Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

Last updated

The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE ( /ɪns/ , French pronunciation:  [inse] ), is the national statistics bureau of France. It collects and publishes information about the French economy and people and carries out the periodic national census. Headquartered in Montrouge, a commune in the southern Parisian suburbs, it is the French branch of Eurostat. The INSEE was created in 1946 as a successor to the Vichy regime's National Statistics Service (SNS). It works in close cooperation with the Institut national d'études démographiques (INED).

Contents

Purpose

INSEE is responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France. Its best known responsibilities include:

Organisation

The INSEE is the responsibility of MINEFI, the French Ministry of Finance. The current director is Jean-Luc Tavernier. However, Eurostat considers INSEE as an independent body, although its independence is not written in the law. [1]

Teaching and research

Research and teaching for the INSEE is undertaken by GENES or Group of the National Schools of the Economy and Statistics (French: Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et Statistique) which includes:

Codes and numbering system

INSEE gives numerical indexing codes (French: les Codes INSEE) to various entities in France:

History

Statistics in France before INSEE

INSEE was preceded by several related statistical agencies in France. In 1833, the Statistics Bureau (French: Bureau de la statistique) was created by Adolphe Thiers. In 1840 it was renamed SGF or General Statistics of France. [4]

Under the direction of Lucien March, the SGF expanded its activities. It began an investigation of consumption habits in 1907, following with periodic investigations on retail prices in 1911.

In 1920 Alfred Sauvy introduced competitive entrance exams for SGF recruitment. However, it was René Carmille, a pioneer of the use of the calculators, who laid the foundations of the modern organization. In 1940, the Demographic Service (Service de la démographie) was created under the Ministry of Finance in order to replace the military recruitment office prohibited by the June 1940 Armistice with Nazi Germany. In order to better conceal its undertakings, the Demographic Service absorbed the SGF on 11 October 1941. The new organization was called the SNS or National Statistics Service. [5] As part of this reorganization, six new offices were created in the Northern (occupied) zone whose regional structure is maintained today in INSEE.

René Carmille created an Applied Sciences School (predecessor of the current ENSAE) to specially train members for the SNS.

Carmille worked for Vichy France but he was actually a double agent for the French underground. From his position in the SNS he sabotaged the Nazi census of France, which saved untold numbers of Jewish people from death camps. He also used his department to help mobilize French resistance in Algeria. He was caught by the Nazis and sent to Dachau where he died in 1945. [6]

Creation of INSEE

The SNS was finally transformed into INSEE by the law of 27 April 1946, The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Surveys for the metropolis and overseas France (L'Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques pour la métropole et la France d'outre-mer).

List of directors

This is a list of directors of INSEE since its founding:

See also

Related Research Articles

Lozère Department of France in Occitanie

Lozère is a department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère. With a 2016 population of 76,422, it is the least populous French department.

Tarn (department) Department of France in Occitanie

Tarn is a department located in the Occitanie region of Southern France. Named after the Tarn River, it had a population of 386,448 as of 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Albi. The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais and Tarnaises.

ENSAE ParisTech French Grande École of engineering

ENSAE Paris is a French grande école of engineering and a member of ParisTech. ENSAE Paris is known as the branch school of École Polytechnique for statistics, data science and machine learning.

The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) to identify various entities, including communes and départements. They are also used as national identification numbers given to people.

Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 464 communes of the Puy-de-Dôme department of France.

Fourmies, Nord Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Fourmies is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. The inhabitants are called Fourmisiens. It lies on the river Helpe Mineure. Since 2015, Fourmies has been the seat of the Canton of Fourmies, an administrative division of the Nord department. The canton was created at the French canton reorganization which came into effect in March 2015.

Graveron-Sémerville Commune in Normandy, France

Graveron-Sémerville is a commune in the Eure department in northern France.

Magrie Commune in Occitanie, France

Magrie is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.

Erckartswiller Commune in Grand Est, France

Erckartswiller is a commune, in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is part of the arrondissement of Saverne and the canton of Ingwiller.

Ourouer-les-Bourdelins Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Ourouer-les-Bourdelins is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Saint-Jean-Saint-Nicolas Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Jean-Saint-Nicolas is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France.

Mont-Saint-Léger Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Mont-Saint-Léger is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Mottier Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Le Mottier is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

Trun, Orne Commune in Normandy, France

Trun is a commune in the Orne département and the region of Normandy in north-western France.

The Corps of INSEE is a technical Grand corps de l'Etat with the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE).

Communauté de communes de la Touraine du Sud Former communauté de communes in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The Communauté de communes de la Touraine du Sud is a former federation of municipalities in the Indre-et-Loire département and in the Centre-Val de Loire région of France. It was merged into the new Communauté de communes Loches Sud Touraine in January 2017.

Jacques Mairesse (economist) French economist

Jacques Mairesse is a French economist. He is the posthumous son of Jacques Mairesse (1905–1940), an international French association footballer.

The 4th constituency of Guadeloupe is a French legislative Constituency in the Overseas department of Guadeloupe. It is currently represented by Hélène Vainqueur-Christophe of the Socialist Party. Guadeloupe is composed of four Constituencies.

Arrondissement of Strasbourg Arrondissement in Grand Est, France

The arrondissement of Strasbourg is an arrondissement of France in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region. It has 33 communes. Its population is 494,089 (2017), and its area is 337.6 km2 (130.3 sq mi).

Canton of Matoury Former canton in French Guiana, France

The canton of Matoury is one of the former cantons of the Guyane department in French Guiana. It was located in the arrondissement of Cayenne. Its administrative seat was located in Matoury, the canton's sole commune.

References

  1. ACDC2007.free.fr, Eurostat report
  2. "DSI.CNRS.fr" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2004.
  3. SIRENE.tm.fr Archived 24 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine , SIRENE database
  4. French: Statistique Générale de la France
  5. French: Service National des Statistiques
  6. IBM and the Holocaust, Edwin Black, 2001, Crown , p 320-332,