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56°22′05″N3°19′27″W / 56.367926°N 3.324166°W / 56.367926; -3.324166 Coordinates: 56°22′05″N3°19′27″W / 56.367926°N 3.324166°W / 56.367926; -3.324166

Inchyra ( /ɪnˈrə/ ; Scottish Gaelic : An Innis Iarach "the west isle") is a hamlet in the Carse of Gowrie in Scotland. It lies on the northern bank of the River Tay near Perth and is notable particularly for a number of archaeological finds made in the immediate vicinity.



Inchyra lies on the northern bank of the River Tay to the south of the A90. It is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Perth and 20 kilometres (12 mi) west-south-west of Dundee. [1] It is situated close to St Madoes. It is the only L-shaped village in Scotland.[ citation needed ] It is surrounded by farmland.


In common with a number of villages in the Carse of Gowrie, Inchyra has the Celtic placename element innis meaning "island". [2] Carses such as the Carse of Gowrie are estuarine landforms that have been uplifted by isostatic rebound following the last glacial period. [3] It is likely that Inchyra was an island in the firth of Tay at the time of its settlement.

Inchyra Stone

In 1945 a class I Pictish stone was unearthed during ploughing in a field at Inchyra. [4] The stone is inscribed with a variety of Pictish symbols, including a double disc, mirror and comb, two fish and a serpent as well as an Ogham inscription. [5] It is now on display at Perth Museum.

Roman archaeology

In June 1993, a small hoard of eight Roman Denarii coins were discovered at Inchyra, subsequently being declared as treasure trove and placed in Perth Museum. [6] A Roman brooch with blue enamel inlay has also been found in river silt at Inchyra, again now displayed at Perth Museum. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

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  1. "Perth & Alloa", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (B2 ed.), 2007, ISBN   0-319-22997-1
  2. Taylor, Isaac (1864), Words and Places: or etymological illustrations of history ethnology and geography, London: Macmillan and co, p. 373
  3. Ballantyne, Colin K.; Dawson, Alastair G. (1997), "Geomorphology and landscape change", in Edwards, Kevin J.; Ralston, Ian B.M. (eds.), Scotland after the Ice Age. Environment, Archaeology and History 8000 BC - AD 1000, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 23–45, retrieved 11 April 2011
  4. Fraser, Iain (2008), The Pictish Symbol Stones of Scotland, Edinburgh: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland
  5. Stevenson, Robert B.K. (1958–59), "The Inchyra Stone and Some Other Unpublished Early Christian Monuments" (PDF), Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 92, pp. 33–55, retrieved 10 April 2011
  6. "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Roman coin hoard" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 90, 1994, retrieved 10 April 2011
  7. "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Romano British trumpet brooch" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 77, 1992, retrieved 11 April 2011