Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria

Last updated

The National Institute for Agrarian Reform (Spanish : Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria, INRA) was an agency of the Cuban Government that was formed to institute the Agrarian Reform Law of 1959.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

INRA also implemented the Second Agrarian Reform Law of 1963. It oversaw the development of the rural infrastructure.

Che Guevara was appointed the first leader of the Institute.

Che Guevara Argentine Marxist revolutionary

Ernesto "Che" Guevara, also known as Ernesto Guevara de la Serna and Che Guevara Lynch, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat and military theorist. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia in popular culture.

See also

Related Research Articles

Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado President of Cuba

Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado was a Cuban politician who served as the President of Cuba from 1959 until 1976.

Radio Swan was a pirate radio station based in the Swan Islands, a group of islands in the western Caribbean Sea, near the coastline of Honduras. Under the "Radio Swan" and "Radio Americas" names, the station was in operation from 1960 to 1968.

INRA may refer to:

Cuban law

The substantive and procedural laws of Cuba were later based on the Spanish Civil laws and were influenced by the principles of Marxism-Leninism after that philosophy became the guiding force of government.

<i>La Coubre</i> explosion

The French freighter La Coubre exploded in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, on 4 March 1960 while it was unloading 76 tons of munitions. Casualties may have been as high as 100, and many more were injured. Fidel Castro charged it was an act of sabotage on the part of the United States, which denied any involvement.

The agrarian reform laws of Cuba sought to break up large landholdings and redistribute land to those peasants who worked it, to cooperatives, and the state. Laws relating to land reform were implemented in a series of laws passed between 1959 and 1963 after the Cuban Revolution. Che Guevara was named head of the INRA as minister of industries and oversaw the land reform policies.

Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) stocks and market liberalization, (2) land reform, (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) urban finance, (5) market institutions.

The National Association of Small Farmers (ANAP) is a cooperative federation dedicated to promoting the interests of small farmers in Cuba. ANAP has over 300,000 members.

Agrarian Reform Law may refer to:

Orlando Borrego Cuban politician

Orlando Borrego is a Cuban economist, writer and former guerrilla who worked with Che Guevara during the Cuban Revolution.

Agrarian system

An agrarian system is the dynamic set of economic and technological factors that affect agricultural practices. It is premised on the idea that different systems have developed depending on the natural and social conditions specific to a particular region. Political factors also have a bearing on an agrarian system due to issues such as land ownership, labor organization, and forms of cultivation.

Agriculture in Venezuela

Agriculture in Venezuela has a much smaller share of the economy than in any other Latin American country. After the discovery of oil in Venezuela in the early 20th century to the 1940s, agriculture has declined rapidly, and with the beginning of large-scale industrial development in the 1940s, agriculture and land reform was largely neglected by successive governments. Since 1999, under the Bolivarian Revolution of President Hugo Chávez, agriculture has had a somewhat higher priority. Agriculture in Venezuela accounts for approximately 3% of GDP, 10% of the labor force, and at least a quarter of Venezuela's land area.

The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, more commonly known as CARP, is an agrarian reform law of the Philippines whose legal basis is the Republic Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). It is the redistribution of private and public agricultural lands to help the beneficiaries survive as small independent farmers, regardless of the “tenurial” arrangement. Its goals are to provide landowners equality in terms of income and opportunities, empower land owner beneficiaries to have an equitable land ownership, enhance the agricultural production and productivity, provide employment to more agricultural workers, and put an end to conflicts regarding land ownership.

Virgilio "Gil" R. de los Reyes is a Filipino lawyer, educator and government administrator. He served as Secretary of Agrarian Reform under the administration of President Benigno Aquino III. Prior to assuming his post, he was Vice Dean of the De La Salle University College of Law, teaching constitutional law.

Institut national de la recherche agronomique

The Institut national de la recherche agronomique is a French public research institute dedicated to agricultural science. It was founded in 1946 and is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and Agriculture.

Native Community Lands, according to Bolivian law, are territories held by indigenous people through collective title. The creation of these territories has been a major goal of Bolivian indigenous movements and a political initiative pursued by both neoliberal and indigenous-identified national governments. TCOs are being included under the Indigenous Originary Campesino Autonomy regime. As of June 2009, 60 TCOs had been proposed in the lowlands, of which 12 had completed titling, and 143 had been proposed in the highlands, of which 72 had final titles. More than 16.8 million hectares have been incorporated within Native Community Lands as of December 2009, more than 15% of Bolivia's land area.

The Nor Lípez Native Community Lands are a collectively owned indigenous territory in the province of Nor Lípez, Potosí, Bolivia, registered as a Native Community Land and titled by the National Agrarian Reform Institute on 19 April 2011.

The Yuki–Indigenous Council of the Ichilo River Native Community Lands, originally the Yuki Indigenous Territory, is a collectively-owned indigenous territory in the province of Carrasco, Cochabamba, Bolivia, registered as a Native Community Land and titled by the National Agrarian Reform Institute in April 1997. Residents of the territory belong to the Yuki, Yuracaré, Trinitario, and Movima peoples. The titled territory consists of 115,924.9 hectares and had a population of 778 as of 2010.

Before the Bolivian National Revolution of 1952, land in Bolivia was unequally distributed — 92% of the cultivable land was held by estates of 1,000 hectares or more.