Irena Szewińska in 2007
|Born||24 May 1946|
Leningrad, Russian SSR, Soviet Union
|Died||29 June 2018 72) (aged|
|Height||1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Weight||60 kg (132 lb)|
Irena Szewińska, née Kirszenstein (Polish pronunciation: [iˈrɛna ʂɛˈviɲska] ; 24 May 1946 – 29 June 2018) was a Polish sprinter who was one of the world's foremost athletes for nearly two decades, in multiple events. She is the only athlete in history, male or female, to have held the world record in the 100 m, the 200 m and the 400 m.
Irena Kirszenstein was born in Leningrad to a Jewish family.Her father came from Warsaw and mother from Kiev. They met in Samarkand where they studied at the time, and in 1947 moved to Warsaw.
In 1967 she married her coach, Janusz Szewiński,who also competed in hurdles at the national level and later worked as a sports photographer. They have two sons, Andrzej Szewiński (born 1970), who played volleyball for the Poland men's national volleyball team and later became a senator, and Jaroslaw (born 1981).
In 1970 Szewińska graduated from the University of Warsaw with an MSc degree in economics.
On 29 June 2018, her death was announced by her husband Janusz Szewiński. She died of cancer aged 72 in Warsaw at the Military Institute of Medicine on Szaserów Street.Irena Szewińska was buried as a Roman Catholic at the "Avenue of Meritorious" in the Powązki Military Cemetery in Warsaw.
Between 1964 and 1980 she participated in five Olympic Games, winning seven medals, three of them gold. She also broke six world records and is the only athlete (male or female) to have held a world record in the 100 m, 200 m and the 400 m events. She also won 10 medals in European Championships. Between 1965 and 1979 she gathered 26 national titles and set 38 records in the 100–400 m sprint and long jump.
At her first Olympics in Tokyo in 1964, she took a Silver medal in the Long Jump and 200 metres, and ran the second leg of the Gold medal winning 4 × 100 metres relay team.
She was a double sprint winner at the World Student Games in Budapest in 1965. In the same year she set her first world record, breaking Wyomia Tyus' 11.2 s from the previous year with an 11.1 s clocking in Prague, Czechoslovakia July 9, 1965.
In 1966, at the European Athletics Championships she won Gold in the long jump, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay; and took a Silver in the 100 metre sprint.
At her second Olympics in Mexico, She won a bronze in the 100 metres, but failed to qualify for the Long Jump final. She recovered from that disappointment, to win the Gold medal in the 200 metres in a new world-record time. In the sprint relay the Polish team dropped the baton on the final exchange in the semi-final and finished last.
After giving birth to her son, in 1971, she managed a bronze medal in the long jump at the European Championships in Helsinki. She would compete in the 3 events at the Munich Olympics in 1972, the 2 sprints and the long jump. She would come away with a bronze medal in the 200 metres.
In the 1974 season, she became the first woman to break the 50-second barrier for 400 metres, and she set a new world record of 22.21 s for 200 metres. At the European Championships in the Rome she won the sprint double of 100 metres and 200 metres, beating the favoured GDR sprinter Renate Stecher; and ran the anchor leg on the 4 × 100 metres relay team which took the bronze. She was ranked number 1 in the world in the 100, 200 and 400 m events in 1974.
She would win her final Olympic medal in Montreal in 1976, by winning the gold in the 400 metres in a world record time of 49.28.At the inaugural World Cup of Track and Field in 1977, she would win both 200 metres and 400 metres; beating both favoured East German runners Bärbel Wöckel and Marita Koch respectively. She would be ranked number 1 in the world for 200 m and 400 m in 1976 and 1977.
In her final appearance at the European Championships at 32 year of age, she managed to win a bronze in the 400 metres and the 4 × 400 metres relay.
She was ranked number 1 in the world 7 times in the 200 metres; 4 times in the 400 metres, and 2 times in the 100 metres; as well as 3 times in the long jump. Over-all, she was ranked 15 years in the top ten at 200 metres, also 4 times number 2, twice at number 3, which just leaves 2 years outside the top 3; (from 1964 to 1977 she was ranked in the top 3 – 200 metre runners in the world) a remarkable achievement. She was ranked 12 times in the 100 metres, 8 times in the long jump and 6 times in the 400 metres (which she took up in 1974).
She obtained United Press International Athlete of the Year Award, Female 1974.
In 1998, Szewińska became a member of the International Olympic Committee.She was the president of the Polish Athletic Association 1997–2009.
On 3 August 2005, she was elected as the third woman to the IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) Council during the first session of the 45th IAAF Congress in Helsinki.
She was a member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, and the IAAF Hall of Fame.
|1964||European Junior Games||Warsaw, Poland||1st||200 m||23.5|
|1st||4 × 100 m relay||46.6|
|1st||Long jump||6.19 m|
|Olympic Games||Tokyo, Japan||2nd||200 m||23.1|
|1st||4 × 100 m relay||43.6|
|2nd||Long jump||6.60 m|
|1965||Universiade||Budapest, Hungary||1st||100 m||11.3|
|2nd||4 × 100 m relay||46.1|
|1966||European Championships||Budapest, Hungary||2nd||100 m||11.5|
|1st||4 × 100 m relay||44.49|
|1st||Long jump||6.55 m|
|1968||Olympic Games||Mexico City, Mexico||3rd||100 m||11.1|
|14th (h)||4 × 100 m relay||53.0|
|16th (q)||Long jump||6.19 m|
|1969||European Indoor Games||Belgrade, Serbia||1st||50 m||6.4|
|1st||Long jump||6.38 m|
|1970||Universiade||Turin, Italy||(sf)||100 m||12.3|
|1971||European Indoor Championships||Sofia, Bulgaria||4th||60 m||7.5|
|2nd||Long jump||6.56 m|
|European Championships||Helsinki, Finland||6th||100 m||11.63|
|5th||Long jump||6.62 m|
|1972||European Indoor Championships||Grenoble, France||6th||50 m||6.39|
|Olympic Games||Munich, West Germany||13th (sf)||100 m||11.54|
|1973||European Indoor Championships||Rotterdam, Netherlands||4th||60 m||7.35|
|1974||European Indoor Championships||Gothenburg, Sweden||3rd||60 m||7.20|
|European Championships||Rome, Italy||1st||100 m||11.13|
|3rd||4 × 100 m relay||43.48|
|4th||4 × 400 m relay||3:26.4|
|1975||European Indoor Championships||Katowice, Poland||3rd||60 m||7.26|
|1976||Olympic Games||Montreal, Canada||1st||400 m||49.28 (WR)|
|1977||European Indoor Championships||San Sebastián, Spain||7th (h)||60 m||7.42|
|World Cup||Düsseldorf, West Germany||1st||200 m||22.72 1|
|1st||400 m||49.52 1|
|2nd||4 × 400 m relay||3:25.8 1|
|1978||European Championships||Prague, Czechoslovakia||3rd||400 m||50.40|
|5th||4 × 100 m relay||43.83|
|3rd||4 × 400 m relay||3:26.76|
|1979||World Cup||Montreal, Canada||3rd||400 m||51.15 1|
|4th||4 × 400 m relay||3:27.39 1|
|1980||Olympic Games||Moscow, Soviet Union||16th (sf)||400 m||53.13|
Renate Stecher is a German sprint runner and a triple Olympic champion. She held 34 world records and was the first woman to run 100 meters within 11 seconds.
Edith Marie McGuire, later known as Edith McGuire Duvall, is an American former sprinter.
Poland's sports include almost all sporting disciplines, in particular: volleyball, football and motorcycle speedway, ski jumping, track & field, basketball, boxing, fencing, rugby union, field hockey, handball, ice hockey, swimming and weightlifting. The first Polish Formula One driver, Robert Kubica, has brought awareness of Formula One Racing to Poland. Volleyball is one of country's most popular sports with a rich history of international competition. Poland has made a distinctive mark in motorcycle speedway racing thanks to Tomasz Gollob, Jaroslaw Hampel and Rune Holta. Speedway is very popular in Poland with them winning the world cup (2014) and the Polish Extraleague has the highest average attendances for any sport in Poland. The Polish mountains are an ideal venue for hiking, skiing and mountain biking and attract millions of tourists every year from all over the world. Cross country skiing and ski jumping are popular TV sports, gathering 4–5 million viewers each competition, with Justyna Kowalczyk, Adam Małysz and Kamil Stoch as the main attractions. Baltic beaches and resorts are popular locations for fishing, canoeing, kayaking and a broad-range of other water-themed sports.
The first world record in the 100 metres sprint for women was recognised by the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) in 1922. The FSFI was absorbed by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) in 1936. The current record is 10.49 seconds set by Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988.
Otylia Jędrzejczak is a Polish swimmer. She was the Olympic champion from 2004 Athens in the 200 metre butterfly. She finished 4th in this event in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, and also swam at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. In Athens 2004 she also silvered in 400 m freestyle and 100 m butterfly. Three times she broke the world record in the women's 200 m butterfly.
Kathryn Jane Cook is a former elite athlete, specialising in sprint and sprint relays. She is regarded as one of the most successful female sprinters in British athletics history. She is three-times an Olympic bronze medallist, including at 400 metres in Los Angeles 1984. Her other individual achievements include winning the 200m at the 1981 Universiade, finishing second in the 100m at the 1981 World Cup, and winning a bronze medal in the 200m at the 1983 World Championships. She is also three-times a winner of the British Athletics Writers' Association Female Athlete of the Year Award (1980–82).
Jennifer Frances "Jenny" Lamy is a former Australian sprinter.
Pamela Kilborn-Ryan, AM, MBE is an Australian former athlete who set world records as a hurdler. For three years, she was ranked as the world's top woman hurdler.
Poland competed at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. 140 competitors, 115 men and 25 women, took part in 87 events in 12 sports.
Christina Lathan is a retired East German sprinter, who specialised in the 400 metres.
Sonia May Lannaman is a British former athlete, who competed mainly in the 100 metres. She won the Commonwealth Games 100 metres title in Edmonton 1978 and won an Olympic bronze medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay at the 1980 Moscow Games. In the 1977 Track and Field News world merit rankings, she was ranked number two in the world at both 100 metres and 200 metres.
Vera Ivanovna Popkova was a Soviet track and field athlete who competed in the sprints. She had personal bests of 11.3 seconds for the 100 metres and 23.0 seconds for the 200 metres. Over her career, she won eight individual national titles in the sprints.
Melinda Gainsford-Taylor is a retired Australian athlete, who specialised in sprint events.
Maria "Marie" Dollinger-Hendrix was a German track and field athlete who competed in sprinting events and the 800 metres. She represented Germany at three consecutive Olympic Games: 1928, 1932 and 1936.
The 200 metres at the Summer Olympics has been contested since the second edition of the multi-sport event. The men's 200 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900 and the women's 200 m has been held continuously since its introduction at the 1948 Games. It is the most prestigious 200 m race at elite level. The competition format typically has three or four qualifying rounds leading to a final race between eight athletes.
Janieve Russell is a Jamaican track and field athlete who competes mainly in the 400 metres hurdles and the 400 metres sprint. Her personal bests for the events are 53.46 seconds and 51.17 seconds, respectively. At the 2014 Commonwealth Games she was the 400 m hurdles bronze medallist and a 4×400 metres relay gold medallist. At the 2018 Commonwealth Games She won the 400m hurdles in a time of 54.33 seconds.
Ewa Nikola Swoboda is a Polish track and field sprinter who competes in the short sprints. She holds the world junior record of 7.07 seconds in the 60 metres. She was a 100 metres finalist at the World Youth Championships in Athletics, World Junior Championships in Athletics and Summer Youth Olympics. She was a 60 m finalist in her senior debut at the 2015 European Athletics Indoor Championships.
Mirosława Kazimiera Sarna is a Polish former track and field athlete who competed in the long jump, short sprints and the women's pentathlon. She was the gold medallist in the long jump at the 1969 European Athletics Championships and was twice a bronze medallist in that discipline at the European Athletics Indoor Championships.
Eva Glesková is a former Czechoslovak track and field sprinter who specialised in the 100 metres. She represented Czechoslovakia three times at the Summer Olympics and twice at the European Athletics Championships. She equalled the world record for the 100 m in 1972 with a manually-timed run of 11.0 seconds. She was twice a relay medallist at the European Indoor Games and a 13-time national champion in the individual sprints.
Martyna Kotwiła is a Polish sprinter. She won a bronze medal at the 2018 World U20 Championships. In 2018, she ran 22.99 in the 200 metres breaking the long-standing Polish junior record previously held by Irena Kirszenstein.
| United Press International|
Athlete of the Year
| Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year |
|Preceded by|| Women's 200m Best Year Performance |
|Preceded by|| Women's 200m Best Year Performance |