Iritty

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Iritty
Iritty bridge 1933.jpg
View of Iritty Bridge built in 1933
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Iritty
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Iritty
Iritty (India)
Coordinates: 11°58′55″N75°40′13″E / 11.9819°N 75.6703°E / 11.9819; 75.6703 Coordinates: 11°58′55″N75°40′13″E / 11.9819°N 75.6703°E / 11.9819; 75.6703
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kannur
Municipality Established1st April 2016
Taluk Iritty
Government
  Type Municipal Council
  Municipal ChairmanSreelatha K
   Deputy Superintendent of Police Sajesh Vazhalappil [1]
Area
  Total45.84 km2 (17.70 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
39 m (128 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total40,369
  Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91 (0)490
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-78
Sex ratio 1066 /
Nearest city Kannur
Assembly constituency Peravoor
Lok Sabha constituency Kannur

Iritty is a Municipality and a Taluk of Kannur district in Kerala State, India. [3] The town is the main market place for the farmer communities in the surrounding regions. Iritty is known as The Coorg Valley in God's Own Country. Iritty is one of the fastest upcoming towns in Kerala with the distance of 20 km (12 mi) from Kannur International Airport and one among five taluks in Kannur district. Iritty is one of the major towns lies between Coorg and Kannur international airport -Mattanur. [4]

Contents

Location

A heliCam view of Iritty Iritty HeliView.jpg
A heliCam view of Iritty

Iritty is located on the banks of Bavali river, which originates from the Wayanad passes. [5] Iritty is situated on the Thalassery-Coorg-Mysore highway or State Highway 30 (Kerala) between Mattanur and Virajpet. Nearby smaller towns are Padiyoor, Peravoor, Kakkayangad, Aralam, Keezhppally, Vallithode, Karikkottakary, Angadikadavu, Anappanthy, Edoor, Ulikkal, Vattiyamthode, Mattara, Manikkadavu, Kilyianthara, Punnad, Charal, Edapuzha, Uruppumkutti, Vilakkode and Chavassery.

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 8 kilometres (5 mi) from Iritty.

Geography

Iritty is surrounded by hills. A river flowing through Iritty is more commonly known as Iritty Puzha (Iritty River). There is a steel girder bridge, built in 1933, over the river. There is a dam in the place Pazhassi for irrigation purpose named 'Pazhassi Dam' which is almost 10 km from the town. Wayanad tourist destinations are near from this place. The nearby areas are depending on Iritty for most of their shopping. Payam, Aralam, Punnad, Vallithode, Kilyianthara, Kondambra, Kolikkadavu, Keezhur, Ulickal, Vattiyamthode, Mattara, Kalanki, Manikadave, Manippara Perumpally, Nuchiyad, Vayathoor, Edoor, Peratta, Karikottakari, Angadikadave, Puravayal, Kootupuzha, Charal, Alathupramba, Thermala, Urathoor, Vilakkode, Madathil etc. are the nearby small towns around.

Steel bridge

Iritty Bridge Built in 1933 Iritty Bridge 25-11-2015.jpg
Iritty Bridge Built in 1933

The steel bridge in Iritty is a 10-ton bridge constructed in 1933 by the British authorities to connect the towns of Kodagu and Thalassery. [6] It was designed by George Anderson of the Institution of Civil Engineers. [7] [8] A July 2015 death of a man after being accidentally wedged between the handrail and a private bus raised concerns about the bridge's age. [6]

Administration

Iritty was initially part of Keezhur-Chavassery Panchayat and upgraded to a Municipality on 1 November 2015. The Municipal town is divided into 33 wards. K Sreekala is the present municipal chairperson of Iritty. The current ruling party of Iritty Municipality is LDF. [9]

Iritty Municipality is a part of Peravoor Assembly Constituency under Kannur Loksabha Constituency. [10]

Iritty established as a Taluk headquarters since March 2013 when Kerala government declared new taluks for the state. Iritty taluk falls under Thalassery Revenue division. [11]

Villages in Iritty Taluk

Iritty Taluk has 20 villages

Etymology

Iritty Town C.Store, Iritty.jpg
Iritty Town

Iritty, one of the beautiful hill side towns in the north Malabar of Kerala. The beauty of Iritty lies together with the unique rivers, streams, green hills and valleys. The main Streams of Iritty river are by the three rivers such as Bavali river, Aralam river and Barapuzha (Veni river). Before the name 'Iritty,' made the first cry, this land was nourished by two main rivers, one Barapuzha and Bavalipuzha . People started calling both the rivers confluence as Iratta puzha (Double River & 'Puzha' means River ), and in course of time the land became Iritty. [12]

Climate

Iritty has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with little to no rainfall from December to March and heavy to extremely heavy rainfall from April to November.

Climate data for Iritty
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.6
(88.9)
32.5
(90.5)
33.6
(92.5)
33.9
(93.0)
33.2
(91.8)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
29.0
(84.2)
29.7
(85.5)
30.5
(86.9)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.5
(79.7)
27.5
(81.5)
28.9
(84.0)
29.8
(85.6)
29.4
(84.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.3
(79.3)
27.3
(81.2)
Average low °C (°F)21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.7
(78.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)3
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
12
(0.5)
85
(3.3)
283
(11.1)
867
(34.1)
1,332
(52.4)
711
(28.0)
329
(13.0)
279
(11.0)
106
(4.2)
23
(0.9)
4,034
(158.8)
Source: [13]

Transportation

A view of Iritty Bridge Iritty Bridge.jpg
A view of Iritty Bridge

Iritty lies at an equal distance from the nearby cities of Kannur, Thalassery, Mahe, Taliparamba and Virajpet (Karnataka State). The proposed Kannur Mysore National Highway or SH 30 passes through Iritty connecting Thalassery, Mattanur Airport and Kodagu. This was initially called the TC Road by the British. This highway is used by interstate bus services plying to Madikeri, Mysore and Bangalore. [14]

SH 36 connects Iritty with Taliparamba that gives access to other towns like Irikkur and Sreekandapuram. [15]

Keezhur is the starting point of Iritty town. This place is well-connected by road from both Kannur and Thalassery. [16] There are frequent buses from Iritty and to both these places and to several places across Kerala including Kottayam, Cochin (Ernakulam), Mangalore, Kasaragod, Panathur, Kanhangad, Cherupuzha, Wayanad and Kozhikode. There is no railway line, with the nearest railway stations at Kannur and Thalassery. The nearest airport is Kannur International Airport, at Mattannur is located 19.5 km south-west of Iritty.

Commerce

Iritty is one of the major towns of the Kannur district. With nearby villages which produce cash crops and plantation crops, Iritty is a major commercial town too. It is one of the growing towns in the district. Iritty is famous for cash crops such as pepper, rubber and cashew nuts, some of which are sold under regional brands in various auction houses and commodities markets.

Iritty is primarily a trading town. Iritty is headquarters to several State Government offices. Most of these offices have jurisdiction over nearby towns like Mattanur and Peravoor. [17]

Institutions / Government Firms in Iritty

Iritty bus stand Iritty.jpg
Iritty bus stand

Hospitals

Higher Education/ Technical Education/ IT Education/ Career Guidance

Govt/ Aided/ Unaided Schools

Pilgrim Centres & Religious Centres

St Chavara Church Keezhpally

Tourism

Iritty and the surrounding areas have a choice of tourism attractions.

Notable People

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thalassery</span> City in Kerala, India

Thalassery, formerly Tellicherry, is a municipality, Commercial City on the Malabar Coast in Kannur district, in the state of Kerala, India, bordered by the districts of Mahé (Pondicherry), Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kasaragod and Kodagu (Karnataka). Thalassery municipality has a population just under 100,000. Thalassery Heritage City has an area of 23.98 square kilometres (9.26 sq mi). Thalassery is situated in an altitude ranging from 2.5m to 30m above mean sea-level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mattanur</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Mattanur, also spelled Mattannur, is a town, municipality, and an aerotropolis in Kannur district, Kerala, India. Mattanur is about 27 km east of Kannur and Thalassery, two major towns of the district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kuthuparamba</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Kuthuparamba is a town and a municipality in the Kannur district, state of Kerala, India. It is about 24 km south east of Kannur and 14 km east of Thalassery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peravoor</span> Town in Kerala, India

Peravoor is a small town and Grama Panchayat in Kannur district of Kerala state in India. It is located 50 km (31 mi) east of Kannur and 40 km (25 mi) north east of Thalassery. And Iritty, the nearest municipality is 14 km (8.7 mi) north of Peravoor. Peravoor is situated in the Western Ghats mountain range.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ulikkal</span> Town in Kerala, India

Ulikkal is a growing town in Kannur District in Kerala. It is the HQ of Ulikkal Grama Panchayat in Iritty Taluk. Kerala State Hill highway SH 59 passes through Ulikkal Town.

Vengad is a gram panchayat situated in Thalassery taluk, Kannur district, Kerala, India, on the banks of the Anjarakandi River. Vengad is famous for its black pepper and handloom. One state seed farm is located in Vengad. Vengad gram panchayat consists of 21 wards; viz Pattathari (1), Kallayi (2), Vengad Angadi (3), Vengad Metta (4), Vengad Theru (5), Oorppalli (6), Kaitheripoyil (7), Valankichal (8), Pathiriyad (9), Pachapoika (10), Parambayi (11), Kelalur (12), Mambaram (13), Poyanad (14), Keezhathur Balavadi (15), Keezhathur Vayanasala (16), Kuzhiyil Peedika (17), Mailulli (18), Kunnirikka (19), Paduvilayi (20) and Thattari (21).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pulpally</span> Village in Kerala, India

Pulpally is a mid-sized town in Wayanad District of Kerala, India.Pulpally also known as 'The land of black gold'. Pulpally is also famous for its pure wild Wayanad honey. The only Seetha devi temple in Kerala is situated on Pulpally. Geographically a small town in Sultan Bathery Taluk and a "Grama Panchayath" under the local self governance system. It is about 24 km from Sultan Bathery, and is almost surrounded by forest. The main source of income is agriculture.

Koodali is a census town and grama panchayat in Thalassery taluk of Kannur district in Kerala state, India. Koodali is located 15.5 km (9.6 mi) east of Kannur city on Kannur-Mattanur road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kelakam, India</span> Village in Kerala, India

Kelakam is a revenue village and Grama Panchayat located in the south eastern part of Kannur district in Kerala state, India.

Edoor is a small town about 6.5 kilometers from Iritty in Kannur district in Kerala, India. Edoor is named by the people from travancore. Before their migration these lands were forest

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aralam</span> Village in Kerala, India

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Political divisions of Kannur district</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bavali River</span> Bavali River

The Bavali River is an 84 km long river that flows from the Chekuthan thodu, Wayanad passes located in the South Indian state of Kerala which goes to Valapattanam River at Munambu Kadavu, Kannur. The famous Shiva temple Kottiyoor Temple is located in the middle of a small river known as Thiruvanchira on the north bank of the Bavali River. Kottiyoor Vaisakha Festival is held on the banks of Bavalipuzha. It is also known as Vavu Balippuzha.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iritty taluk</span> Taluka in Kerala, India

Iritty taluk is one of five taluks in Kannur district of Kerala, India. Iritty was established as a taluk in March 2013 when UDF government declared new 12 taluks for the state. Iritty taluk borders with Taliparamba taluk in the north, Thalassery taluk in the west and Karnataka state towards the east. It comprises Iritty municipality, parts of Mattannur municipality and 11 surrounding panchayats.

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