Iran Novin Party

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Iran Novin Party
Founder Hassan Ali Mansour
Founded15 December 1963
Dissolved2 March 1975
Preceded by Nationalists’ Party [1]
Merged into Rastakhiz Party [2]
Worker wing Worker House (1967–75)
Ideology Royalism

The Iran Novin Party (Persian : حزب ایران نوین, romanized: Ḥezb-i Īrān-i Nuvīn, lit.  'New Iran Party') was a royalist political party in Iran and the country's ruling party for more than a decade, controlling both cabinet and the parliament from 1964 to 1975. People's Party was regarded its opposition. [3]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.

The party was "indistinguishable from the state", i.e. party of power, with no coherent ideology or agenda. [4] It was the main reason to deny opportunities to seek a popular following through nationalist or socialist appeals, although its pragmatism and opportunism was advantageous in recruiting. [5]

The term "party of power" refers to a political party that has a close relationship with the executive branch of government such that the party appears to function as an extension of the executive rather than as an autonomous political organization. The concept resembles that of a cartel party. In a presidential republic the party of power typically forms a legislative block that backs the executive. The concept has been commonly applied to post-Soviet political parties. Claims have been made that United Russia, the New Azerbaijan Party, Kazakhstan's Nur Otan, the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan, the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan and Georgian Dream are parties of power. Parties that have been considered as parties of power in the past include the Union of Citizens of Georgia, South Ossetia's Unity Party, the Georgia's United National Movement and the Republican Party of Armenia.

It comprised technocrats and former civil servants; supported the Court (probably having been initiated by it), identifying with the policies of the Shah" [6] and self-proclaimed its role as "guardian" of the White Revolution (Pāsdār-e Enqelāb). [5]

White Revolution

The White Revolution or the Shah and People Revolution was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and lasted until 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah’s reform program was built especially to weaken those classes that supported the traditional system. It consisted of several elements, including land reform, sale of some state-owned factories to finance this land reform, construction of an expanded road, rail, and air network, a number of dam and irrigation projects, the eradication of diseases such as malaria, the encouragement and support of industrial growth, enfranchisement of women, nationalization of forests and pastures, formation of literacy and health corps for rural isolated areas, and institution of profit sharing schemes for workers in industry. In the 1960s and 1970s the Shah sought to develop a more independent foreign policy and established working relationships with the Soviet Union and eastern European nations. In subsequent decades, per capita income for Iranians skyrocketed, and oil revenue fueled an enormous increase in state funding for industrial development projects.

Electoral history

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References

  1. Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 440. ISBN   978-0-691-10134-7.
  2. John H. Lorentz (2010). "Rastakhiz Party". The A to Z of Iran. The A to Z Guide Series. 209. Scarecrow Press. pp. 266–268. ISBN   978-1461731917.
  3. Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 39. ISBN   978-1850431985.
  4. Yom, Sean (2015). From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East. Columbia University Press. p. 138. ISBN   9780231540278.
  5. 1 2 Marvin G. Weinbaum (subscription required) (Autumn 1973). "Iran Finds a Party System: The Institutionalization of "Iran Novin"". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 27 (4): 439–455. JSTOR   4325140.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs (1986). "Mad̲j̲lis". In W. Madelung, Rahman, Munibur, Landau, J. M., Yapp, M.E. and Robinson, F.C.R. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam . 5 (Second ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0606. ISBN   9789004161214.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
  7. 1 2 3 Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN   978-0-19-924958-9.
Ruling party of Iran
Preceded by
Nationalists’ Party
Iran Novin Party
1963–1975
Succeeded by
Resurgence Party