Institut Pasteur du Cambodge

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Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC; Khmer : វិទ្យាស្ថាន​ប៉ាស្ទ័រ​កម្ពុជា) is a medical research centre and public health institute in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. It is part of the Pasteur Institute's international network of health centres and is partnered with the Ministry of Health. It was first established in 1953 and reopened in 1992 after the 1991 Paris Peace Agreements.[ citation needed ]

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Since 1998, IPC has been the only source of post-exposure prophylaxis vaccinations in the prevention of rabies in Cambodia. [1] [2] The Institute has rabies prevention centres in Phnom Penh, Battambang and Kampong Cham. [3]

From 2020, IPC has been part of the national committee involved in the public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia [4] as well as conducting research into SARS-CoV-2. [5] [6] Researchers at IPC found through sequencing research that viruses from Cambodian horseshoe bats shared 97% similarity with SARS-CoV-2, providing knowledge into possible origins of COVID-19. [7] [6] IPC also conduct research on future emerging zoonoses. [8]

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References

  1. Ly, Sowath; Buchy, Philippe; Heng, Nay Yim; Ong, Sivuth; Chhor, Nareth; Bourhy, Hervé; Vong, Sirenda (2009-09-08). "Rabies Situation in Cambodia". PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 3 (9): e511. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000511. ISSN   1935-2735. PMC   2731168 . PMID   19907631.
  2. Murray, Kieran (2020-08-24). "Can Cambodia Eradicate the World's Most Fatal Disease?". New Naratif . Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  3. Sponsored. "Institut Pasteur at fore of rabies fight". www.phnompenhpost.com. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  4. "Cambodia sets national committee to combat COVID-19 - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  5. "The Cambodian lab working to unravel how COVID-19 spreads and grows". Southeast Asia Globe. 2020-04-02. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  6. 1 2 "COVID-19: Bats living in Cambodia in 2010 carried 'nearly identical' pathogen to COVID-19 virus, scientists discover". Sky News. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  7. Mallapaty, Smriti (2020-11-23). "Coronaviruses closely related to the pandemic virus discovered in Japan and Cambodia". Nature. 588 (7836): 15–16. Bibcode:2020Natur.588...15M. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03217-0. PMID   33230273. S2CID   227157702.
  8. Zeeberg, Amos (2021-02-16). "Piecing Together the Next Pandemic". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2021-06-04.