Indrani Rahman

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Indrani Rahman
Indrani Rahman (1930-1999).jpg
Indian Classical Dancer, who brought Kuchipudi Dance from the village to India's Capital, Delhi
Born
Indrani Bajpai

(1930-09-19)19 September 1930 [1]
Chennai, British India
Died5 February 1999(1999-02-05) (aged 68)
New York, US
Occupation Indian classical dancer, choreographer,
Spouse(s) Habib Rahman (architect) Chief Architect to the Govt of India
Children Ram Rahman Sukanya Rahman
Parent(s)
Awards1969: Padma Shri
1981:Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

Indrani Rahman (19 September 1930, Chennai – 5 February 1999, New York) was an Indian classical dancer of Bharata Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Odissi, which she popularised in the west, and later settled in New York in 1976.

Contents

In 1952, she won the Miss India pageant. Later, she joined her mother Ragini Devi's company. She popularised the Indian classical dance form, Odissi during her international tours. Indrani had received the Padma Shri in 1969 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in the performing arts and also the Taraknath Das Award.

Background and family

Indrani Rahman was born in Chennai (then Madras), the daughter of Ramalal Balram Bajpai (1880–1962), sometime president of the Indo-American League, by his wife Ragini Devi (nee Esther Luella Sherman). Her father, Ramalal Bajpai, was of north Indian background, a chemist who went to the USA for higher education. Here he met and married Esther Luella Sherman, an American by birth. Born in Petoskey, Michigan in 1893, [2] (died 1982), [3] Esther embraced Hinduism upon her wedding and took the name 'Ragini Devi.' [4]

The couple moved to India in the 1920s. Ramalal then took a job as Assistant Editor of Young India, the magazine founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. After Independence, he became the Consul General of India at New York, [5] and president of the Indo-American League. Meanwhile, Ragini became a passionate proponent of Indian classical dance and devoted her life to their revival and nurture. This happened after a fateful meeting with the great rajadasi, (royal courtesan) Jetti Tayamma of Mysore, from whom she started learning Bharata Natyam. She then honed her dancing talents under the tutelage of Gauri Amma, a courtesan of Chennai. [6] [7] [8] Ragini then became a celebrated dancer herself, and was among the most feted performers of the 1930s. [9] Ragini also championed the revival of Kathakali during the same period.

Indrani was born in Chennai to this couple and grew up in a mixed-race household. She was brought up to be uninhibited and independent by her American mother, who encouraged her to participate in beauty pageants. As one of very few participants from across the country who could be persuaded to contest the pageant, Indrani was crowned 'Miss India' in the year 1952.

Indrani Rehman after being crowned Miss India 1952, with Indian Congress leader S.K. Patil, and two of the sponsors of the contest Miss India Indrani Rehman, S.K. Patil, and two of the sponsors of the contest.jpg
Indrani Rehman after being crowned Miss India 1952, with Indian Congress leader S.K. Patil, and two of the sponsors of the contest
Indrani Rehman (third from left) and the runner-up Miss Suryakumari (sixth from left) with Miss India 1952 participants Miss India 1952 participants.jpg
Indrani Rehman (third from left) and the runner-up Miss Suryakumari (sixth from left) with Miss India 1952 participants

Career

Indrani started learning dance in her mother's company, at age nine, and accompanied her as she travelled through, Americas, and Europe. Professionally, she first started with Bharata Natyam, having learnt the Pandanallur style of Bharata Natyam from Guru Chokkalingam Pillai (1893–1968) in the 1940s. Soon she was in Vijaywada, learning Kuchipudi from Korada Narsimha Rao with whom she later toured many parts of the world. [10]

In 1947, Indrani attracted the attention of India's leading dance and art critic Dr. Charles Fabri, who later encouraged her to go to Orissa and learn the little-known classical dance form of Odissi, making her the first professional dancer to learn Odissi. After learning Odissi for three years, from Guru Sri Deba Prasad Das, she went on to popularise it, through performance in various parts of India and the world. [11] [12]

In 1952, although married, and with a child, she became the first Miss India, [13] [14] and went on to compete in the Miss Universe 1952 Pageant, held at Long Beach, California. [15] Soon, she was travelling along with her mother and performing all over the world. [16] In 1961, she was the first dancer presented on a national tour by the Asia Society, and also performed for US President John F. Kennedy and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, during Nehru's official visit to Washington, D.C., [9] and in the following years she also performed for Emperor Haile Selassie, Queen Elizabeth II, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, and Fidel Castro. [4] [17] In 1976 she became a faculty member of the dance division at the Juilliard School at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, taught in various American universities, including Harvard, and spent her remaining two decades in the United States, touring extensively.

Personal life

At the age of 15 she eloped and married Habib Rahman (1915–1995), a well-known architect, in 1945, the couple had a son, artist, Ram Rahman, and a daughter, Sukanya Rahman (Wicks), [18] who also danced with her mother and grandmother. Her grandsons are Wardreath Wicks and Habib Wicks.

Death

Indrani Rahman died on 5 February 1999 in Manhattan, New York.

Awards

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Kuchipudi One of the classical dances of India

Kuchipudi is one of the eight major Indian classical dances. It originated in a village named Kuchipudi in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Odissi One of the major classical dances of India

Odishee, also referred to as Odishee in older literature, is a major ancient Indian classical dance that originated in the Hindu temples of Odisha – an eastern coastal state of India. Odishee, in its history, was performed predominantly by women, and expressed religious stories and spiritual ideas, particularly of Vaishnavism. Odishee performances have also expressed ideas of other traditions such as those related to Hindu gods Shiva and Surya, as well as Hindu goddesses (Shaktism). The theoretical foundations of Odishee trace to the ancient Sanskrit text Natya Shastra, its existence in antiquity evidenced by the dance poses in the sculptures of Odishee Hindu temples, and archeological sites related to Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. It was suppressed under the British Rule. The suppression was protested by the Indians, followed by its revival, reconstruction and expansion since India gained independence from the colonial rule.

Indian classical dance is an umbrella term for various performance arts rooted in musical theatre styles, whose theory and practice can be traced to the Sanskrit text, Natyashastra . The number of classical dances range from eight to more, depending on the source and scholar. The Sangeet Natak Academy recognizes eight – Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Sattriya, Manipuri and Mohiniyattam. Scholars such as Drid Williams add Chhau, Yakshagana and Bhagavata Mela to the list. Additionally, the Indian Ministry of Culture includes Chhau in its classical list. These dances are traditionally regional.They consist of compositions in Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit, Kannada, Hindi, or any other Indian language and they represent a unity of core ideas in a diversity of styles, costumes and expression. At present officially there are 9 classical dances in India.

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Sukanya Rahman is a classical Indian dancer, visual artist, and writer. Her book Dancing in the family, a memoir of three women has received several acclaims. Her painting and collage works are widely exhibited in India and abroad. Her works have been exhibited at the William Benton Museum of Art in Storr’s CT, The Arts Complex Museum in Duxbury, MA and The Fowler Museum, Los Angeles. She was featured in the book Voyages of Body and Soul: Selected Female Icons of India and Beyond.

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References

  1. "Remembering Indrani". 24 September 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  2. Ragini Devi Biography Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century, by Susan Ware, Stacy Lorraine Braukman, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN   0-674-01488-X, 9780674014886. Page 172-173.
  3. Book Review South Asian Women Forum
  4. 1 2 Obituary: Indrani Rehman Archived 15 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine by Kuldip Singh, The Independent (London), 18 February 1999
  5. Ramalal Balram Bajpai – Biography [ permanent dead link ]
  6. Rhythm of the new millennium Leela Venkatraman, The Hindu , 28 October 2001.
  7. Dancing through their lives The Hindu , 22 September 2002.
  8. HINDU DANCES PRESENTED; Ragini Devi Seen in Theatre of All Nations Performance New York Times , 9 December 1944.
  9. 1 2 Indrani, Performer of Classical Indian Dance, Dies at 68 New York Times , 8 February 1999.
  10. Indrani Rahman Kuchipudi: Kūcipūdi : Indian Classical Dance Art, by Sunil Kothari, Avinash Pasricha. Abhinav Publications, 2001. ISBN   81-7017-359-0, ISBN   978-81-7017-359-5. 190.
  11. Indrani Rahman India's Dances: Their History, Technique, and Repertoire, by Reginald Massey. Abhinav Publications, 2004. ISBN   81-7017-434-1. page 210.
  12. Guests Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Stuttgart – Bharatiya Mujlis.
  13. MISS INDIA' IS PICKED; Architect's Wife Wins Boycotted Beauty Contest's Final New York Times , 4 April 1952.
  14. Indian Press Hails National Beauty Contest Won by Shapely Half-American in Her Sari New York Times , 5 April 1952.
  15. "Miss India". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2010.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. Indrani Rahman National Library of Australia.
  17. In Remembrance Archived 21 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Indian Express , 15 April 1999.
  18. Sukanya Rahman Website
  19. Padma Shri – Indrani Rahman Archived 31 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine Padma Shri Official listing at Govt. of India website.
  20. Sangeet Natak Akademi Award – “Bharata Natyam Archived 12 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine Sangeet Natak Akademi Award official listing.