International Ski Federation

Last updated

International Ski and Snowboard Federation
Federation internationale de ski (logo).svg
Sport Skiing [1]
JurisdictionInternational
Membership132 members [1]
AbbreviationFIS
Founded2 February 1924;98 years ago (1924-02-02) [1]
in Chamonix, Flag of France.svg  France
Affiliation IOC [2]
HeadquartersMarc Hodler House
Blochstrasse 2
Oberhofen am Thunersee
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
President Flag of Sweden.svg Johan Eliasch
Vice president(s) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Roman Kumpost (2021) [3]
Flag of the United States.svg Dexter Paine (2021) [4]
Flag of Japan.svg Aki Murasato (2016) [5]
Flag of Austria.svg Peter Schroecksnadel (2021) [6]
Secretary Flag of France.svg Michel Vion
Operating incomeDecrease2.svg CHF 14.6 million (2018) [7]
Official website
www.fis-ski.com

The Fédération internationale de ski et de snowboard (FIS; English: International Ski and Snowboard Federation) is the highest international governing body for skiing and snowboarding. Founded on 2 February 1924 in Chamonix, France during the inaugural Winter Olympic Games, the FIS is responsible for the Olympic disciplines of Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing, and snowboarding. The FIS is also responsible for setting the international competition rules. The organization has a membership of 132 national ski associations, and is based in Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland. It changed its name to include snowboard in 2022.

Contents

Most World Cup wins

More than 45 World Cup wins in all disciplines run by International Ski Federation for men and ladies:

RankWinsDisciplineCode
1 Flag of Switzerland.svg Amélie Wenger-Reymond 158 Telemark skiing TM
2 Flag of Switzerland.svg Conny Kissling 106 Freestyle skiing FS
3 Flag of Sweden.svg Ingemar Stenmark 86 Alpine skiing AL
4 Flag of Norway.svg Marit Bjørgen 84
(114)
Cross-country skiing CC
5 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn 82 Alpine skiing AL
6 Flag of the United States.svg Mikaela Shiffrin 73 Alpine skiing AL
7 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Mikaël Kingsbury 70 Freestyle skiing FS
8 Flag of France.svg Karine Ruby 67 Snowboarding SB
Flag of Austria.svg Marcel Hirscher 67 Alpine skiing AL
10 Flag of Austria.svg Annemarie Moser-Pröll 62 Alpine skiing AL
11 Flag of Japan.svg Sara Takanashi 60 Ski jumping JP
12 Flag of France.svg Phillipe Lau 58 Telemark skiing TM
13 Flag of the United States.svg Jan Bucher 57 Freestyle skiing FS
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jan Němec 57 Grass skiing GS
15 Flag of Switzerland.svg Vreni Schneider 55 Alpine skiing AL
16 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier 54 Alpine skiing AL
17 Flag of Austria.svg Gregor Schlierenzauer 53 Ski jumping JP
18 Flag of Italy.svg Alberto Tomba 50 Alpine skiing AL
19 Flag of Finland.svg Hannu Manninen 48 Nordic combined NK
20 Flag of Finland.svg Matti Nykänen 46 Ski jumping JP
Flag of the United States.svg Donna Weinbrecht 46 Freestyle skiing FS
Flag of Norway.svg Bjørn Dæhlie 46 Cross-country skiing CC
Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl 46 Alpine skiing AL
Flag of the United States.svg Hannah Kearney 46 Freestyle skiing FS

Updated as of 21 March 2021

Ski disciplines

The federation organises the following ski sport disciplines, for which it oversees World Cup competitions and World Championships:

Alpine skiing
DisciplinesWorld Championships
Alpine combined FIS Alpine World Ski Championships
Downhill
Super-G
Giant slalom
Slalom
Parallel
Nordic skiing
DisciplinesWorld Championships
Cross-country skiing FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
Ski jumping
Nordic combined
Ski flying FIS Ski Flying World Championships
Freestyle skiing
DisciplinesWorld Championships
Moguls FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships
Aerials
Skicross
Half-pipe
Big air
Ski Ballet/Acro Ski (defunct with FIS)
Snowboarding
DisciplinesWorld Championships
Parallel giant slalom FIS Snowboarding World Championships
Parallel slalom
Big Air
Slopestyle
Snowboard cross
Half-pipe
Others
DisciplinesWorld Championships
Grass skiing FIS Sprint Slalom, Giant Slalom, Super Combined, Super G, Parallel Slalom - World Cup (s)
Speed skiing FIS Speed Skiing Championships
Telemark skiing Sprint, Classic, Parallel Sprint, Team Parallel Sprint - World Cup (s)
MastersFIS World Criterium Masters (amateur, senior)
Roller Skiing (amateur, senior)

FIS Congress history

Founding and the first years

After ski club federations and national associations were created in Norway (1883 and 1908), Russia (1896), Bohemia and Great Britain (1903), Switzerland (1904), United States, Austria and Germany (all in 1905) and Sweden, Finland and Italy (all in 1908), and competitions had begun such as the Nordic Games, [8] early international cross-country races (Adelboden, 1903), international participation at Holmenkollen (1903) [9] and Club Alpin Français (CAF) International Winter Sports Weeks, an international Ski Congress was convened to develop standard rules for international competitive skiing.

The founding of a predecessor association, the International Ski Commission (CIS), was decided on February 18, 1910 in Christiania, Norway by delegates from ten countries to the first International Ski Congress. [10] This Congress then met every year or so to hear from the CIS and refine and adopt rule changes. The commission was to consist of two members - a representative of Scandinavia and Central Europe. Ultimately, two Scandinavians sat on the commission. A year later, in March 1911, the first internationally valid set of rules was approved. At that time, the commission was enlarged to five members, and Oslo was elected as headquarters.

In 1913, the number of members of the commission was increased to seven: two Norwegians, two Swedes, a Swiss, a German and an Austrian.

On February 2, 1924 in Chamonix as part of the "International Winter Sports Week", which was later to be recognized as the first Olympic Winter Games, 36 delegates from 14 countries (Great Britain, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Yugoslavia, Norway, Poland, Romania, USA, Switzerland, Sweden, Hungary and Italy) decided to found the FIS, which replaced the CIS.

Initially, the FIS was only responsible for Nordic skiing. FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1925 in Janské Lázně, Czechoslovakia, were given status as the first official World Championships. After the Scandinavian countries had relented, it was decided at the 11th FIS Congress (February 24-26, 1930 in Oslo) to also include alpine skiing (downhill, slalom and alpine combined) in the rules. This was upon a proposal by Great Britain, in which the British ski pioneer Arnold Lunn played a major role as co-founder of the Arlberg-Kandahar races. The simple sentence "Downhill and slalom races may be organized" was written into the rules - a sentence that was to change skiing in the long term. [11] The first FIS Alpine World Ski Championships were held 19–23 February 1931 in Mürren, Switzerland.

Ski flying, a variation of ski jumping, was recognized as a discipline in 1938, but rules were not finalized until after World War II.

List of Ski Congresses

Presidents

The Crystal Globe trophy awarded by the FIS to the winner of the Ski Jumping World Cup Joska bodenmais pokale referenzen fis ski weltcup pokal.jpg
The Crystal Globe trophy awarded by the FIS to the winner of the Ski Jumping World Cup
#NameNationalityTerm
1. Ivar Holmquist Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1924–1934
2. Nicolai Ramm Østgaard Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 1934–1951
3. Marc Hodler Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1951–1998
4. Gian-Franco Kasper Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1998–2021 [13] [14]
5. Johan Eliasch Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2021–

Members

Official FIS ski museums

Exhibit at the FIS Skimuseum Damuls in Vorarlberg (Austria) FIS Skimuseum Damuls (c) Katrin Preuss - Vorarlberg Tourismus.jpg
Exhibit at the FIS Skimuseum Damüls in Vorarlberg (Austria)

As of 2017, there are 31 official FIS Ski Museums worldwide in 13 countries which are devoted to the history of skiing, taking into account the region's own history of skiing and tourism. [15]

List of FIS ski museums (incomplete)

See also

Related Research Articles

Slalom skiing Alpine skiing discipline

Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates. These are spaced more closely than those in giant slalom, super giant slalom and downhill, necessitating quicker and shorter turns. Internationally, the sport is contested at the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships, and at the Olympic Winter Games.

Skiing Recreational activity and sport using snow skis

Skiing is the use of skis to glide on snow. Variations of purpose include basic transport, a recreational activity, or a competitive winter sport. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Ski Federation (FIS).

Nordic combined Winter sport combining the events of cross-country skiing and ski jumping

Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping. The Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics has been held since the first ever Winter Olympics in 1924, while the FIS Nordic Combined World Cup has been held since 1983. Many Nordic combined competitions use the Gundersen method, where placement in the ski jumping segment results in time (dis)advantages added to the contestant's total in the cross-country skiing segment.

Ski jumping Skiing winter sport

Ski jumping is a winter sport in which competitors aim to achieve the farthest jump after sliding down on their skis from a specially designed curved ramp. Along with jump length, competitor's aerial style and other factors also affect the final score. Ski jumping was first contested in Norway in the late 19th century, and later spread through Europe and North America in the early 20th century. Along with cross-country skiing, it constitutes the traditional group of Nordic skiing disciplines.

Nordic skiing Skiing variant

Nordic skiing encompasses the various types of skiing in which the toe of the ski boot is fixed to the binding in a manner that allows the heel to rise off the ski, unlike alpine skiing, where the boot is attached to the ski from toe to heel. Recreational disciplines include cross-country skiing and Telemark skiing.

Telemark skiing

Telemark skiing is a skiing technique that combines elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing, using a squatting motion on downhill skis. Telemark skiing is named after the Telemark region of Norway, where the discipline originated. Sondre Norheim is often credited for first demonstrating the turn in ski races, which included cross country, slalom, and jumping, in Norway around 1868. Sondre Norheim also experimented with ski and binding design, introducing side cuts to skis and heel bindings.

FIS Alpine Ski World Cup Top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions

The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France and the USA. It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.

FIS Nordic World Ski Championships International Nordic skiing competitions

The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships is a biennial nordic skiing event organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS). The World Championships was started in 1925 for men and opened for women's participation in 1954. World Championship events include nordic skiing's three disciplines: cross-country skiing, ski jumping, and nordic combined. From 1924 to 1939, the World Championships were held every year, including the Winter Olympics. After World War II, the World Championships were held every four years from 1950 to 1982. Since 1985, the World Championships have been held in odd-numbered years.

United States Ski Team

The U.S. Ski Team, operating under the auspices of U.S. Ski & Snowboard, develops and supports men's and women's athletes in the sports of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, cross-country, ski jumping, and Nordic combined. Since 1974 the team and association have been headquartered in Park City, Utah.

FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2013

The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2013 took place between 20 February and 3 March 2013 in Val di Fiemme, Italy, for the third time, the event having been hosted there previously in 1991 and 2003.

Sport in Austria Overview of sports traditions and activities in Austria

Sports are widely practiced in Austria, both in professional and amateur competitions. The most popular sports are association football, alpine skiing and ice hockey.

For the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, a total of three sports venues were used. The main stadium was used for all but two sports and part of a third. It was the first ski jump used for the Winter Olympics. A bobsleigh track was prepared for use.

For the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California, in the United States, a total of five sports venues were used. Except for the Palisades Tahoe, all of the venues had to be constructed. For the first time in Winter Olympic history, a temporary venue was constructed at McKinney Creek for biathlon, cross-country skiing, and Nordic combined. A bobsleigh track was not constructed over the guarantees from the FIBT not being able to field the minimum twelve teams needed to compete, making it the only time bobsleigh has not been included in the Winter Olympics.

The Arlberg-Kandahar race is an annual alpine skiing event. The first edition of the race was held in 1928 in St. Anton, in the Arlberg district of Austria. The location originally alternated between St. Anton and Mürren, Switzerland. Later, it began to be held in other locations as well, such as Chamonix, France, Sestriere, Italy, and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Cross-country skiing (sport) Competitive winter sport

Competitive cross-country skiing encompasses a variety of race formats and course lengths. Rules of cross-country skiing are sanctioned by the International Ski Federation and by various national organizations. International competitions include the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, the FIS Cross-Country World Cup, and at the Winter Olympic Games. Such races occur over homologated, groomed courses designed to support classic (in-track) and freestyle events, where the skiers may employ skate skiing. It also encompasses cross-country ski marathon events, sanctioned by the Worldloppet Ski Federation, and cross-country ski orienteering events, sanctioned by the International Orienteering Federation. Related forms of competition are biathlon, where competitors race on cross-country skis and stop to shoot at targets with rifles, and paralympic cross-country skiing that allows athletes with disabilities to compete at cross-country skiing with adaptive equipment.

From August 22, 2012 to March 27, 2013, the following skiing events took place at various locations around the world.

From August 28, 2011 to March 18, 2012, the following skiing events took place at various locations around the world.

Switzerland at the 2018 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Switzerland competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February 2018, with 166 competitors in 14 sports. They won 15 medals in total, ranking 7th in the medal table.

Czech Republic at the 2022 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

The Czech Republic competed at the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, China, from 4 to 20 February 2022.

Snowboarding at the 2022 Winter Olympics are scheduled to be held at the Genting Snow Park in Zhangjiakou and Big Air Shougang in Beijing, China. The events are scheduled to take place between 5 and 15 February 2022. A total of 11 snowboarding events will be held.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Facts & Figures". www.fis-ski.com. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  2. 1 2 "General Regulations". www.fis-ski.com. June 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  3. "Roman Kumpost". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  4. "Dexter Paine". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  5. "Aki Murasato". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  6. "Peter Schroecksnadel". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  7. "Accounts. Comptes. Rechnung 01.01.2018 – 31.12.2018" (PDF). fis-ski.com. 25 February 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  8. Edgeworth, Ron (1994) “The Nordic Games and the Origins of the Olympic Winter Games” Citius, Altius, Fortius
  9. Vaage, Jakob (1968) The Holmenkollen Ski Jumping Hill and the Ski Museum Oslo: Tanum OCLC 492547534 Page 19
  10. FIS Congress History at FIS
  11. Ski-ing and Olympism Olympic Review
  12. List of past Congress summaries at fis-ski.com Archived 14 March 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  13. "FIS President". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  14. "Ski: FIS-Präsident Gian Franco Kasper tritt zurück". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 23 November 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  15. "FIS Official Ski Museums". www.fis-ski.com. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  16. "Kulisse Pfarrhof Ski Museum | Culture | REGION". damuels.travel. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  17. "Home- Winter!Sport!Museum!". www.wintersportmuseum.com. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  18. "Skimuseum Werfenweng" (in German). Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  19. "Skimuseum ist Geschichte". Vaterland online. Retrieved 22 August 2019.