Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas

Last updated
Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
Leader Ashraf Dehghani
Foundedc. April 1979;40 years ago (1979-04) [1]
Split from Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
Headquarters London, United Kingdom
Kurdistan, Iran (formerly)
Ideology Marxism-Leninism

The Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (IFPG; Persian : چريک‌های فدایی خلق ایران, romanized: čerikhā-ye Fadāʾi-e ḵalq-e Irān), also known as Dehghani faction (Persian : جریان دهقانی) after its leader Ashraf Dehghani, is an Iranian communist organization that split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIFPG) in 1979, dropping the word 'organization' from its name. [2]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Ashraf Dehghani is amongst the best known Iranian female communist revolutionaries, and is a member of the Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas.

Contents

Dehghani broke away from the OIFPG when she accused it of deviating from the strategy of guerrilla warfare. From the ealy days of Iranian Revolution, the group claimed to be the "sole genuine communist organization" and opposed the Islamic Republic. Reportedly, as much as 30% of OIFPG members joined the group and fought in the 1979 Kurdish rebellion against government forces, backing the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. [1] Surviving members of the group and its factions moved to Europe in the 1990s. [3]

Guerrilla warfare form of irregular warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military. Guerrilla groups are a type of violent non-state actor.

Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution, was a series of events that involved the overthrow of the last monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran

The 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran erupted in mid-March 1979, some two months after the completion of the Iranian Revolution. It subsequently became the largest among the nationwide uprisings in Iran against the new state and one of the most intense Kurdish rebellions in modern Iran. Initially, Kurdish movements were trying to align with the new government of Iran, seeking to emphasize their Muslim identity and seek common ground with other Iranians. KDPI even briefly branded itself as non-"separatist" organization, allegedly criticizing those calling for independence, but nevertheless calling for political autonomy. However, relations between some Kurdish organizations and the Iranian government quickly deteriorated, and though Shi'a Kurds and some tribal leaders turned towards the new Shi'a Islamic State, Sunni Kurdish leftists continued the nationalist project in their enclave in Kurdistan Province.

See also

Organization of Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, simply known as Fadaiyan-e-Khalq was a Marxist-Leninist underground guerrilla organization in Iran.

Iranian Peoples Fedai Guerrillas

The Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, also known as Dehghani faction after its leader Ashraf Dehghani, is an Iranian communist organization that split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIFPG) in 1979, dropping the word 'organization' from its name.

The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) is an Iranian left-wing opposition political party in exile. The OIPFM advocates for an Iranian secular republic and the overthrow the current Islamic Republic of Iran government.

Related Research Articles

Fedayeen is a term used to refer to various military groups willing to sacrifice themselves.

Reza Alamouti was an Iranian political activist, considered to be known as one of the youngest Central Committee Members of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG) in the 1990s. He is also known as one of the first Iranian Socialist Feminist activists who introduced the Iranian left: a new Iranian Socialist movement that distanced itself from Stalinism and adopted more of a Trotskyist Agenda.

Left-wing guerrilla groups of Iran

Several left-wing guerrilla groups attempting to overthrown the pro-Western regime of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi were notable and active in Iran from 1971 to 1979. The groups shared a commitment to armed struggle, but differed in ideology. Most were Marxist in orientation, but the largest group — People's Mujahedin of Iran — was founded as an Islamic socialist organization. The left-wing movement is meant to overthrow conservative or capitalist systems and replace them with Marxist–Leninist, socialist, or anarchist societies.

Organizations of the Iranian Revolution

Many organizations, parties and guerrilla groups were involved in the Iranian Revolution. Some were part of Ayatollah Khomeini's network and supported the theocratic Islamic Republic movement, while others did not and were suppressed. Some groups were created after the fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty and still survive; others helped overthrow the Shah but no longer exist.

Assembly of Experts for Constitution former Institution of the Revolution in Iran

Assembly of Experts for Constitution, also translated the Assembly for the Final Review of the Constitution (AFRC), was a constituent assembly in Iran, elected in the summer of 1979 to write a new constitution for the Islamic Republic Government. It convened on August 18 to consider the draft constitution written earlier, completed its deliberations rewriting the constitution on November 15, and saw the constitution it had written approved by referendum on December 2 and 3, 1979, by over 98 percent of the vote.

The Union of People's Fedaian of Iran is a socialist organization that publishes a monthly magazine called Iran Today.

Organization of Revolutionary Workers of Iran – The Worker’s Way is an Iranian Marxist-Leninist political organisation formed in 1978, by former affiliates of other leftist groups. It is currently exiled in Germany.

Irreligion in Iran has a long historical background and by official 2011 census, 265,899 persons didn't state any religion. However the proportion of irreligious Iranians is believed to be higher, and the number of non-practicing Muslims is also significantly high. Under Iranian law, apostasy from Islam is punishable by death. Religiously unaffiliated Iranians are officially unrecognized by the government, and one must declare oneself as a member of one of the four recognized faiths in order to avail oneself of many of the rights of citizenship. Citizens of the Islamic Republic of Iran are officially divided into four categories: Muslims, Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians. This official division ignores other religious minorities in Iran, notably the agnostics, atheists and Bahá'ís.

Amir Parviz Pouyan was an Iranian Theoretician, a revolutionary guerrilla, a Communist organizer and founder of Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas in Iran. On 24 May 1971, Pooyan was killed during an armed action when Pooyan and his companion Rahmatullah Piro Naziri came under fire by the SAVAK for their participation in revolutionary guerrilla activities.

Socialism in Iran

Socialism in Iran or Iranian socialism is a political ideology that traces its beginnings to the 20th century and encompasses various political parties in the country. Iran experienced a short Third World Socialism period at the zenith of the Tudeh Party after the abdication of Reza Shah and his replacement by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. After failing to reach power, this form of third world socialism was replaced by Mosaddegh's populist, non-aligned Iranian nationalism of the National Front party as the main anti-monarchy force in Iran, reaching power (1949–1953), and it remained with that strength even in opposition until the rise of Islamism and the Iranian Revolution. The Tudehs have moved towards basic socialist communism since then.

Farrokh Negahdar is an Iranian leftist political activist.

References

  1. 1 2 Zabir, Sepehr (2012). Iran Since the Revolution (RLE Iran D). Taylor & Francis. pp. 108–110. ISBN   1136833005.
  2. Abdy Javadzadeh (2010), Iranian Irony: Marxists Becoming Muslims, Dorrance Publishing, p. 13, ISBN   9781434982926
  3. Vahabzadeh, Peyman (March 28, 2016) [December 7, 2015]. "FADĀʾIĀN-E ḴALQ". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica . Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved August 1, 2016.