Invergowrie

Last updated
Invergowrie
Invergowrie2.jpg
The entrance to Invergowrie from Dundee
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Invergowrie
Invergowrie shown within Perth and Kinross
Population 1,568 (including Kingoodie)
OS grid reference NO347303
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DUNDEE
Postcode district DD2
Dialling code 01382
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°27′37″N3°03′40″W / 56.460303°N 3.061237°W / 56.460303; -3.061237 Coordinates: 56°27′37″N3°03′40″W / 56.460303°N 3.061237°W / 56.460303; -3.061237

Invergowrie ( /ˌɪnvərˈɡri/ ) is a village on the northwest bank of the Firth of Tay to the west of Dundee. Historically part of Perthshire, it was formerly incorporated as part of the city of Dundee, but is now administered as part of Perth and Kinross.

Firth of Tay firth in Scotland

The Firth of Tay is a firth in Scotland between the council areas of Fife, Perth and Kinross, the City of Dundee and Angus, into which Scotland's largest river in terms of flow, the River Tay empties. The firth has a maximum width of 3 mi (4.8 km) at Invergowrie.

Dundee City and council area

Dundee is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom. The mid-year population estimate for 2016 was 148,270, giving Dundee a population density of 2,478/km2 or 6,420/sq mi, the second-highest in Scotland. It lies within the eastern central Lowlands on the north bank of the Firth of Tay, which feeds into the North Sea. Under the name of Dundee City, it forms one of the 32 council areas used for local government in Scotland.

Perthshire registration county in central Scotland

Perthshire, officially the County of Perth, is a historic county and registration county in central Scotland. It extends from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south. It was a local government county from 1890 to 1930.

Contents

History

The old parish church, a roofless 16th century building currently in poor condition, survives on a mound in the old kirkyard, by the Gowrie Burn. This site was formerly close to the sea; much land has been reclaimed from the Firth of Tay in recent times, and it is now some way inland. This was an early Christian site, dedicated to St Curetán. An artistically important and well-preserved cross-slab carved on five faces from this site is on display in the Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. Dating from the early 9th century, the front shows a cross decorated with interlace, the back three stylised clerics, one holding an object which may be a charter with appended seal, above two dragon-like creatures.

Saint Curetán was a Scoto-Pictish bishop and saint,. He is listed as one of the witnesses in the Cáin Adomnáin, where he is called "Curetan epscop". In the Martyrology of Tallaght he is called "of Ross Mand Bairend", and in the Martyrology of O'Gorman he is styled "bishop and abbot of Ross maic Bairend". His bishopric is usually held to have been Ross, the seat of which was at the settlement in the Black Isle called Ros-Maircnidh or Rosemarkie, named after the adjacent promontory

Edinburgh Capital city in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

Seal (emblem) device or emblem

A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made. The original purpose was to authenticate a document, a wrapper for one such as a modern envelope, or the cover of a container or package holding valuables or other objects.

This cross-slab was formerly built into a window of the medieval church, along with another smaller, damaged example, also now in Edinburgh (not on display).

The village was formerly part of the estate of Mylnefield. The quarry at Invergowrie supplied important sites around the UK, stone being included in the base of Nelson's column and St Katherine's Docks in London. The quarry workers hit a spring at the beginning of the 20th century and the quarry filled with water. The former quarry can be seen as you leave Invergowrie station by train heading to Perth and now looks like a large lake. Until 1967, the main source of work in the village was a paper mill.

The legend of the Gows o' Gowrie, stones supposed thrown by the devil around Invergowrie. The prophecy comes from a verse by Thomas the Rhymer (circa 1280).

"When the Yowes o' Gowrie come to land,
The Day o' Judgement's near at hand"

Invergowrie churches: the nearer square tower belongs to the Church of Scotland Parish Church of Invergowrie and the rear spire is the Scottish Episcopal Church of Invergowrie Invergowrie Churches.jpg
Invergowrie churches: the nearer square tower belongs to the Church of Scotland Parish Church of Invergowrie and the rear spire is the Scottish Episcopal Church of Invergowrie

Where the stones are, if they exist, has not been quite agreed. There is a "Deil's stone" at Greystanes, behind the Hilton hotel, surrounded by a Victorian fence. There is also a lump of rock which used to be called "the Paddock Stone" or the "Fairy Stone" in the wood situated on the Waterside road, near the quarry. It was said another stone was left in Invergowrie Bay, but that is now covered in silt and not visible. The Parish of Longforgan, by Adam Phillips, contains several paragraphs on the subject. The stones are of course glacial deposits. There was also the large Victorian house called "The Gows", now part of the Invergowrie Technology Park.

On 22 October 1979 a rail crash occurred after a warning signal was ignored resulting in the death of five people and 50 injuries.

Geography

Invergowrie is located on the northwest bank of the Firth of Tay, with the Invergowrie Bay located just to the east and south of the village.

Invergowrie Bay

Invergowrie Bay is a tidal basin located near Invergowrie in eastern Scotland. Also in the bay are the Gowrie Burn and the Huntly Burn. There is a 1.25 mi (2.01 km) walk along the shoreline from Invergowrie railway station to Kingoodie.

Climate

The Mylnefield weather station was owned by the Met Office and is located in Invergowrie.

Met Office United Kingdoms national weather service

The Met Office is the United Kingdom's national weather service. It is an executive agency and trading fund of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy led by CEO, Penelope Endersby, who took on the role as Chief Executive in December 2018, the first woman to do so. The Met Office makes meteorological predictions across all timescales from weather forecasts to climate change.

Climate data for Mylnefield, elevation 31m, 1971-2000, extremes 1960-
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
22.9
(73.2)
23.7
(74.7)
27.8
(82)
28.2
(82.8)
28.7
(83.7)
25.0
(77)
22.8
(73)
16.7
(62.1)
14.5
(58.1)
28.7
(83.7)
Average high °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
10.9
(51.6)
13.9
(57)
16.8
(62.2)
19.0
(66.2)
18.9
(66)
15.9
(60.6)
12.4
(54.3)
8.7
(47.7)
6.7
(44.1)
12
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F)0.5
(32.9)
1.0
(33.8)
2.1
(35.8)
3.7
(38.7)
6.1
(43)
8.7
(47.7)
10.8
(51.4)
10.7
(51.3)
8.6
(47.5)
6.1
(43)
2.7
(36.9)
1.3
(34.3)
5.2
(41.4)
Record low °C (°F)−17.1
(1.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−10.0
(14)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.8
(37)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−10.4
(13.3)
−12.7
(9.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)72.23
(2.8437)
48.63
(1.9146)
54.22
(2.1346)
44.71
(1.7602)
48.69
(1.9169)
53.02
(2.0874)
53.74
(2.1157)
52.72
(2.0756)
64.76
(2.5496)
70.41
(2.772)
58.50
(2.3031)
68.55
(2.6988)
690.18
(27.1722)
Source: KNMI/ Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute [1]

Transport

Invergowrie railway station serves the village, but only a few services stop there. The station is situated on the Glasgow to Aberdeen Line.

Frequent bus services connect Invergowrie to Dundee, Perth and Fife. Stagecoach Strathtay operate services to Perth, Dundee City Centre and Kirkcaldy

Dundee Airport is situated east of the village, providing flights to London City and Jersey Airports.

The A85 road runs to the northeast of Invergowrie, while the A90 road runs to the north and northwest of the village.

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References

Gauldie, Enid, The Quarries and the Feus, Waterside Press 1981 Phillips, Adam, The Parish of Longforgan, 1895