Inthavong

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Chao Inthavong
ເຈົ້າອິນທະວົງສ໌
King of Vientiane
King of Vientiane
Reign2 February 1795 – 7 February 1805
Predecessor Nanthasen
Successor Anouvong
Vice King Anouvong
Vice King of Vientiane
Reign1781 – 2 February 1795
Successor Anouvong
King Nanthasen
Born?
Vientiane, Lan Xang
Died7 February 1805
Vientiane
Names
Somdet Brhat Chao Indra Varman Jaya Setthadiraja Chandrapuri Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Visudhirattana Rajadhanipuri Rama Lan Chang Krum Klao
Regnal name
Xaiya Setthathirath III
Father Ong Boun

Chao Inthavong [1] (Lao : ເຈົ້າອິນທະວົງສ໌; Thai : เจ้าอินทวงศ์; died 7 February 1805), or known as his regnal name Xaiya Setthathirath III, [2] was the 5th king of the Kingdom of Vientiane (r. 1795 to 1805).

Inthavong was the second son of King Ong Boun. In 1778, he was taken as hostage by Siamese together with his siblings, including Nanthasen, Anouvong and Khamwaen.[ citation needed ]

After Nanthasen crowned the Vientiane king, he was appointed the oupahat ("vice king") of Vientiane. However, he had to live in Bang Phlat (Khwaeng Bang Yi Khan), Bangkok, where he entered the Siamese government service. After the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút, Vietnamese ruler Nguyễn Ánh fled to Bangkok. There, Inthavong met Nguyễn Ánh. According to Vietnamese royal records, Inthavong "admired him". [3]

In 1791, the Tây Sơn invaded and occupied Vientiane. King Nanthasen had to temporarily flee to Siam. In 1795, King Nanthasen was deposed by Siamese, Inthavong crowned the new king. During Inthavong's reign, Vientiane made alliance with Nguyễn lord. In 1800 [4] and 1801, [5] when Nguyễn army marched north to attack Tây Sơn dynasty, Inthavong ordered his forces to attack Nghệ An Province, cooperating with Nguyễn forces. [6]

Inthavong died on 7 February 1805. His younger brother Anouvong was appointed the new king by Siamese, and sent back to Vientiane.

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References

  1. In Vietnamese records, he was called Chiêu Ấn (昭印).
  2. Peter Simms, Sanda Simms (2001). The Kingdoms of Laos: Six Hundred Years of History. ISBN   9780700715312.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. Đại Nam chính biên liệt truyện sơ tập , vol. 32, page 145
  4. Đại Nam chính biên liệt truyện sơ tập , vol. 32, page 148
  5. Đại Nam chính biên liệt truyện sơ tập , vol. 32, page 149
  6. Trần Trọng Kim, Việt Nam sử lược , vol. 2, chap. 12
Inthavong
Born: ? Died: 7 February 1805
Preceded by
Nanthasen
King of Vientiane
1795 – 1805
Succeeded by
Anouvong