Iranian frigate Jamaran

Last updated
Iranian Velayat-90 Naval Exercise by IRIN (6).jpg
Moudge-class frigate Jamaran
History
Flag of Iran.svgIran
Name:Jamaran
Namesake: Jamaran, Tehran
Builder: Marine Industries Organization
Laid down: 2006
Launched: 2007
Completed: 2010
Acquired: 1997
Commissioned: 19 February 2010 [1] [2]
Homeport: Bandar-Abbas
Identification: 76
Status: in active service
General characteristics
Class and type: Moudge-class frigate [3] [4] [5] [6]
Displacement: 1,500 tonnes
Length: 95 m (311 ft 8 in) [1]
Beam: 11.1 m (36 ft 5 in) estimated
Draught: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in) estimated
Propulsion:
  • 2 × 10,000 hp (7,500 kW) diesel engines
  • 4 diesel generators; 4 x 740 hp (550 kW)[ citation needed ]
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 140
Sensors and
processing systems:
Phased array Asr radar (installed 2014)
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 x Bell 212 ASW helicopter
Aviation facilities: helipad
Notes:Jamaran is equipped with modern radars and electronic warfare capabilities [8]

Jamaran is the lead ship of the Iranian Moudge-class frigate [3] [4] [5] launched in early 2010 in Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran. Iran has stated that the design and building of Jamaran was among the greatest achievements of the Iranian Navy and the ship's launch marks a major technological leap for Iran's naval industries. [8] [9] More ships in its class are under construction to be added to the Iranian fleets in the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The ship is designed for a crew of 140. [10] Jamaran combines anti-submarine assets with other systems of weapons capable of dealing with surface and air threats as well.

Contents

Description

Weapons systems

The primary weapon deployed by Moudge-class vessels is the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King, which acts in concert with shipboard sensors to seek out and destroy submarines at long range. The Moudge class also carries a close-in anti-submarine torpedo system, a 324 mm (13 in) light torpedo with a 30 kilometres (19 mi) range, mounted in triple torpedo launchers on either side of the stern. [11]

To deal with surface forces, the vessel is equipped with four Noor / C-802 surface-to-surface anti-ship cruise missiles, mounted in box launchers on the roof of the upper deck level between the radar and the main mast pointing towards either sides. [7] [12] [13] The single shot hit probability of the Noor, with a range of 170 km (110 mi), is estimated to be as high as 98%. [14]

For anti-aircraft self-defense the Moudge class has four medium range Fajr surface-to-air missiles (reversed engineered from the RIM-66/SM-1 standard missile) [15] with 74 km (46 mi) range, and 24.4 km (15.2 mi) flight ceiling, mounted in box launchers at the deck above the main deck level in front of the helicopter landing pad. The Moudge class also carries two 20 mm manned Oerlikon cannons and a 40 mm Fateh-40 autocannon (reverse engineered from Bofors L/70) with 12.5 km (7.8 mi) aerial range, to provide a shipboard point-defense against incoming anti-ship missiles and aircraft. [16]

The main gun on the forecastle is a 76 mm (3 in) Fajr-27 gun. [4] The gun is capable of firing at a rate of 85 rounds per minute at a range of more than 17 kilometers towards surface targets and 12 km (7.5 mi) towards aerial targets. The Fajr-27 is a multi-purpose weapon, capable of dealing with surface, air, and onshore targets. Jamaran has room on the roof of the upper deck level for installing two 0.50 calibre machine guns in the future. [13]

Countermeasures

Jamaran possesses chaff and flare systems and electronic warfare capabilities. [17]

Sensors & equipment

The ship is equipped with one Asr passive electronically scanned array long-range radar for air and surface search and tracking, installed on the roof of forward of the funnel. [5] The ship is also fitted with two navigation radars on the mainmast. The ship is equipped with one fire control radar.

The ship's equipment in detail are: S and X band radars, tactical aviation radar, radar processor and fire control systems, subsurface sonar and echo sounder, surface and subsurface communication & internal communication and computer network systems, ECM, ECCM, and navigation systems, electroptical and stabilizer and synchronizer systems, alert system against chemical-microbial attacks and doors and air conditioning system with impenetrability and resistance capability during these attacks, Automated navigation system and some other systems.[ citation needed ]

Propulsion

The Moudge-class vessels are powered by two 7,500 kW (10,000 hp) engines, and uses four diesel generators which each generate 550 kW (740 hp). The Moudge class can reach a maximum speed of 30  kn (56 km/h; 35 mph).[ citation needed ]

Helicopter landing platform

Jamaran can accommodate a medium-sized helicopter and can also run a helicopter in-flight refueling (HIFR) operation when a helicopter approaches on the landing platform, which is not necessarily suited for landing operations. [18]

Classification

While Jamaran has been described by the Iranian press as a guided missile destroyer, western military analysts such as Jane's Information Group and GlobalSecurity.org have classified Jamaran as a frigate based on its displacement; [3] [4] [5] the latter acknowledged that there are no "rules in these matters". Commodore Amir Rastegari of the Iranian Navy stated that Jamaran could be described as a frigate. [19]

Service history

Friendly fire incident

On 11 May 2020, reports stated that Jamaran was conducting a test on a new anti-ship missile which mistakenly locked onto and hit the nearby friendly Iranian support vessel Konarak. The Iranian Navy reported 19 sailors dead and 15 others injured in the incident, which took place during a naval exercise in the southern region of Iran near the Straits of Hormuz. [20]

See also

Related Research Articles

Destroyer Type of warship

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable, long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against powerful short range attackers. They were originally developed in the late 19th century by Fernando Villaamil for the Spanish Navy as a defense against torpedo boats, and by the time of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, these "torpedo boat destroyers" (TBDs) were "large, swift, and powerfully armed torpedo boats designed to destroy other torpedo boats". Although the term "destroyer" had been used interchangeably with "TBD" and "torpedo boat destroyer" by navies since 1892, the term "torpedo boat destroyer" had been generally shortened to simply "destroyer" by nearly all navies by the First World War.

Anti-ship missile guided missile that is designed for use against surface ships

An Anti-ship missile (AShM) is a guided missiles that is designed for use against ships and large boats. Most anti-ship missiles are of the sea skimming variety, and many use a combination of inertial guidance and active radar homing. A good number of other anti-ship missiles use infrared homing to follow the heat that is emitted by a ship; it is also possible for anti-ship missiles to be guided by radio command all the way.

Type 23 frigate Class of frigate built for the United Kingdoms Royal Navy

The Type 23 frigate or Duke class is a class of frigates built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The ships are named after British Dukes, thus leading to the class being commonly known as the Duke class. The first Type 23, HMS Norfolk, was commissioned in 1989, and the sixteenth, HMS St Albans was commissioned in June 2002. They form the core of the Royal Navy's destroyer and frigate fleet and serve alongside the Type 45 destroyers. Originally designed for anti-submarine warfare in the North Atlantic, the Royal Navy's Type 23 frigates have proven their versatility in warfighting, peacekeeping and maritime security operations around the globe. Thirteen Type 23 frigates remain in service with the Royal Navy, with three vessels having been sold to the Chilean Navy.

Aegis Combat System defense system used on 20th and 21st century ships

The Aegis Combat System is an American integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division of RCA, and now produced by Lockheed Martin. It uses powerful computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons to destroy enemy targets.

<i>Halifax</i>-class frigate class of Canadian frigates

The Halifax-class frigate, also referred to as the City class, is a class of multi-role patrol frigates that have served the Royal Canadian Navy since 1992. The class is the outcome of the Canadian Patrol Frigate Project, which dates to the mid-1970s. HMCS Halifax was the first of an eventual twelve Canadian-designed and Canadian-built vessels which combine traditional anti-submarine capabilities with systems to deal with surface and air threats as well. All ships of the class are named after a major city in each province plus the cities of Ottawa and Montreal.

PAAMS joint French/Italian/British programme for a naval anti-aircraft weapon

The Principal Anti Air Missile System (PAAMS) is a joint programme developed by France, Italy and the United Kingdom for an integrated anti-aircraft warfare system. The prime contractor is EUROPAAMS, a joint venture between Eurosam (66%) and MBDA subsidiary UKAMS (33%). In the United Kingdom PAAMS has been given the designation Sea Viper.

Seacat (missile) Surface-to-air missile system

Seacat was a British short-range surface-to-air missile system intended to replace the ubiquitous Bofors 40 mm gun aboard warships of all sizes. It was the world's first operational shipboard point-defence missile system and was designed so that the Bofors guns could be replaced with minimum modification to the recipient vessel and (originally) using existing fire-control systems. A mobile land-based version of the system was known as Tigercat.

HMCS <i>Vancouver</i> (FFH 331) Halifax-class frigate

HMCS Vancouver is a Halifax-class frigate, of the Royal Canadian Navy launched on 8 July 1989, as the second vessel of her class. She is currently based at CFB Esquimalt on the west coast of Canada. She is the third vessel to be named after Vancouver, British Columbia.

Islamic Republic of Iran Navy maritime warfare branch of Irans regular military

The Islamic Republic of Iran Navy acronymed NEDAJA, is the naval warfare service branch of Iran's regular military, the Islamic Republic of Iran Army (Artesh).

<i>Van Speijk</i>-class frigate

The Van Speijk-class frigates were built for the Royal Netherlands Navy in the 1960s. They were versions of the British Leander-class frigates with Dutch radars. The British design was chosen in order to enable rapid construction in order to replace elderly destroyer escorts and take up part of the NATO patrol duties of the decommissioned anti-submarine warfare carrier Karel Doorman. The ships were modernised in the late 1970s. All six ships were sold to the Indonesian Navy in 1986–89 and are still in service as the Ahmad Yani-class frigates.

Moudge-class frigate class of Iranian light frigates

The Modge-class frigate also spelled Moje class, is a class of domestically produced Iranian light frigates. It appears to be a development of the Alvand-class design. They are described as destroyers by the Iranian state media but the size and weight of the ships; 1,500 ton displacement, are more in keeping with that of modern corvettes. The ships are also referred to as destroyer escorts.

The TF-2000 class Destroyer is a projected anti-air warfare destroyer currently undergoing development by the Turkish Naval Institute. The class will provide survivability in the presence of aerial threat and also support mission functions such as command, control, and communications, reconnaissance, early warning, surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare and electronic warfare. On 5 December 2007, Defence Industry Executive Committee approved plans to build six ships of this class. In January 2013, it was announced that Turkey was now planning to acquire a total of 8 TF-2000 frigates. With the realization of the project, it is intended to improve the anti-air warfare (AAW) capabilities of the Turkish Navy.

Harpoon (missile) US anti-ship missile system

The Harpoon is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile, developed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas. The Standoff Land Attack Missile (SLAM) is a land-attack variant.

Active Royal Navy weapon systems

This is a list of Active Royal Navy weapon systems.

Sahand, also known as Moudge 5, is an Iranian designed frigate of the Moudge class launched November 2012. The vessel is able to fire and can be equipped with latest Iranian anti-ship missiles. The warship added to Iran’s arsenal to ensure security in the Strait of Hormuz.

Sayyad-2 Type of Mobile long range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Sayyad 2 is a mid-range, high altitude solid fuel surface-to-air missile (SAM) manufactured by Iran.

Damavand, also known as Jamaran-2 and Velayat (ولایت), was the second ship of the Iranian Moudge class of frigates. The class appeared to be a development of the Alvand class. It was named Damavand after inauguration in the Caspian Sea. She sank on 28 January 2018, after hitting the breakwater at Bandar-e Anzali on 10 January.

Mehrab (Rocket) (Persian: موشک محراب‎) is an Iranian-designed, intermediate-range surface-to-air smart missile. The first ninety units have been tested and unveiled.

References

  1. 1 2 "Bloomberg". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010.
  2. "Iran launches first locally made destroyer". Archived from the original on February 19, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  3. 1 2 3 Fish, Tim (2010-02-25). "Iran launches first indigenous frigate". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Mowj Class Corvette". globalsecurity.org . Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Wertheim, Eric (2007). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World) (15th ed.). Naval Institute Press. ISBN   978-1-59114-955-2 . Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  6. "Iran's navy to launch 2nd destroyer by 2012". Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  7. 1 2
  8. 1 2 "Iran launches advanced Jamaran destroyer". PressTV. Archived from the original on 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  9. IranAlmanac Iran will Target Invaders' Interests Everywhere Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine . 2007-09-22
  10. "Iran launches new destroyer". CNN. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  11. "Iran tests anti-submarine torpedo". Press TV. 2010-05-09. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
  12. "Iran Launches First Locally Built Naval Destroyer". Fox News. Associated Press. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2020-05-13. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  13. 1 2 "Press TV News Iran Unveils "Jamaran" Iran Made Destroyer" . Retrieved 2010-02-19.[ dead link ]
  14. "C-802". GlobalSecurity.org . 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
  15. "Jamaran / Mowj Class Multi-Purpose Guided Missile Frigate". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  16. "Iran builds anti-aircraft naval cannons". Payvand. Iranian Students News Agency. 2009-05-24. Archived from the original on 2020-01-15. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  17. "Iranian Navy's Jamaran destroyer equipped with chaff and flare systems". Naval Technology. 2015-01-06. Archived from the original on 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  18. "Jamaran Destroyer joins the IRI Navy" (Press release). Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2020-02-14.
  19. "Iran's navy to launch 2nd destroyer by 2012". Press TV. 2020-02-20. Archived from the original on 2012-01-12. [Commodore Amir Restegari] noted that the Jamaran could be categorized as a frigate class ship.
  20. "Iranian navy ship Konarak 'sunk by friendly fire' from frigate". BBC News. 2020-05-11. Archived from the original on 2020-05-13.
Videos