Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier

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Infanta Luisa Fernanda
Duchess of Montpensier
F. de Madrazo - 1851, La infanta Luisa Fernanda de Borbon, Duquesa de Montpensier (Palacio Real de Madrid, 220 x 128 cm).jpg
The Duchess of Montpensier in 1851, by Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz.
Born(1832-01-30)30 January 1832
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
Died2 February 1897(1897-02-02) (aged 65)
San Telmo Palace, Seville, Spain
Burial(1897-02-02)2 February 1897
Spouse
Issue
among others...
Infanta Isabel, Countess of Paris
Infanta Maria Amelia
Infanta María Cristina
Infanta Maria de la Regla
Infante Fernando
Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Felipe
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Infante Luis
Full name
Spanish: María Luisa Fernanda de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias
House Bourbon
Father Ferdinand VII of Spain
Mother Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Signature of Infanta Maria Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier sister of Isabel II.png
Royal styles of
Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain,
Duchess of Montpensier
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness

Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier (30 January 1832 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece.

Contents

Biography

Heiress-presumptive

Luisa Fernanda as a young girl, by Vicente Lopez Portana, 1842. Infanta Luisa Fernanda, nina, estudiando musica (Reales Alcaceres de Sevilla).jpg
Luisa Fernanda as a young girl, by Vicente López Portaña, 1842.

When her elder sister Isabella II of Spain succeeded to the throne, Infanta Luisa Fernanda was heiress-presumptive to the crown between 1833 and 1851, when Isabella's oldest surviving daughter was born.

Marriage

Isabella had been engaged to their first cousin the Duke of Cádiz, who was known to be homosexual and rumored impotent.[ citation needed ] Their kinsman Louis-Philippe of France calculated that no children would be born from Isabella's marriage, and planned the crown of Spain to eventually devolve to his own grandchildren. For this purpose, Luisa Fernanda was engaged to the Duke of Montpensier, the youngest son of King Louis Philippe, who also was Luisa's mother's first cousin.

Luisa Fernanda, only 14 years old, and Antoine, 22, had their nuptials on 10 October 1846 as a double wedding with Isabella and Francis', and young Antoine was elevated to the rank of an Infante of Spain. The couple moved to Paris and later to Sevilla. The relationship between Isabella and her sister was tense, due to Antoine's conspiracies against the queen. [1]

Antoine's father was deposed in 1848. The same year, the then 16-year-old Luisa Fernanda gave birth to their first child, Maria Isabel. After Isabella was deposed, the family went into exile. Luisa returned to Sevilla years later, already widowed, where she died. [1] She is buried at Escorial.

Children

Infanta Luisa Fernanda with her husband Duke of Montpensier and four of their children. La Familia Montpensier.jpg
Infanta Luisa Fernanda with her husband Duke of Montpensier and four of their children.

Luisa Fernanda and Antoine had nine children, but only five reached adulthood. [2]

Descendants

Luisa Fernanda in 1847. Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier.jpg
Luisa Fernanda in 1847.

Of all her children, just Isabelle de Paris and Antonio di Galliera left children. Through Antonio, the now non-royal line of dukes di Galliera continues. Alfonso's grandchildren lost royal status due to non-dynastic marriages. The current Duke di Galliera is Alfonso's great-grandson, Don Alfonso Francesco de Orléans-Borbón y Ferarra-Pignatelli. [2]

Through Marie Isabelle, she became great-grandmother of king Manuel II of Portugal, Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, Aimone, Duke of Spoleto and Luis Filipe, Duke of Braganza; great-great-grandmother of Juan Carlos I of Spain and Henri, Count of Paris.

Titles, styles, and arms

The Duchess's complete style, after her marriage, was: Su Alteza Real la Serenísma y Egregia Señora Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda de Borbón y Borbón, Duquesa de Montpensier (in English: Her Royal Highness the Most Serene and Egregius Lady Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier).

Arms

Ancestry

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 Archived November 2, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 "HRH Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda and her descenants". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved 2006-07-06.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. 1 2 Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 9.
  4. 1 2 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ferdinand VII. of Spain"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. 1 2 Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 96.
  6. 1 2 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francis I. of the Two Sicilies"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  7. 1 2 Ortúzar Castañer, Trinidad. "María Cristina de Borbón dos Sicilias". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  8. 1 2 Navarrete Martínez, Esperanza. "María de la O Isabel de Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.