaving Certificate examinations.On 11 February, the Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland (ASTI) withdrew from discussions with the Department of Education on the Leaving Certificate 2021 after it said that the plan being developed would not provide a "meaningful Leaving Certificate" for students. Two days later on 13 February, the ASTI re-joined discussions with the Department of Education on the Leaving Certificate 2021 after pulling out on 11 February. On 17 February, Minister for Education Norma Foley confirmed that Leaving Certificate examinations would proceed with students given the option between a modified version of calculated grades or written exams, while Junior Certificate examinations were cancelled for a second year in a row.
On 9 March, Minister for Education Norma Foley lost her appeals against findings that two home-schooled students were unfairly excluded from the Leaving Certificate calculated grades process.
On 24 March, the State Examinations Commission and Minister for Education Norma Foley issued new guidelines to schools advising that face coverings would be required during the Leaving Certificate oral exams, which begin on Friday 26 March.
On 2 June, the Department of Education announced that Leaving Certificate results would be delayed for a second year in a row, with students to receive their results on 3 September.On 3 September, over 61,000 students received their Leaving Certificate exam results with grades significantly higher compared to 2020, with the number of students achieving H1s in some popular subjects rising by more than 7 percentage points.
On the day CAO offers released on 7 September, an error was discovered in the Leaving Certificate grading process, affecting 1,800 students who sat the Leaving Certificate Applied programme.
Trinity College Dublin cancelled lectures in March and moved to online delivery.
On 6 April, Galway's University held the first non-physical online graduation ceremonies in its history, after bringing forward the examinations of 190 medical students to send them into service in hospitals with immediate effect.Michael Ryan, the Irish-born Executive Director of the World Health Organization's Health Emergencies Programme, addressed those graduating from what was also the university where he studied. The university also held another similar online ceremony two days later. University College Cork held its first non-physical online graduation ceremony on 17 April (a date also brought forward for the same reason), with Taoiseach Leo Varadkar addressing them through a video link and asking anyone from overseas to stay in Ireland, because "everyone graduating this year" would be guaranteed an internship as a result of the virus.
In May, researchers at Galway were reported to have developed a smartphone social distancing app which set off a vibrator if people were too close to each other for too long, with it being possible to suspend the vibrator if movement is not possible.
In June, some universities either had (Galway) or were intending to (Dublin) refund rent fees to students (Galway also vowed to reduce the cost of its on-campus accommodation for the following academic year). However, Cork reduced its lease by only three weeks for the following academic year and Dublin's second university gave no comment on its intentions.
On 25 September, Minister for Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science Simon Harris announced that all higher education institutions had been asked to deliver lectures remotely where possible for the next two weeks.
Since October 2020, all further and higher education institutions across the country moved classes primarily online due to Level 5 lockdown restrictions,however buildings of universities and colleges were allowed to remain open to students and staff after the government granted higher-education institutions "essential service" status under the country's Level 5 lockdown.
On 16 February 2021, it was announced that two universities in Galway and Limerick had been hit by major COVID-19 outbreaks of up to nearly 250 confirmed cases due to students breaching Level 5 lockdown regulations, which caused clusters of infection involving up to 40 people.
On 3 June, speaking on RTÉ's Morning Ireland , Minister for Further and Higher Education Simon Harris stated that he expected students and staff to be back on campus for the new academic year of 2021/22.
The Royal Irish Academy of Music (RIAM), which had announced the cancellation of its spring and summer music exams on 12 March, announced on 8 April that it would allow online submissions of home-recorded exam performances in June 2020.
On 20 April, the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht announced that all summer Irish language college courses scheduled for the various Gaeltacht regions throughout the country were cancelled, with the counties of Donegal and Galway particularly affected.
In January 2021, the pandemic forced the annual Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition online for the first time.
On 7 May, the Department of Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport and Media announced that all summer Irish language college courses in the Gaeltacht were cancelled for a second year running.
On 22 September, following advice from Chief Medical Officer Tony Holohan, asymptomatic primary school children and those in childcare facilities identified as close contacts of a confirmed case of COVID-19 would no longer have to restrict their movements or get tested from Monday 27 September.
The Leaving Certificate Examination, commonly referred to as the Leaving Cert, is the final exam of the Irish secondary school system and the university matriculation examination in Ireland. It takes a minimum of two years' preparation, but an optional Transition Year means that for those students it takes place three years after the Junior Certificate Examination. These years are referred to collectively as "The Senior Cycle." Most students taking the examination are aged 16–20; in excess of eighty percent of this group undertake the exam. The Examination is overseen by the State Examinations Commission. The Leaving Certificate Examinations are taken annually by approximately 55,000 students.
The levels of Ireland's education are primary, secondary and higher education. In recent years further education has grown immensely. Growth in the economy since the 1960s has driven much of the change in the education system. For universities there are student service fees, which students are required to pay on registration, to cover examinations, insurance and registration costs.
Ardscoil Rís is a boys' secondary school on Griffith Avenue, Dublin, Ireland. The school caters for approximately 570 students every year.
Colm O'Rourke is a secondary school principal, sports broadcaster, columnist and former Gaelic footballer. His league and championship career at senior level with the Meath county team spanned twenty years from 1975 to 1995.
Thomas Byrne is an Irish Fianna Fáil politician and qualified solicitor who was appointed Minister of State for European Affairs by Taoiseach Micheál Martin in July 2020. He has served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for Meath East from 2007 to 2011, and subsequently since 2016, during which period he held the position of Dáil Éireann opposition front bench spokesperson for Education and Skills. From 2011 to 2016, he was elected as a senator for the Cultural and Educational Panel, and worked as Seanad Éireann opposition front bench spokesperson for both Public Expenditure & Reform and Health, respectively.
Junior Cycle is the first stage of the education programme for post-primary education within the Republic of Ireland. It is overseen by the State Examinations Commission of the Department of Education, the State Examinations Commission and the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA).
Events during the year 2020 in Ireland. As in most of the world, the COVID-19 pandemic dominated events in Ireland during this year.
The COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland is part of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus reached the country in late February 2020 and within three weeks, cases had been confirmed in all counties. The pandemic affected many aspects of society. The government shut all schools, colleges, childcare facilities and cultural institutions on 12 March 2020. All large gatherings were cancelled, including St Patrick's Day festivities two years running. On 24 March 2020, almost all businesses, venues and amenities were shut, and on 27 March, the first stay-at-home order banned all non-essential travel and contact with other people. The elderly and those with certain illnesses were told to cocoon. People were made to keep apart in public. The Oireachtas passed an emergency act giving the state power to detain people, restrict travel and keep people in their homes to control the virus's spread. Further emergency law passed the following week. The Garda Síochána were given power to enforce the lockdown, which was repeatedly extended until late May.
In March 2020, schools, nurseries and colleges in the United Kingdom were shut down in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. By 20 March, all schools in the UK had closed for all in-person teaching, except for children of key workers and children considered vulnerable. With children at home, teaching took place online. The emergence of a new variant of COVID-19 in December 2020 led to cancellation of face-to-face teaching across England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales the following month.
The National Public Health Emergency Team for COVID-19 (NPHET) is a National Public Health Emergency Team within Ireland's Department of Health that oversees and provides national direction, support, guidance and expert advice on developing and implementing a strategy to control the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Ireland.
The COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment is a government emergency aid program in the Republic of Ireland that provides monetary relief to those who face unemployment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, whether formerly employed or self-employed.
The Emergency Measures in the Public Interest (COVID-19) Act 2020 is an Act of the Oireachtas which provided for additional powers for the state in the extraordinary circumstances of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The following is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland from January to June 2020.
The COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland has had far-reaching consequences in the country that go beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it, including political, educational and sporting implications.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a deep impact on the Irish economy, leading it into a recession. Essential public health measures announced by the Irish Government to contain the spread of COVID-19 resulted in the largest monthly increase in unemployment in the history of the Republic of Ireland during March 2020. By 24 April, there were more than one million people in receipt of support interventions to the labour market, including those in receipt of the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment and the COVID-19 Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme. While there were job losses in all sectors, individuals working in tourism, hospitality, food and retail have seen the largest job losses.
The COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland has impacted the country's judicial system. Several people were arrested for COVID-19-related offences, while prisoners were released. Two operations, Operation Fanacht and Operation Navigation, were launched.
The following is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland from July to December 2020.
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and affected the political system of the Republic of Ireland, causing suspensions of legislative activities and isolation of multiple politicians due to fears of spreading the virus. Several politicians have tested positive for COVID-19 in 2020 and 2021.
Events during the year 2021 in Ireland. As in most of the world, the COVID-19 pandemic has dominated events in Ireland during this year.
The COVID-19 vaccination programme in the Republic of Ireland is an ongoing mass immunisation campaign that began on 29 December 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland. Ireland's vaccination rollout has been praised as one of the most successful rollouts in the world and is currently ranked number one in the European Union in terms of its percentage of adult population fully vaccinated.