Iran Novin Party

Last updated
Iran Novin Party
Founder Hassan Ali Mansour
Founded15 December 1963
Dissolved2 March 1975
Preceded by Nationalists’ Party [1]
Merged into Resurgence Party [2]
Worker wing Workers' House (1967–75)
Ideology Royalism

The Iran Novin Party (Persian : حزب ایران نوین, translit.  Ḥezb-i Īrān-i Nuvīn, lit.  'New Iran Party') was a royalist political party in Iran and the country's ruling party for more than a decade, controlling both cabinet and the parliament from 1964 to 1975. People's Party was regarded its opposition. [3]

The party was "indistinguishable from the state", i.e. party of power, with no coherent ideology or agenda. [4] It was the main reason to deny opportunities to seek a popular following through nationalist or socialist appeals, although its pragmatism and opportunism was advantageous in recruiting. [5]

It comprised technocrats and former civil servants; supported the Court (probably having been initiated by it), identifying with the policies of the Shah" [6] and self-proclaimed its role as "guardian" of the White Revolution (Pāsdār-e Enqelāb). [5]

Electoral history

References

  1. Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 440. ISBN   0-691-10134-5.
  2. John H. Lorentz (2010). "Rastakhiz Party". The A to Z of Iran. The A to Z Guide Series. 209. Scarecrow Press. pp. 266–268. ISBN   1461731917.
  3. Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 39. ISBN   1850431981.
  4. Yom, Sean (2015). From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East. Columbia University Press. p. 138. ISBN   9780231540278.
  5. 1 2 Marvin G. Weinbaum (subscription required) (Autumn 1973). "Iran Finds a Party System: The Institutionalization of "Iran Novin"". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 27 (4): 439–455. JSTOR   4325140.
  6. P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs (1986). "Mad̲j̲lis". In W. Madelung, Rahman, Munibur, Landau, J. M., Yapp, M.E. and Robinson, F.C.R. Encyclopaedia of Islam . 5 (Second ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. ISBN   9789004161214. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. 1 2 3 Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN   0-19-924958-X.
Ruling party of Iran
Preceded by
Nationalists’ Party
Iran Novin Party
1963–1975
Succeeded by
Resurgence Party