Ip, Sălaj

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Ip

Ipp
Commune
Ip jud Salaj.png
Romania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ip
Location of Ip, Sălaj
Coordinates: 47°13′45″N22°36′22″E / 47.22917°N 22.60611°E / 47.22917; 22.60611
Country Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
County RO Judetul Salaj COA.svg Sălaj County
Status Commune
Historic region Transylvania
Government
   Mayor Márkus László (UDMR)
Area
  Total60.13 km2 (23.22 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
  Total3,593
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website www.primariaip.ro

Ip (Romanian : Ip; Hungarian : Ipp) is a commune in Sălaj County, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Cosniciu de Jos (Alsókaznacs), Cosniciu de Sus (Felsőkaznacs), Ip, Zăuan (Szilágyzovány) and Zăuan-Băi (Zoványfürdő).

Romanian language Romance language

Romanian is an Eastern Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language. It is an official and national language of Romania and Moldova. In addition, it is also one of the official languages of the European Union.

Hungarian language language spoken in and around Hungary

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America and Israel. Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family. With 13 million speakers, it is the family's largest member by number of speakers.

Sălaj County County in Nord-Vest, Romania

Sălaj County is a county (județ) of Romania, located in the north-west of the country, in the historical regions of Crișana and Transylvania. It is bordered to the north by Satu Mare and Maramureș counties, to the west and south-west by Bihor County, and to the south-east by Cluj County. Zalău is the county seat as well as its largest city.

The commune was the initial site of the events that led to the Ip massacre in 1940.

Ip massacre

The events of the Ip massacre escalated in the early hours of 14 September 1940, in Ip, Sălaj. After two Hungarian soldiers died there in an accidental explosion, rumors spread that they had been killed by Romanians. After another incident the Hungarian Army, influenced by the rumor, indiscriminately killed around 150 ethnic Romanians in the nearby locations and surrounding areas.

Sights

Monument istoric designation for National Heritage Sites in Romania

Monument istoric, a "historic monument", is the Romanian term of designation for National Heritage Sites in Romania.

Coordinates: 47°14′N22°39′E / 47.233°N 22.650°E / 47.233; 22.650

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

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