Inchyra

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Inchyra
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Inchyra
Location within Perth and Kinross
Population21 
OS grid reference NO183203
  Edinburgh 47 miles
  London 364 miles
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PERTH
Postcode district PH2
Dialling code 01738
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
  • Perth and North Perthshire
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°22′05″N3°19′27″W / 56.367926°N 3.324166°W / 56.367926; -3.324166 Coordinates: 56°22′05″N3°19′27″W / 56.367926°N 3.324166°W / 56.367926; -3.324166

Inchyra ( /ɪnˈrə/ ; Scottish Gaelic : An Innis Iarach "the west isle") is a hamlet in the Carse of Gowrie in Scotland. It lies on the northern bank of the River Tay near Perth and is notable particularly for a number of archaeological finds made in the immediate vicinity.

Contents

Geography

Inchyra lies on the northern bank of the River Tay to the south of the A90. It is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Perth and 20 kilometres (12 mi) west-south-west of Dundee. [1] It is situated close to St Madoes. It is the only L-shaped village in Scotland.[ citation needed ] It is surrounded by farmland.

Toponomy

In common with a number of villages in the Carse of Gowrie, Inchyra has the Celtic placename element innis meaning "island". [2] Carses such as the Carse of Gowrie are estuarine landforms that have been uplifted by isostatic rebound following the last glacial period. [3] It is likely that Inchyra was an island in the firth of Tay at the time of its settlement.

Inchyra Stone

In 1945 a class I Pictish stone was unearthed during ploughing in a field at Inchyra. [4] The stone is inscribed with a variety of Pictish symbols, including a double disc, mirror and comb, two fish and a serpent as well as an Ogham inscription. [5] It is now on display at Perth Museum.

Roman archaeology

In June 1993, a small hoard of eight Roman Denarii coins were discovered at Inchyra, subsequently being declared as treasure trove and placed in Perth Museum. [6] A Roman brooch with blue enamel inlay has also been found in river silt at Inchyra, again now displayed at Perth Museum. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

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St Ninians Isle Treasure Scottish silver metalwork treasure

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Pitfour Castle castle in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, UK

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Carpow Human settlement in Scotland

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Art in Medieval Scotland artistic production within the modern borders of Scotland, between the 5th century and the 16th century

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Norries Law hoard

Norrie's Law hoard is a 7th-century Pictish silver hoard discovered in c. 1819 at Balmain Farm, north of Largo Law, Upper Largo, Fife, Scotland. It was buried in a Bronze Age barrow. The hoard weighed about 12.5 kg (28 lb) in total, including a large number of silver coins which were sold and melted down.

The Cairnton Stone is a class I Pictish stone that was discovered at Cairnton, near Newmachar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland in 2001. The stone bears the incised symbols of the Crescent and V-rod and triple disc. The stone is now in the collection of the Marischal Museum, Aberdeen.

Dunnicaer Sea stack and remains of Pictish hill fort in Aberdeenshire, Scotland

Dunnicaer, or Dun-na-caer, is a precipitous sea stack just off the coast of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, between Dunnottar Castle and Stonehaven. Despite the unusual difficulty of access, in 1832 Pictish symbol stones were found on the summit and 21st-century archaeology has discovered evidence of a Pictish hill fort which may have incorporated the stones in its structure. The stones may have been incised in the third or fourth centuries AD but this goes against the general archaeological view that the simplest and earliest symbol stones date from the fifth or even seventh century AD.

References

  1. "Perth & Alloa", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (B2 ed.), 2007, ISBN   0-319-22997-1
  2. Taylor, Isaac (1864), Words and Places: or etymological illustrations of history ethnology and geography, London: Macmillan and co, p. 373
  3. Ballantyne, Colin K.; Dawson, Alastair G. (1997), "Geomorphology and landscape change", in Edwards, Kevin J.; Ralston, Ian B.M. (eds.), Scotland after the Ice Age. Environment, Archaeology and History 8000 BC - AD 1000, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 23–45, retrieved 11 April 2011
  4. Fraser, Iain (2008), The Pictish Symbol Stones of Scotland, Edinburgh: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland
  5. Stevenson, Robert B.K. (1958–59), "The Inchyra Stone and Some Other Unpublished Early Christian Monuments" (PDF), Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 92, pp. 33–55, retrieved 10 April 2011
  6. "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Roman coin hoard" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 90, 1994, retrieved 10 April 2011
  7. "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Romano British trumpet brooch" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 77, 1992, retrieved 11 April 2011