Inglesham

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Inglesham
Inglesham Church (geograph 3984334).jpg
St John the Baptist Church, Inglesham
Wiltshire UK location map.svg
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Inglesham
Location within Wiltshire
Population108 (in 2011) [1]
OS grid reference SU206984
Civil parish
  • Inglesham
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Swindon
Postcode district SN6
Dialling code 01367
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°41′02″N1°42′14″W / 51.684°N 1.704°W / 51.684; -1.704 Coordinates: 51°41′02″N1°42′14″W / 51.684°N 1.704°W / 51.684; -1.704

Inglesham is a small village and civil parish in the Borough of Swindon, Wiltshire, England, notable for the Grade-I listed St John the Baptist Church. The village is just off the A361 road about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west of Lechlade in Gloucestershire. Most of the population lives in the hamlet of Upper Inglesham, which is on the main road about 1.3 miles (2 km) south of the village.

Contents

The parish forms the extreme north-east corner of the Borough of Swindon and County of Wiltshire, and is bounded to the west and north by the River Thames (which also forms the county boundary with Gloucestershire), and to the east by the county boundary with Oxfordshire (Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes). The River Cole forms part of the eastern boundary.

As the parish's population is small it has a parish meeting instead of a parish council. [2]

The Round House, Inglesham is often used by boaters as a landmark to denote the westernmost point most cabin cruisers and narrowboats can travel along the Thames, as beyond Inglesham the river becomes too clogged with vegetation and too shallow to effectively navigate.

Parish church

The 13th-century Church of England parish church of St John the Baptist was restored in 1888–89 [3] and is listed Grade I. [4] It is now redundant and is cared for by the Churches Conservation Trust.

In the churchyard is a Grade II* listed 15th-century stone cross. The base and shaft survive but the cross itself has been lost. [5]

Before the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the Cistercian Beaulieu Abbey held the manor and benefice. [6]

Secular history

Until 1844 Inglesham was a detached part of Berkshire. It was transferred to Wiltshire by the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844. [7]

Church Farmhouse is a former watermill that was rebuilt in the 17th century [8] and is listed Grade II*. [9] Several other houses in the parish are listed Grade II, as are the late 18th-century Halfpenny Bridge that carries the A361 across the Thames into Lechlade, [10] and a Cotswold stone rubble barn at College Farm built in about 1800. [11]

Inglesham lock is at the eastern end of the Thames and Severn Canal and the Cotswold Canals Trust is currently raising funds to restore its structure and part of the canal. The Round House was the lock keeper's cottage.

See also

Related Research Articles

Wiltshire County of England

Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of 3,485 km2. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The county town was originally Wilton, after which the county is named, but Wiltshire Council is now based in the county town of Trowbridge. Within the county's boundary are two unitary authority areas, Wiltshire and Swindon, governed respectively by Wiltshire Council and Swindon Borough Council.

Thames and Severn Canal

The Thames and Severn Canal is a canal in Gloucestershire in the south of England, which was completed in 1789. It was conceived as part of a canal route from Bristol to London. At its eastern end, it connects to the River Thames at Inglesham Lock near Lechlade, while at its western end, it connects to the Stroudwater Navigation at Wallbridge near Stroud, and thence to the River Severn. It has one short arm (branch), from Siddington to the town of Cirencester. It includes Sapperton Tunnel, which when built was the longest canal tunnel in Britain, and remains the second-longest complete tunnel. There were always problems with water supply, as no reservoirs were built, while the summit section near the tunnel ran through porous limestone, and there were constant difficulties with leakage. Competition from the railways took much of the canal's traffic by the end of the 19th century, and most of the canal was abandoned in 1927, the remainder in 1941.

Borough of Swindon Place in England

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Lechlade Town in England

Lechlade, or Lechlade-on-Thames, is a town at the southern edge of the Cotswolds in Gloucestershire, England, 55 miles (89 km) south of Birmingham and 68 miles (109 km) west of London. It is the highest point at which the River Thames is navigable, although there is a right of navigation that continues south-west into Cricklade, situated in the neighbouring county of Wiltshire. The town is named after the River Leach that joins the Thames near The Trout Inn and St. John's Bridge.

Devizes Town in Wiltshire, England

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A361 road

The A361 is an A class road in England and at 195 miles (314 km) is the longest 3 digit A road in the UK. It runs south from Ilfracombe on the north Devon coast to Barnstaple, turning south-east to Tiverton then, after a break, north east from Taunton in Somerset through Street and Glastonbury, along the bottom of the Mendip Hills through Shepton Mallet, past Frome and then into Wiltshire through Trowbridge, Devizes, Avebury and Swindon. It then runs through the eastern Cotswolds, via Lechlade, Burford and Chipping Norton and on through Banbury and Daventry before terminating at its junction with the A5 road at the village of Kilsby on the Northamptonshire-Warwickshire border near Rugby. Despite its length, most of the road is non-primary and relatively unimportant.

Cricklade Human settlement in England

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Shalbourne Human settlement in England

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Grafton, Wiltshire Human settlement in England

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Biddestone Human settlement in England

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Ashton Keynes Human settlement in England

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Atworth Human settlement in England

Atworth is a village and civil parish in west Wiltshire, England. The village is on the A365 road between Melksham and Box, about 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of Melksham and 4 miles (6 km) northeast of Bradford on Avon. The hamlet of Purlpit lies east of Atworth village, and in the south of the parish are the small village of Great Chalfield and the hamlet of Little Chalfield.

Wylye Human settlement in England

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Highworth Human settlement in England

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Halfpenny Bridge

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Latton, Wiltshire Human settlement in England

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Castle Eaton Human settlement in England

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Marston Meysey Human settlement in England

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St John the Baptist Church, Inglesham Church in Wiltshire, England

St John the Baptist Church in Inglesham, near Swindon, Wiltshire, England, has Anglo-Saxon origins but most of the current structure was built around 1205. Much of the church has not changed since the medieval era. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a Grade I listed building, and is now a redundant church in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. It was declared redundant on 1 April 1980 and was vested in the Trust on 28 October 1981.

Round House, Inglesham

The Round House near Inglesham in the parish of Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England, is a circular former lock keeper's house at the junction of the River Thames and the Thames and Severn Canal. It is a Grade II listed building.

References

  1. "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  2. "Inglesham Parish Meeting – Councillors". Council & Democracy – Parish council. Swindon Borough Council. 2004–2006. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  3. Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 276
  4. Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1023391)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  5. Historic England. "Churchyard Cross (1355932)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  6. Hockey, 1974, page 259
  7. Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844, 7 & 8 Vict. c. 61
  8. Garside, 2005, page 3
  9. Historic England. "Church Farmhouse (1023392)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  10. Historic England. "Lechlade Halfpenny Bridge (1023393)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  11. Historic England. "Cotswold Stone Barn to South West of College Farmhouse (1299767)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 January 2021.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Inglesham at Wikimedia Commons

Sources