|Predecessor||Institute of European Affairs (IEA) 1991–2007|
|Founded at||Dublin, Ireland|
|Registration no.||RCN 20024819|
|Legal status||Registered Irish Charity|
|Focus||Impact of the EU on Ireland|
|Headquarters||8 North Great Georges Street, Dublin 1, Ireland|
|Michael D Higgins|
The Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA) (Irish : An Institiúid Gnóthaí Idirnáisiúnta agus Eorpacha) is an Irish policy think tank focusing on European and international policy trends based in Dublin, Ireland. It is known for its seminars and speaking events which attract notable international figures. It is a private charity. However, much of the IIEA's income comes from the Irish government and Irish state–owned entities and many of its leadership figures have Irish political or public service backgrounds.
The IIEA was founded as the Institute of European affairs in 1991.According to Tony Brown, author of a history of the IIEA, it was established to promote informed debate on European affairs in the wake of the Crotty Judgement and the subsequent Irish referendum on the Single European Act, which he argues was marked by low turnout for the time and limited and low-quality debate. The institute was officially launched in April 1991 by Minister for Foreign Affairs Gerry Collins. Brendan Halligan was head of the organising committee and its first chairman. Mary Robinson, then President of Ireland, was appointed as its patron.
A June 1996 Irish Times article notes that the Institute of European Affairs (IEA) was set up in 1989 by Brendan Halligan, the former General Secretary of the Irish Labour Party, and that much of the financial backing came from Irish semi–state bodies, including those on which Halligan was a Board member. The article also notes that the IEA rented a house on 8 North Great George's Street of which Halligan was a part owner.Tony Brown writes that Brendan Halligan and founding member Niall Greene purchased 8 North Great Georges street with their own money in trust for the use of the institute with the option to purchase the premises at the lower of cost or market value when it had secured the funds to do so. The IIEA finally purchased the building in 1998, noting "a debt of gratitude to Brendan Halligan and Niall Greene" for this support in that year's Annual Report. Brigid Laffan also states that Halligan and Greene purchased the premises in trust for the IIEA.
The institute's research programme was initially led by Professor Patrick Keatinge of Trinity College Dublin who was the first senior staff appointee as Senior Research Fellow. In 1991 and 1992, the institute produced ten publications including on Economic and Monetary Union and Irish public opinion on Irish neutrality. Early authors included as James Dooge, Miriam Hederman O'Brien, Brigid Laffan and Trinity College Dublin Professor Michael Marsh. Keatinge’s term was followed by Brian Farrell as the institute’s first Director General from 1994 to 1996.
Farrell was succeeded in 1996 by Terry Stewart, a former Director of the European Commission Representation in Dublin. Stewart held this position until 1999.The next Director General was Joe Brosnan, who held this position from 1999 to 2002. Brosnan was a former Secretary General of the Irish Department of Justice and had been Chef de Cabinet of Padraig Flynn in the European Commission.
The former leader of Fine Gael, Alan Dukes was appointed as the Director General of the IEA in December 2002.a post he held until December 2007. In July 2007, the IEA changed its name to the Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Jill Donohughe, previously Director of Research, was the first female Director General of the IIEA from 2008 to 2010.
Former Irish Ambassador to the UN Dáithí O'Ceallaigh was Director General of the IIEA from 2010 to 2013.O'Ceallaigh had been Irish ambassador to the UN from 2007 to 2009 and was previously Irish ambassador to the United Kingdom (2001–2007). In August 2013, Tom Arnold, previously CEO of Concern Worldwide, was appointed Director General of the IIEA. In March 2017, Barry Andrews, former CEO of GOAL and Irish Minister of State for Children, was appointed Director General. At the same time as the appointment of Barry Andews, Halligan, then 81 years of age, stepped down as Chairperson to become President of the IIEA. Ruairi Quinn, former leader of the Labour Party, became the new Chairperson of the IIEA.
In January 2019 Barry Andrews stepped down as Director General temporarily to run in the European Parliament election and resigned after his election as an MEP.He was succeeded as Acting Director General by Donal de Buitléir, Chairman of the Low Pay Commission. Michael Collins, previously Irish Ambassador to Germany, was appointed Director General in November 2019.
The IIEA's filed public accounts for the 2016 financial year state that the principal activity of the IIEA is to: "promote the research of International and European political, economic, cultural, societal and legal institutions, proceedings and relations".IIEA research is sometimes used in Oireachtas reports. As a policy research institution, there is little evidence of IIEA research papers in academic research journals. IIEA research is often covered in the media. Recent coverage includes reviews by the Financial Times and the Irish Times of the IIEA book "Britain and Europe: The Endgame. An Irish Perspective", an interview with IIEA Chief Economist Dan O'Brien on Apple and state aid and coverage on research by Professor Frank Barry on the implications of a change in the US corporation tax system for Ireland.
The IIEA was described by the Irish Times in 2007 as a "a policy research think-tank and forum",with the most notable activities of the IIEA being the quantum of speaking events on mostly European issues, hosted over the years. In 2015, the IIEA hosted 120 seminars with speakers such as Jean Claude Trichet and Pierre Moscovici. In 2014, the IIEA hosted 140 seminars with speakers such as Peter Sutherland and Martin Wolf. In 2013, the year of Ireland's EU Presidency, the IIEA hosted 170 seminars with speakers such as Christine Lagarde.
As of November 2018 [update] , the IIEA's most recent public accounts (Company Number 171807), for the 2016 financial year state that the IIEA is a "Company Limited by Guarantee which does not have share capital and is registered in Ireland". In addition, the filed accounts also state that the members of the IIEA are liable to a maximum sum of €1.27 (old IEP £1) in the event of a winding up, and that none of the IIEA's reserves can be distributed to members by way of a dividend. The IIEA pays no taxes as it is an Irish Registered Charity (RCN 20024889).
As of November 2018 [update] , the IIEA's most recent filed accounts for the 2016 financial year state that the IIEA's Income of €1,120,714 million separates into four categories (see § Accounts):
CE–Scheme and grants are Irish State sourced (32% of IIEA income); however, it is believed a material portion of the Subscription (and potentially Other category), are sourced from the Irish State (either directly from State departments, or via State–owned companies), and thus over 50% of IIEA income is funded by the Irish exchequer.
As of November 2018 [update] , the Director General and IIEA staff are overseen by a Board of 17 Directors (in alphabetical order):
(†) Chairperson (‡) Secretary (Δ) Treasurer
As of November 2018 [update] , the IIEA also listed a number of Honorary Positions:
Patron Michael D. Higgins President of Ireland
President Brendan Halligan Founder of the IIEA
Vice Presidents: Adrian Burke, Tom Haughey, Una O’Dwyer, Nora Owen
The IIEA has been labelled a quango by news and satire magazine the Phoenix,However, under Irish law, the IIEA is a private charity. Under Eurostat criteria, the IIEA is not a public body.
The Phoenix estimates that over 50% of the IIEA's income is directly or indirectly from the Irish State. This may be perceived as a criticism.
In January 2018, the Irish Times reported that the IIEA had asked the Department of Foreign Affairs in 2017 for €250,000 per annum to set up a new "Brexit Hub" office in Merrion Square to "act as a forum for sharing well-informed discussion on Brexit strategies". This request was declined on the basis of value for money.The proposed grant was to pay for new offices closer to Government Buildings and to also cover some of the €119,000 salary of the then Director General Barry Andrews, and a new Brexit Hub Director, Donal de Buitléir, former Director of Publicpolicy.ie.
IIEA published abridged accounts from 2009 to 2015 on their website.The Irish Charities Regulator website holds copies of the full IIEA accounts that are filed with the Companies Registration Office ("CRO"), for 2014, 2015 and 2016, which contain additional detail, particularly around the CE–Scheme, and the IIEA offices at 8 North Great George's Street.
|Profit and Loss||Subscriptions||624,518||505,008||477,232||506,059||484,870||548,755||544,592||568,384||605,401||591,451|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Institute of International and European Affairs .|
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Three other organisations have contributed the same amount as Bord na Mona - the ESB, Aer Rianta and the Irish Permanent, of which Mr Halligan is also a director. The institute, which rents a house on North Great George's Street that is part owned by Mr Halligan, was set up in 1989 to foster debate on European integration, according to Mr Stewart.
18/07/2007: THE INSTITUTE OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS Changed To THE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN AFFAIRS
Brendan Halligan was the founder of the Institute in 1991 and has been its Chairman ever since up to the beginning of 2017 when he handed over to Ruairí Quinn. So with the recent revamping of the Board and change in the positions of Chairman and Director General, a re-envigorated Institute is ready to face what may be its biggest challenge yet.
The Institute of International and European Affairs operates a Community Employment scheme, which is funded by the Department of Social Protection.
The latest accounts for the Institute of International and European Affairs show that its income for 2015 rose by 22.3% to €881,593, and with a Community Employment Grant rose to over a million euros (€1,069,130), a rise of 16.4%. But the IIEA has continually refused to divulge the amount of taxpayers money it gets from Government departments and State-sponsored bodies.
Documents released under the Freedom of Information Act showed the department raised concerns about whether the €250,000 a year sought in funding for three years for the hub was good value for the public given that government departments fulfilled part of the role proposed for the hub.
The proposed budget for the hub, earmarked for a building on Merrion Square to be nearer to Government Buildings, would require €250,000 a year in public funding. [...] The hub’s proposed director, Donal de Buitléir, a former public official [...] while almost €30,000 of the €119,000 remuneration paid to IIEA director-general, Barry Andrews would fall under the hub’s budget.
The Government is committed to greater engagement with the public on the Future of Europe and in this regard my Department is providing funding of €750,000 over 3 years for a Future of the EU27 project being carried out the Institute for International and European Affairs (IIEA). The first tranche of this funding, €125,000, is being provided this year to the IIEA.