The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE ( // in-SAY, French pronunciation: [inse] ), is the national statistics bureau of France. It collects and publishes information about the French economy and people and carries out the periodic national census. Headquartered in Montrouge, a commune in the southern Parisian suburbs, it is the French branch of Eurostat. The INSEE was created in 1946 as a successor to the Vichy regime's National Statistics Service (SNS). It works in close cooperation with the Institut national d'études démographiques (INED).
INSEE is responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France. Its best known responsibilities include:
The INSEE is the responsibility of MINEFI, the French Ministry of Finance. The current director is Jean-Luc Tavernier. However, Eurostat considers INSEE as an independent body, although its independence is not written in the law.
Research and teaching for the INSEE is undertaken by GENES or Group of the National Schools of the Economy and Statistics (French: Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et Statistique) which includes:
INSEE gives numerical indexing codes (French: les Codes INSEE) to various entities in France:
INSEE was preceded by several related statistical agencies in France. In 1833, the Statistics Bureau (French: Bureau de la statistique) was created by Adolphe Thiers. In 1840 it was renamed SGF or General Statistics of France.
Under the direction of Lucien March, the SGF expanded its activities. It began an investigation of consumption habits in 1907, following with periodic investigations on retail prices in 1911.
In 1920 Alfred Sauvy introduced competitive entrance exams for SGF recruitment. However, it was René Carmille, a pioneer of the use of the calculators, who laid the foundations of the modern organization. In 1940, the Demographic Service (Service de la démographie) was created under the Ministry of Finance in order to replace the military recruitment office prohibited by the June 1940 Armistice with Nazi Germany. In order to better conceal its undertakings, the Demographic Service absorbed the SGF on 11 October 1941. The new organization was called the SNS or National Statistics Service.As part of this reorganization, six new offices were created in the Northern (occupied) zone whose regional structure is maintained today in INSEE.
René Carmille created an Applied Sciences School (predecessor of the current ENSAE) to specially train members for the SNS.
Carmille worked for Vichy France but he was actually a double agent for the French underground. From his position in the SNS he sabotaged the Nazi census of France, which saved untold numbers of Jewish people from death camps. He also used his department to help mobilize French resistance in Algeria. He was caught by the Nazis and sent to Dachau where he died in 1945.
The SNS was finally transformed into INSEE by the law of 27 April 1946, The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Surveys for the metropolis and overseas France (L'Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques pour la métropole et la France d'outre-mer).
This is a list of directors of INSEE since its founding:
Lozère is a department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère. With 76,422 inhabitants as of 2016, Lozère is the least populous French department.
ENSAE Paris is one of the most respected and selective elite universities in France, known as grandes écoles and a member of IP Paris. ENSAE Paris is known as the branch school of École Polytechnique for statistics, data science and machine learning. It is one of France's top schools of economics and statistics and is directly attached to France's Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE) and the French Ministry of Economy and Finance.
The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) to identify various entities, including communes and départements. They are also used as national identification numbers given to people.
The following is a list of the 464 communes of the Puy-de-Dôme department of France.
Fourmies is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. The inhabitants are called Fourmisiens. It lies on the river Helpe Mineure. Since 2015, Fourmies has been the seat of the Canton of Fourmies, an administrative division of the Nord department. The canton was created at the French canton reorganization which came into effect in March 2015.
Saint-Martin-de-Bavel is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France. The inhabitants of the region are called Saint-Martinans in French.
Amailloux is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is situated about 14 km (8.7 mi) northwest of the town of Parthenay.
Mignéville is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.
Saint-Python is a commune in the Nord department in northern France named after Piatus of Tournai. Its inhabitants are called Saint-Piatiens or Piatonnais.
The canton of Parthenay is a canton located in the arrondissement of Parthenay, in the département of Deux-Sèvres, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine région of France. The canton is made up of 11 undivided communes.
The Corps of INSEE is a technical Grand corps de l'Etat with the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE).
The canton of Laruns is a former canton located in the arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie, in the département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Aquitaine région of France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 8 communes, which joined the canton of Oloron-Sainte-Marie-2 in 2015.
The Communauté de communes de la Touraine du Sud is a former federation of municipalities in the Indre-et-Loire département and in the Centre-Val de Loire région of France. It was merged into the new Communauté de communes Loches Sud Touraine in January 2017.
Tidiane N'Diaye is a Franco-Senegalese anthropologist, economist, and writer.
Jacques Mairesse is a French economist. He is the posthumous son of Jacques Mairesse (1905–1940), an international French association footballer.
Overseas France consists of thirteen French-administered territories outside Europe, mostly remains of the French colonial empire that wanted to stay French but voted for various status after decolonization. This collective name is used in everyday life in France but is not an administrative designation in its own right. Indeed, the five overseas regions have exactly the same administrative status as the metropolitan regions while the five overseas collectivities are semi-autonomous and New Caledonia is an autonomous territory. Overseas France includes island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, French Guiana on the South American continent, and several peri-Antarctic islands as well as a claim in Antarctica. Excluding the district of Adélie Land, where French sovereignty is effective de jure by French law, but where the French exclusive claim on this part of Antarctica is frozen by the Antarctic Treaty, overseas France covers a land area of 119,396 km2 (46,099 sq mi) and accounts for 18.0% of the French Republic's land territory. Its exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 9,825,538 km2 (3,793,661 sq mi) accounts for 96.7% of the EEZ of the French Republic.
Institut national de la statistique may refer to:
The arrondissement of Strasbourg is an arrondissement of France in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region. It has 33 communes. Its population is 494,089 (2017), and its area is 337.6 km2 (130.3 sq mi).
The canton of Matoury is one of the former cantons of the Guyane department in French Guiana. It was located in the arrondissement of Cayenne. Its administrative seat was located in Matoury, the canton's sole commune. Its population was 29,712 in 2012.
Nord's 22nd constituency was a French legislative constituency in the Nord département. It was abolished in the 2010 redistricting of French legislative constituencies. The last MP was Christian Bataille.
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