Irish River

Last updated
Irish River
Sire Riverman
Grandsire Never Bend
Dam Irish Star
Damsire Klairon
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1976
Country France
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Mrs. Raymond Ades
Owner Mrs. Raymond Ades
Trainer John Cunnington, Jr.
Record 12: 10-0-1
Earnings US$622,739 (equivalent)
Major wins
Prix du Bois (1978)
Prix Morny (1978)
Prix de la Salamandre (1978)
Grand Critérium (1978)
Prix de Fontainebleau (1979)
Poule d'Essai des Poulains (1979)
Prix d'Ispahan (1979)
Prix Jacques Le Marois (1979)
Prix du Moulin de Longchamp (1979)
Last updated on August 11, 2007

Irish River (April 2, 1976 April 25, 2004) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse who won seven Group One races in France during his two-years of racing.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Thoroughbred Horse breed developed for racing

The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility, speed, and spirit.

Horse racing Equestrian sport

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.

Contents

Background

Bred and raced by Mrs. Raymond Ades, he was out of the mare Irish Star. His sire was the influential Riverman, a grandson of the extremely important stallion, Nearco. He was trained by John Cunnington, Jr..

Sire was a respectful form of address for reigning kings in Europe. It was used in Belgium, France, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Historically, Sire had a wider usage. During the Middle Ages, Sire was generally used to address a superior, a person of importance or in a position of authority, or the nobility in general.

Riverman (1969–1999) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse.

Nearco Italian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Nearco was an Italian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse described by Thoroughbred Heritage as "one of the greatest racehorses of the Twentieth Century" and "one of the most important sires of the century." He was unbeaten, winning 14 races at distances from 1000m to 3000m, including the Derby Italiano and Grand Prix de Paris. He was then sold for a record amount and stood stud in England, where he became the patriarch of several of the most dominant sire lines in Thoroughbred history.

Racing career

Racing at age two in 1978, Irish River made six starts. After winning his first two races, the colt finished fourth in the July 30th Group Two Prix Robert Papin to winner Pitasia. However, three weeks later he defeated Pitasia in capturing the Group One Prix Morny. At the end of the year he won his fifth race, the prestigious Grand Critérium.

Conditions races are horse races in which the weights carried by the runners are laid down by the conditions attached to the race. Weights are allocated according to the sex of the runners, with female runners carrying less weight than males; the age of the runners, with younger horses receiving weight from older runners to allow for relative maturity, referred to as weight for age; and the quality of the runners, with horses that have won certain values of races giving weight to less successful entrants.

The Prix Robert Papin is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to two-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Maisons-Laffitte over a distance of 1,100 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in July.

The Prix Morny is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to two-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Deauville over a distance of 1,200 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in August.

In the 1979 season, three-year-old Irish River duplicated his previous year's record by again winning five of his six starts. His only loss was a third-place finish in the Prix Lupin. Irish River ended his career as a winner of seven Group One races.

The Prix Lupin was a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It was run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,100 metres, and it was scheduled to take place each year in May.

Stud record

At the end of his racing career Irish River was acquired by John R. Gaines who brought him to stand at stud at his Gainesway Farm in Lexington, Kentucky where his influential sire Riverman had stood.

Horse breeding human-directed process of selective horse breeding

Horse breeding is reproduction in horses, and particularly the human-directed process of selective breeding of animals, particularly purebred horses of a given breed. Planned matings can be used to produce specifically desired characteristics in domesticated horses. Furthermore, modern breeding management and technologies can increase the rate of conception, a healthy pregnancy, and successful foaling.

Gainesway Farm is an American Thoroughbred horse breeding business in Lexington, Kentucky. It was originally called Greentree Farms.

Lexington, Kentucky Consolidated city-county in Kentucky, United States

Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States. By land area, Lexington is the 28th largest city in the United States. Known as the "Horse Capital of the World," it is the heart of the state's Bluegrass region. It has a nonpartisan mayor-council form of government, with 12 council districts and three members elected at large, with the highest vote-getter designated vice mayor. In the 2017 U.S. Census Estimate, the city's population was 321,959, anchoring a metropolitan area of 512,650 people and a combined statistical area of 856,849 people.

Beginning in 1980, Irish River had a successful twenty-two-year career as a stallion. Due to declining fertility, he was pensioned in 2001 having sired 87 stakes winners including:

Hatoof is a Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who competed internationally out of a base in Chantilly, France under trainer Criquette Head for owner Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Racing at age 2 in France, Hatoof started three times, winning once and placing second on two occasions. The filly went on to great success during the next three years, winning major stakes races in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. She was Champion in France in 1991 and 1993 and was voted the 1994 U.S. Eclipse Award for Outstanding Female Turf Horse.

Paradise Creek (1989–2011) was a millionaire American Thoroughbred racehorse and successful sire. He was bred in Kentucky by Bertram R. Firestone and raced under the same Firestone banner as his owner. He finished racing with a record of 14-7-1 in 25 starts with career earnings of $3,401,415. Paradise Creek was best known for his wins in the grade one Washington, D.C. International Stakes and the grade one Arlington Million. In 1994 he became the only horse ever to have won both prestigious turf races of the United States.

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Irish River is the damsire of notable runners such as:

At age twenty-eight, Irish River died suddenly of a massive heart attack on April 25, 2004, at Gainesway Farm.

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