|Developed by||Rodrigo García|
|Theme music composer||Avi Belleli|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||130 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||22–30 minutes|
|Original release||January 28, 2008 –|
In Treatment is an American drama television series for HBO, produced and developed by Rodrigo Garcia, about a psychotherapist, : בטיפול), created by Hagai Levi, Ori Sivan and Nir Bergman. HBO Canada aired the program simultaneously with HBO in the U.S. During the first few weeks of Season 1, episodes were available on HBO's website in streaming video. The free service was discontinued when iTunes and Amazon Unbox began offering the first 15 shows for download. Season 1 earned numerous honors, including Emmy, Golden Globe and Writers Guild awards.50-something Paul Weston, and his weekly sessions with patients, as well as those with his own therapist at the end of the week. The program, which stars Gabriel Byrne as Paul, debuted on January 28, 2008, as a five-night-a-week series. Its executive producer and principal director was Paris Barclay, who directed 35 episodes, the most of any director on the series, and the only one to direct episodes in all three seasons. The program's format, script and opening theme are based on, and are often verbatim translations of, the Israeli series BeTipul (Hebrew
The series was renewed for a second season on June 20, 2008, with Byrne, Wiest and Glynn Turman returning. Michelle Forbes, who played Paul's wife in the first season, made two brief appearances in the second season. Production on Season 2 began in New York City in fall 2008 and wrapped up in early 2009.According to The New York Times , production relocated to New York from Los Angeles at the insistence of Byrne, who otherwise threatened to resign. The move and the addition of Sunday night to the schedule were considered votes of confidence in the series by HBO executives. Season 2 premiered on April 5, 2009. The second season built on the success of the first, winning a 2009 Peabody Award. The third season premiered on October 26, 2010, for a seven-week run, with four episodes per week.
In October 2020, HBO confirmed the series would return for a fourth season with Uzo Aduba in the lead role.The 24-episode season premiered on May 23, 2021, and aired four episodes weekly.
Set in Baltimore,psychotherapist Paul Weston has a private practice where he carries out sessions with his patients in his home. He begins to question his own abilities and motives, so he seeks help from his former mentor and therapist Gina Toll, whom he has not seen for ten years.
Gabriel Byrne portrays Paul Weston, a charming, relentless psychologist, who is seeking a peaceful existence, free of self-doubt and ambivalence. He is a graduate of Georgetown University, where he earned his undergraduate degree, Columbia University, where he earned a master's degree, and The New School, where he received his PhD (though a season one scene shows two diplomas from the University of Pennsylvania displayed near the door to Paul's office). In summer 1988, he moved to Maryland, where he worked at the Washington–Baltimore Psychoanalytic Institute and later established his private practice in Baltimore.
Dianne Wiest portrays psychotherapist Gina Toll, Paul's former mentor and clinical supervisor whom Paul avoided for nine years after an argument over reservations Gina expressed in a letter of recommendation on Paul's behalf. She acts as a sounding board for Paul's doubts about his motives and abilities.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||43||January 28, 2008||March 28, 2008|
|2||35||April 5, 2009||May 5, 2009|
|3||28||October 25, 2010||December 7, 2010|
|4||24||May 23, 2021||June 28, 2021|
Each episode of In Treatment focuses on one patient, including Paul, who is seeing his clinical supervisor and psychotherapist, Gina.
Therapy patient Laura professes her love for Paul, which causes their relationship to grow more complex and difficult to control. Laura's personal issues include being seduced by a much older man when she was a teenager. She begins an unsatisfying sexual relationship with Alex, another of Paul’s patients. Paul reflects on his own feelings for her and believes that he is in love with her; sessions with Gina fail to resolve his inner conflict over his desire and professional responsibility. Midway through the season, Laura ends her therapy with Paul after he continues to reject her advances. Paul and Laura encounter each other at Alex's funeral, and Paul decides to pursue Laura at the risk of destroying his marriage, but a panic attack prevents him from going through with it.
A fighter pilot who finds it impossible to express his internal struggles, Alex meets Laura and has a brief affair with her. Paul tries to get Alex to break through to his reasons for running himself to exhaustion and examine his feelings about killing Iraqi schoolchildren during a sanctioned mission. Alex drifts into instability, eventually deciding to end his therapy, and returns to the military just as Paul begins to make progress with Alex's repressed insecurities. Alex is killed during a training exercise, and although his death is ruled an accident, some indications suggest that Alex's death was a suicidal reaction caused by the trauma of therapeutic reflection.
Sophie's ambivalence about life is elicited and broken down by Paul, who examines her underage sexual relationship with her much older gymnastics coach, Cy, and its effects on her, in addition to her conflicted feelings about her divorced parents and her father's distance from her. Eventually, Sophie benefits greatly from the therapy and begins to repair her relationship with her parents. At the end of the season, Sophie leaves Baltimore to pursue further gymnastic training in Denver.
Jake and Amy's debate about whether she should have an abortion is the prologue to what is revealed to be an extremely volatile, dysfunctional relationship. During their second session, Amy has a miscarriage, but the couple return to therapy to work on their issues. Amy's inability to hold emotional connection leads her to have an affair with her boss, a man she finds "gross" but uses as a buffer against Jake. Jake and Amy each have an individual session, and finally and sadly decide to end their marriage and share custody of their son. Jake believes the therapy was helpful, but Amy thinks it hurt their marriage.
Throughout the season, Gina and Paul confront each other over issues in their shared history and opposing views, but by the finale Paul realizes he needs her input and agrees to continue therapy.
The first season consists of 43 episodes, with each episode airing on its allotted day of the week, Monday to Friday.The episodes were spread over nine weeks for most of the characters, except in the final week, which did not have Monday or Tuesday installments.
|Gabriel Byrne||Paul Weston||Various||Paul is a 50-something psychologist who has weekly sessions with patients and his former mentor Gina.|
|Melissa George||Laura Hill||Monday||Laura is an anesthesiologist who is erotically fixated on Paul.|
|Blair Underwood||Alex Prince||Tuesday||Alex is a fighter pilot traumatized by a bombing mission in Iraq that had unintended consequences.|
|Mia Wasikowska||Sophie||Wednesday||Sophie is a suicidal, teenage gymnast.|
| Embeth Davidtz |
|Thursday||Amy and Jake initially commence couples' therapy because of their conflict over whether or not to end her pregnancy.|
|Dianne Wiest||Gina Toll||Friday||Gina is Paul's former therapist and mentor who plays devil's advocate to his ambivalence.|
|Michelle Forbes||Kate Weston||Various||Paul's wife who later attends Paul's sessions with Gina|
|Jake Richardson||Ian||Various||Paul and Kate's 20-year-old son|
|Mae Whitman||Rosie||Various||Paul and Kate's 16-year-old daughter|
|Max Burkholder||Max||Various||Paul and Kate's youngest son|
|Peter Horton||Zack||Various||Sophie's father|
|Julia Campbell||Olivia||Various||Sophie's mother|
|Glynn Turman||Alex Prince, Sr.||Various||Alex's father|
Paul, now divorced and quite lonely, has moved to Brooklyn, and uses the living room of his small refurbished walk-up brownstone for patient visits. Alex's father, Alex Sr., serves him with a malpractice lawsuit in the first episode,and he becomes preoccupied with it.
Alex Sr. sues Paul for negligence, charging him with failing to prevent the death of his son, who voluntarily discontinued therapy and was killed in a plane crash that was either an accident or suicide. Alex Sr. and his lawyers contend that Paul's professional responsibility was to contact the military and report Alex Jr. unfit for duty. Alex Sr. later meets with Paul and makes a loaded offer: if Paul writes a letter taking blame for Alex Jr.'s death, he will drop the lawsuit, satisfied to have his belief that Paul is 100% at fault confirmed. Paul considers the offer but later concurs with Gina's advice and rejects it. The lawsuit is dismissed as frivolous, and Paul's angst about his professional competence is at least temporarily alleviated.
The season had seven episodes for each character. The Monday and Tuesday sessions aired back-to-back on Sundays, while the remaining three ran on Mondays. HBO repeated the episodes in sequence, several times each week. The season's executive producer was Warren Leight, who previously worked on Law and Order: Criminal Intent .
|Hope Davis||Mia Nesky||Monday||Mia is successful malpractice attorney and former patient of Paul's from 20 years ago. She blames him for her present status: an unmarried, childless workaholic, who makes poor choices in men.|
|Alison Pill||April||Tuesday||April is Pratt Institute architecture student diagnosed with lymphoma which she has been concealing from everyone but Paul. She is in denial about the severity of her illness.|
|Wednesday||Oliver is the 12-year-old son of Bess and Luke, a divorcing couple who claim to love their son but are intent in pursuing their own goals. Oliver is caught in the middle and blames himself for his family's chaos.|
|John Mahoney||Walter Barnett||Thursday||Walter is self-confident CEO with a history of panic attacks, who finds his life is becoming overwhelming.|
|Dianne Wiest||Gina Toll||Friday||Gina is Paul's own therapist and mentor who diligently tries to guide Paul away from a mid-life crisis and down the road to personal satisfaction and validation.|
|Glynn Turman||Alex Prince Sr.||Various||Alex Sr. sues Paul for negligence, over failing to prevent the death of his son Alex Jr., a former patient, seen in season one, who died after discontinuing sessions with Paul.|
|Laila Robins||Tammy Kent||Various||Tammy is Paul's first girlfriend and, coincidentally, a patient of Gina's.|
After the final episode of the second season, Leight said in an interview that a third season remained possible, but that the show had been exhausting for everyone involved and also something less than a "breakout hit" for HBO.On October 23, 2009, HBO announced that it had picked up In Treatment for a third season. Production began in early 2010 for a premiere in late October.
The third season is the first not based on the original Israeli series Be'Tipul, which had only two. The format is similar: each week, a series of patients visit Paul in half-hour episodes, while in the last, Paul visits his own therapist, now Adele Brouse.
There are only three patients this season. Paul still lives in Cobble Hill, Brooklyn and has a young girlfriend, Wendy.
On Mondays, he meets with Sunil, a widower transported to New York from Calcutta after his wife's death, to live with his son, his son’s wife and their two young children.
Tuesday’s patient is Frances, a self-described successful actress who has returned to the stage but has difficulty remembering her lines. She’s also coping with a dying sister, a broken marriage and a scornful teenage daughter.
On Wednesdays Paul sees Jesse, a high school student who believes his adopted parents hate him because he is gay though he is also bitter, abusive and manipulative.
Paul eventually reenters therapy with the young psychoanalyst Adele Brouse, initially seeking a prescription for sleep medication. Adele perceives that lack of sleep is not his real problem.
The show remains set in Paul's apartment. Unlike the first two seasons, the third season has only four episodes per week. The show aired on Mondays and Tuesdays and, like season 2, had seven weeks of sessions.
|Irrfan Khan||Sunil||Monday||After his wife's death, 52-year-old Sunil emigrated to the United States from Calcutta, to live with his son and daughter-in-law. He is deeply depressed over his wife's death and angry at what he sees as his daughter-in-law's insensitivity. Sunil talks to Paul even though psychotherapy is stigmatized in his culture.|
|Debra Winger||Frances||Tuesday||A successful actress, Frances comes to see Paul because she is having trouble remembering her lines Meanwhile, she is troubled that her sister has breast cancer like her mother, and fears that she is next.|
|Dane DeHaan||Jesse||Wednesday||A homosexual teenager living with his adoptive parents, Jesse harbors significant anger toward them and himself. Jesse is by turns aggressive, capriciously manipulative, fearful, abrasive and vulnerable, and has been peddling prescription drugs and sleeping with older men. Jesse's world turns upside down when he receives a call from his birth mother, with whom he has not had any contact since infancy.|
|Amy Ryan||Adele Brouse||Friday||A young psychoanalyst recommended by a neurologist friend of Paul's to prescribe him more sleep medication. Adele raises questions about Paul view of his life, particularly his relationship with Gina Toll. Despite initial reluctance, Paul finds himself respecting Adele as a therapist.|
|Alex Wolff||Max||Various||Paul's youngest son who leaves his mother's house in Baltimore to move in with Paul.|
|James Lloyd Reynolds||Steve||Various||Kate's new fiancé and Max's future stepfather, of whom Paul is initially jealous.|
|Susan Misner||Wendy||Various||Paul's girlfriend.|
|Samrat Chakrabarti||Arun||Monday||Sunil's son who is housing his father and enrolls him in therapy to help him through his grief.|
|Sonya Walger||Julia||Monday||Arun's wife and Sunil's daughter-in-law who disapproves of Sunil's behavior at home|
|Dendrie Taylor||Marisa||Wednesday||Jesse's adoptive mother.|
|Joseph Siravo||Roberto||Wednesday||Jesse's adopted father.|
On March 30, 2011, HBO said In Treatment would not continue in its existing form but might continue in a different format.
In July 2020, it was reported that HBO was developing a reboot of the series.In October 2020, HBO confirmed the revival and production began in late 2020. The 24-episode season premiered on May 23, 2021, on HBO and HBO Max. Jennifer Schuur and Joshua Allen are the fourth season's co-showrunners.
The series was generally well-received, attaining positive reviews. On the review aggregator website Metacritic, the first season scored 70/100,the second 85/100, the third 83/100, and the fourth 73/100.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the first season has a 77% approval rating with an average score of 6.08/10 based on 35 reviews; the critical consensus reads, "In Treatment has finely-written scripts that develop with raw emotion while unspooling engrossing suspense."The second season has an 100% approval rating with an average score of 8.85/10 based on 19 reviews; the critical consensus reads, "In Treatment continues to hone in on its characters in the second season, allowing the cast to find more nuances in their performances." The third season has an 87% approval rating with an average score of 8.58/10 based on 23 reviews; the critical consensus reads, "In Treatment offers some of the tightest dramatic writing and purest performances on television." The fourth season has a 95% approval rating with an average score of 7.49/10 based on 22 reviews; the critical consensus reads, "In Treatment returns with a solid fourth season that captures the spirit of the original while giving its new ensemble—led by an outstanding Uzo Aduba—plenty of room to shine.
The Los Angeles Times 's Mary McNamara called In Treatment "cleverly conceived," well-written and -acted, but "stagey" and "strain[ing]... believability". Variety 's Brian Lowry deemed it "more interesting structurally than in its execution". On Slate , Troy Patterson found it tiresome for its "nattering" and "ambitious hogwash". In Entertainment Weekly , Ken Tucker gave it a "B+", with "lots of great soapy intrigue". The New York Times wrote, "In Treatment [...] is hypnotic, mostly because it withholds information as intelligently as it reveals it. [...] The half-hour episodes are addictive, and few viewers are likely to be satisfied with just one session at a time. [...] In Treatment provides an irresistible peek at the psychopathology of everyday life—on someone else's tab."
The script of the first season of In Treatment was heavily based on BeTipul's Hebrew script, and the Israeli writers are credited in the episodes' final credits. The following are the main differences between the shows:
Lisa Valerie Kudrow is an American actress, comedian, writer, and producer. After making appearances in several 1980s television sitcoms, Kudrow came to international prominence in the 1990s portraying Phoebe Buffay in the American sitcom Friends, which earned her Primetime Emmy and Screen Actors Guild awards. Kudrow also portrayed Phoebe's twin sister Ursula on both Friends and Mad About You. Kudrow has received several awards, including a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series from six nominations, two Screen Actors Guild Awards from 12 nominations, and a Golden Globe Award nomination. Her Friends character was widely popular while the series aired and was later recognized as one of the greatest female characters in American television.
Dianne Evelyn Wiest is an American actress. She has twice won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, for the Woody Allen films Hannah and Her Sisters (1986) and Bullets over Broadway (1994), and appeared in three other films by Allen: The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985), Radio Days (1987), and September (1987). Wiest's other film appearances include Footloose (1984), The Lost Boys (1987), Bright Lights, Big City (1988), Edward Scissorhands (1990), Little Man Tate (1991), The Birdcage (1996), Practical Magic (1998), Dan in Real Life (2007), Synecdoche, New York (2008), Rabbit Hole (2010), Sisters (2015), Let Them All Talk (2020) and I Care a Lot (2021).
Beyond Therapy is a play by Christopher Durang.
Hope Davis is an American actress. She has starred in films such as About Schmidt (2002) and American Splendor (2003). For her role in the original Broadway production of God of Carnage in 2009, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Actress in a Play. She has also received two Emmy Award nominations, for her 2009 television roles in the series In Treatment and in the film The Special Relationship. In 2016, she appeared in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Captain America: Civil War as Tony Stark's mother Maria Stark.
Jeanne Marie Tripplehorn is an American actress. She began her career on stage, acting in several plays throughout the early 1990s, including Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters on Broadway. Her film career began with the role of a police psychologist in the erotic thriller Basic Instinct (1992). Her other film roles include The Firm (1993), Waterworld (1995) and Sliding Doors (1998). On television, she starred as Barbara Henrickson on the HBO drama series Big Love (2006–11) and as Dr. Alex Blake on the CBS police drama Criminal Minds (2012–14), and she received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for her performance as Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in the 2009 HBO movie Grey Gardens.
Salli Elise Richardson-Whitfield is an American actress and director. Richardson is known for her role as Angela in the film A Low Down Dirty Shame (1994) and for her role as Dr. Allison Blake on the Syfy comedy-drama series Eureka (2006–2012).
Noa Tohar Tishby is an Israeli actress, writer, producer and activist.
BeTipul is an Israeli television drama revolving around the personal and professional life of an Israeli psychologist, Reuven Dagan, played by Assi Dayan. The series portrays a psychologist who treats patients at his clinic five days a week and then seeks psychological treatment for himself. Filmmaker Ori Sivan served as the head writer of the series.
Dr. Paul Weston is a fictional character on the five-nights-a-week HBO series, In Treatment. The character is portrayed by Gabriel Byrne, who was coined as TV's "latest Dr. McDreamy" by the New York Times for the role. According to Byrne, the character of Weston has flaws, but possesses certain virtues:
”I tend to think of him as an innately compassionate man, but a damaged man. But just because you’re damaged doesn’t mean you can’t be compassionate...I think what makes him a good therapist with all his patients, and sets him on the right road, whether he says the right thing or the wrong thing—he truly listens. He may not have the answer, but he’s paid the person the compliment of listening to them.”
Charles Joel Nordström Kinnaman is a Swedish-American actor who first gained recognition for his roles in the Swedish film Easy Money and the Johan Falk crime series. Kinnaman is known internationally for his television roles as Detective Stephen Holder in AMC's The Killing, Takeshi Kovacs in the first season of Altered Carbon, and Governor Will Conway in the U.S. version of House of Cards. He has also played Alex Murphy in the 2014 RoboCop remake, and Rick Flag in the film adaptation of DC Comics anti-hero team Suicide Squad (2016), as well as James Gunn's 2021 sequel/soft reboot, The Suicide Squad. Since 2019, Kinnaman has starred as NASA astronaut Ed Baldwin in the Apple TV+ original science fiction space drama series For All Mankind.
Uzoamaka Nwanneka Aduba is an American actress. She is known for her role as Suzanne "Crazy Eyes" Warren on the Netflix original series Orange Is the New Black (2013–2019), for which she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2014, an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2015, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series in 2014 and 2015. She is one of only two actors to win an Emmy Award in both the comedy and drama categories for the same role, the other being Ed Asner for the character Lou Grant.
The second season of the American comedy-drama television series Orange Is the New Black premiered on Netflix on June 6, 2014, at 12:00 am PST in multiple countries. It consists of thirteen episodes, each between 51–60 minutes, with a 90-minute finale. The series is based on Piper Kerman's memoir, Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison (2010), about her experiences at FCI Danbury, a minimum-security federal prison. The series is created and adapted for television by Jenji Kohan.
The first season of the American comedy-drama television series Orange Is the New Black premiered on Netflix on July 11, 2013, at 12:00 am PST in multiple countries. It consists of thirteen episodes, each between 51–60 minutes. The series is based on Piper Kerman's memoir, Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison (2010), about her experiences at FCI Danbury, a minimum-security federal prison. Created and adapted for television by Jenji Kohan. In July 2011, Netflix was in negotiations with Lionsgate for a 13-episode TV adaptation of Kerman's memoirs. The series began filming in the old Rockland Children's Psychiatric Center in Rockland County, New York, on March 7, 2013. The title sequence features photos of real former female prisoners including Kerman herself.
Suzanne "Crazy Eyes" Warren is a fictional character played by Uzo Aduba on the Netflix series Orange Is the New Black. Warren is portrayed as intelligent, but lacking in social skills, and prone to spiral into emotional outbursts when agitated, as well as hallucinations and delusions, due to mental illness. The character is the only role that has received Emmy Award recognition in both the comedy and drama genres from the same show and the second character to earn Emmy recognition in both genres. Aduba won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series as well as the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Guest Performer in a Comedy Series for her season one performance. She received the Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series as well as the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series for her season two performance. Her season three performance again won Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series. She is a recurring character in season one and a regular character beginning with season two.
Sarah Treem is an American TV writer-producer and playwright. She is the co-creator and showrunner of the Showtime drama The Affair, which won the Golden Globe Award for Outstanding Drama Series, and was a writer and co-executive producer on the inaugural season of House of Cards, which was nominated for nine Golden Globes, including Outstanding Drama Series. She also wrote on all three seasons of the HBO series In Treatment.
The fourth season of the American comedy-drama television series Orange Is the New Black premiered on Netflix on June 17, 2016, at 12:00 am PST in multiple countries. It consists of thirteen episodes, each between 54–60 minutes, with a 77-minute finale. The series is based on Piper Kerman's memoir, Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison (2010), about her experiences at FCI Danbury, a minimum-security federal prison. The series is created and adapted for television by Jenji Kohan.
"Lesbian Request Denied" is the third episode of the first season of the American comedy-drama series Orange Is the New Black (OITNB), based on Piper Kerman's memoir, Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison (2010), regarding her time at FCI Danbury, a minimum-security federal prison. The episode was released on Netflix on July 11, 2013, along with the rest of the first season. It was written by Sian Heder, and is one of two OITNB episodes directed by actress and director Jodie Foster.
Mrs. America is an American historical drama television miniseries produced by FX and originally aired on sister streaming service FX on Hulu. Created and co-written by Davhi Waller and directed by Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck, Amma Asante, Laure de Clermont-Tonnerre and Janicza Bravo, the series details the political movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment and the unexpected backlash led by conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly in the 1970s. It features a large ensemble cast led by Cate Blanchett, Rose Byrne, Uzo Aduba, Elizabeth Banks, Margo Martindale, John Slattery, Tracey Ullman, and Sarah Paulson.
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